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  • Global Weather & Climate Extremes | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    Temperature 66 1 C 87 F 9 1 1954 11 1952 6 1954 Northice Greenland 78 04 N 38 29 W 2341m 7680 ft northern hemisphere 24 hour Rainfall 1633 98mm 64 3 21 22 10 2005 Isla Mujeres Mexico 21 15 N 86 44 W 3m 10 ft southern hemisphere 24 hour Rainfall 1825mm 72 0 7 8 1 1966 1966 1990 Foc Foc La Reunion 21 14 S 55 40 E 2990m 9810ft eastern hemisphere 24 hour Rainfall 1825mm 72 0 7 8 1 1966 1966 1990 Foc Foc La Reunion 21 14 S 55 40 E 2990m 9810ft western hemisphere 24 hour Rainfall 1633 98mm 64 3 21 22 10 2005 Isla Mujeres Mexico 21 15 N 86 44 W 3m 10 ft eastern hemisphere Heaviest Hailstone 1 02kg 2 25lb 14 4 1986 Gopalganj district Bangladesh 23 00 N 89 56 E 4m 13 1ft western hemisphere Heaviest Hailstone 0 88 kg 1 94lb 23 7 2010 Vivian South Dakota 43 55 N 100 17 W 581 meters 1907 ft northern hemisphere Maximum Wind Gust 103 3 m s 231 mph 12 4 1934 1932 present Mt Washington NH USA 44 16 N 71 18 W 1856m 6089 ft southern hemisphere Maximum Wind Gust 112 3m s 253mph 220kt 10 4 1996 1932 present Barrow Island Australia 20 49 S 115 23 E 64m 210ft eastern hemisphere Maximum Wind Gust 112 3m s 253mph 220kt 10 4 1996 1932 present Barrow Island Australia 20 49 S 115 23 E 64m 210ft western hemisphere Maximum Wind Gust 103 3 m s 231 mph 12 4 1934 1932 present Mt Washington NH USA 44 16 N 71 18 W 1856m 6089 ft Continental Weather Climate Extremes Based on World Meteorological Organization Defined Regions Back to Top WMO Region Continental Element Characteristic Value Date D M Y Length of Record Geopolitical Location Longitude Latitude Elevation wmo region 1 africa Highest Temperature 55 0 C 131 F 7 7 1931 unknown Kebili Tunisia 33 42 N 8 58 E 38 1m 125ft wmo region 2 asia Highest Temperature Currently under investigation wmo region 3 south america Highest Temperature 48 9 C 120 F 11 12 1905 Rivadavia Argentina 33 11 S 68 12 W 668m 2192 ft wmo region 4 north america Highest Temperature 56 7 C 134 F 10 7 1913 1911 present Furnace Creek Ranch CA USA 36 28 N 116 51 W 54m 179 ft wmo region 5 southwest pacific Highest Temperature 50 7 C 123 F 2 1 1960 59 years Oodnadatta Australia 27 32 S 135 26 E 112m 367 ft wmo region 6 europe including middle east greenland Highest Temperature 54 C 129 F 21 6 1942 Tirat Tsvi Tirat Zevi Israel 32 25 N 35 32 E 220m 722 ft wmo region 6 europe continental Highest Temperature 48 0 C 118 4 F 10 7 1977 1956 present Athens Greece and Elefsina Greece 38 06 N 23 47 W 236m 774 ft wmo region 7 antarctica Highest Temperature 15 C 59 F 1 5 1974 Vanda Station Antarctica 77 32 S 161 40 E 15m 49 ft wmo region 1 africa Lowest Temperature 23 9 C 11 F 11 2 1935 1912 present Ifrane Morocco 33 30 N 5 06 W 1635m 5364 ft wmo region 2 asia Lowest Temperature 67 8 C 90 F 1 5 2 1892 7 2 1892 2 6 2 1933 1 Verkhoyansk Russia 2 Oimekon Russia 1 67 33 N 133 23 E 2 63 28 N 142 23 E 1 107m 350 ft 2 800m 2625 ft wmo region 3 south america Lowest Temperature 32 8 C 27 F 1 6 1907 Sarmiento Argentina 54 21 S 68 11 W 268m 879 ft wmo region 4 north america Lowest Temperature 63 0 C 81 4 F 3 2 1947 1943 1966 Snag Yukon Territory Canada 140 22 W 62 23 N 646m 2120 ft wmo region 5 southwest pacific Lowest Temperature 25 6 C 14 0 F 17 7 1903 1897 present Ranfurly in New Zealand 45 08 S 170 06 E 423m 1388 ft wmo region 5 southwest pacific australia only Lowest Temperature 23 C 9 4 F 29 6 1994 Charlotte Pass New South Wales 36 31 S 148 19 E 1755m 5758 ft wmo region 6 europe including middle east greenland Lowest Temperature 66 1 C 87 F 9 1 1954 11 1952 6 1954 Northice Greenland 78 04 N 38 29 W 2341m 7680 ft wmo region 6 europe continental Lowest Temperature 58 1 C 72 6 F 31 12 1978 Ust Schugor Russia 57 45 E 64 15 N 85m 279 ft wmo region 7 antarctica Lowest Temperature 89 2 C 129 F 21 7 1983 1912 present Vostok Antarctica 77 32 S 106 40 E 3420m 11220 ft wmo region 1 africa Greatest Precipitation average annual 10 287m 405 0 32 years Debundscha Cameroon 4 06 N 8 59 E 9m 30 ft wmo region 2 asia Greatest Precipitation average annual 11 872m 467 4 38 years Mawsynram India 25 18 N 91 35 E 1431m 4695 ft wmo region 3 south america Greatest Precipitation average annual 8 99 m 354 0 29 years Quibdo Colombia 5 41 N 76 40 W 70m 230 ft wmo region 4 north america Greatest Precipitation average annual 7m 276 1923 1935 1998 2000 15 years Henderson Lake BC Canada 49 88 N 125 08 W 3 66m 12 ft wmo region 5 southwest pacific Greatest Precipitation average annual 11 64m 460 0 30 years Mt Waialeale Kauai Hawaii USA 22 04 N 159 29 W 1569m 5148ft wmo region 5 southwest pacific australia only Greatest Precipitation average annual 8 034m 316 3 34 years Bellenden Ker Queensland 17 16 S 145 51 E 1555m 5102 ft wmo region 6 europe Greatest Precipitation average annual 4 593m 180 8 1961 1990 30 years Crkvice Montenegro 43 00 N 18 30 E 1055m 3461 ft

