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  • CWRU researchers find Ohio’s diversion program effective in helping juvenile offenders with mental health disorders, substance abuse and other problems | think:blog
    Preliminary Findings From Ohio s Behavioral Health Juvenile Justice BHJJ Initiative in Criminal Justice Policy Review Their conclusion Juvenile offenders can benefit from diversion programs through community agencies with services for mental health problems and substance abuse that they may not have received in a detention center The article presents an overview of BHJJ enrollees characteristics and challenges to help court workers and judges match youths with the most appropriate and effective diversion service Kretschmar collaborated on the study with Begun Center researchers Fredrick Butcher PhD research associate Daniel J Flannery PhD director and Mark I Singer PhD deputy director The research was funded by Ohio Department of Youth Services and the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services Grant number 4AS3190 Roughly two thirds 67 percent of the youth who had finished the program did so successfully The next most common reason for terminating the program was due to some form of out of home placement 8 percent A review by researchers provides a snapshot of the youths in the program Nearly six in 10 58 percent were male Just over half 52 percent were white About a third had been charged with a felony in the prior 12 months to their enrollment in BHJJ Some reported experiencing physical abuse 18 percent sexual abuse nearly 16 percent and exposure to domestic violence 41 percent Fifteen percent had previously attempted suicide another 40 percent talked about it Nearly 70 percent had a family history of mental health disorder 61 percent reported a family history of substance abuse The researchers examined the variables that predicted two important outcomes completing treatment successfully and engaging in future acts of delinquency They found that youth who started using alcohol and drugs before age 12 and who were using when they began the program

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2015/01/05/cwru_researchers_find_ohioas_diversion_program_effective_in_helping_juvenile_offenders_with_mental_health_disorders_substance_abuse_and_other_problems (2015-11-11)
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  • CWRU researchers discover byproducts from bacteria in gum disease can awaken dormant T-cells and HIV viruses | think:blog
    the interaction between gum disease and HIV five SCFA byproducts from two prevalent oral bacteria Porphyromonas gingivalis Pg and Fusobacterium nucleatum Fn are involved in activating resting immune T cells carrying latent inactive HIV 1 virus The process acts much like the jumper cables attached to a live battery recharging a dead one to get it running again according the researchers Ye explained that all humans have a reservoir of resting T cells that wake up and respond to inflammation to ward off an infection in the body As long as someone is healthy the reservoir remains untapped he said But for people with HIV these T cells can also have the sleeper HIV 1 virus which remains in a dormant state until awakened Karn said Last year Ye and Karn discovered that one SCFA butyric acid induced a chain of events that reactivate the virus associated with Kaposi s sarcoma the most common malignancy in HIV patients Following that discovery the researchers expanded their investigation to all SCFAs They found that a high quantity of butyric acid activates the T cell and incites virus replication But smaller amounts of the five SCFA working together have the same impact Looking at only butyric acid was misleading said Karn the Reinberger Professor of Molecular Biology It surprised us to find they all work as an aggregate The impact on waking up T cells and activating HIV replication was a double whammy find that contributes to understanding the little known microbiome in HIV disease Karn said That prompted the researchers to investigate the mechanism that drives the replication of the virus in gum disease HIV antiviral therapy prevents active HIV cells from replicating and doesn t affect the quiet viruses in sleeping T cells As long as the patient is free of

