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  • Global Weather & Climate Extremes | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    Geopolitical Location Longitude Latitude Elevation north america Highest Temperature 56 7 C 134 F 10 7 1913 1911 present Furnace Creek Ranch CA USA 36 28 N 116 51 W 54m 179 ft south america Highest Temperature 48 9 C 120 F 11 12 1905 Rivadavia Argentina 33 11 S 68 12 W 668m 2192 ft europe Highest Temperature 48 0 C 118 4 F 10 7 1977 1956 present Athens Greece and Elefsina Greece 38 06 N 23 47 W 236m 774 ft asia Highest Temperature 54 C 129 2 F 21 6 1942 Tirat Tsvi Tirat Zevi Israel 32 25 N 35 32 E 220m 722 ft africa Highest Temperature 55 0 C 131 F 7 7 1931 unknown Kebili Tunisia 33 42 N 8 58 E 38 1m 125ft australia Highest Temperature 50 7 C 123 F 2 1 1960 59 years Oodnadatta Australia 27 32 S 135 26 E 112m 367 ft oceania Highest Temperature 42 2 C 108 F 29 4 1912 Tuguegarao Philippines 17 37 N 121 42 E 206m 676 ft antarctica Highest Temperature 15 C 59 F 1 5 1974 Vanda Station Antarctica 77 32 S 161 40 E 15m 49 ft north america Lowest Temperature 63 0 C 81 4 F 3 2 1947 1943 1966 Snag Yukon Territory Canada 140 22 W 62 23 N 646m 2120 ft south america Lowest Temperature 32 8 C 27 F 1 6 1907 Sarmiento Argentina 54 21 S 68 11 W 268m 879 ft europe Lowest Temperature 58 1 C 72 6 F 31 12 1978 Ust Schugor Russia 57 45 E 64 15 N 85m 279 ft africa Lowest Temperature 23 9 C 11 F 11 2 1935 1912 present Ifrane Morocco 33 30 N 5 06 W 1635m 5364 ft australia Lowest Temperature 23 C 9 4 F 29 6 1994 Charlotte Pass New South Wales 36 31 S 148 19 E 1755m 5758 ft antarctica Lowest Temperature 89 2 C 129 F 21 7 1983 1912 present Vostok Antarctica 77 32 S 106 40 E 3420m 11220 ft asia Lowest Temperature 67 8 C 90 F 1 5 2 1892 7 2 1892 2 6 2 1933 1 Verkhoyansk Russia 2 Oimekon Russia 1 67 33 N 133 23 E 2 63 28 N 142 23 E 1 107m 350 ft 2 800m 2625 ft south america Greatest Precipitation average annual 8 99 m 354 0 29 years Quibdo Colombia 5 41 N 76 40 W 70m 230 ft asia Greatest Precipitation average annual 11 872m 467 4 38 years Mawsynram India 25 18 N 91 35 E 1431m 4695 ft africa Greatest Precipitation average annual 10 287m 405 0 32 years Debundscha Cameroon 4 06 N 8 59 E 9m 30 ft australia Greatest Precipitation average annual 8 034m 316 3 34 years Bellenden Ker Queensland 17 16 S 145 51 E 1555m 5102 ft north america Greatest Precipitation average annual 7m 276 1923 1935 1998 2000 15 years

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/ (2012-11-20)
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  • Recent Investigations | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    San Diego Cuba 94 4 m s 211 3 mph 22 35 UTC 30 8 2008 2008 World Greatest Rainfall in 96 Hour Period Cratère Commerson La Réunion 4 869m 191 7 24 27 2 2007 2008 World Greatest Rainfall in 72 Hour Period Cratère Commerson La Réunion 3 929m 154 7 24 26 2 2007 2007 Investigation of Purported Cherrapunji 24 hour Rainfall Record Record Report 2007 Western Hemisphere

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/recent-investigations (2012-11-20)
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  • Committee Record Assessment | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    Climatology the Chair of the CCl Open Programme Area Group OPAG on Monitoring and Analysis of Climate Variability and Change the Rapporteur is part of this OPAG and a representative of the relevant Member State s NMHS as well as experts in the appropriate meteorological phenomenon and observing instrumentation as required The committee may also consult with a wide variety of additional experts The truth be told world record extremes are mistakenly created all the time For example a fat finger errors such as hand digitizing a 28 0 C as 82 0 would create a world record observation that every quality control system would say was invalid Additionally instrumentation problems can generate a report far in excess of the meteorological conditions But sometimes a combination of fairly extreme meteorological conditions with minor instrumentation problems such as calibration errors can necessitate considerable detective work to determine whether a new world record observation was indeed valid or not Since weather records are often used as indicators that the Earth s climate is changing and or becoming more extreme confirmation of new weather extreme records should be recognized as a high priority in the meteorology community Many of existing world weather record extremes in the archive are based from past existing record extremes from official sources e g Climates of the World NCDC US http www ncdc noaa gov oa climate globalextremes html and Weather and Climate Extremes TEC 0099 US Army Corp of Engineers http www tec army mil publications climate ex html As the perception or the actual occurrence grows of more frequent extreme weather events the goal of this database is to archive and verify extreme record events such as the highest lowest recorded temperatures and pressures on the Earth the strongest winds the greatest precipitation over different time