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/ (2015-11-10)
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  • Recent Investigations | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    Report 2014 Investigation of Cherrapunji 48 hour Rainfall Record Report Cherrapunji India 2 493 m 98 15 2014 Investigation of Tosontsengel Mongolian Sea Level Pressure Record Report Tosontsengel Mongolia 1089 1 hpa 2011 2013 Investigation of El Azizia 58ºC Temperature Extreme World Meteorological Organization Assessment of the Purported World Record 58ºC Temperature Extreme at El Azizia Libya 13 September 1922 K El Fadli R S Cerveny C C Burt P Eden D Parker M Brunet T C Peterson G Mordacchini V Pelino P Bessemoulin J L Stella F Driouech M M Abdel wahab M B Pace Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society doi http dx doi org 10 1175 BAMS D 12 00093 1 World s Highest Temperature 2010 World Greatest Surface Wind Gust Barrow Island Australia 113 2 m s 253 mph 220 kt 10 55 UTC 10 4 1996 2009 Investigation of Purported Typhoon Morakot 24 hour Rainfall Record Record Report 2009 World Greatest Surface Wind Gust in a Tropical Cyclone Paso Read de San Diego Cuba 94 4 m s 211 3 mph 22 35 UTC 30 8 2008 2008 World Greatest Rainfall in 96 Hour Period Cratère Commerson La Réunion 4 869m 191 7 24 27

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/recent-investigations (2015-11-10)
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  • Committee Record Assessment | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    Climatology the Chair of the CCl Open Programme Area Group OPAG on Monitoring and Analysis of Climate Variability and Change the Rapporteur is part of this OPAG and a representative of the relevant Member State s NMHS as well as experts in the appropriate meteorological phenomenon and observing instrumentation as required The committee may also consult with a wide variety of additional experts The truth be told world record extremes are mistakenly created all the time For example a fat finger errors such as hand digitizing a 28 0 C as 82 0 would create a world record observation that every quality control system would say was invalid Additionally instrumentation problems can generate a report far in excess of the meteorological conditions But sometimes a combination of fairly extreme meteorological conditions with minor instrumentation problems such as calibration errors can necessitate considerable detective work to determine whether a new world record observation was indeed valid or not Since weather records are often used as indicators that the Earth s climate is changing and or becoming more extreme confirmation of new weather extreme records should be recognized as a high priority in the meteorology community Many of existing world weather record extremes in the archive are based from past existing record extremes from official sources e g Climates of the World NCDC US http www ncdc noaa gov oa climate globalextremes html and Weather and Climate Extremes TEC 0099 US Army Corp of Engineers http www tec army mil publications climate ex html As the perception or the actual occurrence grows of more frequent extreme weather events the goal of this database is to archive and verify extreme record events such as the highest lowest recorded temperatures and pressures on the Earth the strongest winds the greatest precipitation over different time

