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  • Henry VIII & the Reformation Parliament | Reacting to the Past
    child bearing years But will Parliament be content with solving the king s marital and dynastic problems For there are some in Parliament who wish to use the royal divorce to disempower the English church to sever its ties to papal Rome and to change it doctrinally from Catholicism to Lutheranism Others are against the divorce against supremacy and independence and against this heretical creed filtering in from the continent More is their leader for as long as he can survive Thomas Cromwell reputed a Machiavellian leads the king s party The king himself is ambivalent about the reformation unleashed by his great matter as the divorce campaign is called and so the conservatives are free to prosecute reformers as heretics while the reformers are free to prosecute conservatives as traitors Meanwhile outside of England there sits the greatest power in all of Europe the Holy Roman Empire under King Charles V of Spain who just happens to be the nephew of Catherine How will the emperor respond to this effort to put aside his aunt At issue is the clash of four contending ideas traditionalist Christianity reformist Protestantism Renaissance humanism and Machiavellian statecraft Depending on the outcome of this contest the modern secular nation state will or will not be born About the Author J Patrick Coby is Professor of Government at Smith College where he teaches courses in political theory He is author of several books including Socrates and the Sophistic Enlightenment A Commentary on Plato s Protagoras and Machiavelli s Romans Liberty and Greatness in the Discourses on Livy and of over eighty articles and reviews Companion Texts Required J Patrick Coby Thomas Cromwell Machiavellian Statecraft and the English Reformation 2009 Lexington Books ISBN 10 0739134043 Erasmus The Education of a Christian Prince 1997 Cambridge University Press

    Original URL path: http://reacting.barnard.edu/curriculum/published-games/henry-viii (2016-02-18)
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  • Patriots, Loyalists & Revolution in New York City, 1775-76 | Reacting to the Past
    Revolution occurred Students engage with the ideological foundations of revolution and government through close readings of Locke Paine and other contemporary arguments Each student s ultimate victory goal is to have his her side in control of New York City at the end of 1776 not as of the end of the Revolution when all know who won as well as to achieve certain individual goals e g slaves can attain freedom propertied women can be granted voting rights laborers can make deals for land Winning requires the ability to master the high political arguments for and against revolution as well as the low political skills of logrolling bribery and threatened force Military force often determines the winner much to the surprise of the students who concentrated merely on internal game politics About the Author Bill Offutt is Associate Professor of History and Director of the Pforzheimer Honors College at Pace University His book Of Good Laws and Good Men Law and Society in the Delaware Valley 1680 1710 was published in 1995 His academic interests focus on the relationship between law and society particularly the methods by which legal systems obtain and keep their legitimacy He has taught classes

    Original URL path: http://reacting.barnard.edu/curriculum/published-games/patriots (2016-02-18)
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  • Rousseau, Burke, and Revolution in France, 1791 | Reacting to the Past
    to the rights of man Is violence a legitimate means of changing society or of purging it of dangerous enemies In wrestling with these issues students consult Jean Jacques Rousseau s Social Contract and Edmund Burke s Reflections on the Revolution in France among other texts About the Authors Gary Kates is Professor of History at Pomona College He is the author of The Cercle Social the Girondins and the French Revolution Princeton 1985 and editor of The French Revolution Recent Debates and New Controversies New York 1998 He has served on the editorial board of French Historical Studies In 1995 the Knight Ridder News Service named his book Monsieur d Eon is a Woman A Tale of Sexual Masquerade and Political Intrigue as one of the top non fiction books of that year Mark C Carnes is Professor of History at Barnard College and creator of Reacting to the Past He is author of many books in American history including The American Nation Longman He is also General Editor of the 25 volume American National Biography published by the ACLS and Oxford University Press Companion Text Required J J Rousseau The Social Contract Maurice Cranston Trans 1968 Penguin Classics

    Original URL path: http://reacting.barnard.edu/curriculum/published-games/rousseau (2016-02-18)
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  • Trial of Anne Hutchinson: Liberty, Law, and Intolerance in Puritan New England | Reacting to the Past
    many of them Yet the puritans passionate struggles over how far they could tolerate a diversity of religious opinions in a colony committed to religious unity were part of a larger historical process that led to religious freedom and the modern concept of separation of church and state Their vehement commitment to their liberties and fears about the many threats these faced were passed down to the American Revolution and beyond About the Authors Michael P Winship is Professor of History at the University of Georgia and the author of the highly acclaimed Making Heretics Militant Protestantism and Free Grace in Massachusetts 1636 1641 Princeton 2002 the definitive study of Hutchinson and the controversies around her Mark C Carnes is Professor of History at Barnard College and creator of Reacting to the Past He is author of many books in American history including The American Nation Longman He is also General Editor of the 25 volume American National Biography published by the ACLS and Oxford University Press Companion Texts Optional Edmund Morgan The Puritan Dilemma The Story of John Winthrop 2007 Prentice Hall ISBN 10 0321478061 Michael Winship The Times and Trials of Anne Hutchinson Puritans Divided 2005 University Press