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/committee-record-assessment (2012-11-20)
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  • Related Links | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    WMO Weather Climate Archive Progress Report with audio WMO World Meteorological Organization WCP World Climate Programme CCl Commission for Climate OPAG II The Open Program Area Group on Monitoring Analysis of Climate Variability and Change World Climate Data and Monitoring Programme Expert Team ET2 2 on Climate Monitoring Global Weather Climate Extremes Hemispheric Weather Climate Extremes Continental Weather Climate Extremes World Tornado Records World Tropical Cyclone Records Site by Rhino

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/related-links (2012-11-20)
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  • About Weather Archive | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    set of procedures should be established such that existing record extremes are verified and made available to the general public and that future weather record extremes are verified and certified They agreed that future weather extremes would be evaluated by a committee consisting of the WMO CCl Rapporteur for Climate Extremes the chair of the OPAG 2 group the chair of the overarching CC1 group a regional authority and as necessary an authority associated with the specific type of record temperature pressure hail tornado tropical cyclone etc The committee would recommend a finding to the Rapporteur The Rapporteur for Climate Extremes would have final authority and responsibility for certifying the record All accepted and verified record extremes with corresponding metadata are to given on this website Inquiries for consideration of new world regional weather records should be made to the Rapporteur for Climate Extremes Randy Cerveny cerveny asu edu Members of the inaugural WMOCCL OPAG2 committee for the World Craig Donlon United Kingdom Jay Lawrimore United States Rainer Hollmann Germany Thomas C Peterson United States Wan Azli Wan Hassan Malaysia Xiaolan Wang Canada Zuqiang Zhang China Current managers of the WMO Weather and Climate Extremes Archive are Dr Randy Cerveny

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/about-weather-archive (2012-11-20)
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  • Contact | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    the WMO Commission for Climatology Rapporteur of Climate Extremes Dr Randy Cerveny WMO Commission for Climatology Rapporteur School of Geographical Sciences Arizona State University Tempe AZ 85287 0104 USA Or via email at Cerveny asu edu Please make sure that the subject line is initiated with WMO Record General questions and comments regarding the WMO database should be sent to the above address with subject header WMO Record2 Global Weather

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/contact (2012-11-20)
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  • Highest Sea Lvl Air Pressure Above 750m | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    AZ Gil Compo Research Scientist CIRES University of Colorado Fatima Driouech Direction de la Météorologie Nationale Casablanca co president of WMO CCl OPACE 2 Phil Jones Director Climate Research Unit University of East Anglia Tom Peterson NOAA s National Climatic Data Center president of the WMO CCl José Luis Stella Departamento Climatología Servicio Meteorológico Nacional Argentina Discussion on 19 December 2001 in Tosontsengel Mongolia at 2 am local time on the 19th 18 1800 UTC the station pressure rose to 845 9 hPa Using the supplied station pressure of 845 9 hPa a geopotential height of 1725 8 m and an ambient air temperature of 42ºC the WMO method for reduction to sea level pressure produces an adjusted sea level pressure value of 1084 8 mb The formula used is given in WMO Techn Note No 61 page 22 eq 2 Although this station exceeds the standard WMO threshold limit for reduction to sea level i e 750 m the Rapporteurs for Climate Extremes Cerveny and Stella have accepted this record with the caveat of a special category only for evaluations above 750m Another sea level pressure category continues to exist for elevations below 750 meters Because sea level pressure

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/highest-sea-lvl-air-pressure-above-700m (2012-11-20)
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  • World: Maximum Surface Wind Gust | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    In A review of extreme wind gusts at Barrow Island during Tropical Cyclone Olivia 10 April 1996 by Joe Courtney and Steve Buchan The Barrow Island anemometer was a heavy duty three cup Synchrotac anemometer positioned 10 m above ground level and 64 m above sea level mounted on a mast as shown in Figs 3 and 4 The mast was a cyclone rated Hills telescoping 10m tower comprising 2 x 4 5m sections with a 1m mast extension Each section was guyed with 3 x 6mm stainless steel wires The instrument was sited towards the centre of the island about 4 km from the coast to the southeast and about 7 km inland from the south southwest the direction of the strongest wind gusts The instrument is well exposed in all directions the site is slightly elevated above the surrounding reasonably level terrain and the vegetation is very low The instrument was in good working order and was regularly inspected with comparisons made against a hand held anemometer The instrument was owned by WAPET which has since been transferred to Chevron Maintenance was performed by WNI Science and Engineering now known as MetOcean Engineers Synoptic data was ingested into the Bureau of Meteorology system for forecasting and climate applications The peak wind gust measurement was one of five extreme gusts during a series of 5 min time periods Gusts of 199 220 and 202 knots 369 408 374 km h were measured followed by a series of four lower values minimum of 114 knots 211 km h which were then followed by two more extreme gusts of 187 and 161 knots 347 and 298 km h in the 5 min time intervals The elapsed time between gust maxima was 30 min representing a scale of 8 nm 15 km

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/world-maximum-surface-wind-gust (2012-11-20)
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