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/committee-record-assessment (2015-11-10)
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  • Related Links | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    WMO Weather Climate Archive Progress Report with audio WMO World Meteorological Organization WCP World Climate Programme CCl Commission for Climate OPAG II The Open Program Area Group on Monitoring Analysis of Climate Variability and Change World Climate Data and Monitoring Programme Expert Team ET2 2 on Climate Monitoring Global Weather Climate Extremes Hemispheric Weather Climate Extremes Continental Weather Climate Extremes World Tornado Records World Tropical Cyclone Records Site by Rhino

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/related-links (2015-11-10)
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  • About Weather Archive | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    set of procedures should be established such that existing record extremes are verified and made available to the general public and that future weather record extremes are verified and certified They agreed that future weather extremes would be evaluated by a committee consisting of the WMO CCl Rapporteur for Climate Extremes the chair of the OPAG 2 group the chair of the overarching CC1 group a regional authority and as necessary an authority associated with the specific type of record temperature pressure hail tornado tropical cyclone etc The committee would recommend a finding to the Rapporteur The Rapporteur for Climate Extremes would have final authority and responsibility for certifying the record All accepted and verified record extremes with corresponding metadata are to given on this website Inquiries for consideration of new world regional weather records should be made to the Rapporteur for Climate Extremes Randy Cerveny cerveny asu edu Members of the inaugural WMOCCL OPAG2 committee for the World Craig Donlon United Kingdom Jay Lawrimore United States Rainer Hollmann Germany Thomas C Peterson United States Wan Azli Wan Hassan Malaysia Xiaolan Wang Canada Zuqiang Zhang China Current managers of the WMO Weather and Climate Extremes Archive are Dr Randy Cerveny

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/about-weather-archive (2015-11-10)
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  • Contact | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    the WMO Commission for Climatology Rapporteur of Climate Extremes Dr Randy Cerveny WMO Commission for Climatology Rapporteur School of Geographical Sciences Arizona State University Tempe AZ 85287 0104 USA Or via email at Cerveny asu edu Please make sure that the subject line is initiated with WMO Record General questions and comments regarding the WMO database should be sent to the above address with subject header WMO Record2 Global Weather

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/contact (2015-11-10)
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  • Global Weather and Climate Extremes Google Maps | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    Weather Climate Extremes Website Select View Global North America South America Europe Asia Africa Australia Oceania Antarctica Display Element Temperature Pressure Rainfall Hail Aridity Wind Tornado Cyclone Wave Display Geographic Scale World Hemisphere Continent Mapping Credits Key to Symbols Global Weather Climate Extremes Hemispheric Weather Climate Extremes Continental Weather Climate Extremes World Tornado Records World Tropical Cyclone Records Site by Rhino Search ASU A Z Index Copyright Trademark Accessibility Privacy

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/maps/map.html (2015-11-10)
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  • World: Highest Temperature | ASU World Meteorological Organization
    K El Fadli R S Cerveny C C Burt P Eden D Parker M Brunet T C Peterson G Mordacchini V Pelino P Bessemoulin J L Stella F Driouech M M Abdel wahab M B Pace Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society doi http dx doi org 10 1175 BAMS D 12 00093 1 Discussion After examining the temperature record in detail Court noted that this temperature may be the result of a sandstorm that occurred at the time Such a storm may have caused superheated surface materials to hit upon the temperature in the shelter Previous record of 58C recorded at El Azizia Libya was reviewed 2010 2012 by a World Meteorological Organization WMO Commission of Climatology CCl special international panel of meteorological experts conducted an in depth investigation of the long held world record temperature extreme of 58ºC 136 4 ºF That temperature often cited by numerous sources as the highest surface temperature for the planet was recorded at El Azizia approximately 40 kilometers south southwest of Tripoli in what is now modern day Libya on 13 September 1922 The investigating committee including experts from Libya Italy Spain Egypt France Morocco Argentina United States and United Kingdom identified five major concerns with the 1922 El Azizia temperature extreme record specifically a problematical instrumentation b a likely inexperienced observer c an observation site which was not representative of the desert surroundings d poor matching of the extreme to other nearby locations and e poor matching to subsequent temperatures recorded at the site The WMO evaluation committee concluded the most compelling scenario for the 1922 event was that a new and inexperienced observer not trained in the use of an unsuitable replacement instrument that could be easily misread inproperly recorded the observation and was consequently in error by about seven

    Original URL path: http://wmo.asu.edu/world-highest-temperature (2015-11-10)
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