    Original URL path: http://reacting.barnard.edu/curriculum/published-games/anne-hutchinson (2016-02-18)
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  • The Trial of Galileo: Aristotelianism, the "New Cosmology," and the Catholic Church, 1616-33 | Reacting to the Past
    the Sapienza Others are Cardinals who seek to defend the faith from resurgent Protestantism the imperial ambitions of the Spanish monarch the schemes of the Medici in Florence and the crisis of faith throughout Christendom Some embrace the new cosmology some denounce it and still others are undecided The issues range from the nature of faith and the meaning of the Bible to the scientific principles and methods as advanced by Copernicus Kepler Tycho Brahe Giordano Bruno and Galileo Central texts include Aristotle s On the Heavens and Posterior Analytics Galileo s Starry Messenger 1610 Letter to Grand Duchess Christina 1615 and Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems 1632 the declarations of the Council of Trent and the Bible About the Authors Frederick Purnell Jr was Professor of Philosophy at Queens College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York A specialist in Renaissance and early modern thought he published numerous articles based on his research in European libraries and archives His work emphasized the relationship between philosophy and science in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries with particular attention to thinkers with ties to Galileo Galilei The game is dedicated to the memory of Professor Purnell a fine scholar committed teacher and unabashed lover of Rome Michael S Pettersen is Joseph A Walker Professor and Chair of Physics at Washington and Jefferson College He has published work in the area of surface physics A strong proponent of general science education he has taught a variety of courses for nonscience students including environmental physics and astronomy Mark C Carnes is Professor of History at Barnard College and creator of Reacting to the Past He is author of many books in American history including The American Nation Longman He is also General Editor of the 25 volume

    Original URL path: http://reacting.barnard.edu/curriculum/published-games/galileo (2016-02-18)
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  • Constantine and the Council of Nicaea: Defining Orthodoxy and Heresy in Christianity, 325 CE | Reacting to the Past
    disputes between factions Hoping to settle these problems at a great Church Council to be held in Nicaea Constantine has invited all of the Bishops of the Church to attend The outcome of this conference will shape the future of Christianity for millennia The first order of business is to agree on a Creed which states the core theology of the Church and to which all future Christians will have to subscribe if they are to be regarded as holding to the true faith Those who will reject the Nicaean Creed will be deemed heretical and subject to discipline or even exclusion from the Church The basic questions to be decided include Who or what was Jesus and what was his relationship to God How should the Church be organized What should be the rules of behavior for its leaders What is the role of women in the Church Some will attempt to use this creed to continue their battles and to exclude their enemies from the Church If they succeed Constantine may fail to achieve his goal of unity in both empire and Church He will do everything in his power to assure that agreement is reached but given the animosity between the factions he will need all of the skills which allowed him to become sole Emperor The debate over theology is informed by reading about the various theological positions of the time using Bart Ehrman s Lost Christianities and readings from a range of non canonical Christian texts including the Gospel of Thomas About the Authors David E Henderson is Professor of Chemistry at Trinity College and a founding member of the Environmental Science Program at Trinity He has a wide range of interests including environmental protection and the history of religion His research has included studies

    Original URL path: http://reacting.barnard.edu/constantine-and-council-nicaea-defining-orthodoxy-and-heresy-christianity-325-ce (2016-02-18)
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  • Forest Diplomacy: War, Peace, and Land on the Colonial Frontier, 1756-1757 | Reacting to the Past
    to identify with their assigned cultures It also allows distrust and suspicion to fester Students reunite when formal treaty deliberations begin The structure of these meetings is dictated by the traditional rituals of Indian forest diplomacy which are intended to create a dispassionate space in the midst of the bloodthirstiness of war Understanding the attendant cultural conventions becomes an essential element in peacemaking Ignoring the protocols negates clever compromise on issues like scalping the liquor trade settlement treaty writing and land ownership When negotiations conclude students must still maintain the peace Negotiating a clever compromise is one thing but if the treaty remains disagreeable to a significant number of participants it collapses amid renewed violence However if enough participants can be convinced that the treaty represents a just peace then it will stand Unlike most Reacting to the Past games Forest Diplomacy includes very few purely indeterminate roles instead every role includes a degree of flexibility Consequently participants must interact and pay close attention to one another in an attempt to discover the ground upon which they can compromise Given the disagreements between and within the factions and the cultural divide between Indians and whites this will not be easy

    Original URL path: http://reacting.barnard.edu/forest-diplomacy-war-peace-and-land-colonial-frontier-1756-1757 (2016-02-18)
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  • Kentucky, 1861: Loyalty, State, and Nation | Reacting to the Past
    speeches debates and political tracts students debate the cultural economic and political concepts driving secession while reacting to a constantly shifting political and military situation Through the use of rhetoric the press and paramilitary action they struggle to alter the fate of the nation About the Designer Nicolas W Proctor teaches history and administers the first year program at Simpson College He is author of Bathed in Blood Hunting and

    Original URL path: http://reacting.barnard.edu/kentucky-1861-nation-balance (2016-02-18)
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