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2015/01/05/cwru_researchers_discover_byproducts_from_bacteria_in_gum_disease_can_awaken_dormant_tcells_and_hiv_viruses (2015-11-11)
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  • Case Western Reserve University students and alumni bring hard science and fun to CES 2015 | think:blog
    Our product uses military grade encryption allowing only you access to your personal property and accounts Like a credit card you can instantly disable your Everykey if it ever gets lost or stolen SpiroSano spirosano com which helps patients with respiratory conditions such as asthma COPD or cystic fibrosis track their activities and episodes around the clock and share that data with their doctor to improve treatment Doctor and patient create and control a personalized disease management toolkit using SpiroSpano s platform The web tools devices and data components not only enable doctors to prescribe the best treatments for individual patients but the system provides researchers data aggregated anonymously from a multitude of sources in a HIPPA compliant way Jacob Glenn a 2002 computer science graduate who also earned a master s in engineering management in 2003 is a co founder Doppler Yoyo one of several competition grade and collectors grade yo yos Spartan Yoyo Works creates using 3 D printing at a fraction of the standard production price Undergraduate engineering students Vince Cozza and Zachary Lerner founded Spartan and developed Doppler s novel design The yo yo is made of a single material and achieves a high moment of inertia by changing the geometry in ways that would be impossible without 3 D printing The Doppler features internal variable density rings By maintaining a high fill density and high resolution the yo yos are rotationally symmetric with high moments of inertia and mass equal to that of a standard competition grade yo yo But this yo yo has a much cheaper net production cost of less than 20 Carbon Origins carbonorigins com a technology think tank founded by a group of CWRU students who are taking time off from school to focus on solving hard technical problems in electronics and aerospace They are launching their first product Apollo a tiny embedded sensor development board compatible with the popular Arduino platform Apollo s environmental and motion sensors are capable of measuring and recording temperature pressure humidity ultraviolet infrared and visible light audio intensity three axis accelerometer gyroscope and magnetometer and GPS Apollo also has onboard WiFi and Bluetooth radios for networking The software tools developed by the team allow users to take this data and derive useful information from it The product was developed after one of the Carbon s rockets crashed and burned leaving the young scientists wanting to know why Originally designed for their rockets the product has now found applications for everything from robotics and drones to wearable computing Event 38 Unmanned Systems event38 com which designs and builds mission specific unmanned fixed wing and multirotor aircraft systems and optical sensors as well as drone data post processing solutions Event 38 systems are used primarily in agriculture and surveying CEO Jeff Taylor graduated with a BS in aerospace engineering from CWRU in 2009 He worked for SpaceX then led the development team at 3D Robotics the largest consumer drone company in the U S He co founded

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2014/12/30/case_western_reserve_university_students_and_alumni_bring_hard_science_and_fun_to_ces_2015 (2015-11-11)
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  • CWRU nursing school develops how-to exercise pamphlet for people with MS | think:blog
    that tested a home based exercise program to help people maintain their ability to balance walk and use their hands and arms A series of pamphlets is designed to meet the individual s starting exercise level and unique symptom profile The program was adapted from a distance learning intervention designed by one of the study s researchers Bess Marcus from the Department of Family and Preventative Medicine at the University of California at San Diego Marcus work focused on increasing the motivation to exercise and taking people through the five stages of readiness to exercise and change behavior pre contemplation contemplation preparation action and maintenance of an exercise program Researchers recruited 30 women with doctor confirmed diagnoses of relapsing remitting MS to test the new exercise program The women suffered similar symptoms of fatigue and pain and also lacked the time or motivation to use a gym or take exercise classes Each received instructions for exercise to do at home or in the neighborhood to increase their physical activity Participants started with the pamphlet that matched their PA levels The step by step instructions helped participants establish an exercise routine that consists of aerobics balance exercises and strength training Researchers called the participants every three weeks with questions about the women s PA habits and barriers that may have prevented them from exercising The participants also were interviewed and underwent a physical assessment at 24 weeks to track changes Results from the pilot study indicate the program shows promise in improving physical function and reducing symptom severity According to Plow the program was well received even by some of the women who had shied away from workout facilities Their findings were reported in the Health Research Education and Clinical Rehabilitation articles A Formative evaluation of customized pamphlets to promote physical

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2014/12/09/cwru_nursing_school_develops_howto_exercise_pamphlet_for_people_with_ms (2015-11-11)
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  • Weatherhead 100 awards recognize Northeast Ohio’s sales growth leaders for 2014 | think:blog
    on the Weatherhead 100 with sales growth of 5 541 percent Lauden s sales growth more than tripled from last year s competition when the company finished as the top ranked firm Echo Health Inc of Westlake placed third this year with sales growth of 2 742 percent The company also placed third last year Weatherhead 100 was established to celebrate Northeast Ohio s spirit of entrepreneurship and to recognize companies that exemplify success in the region The winning companies are headquartered during the five year sales period in Ashland Ashtabula Cuyahoga Erie Geauga Huron Lake Lorain Mahoning Medina Portage Richland Stark Summit Trumbull and Wayne counties The awards and qualifying requirements are divided into three categories Weatherhead 100 Companies with sales of at least 100 000 in 2009 and more than 1 million last year with at least 16 full time employees Upstarts Fast growing companies with up to 15 employees and sales of less than 1 million last year Centurions Fast growing companies with at least 100 million in sales last year In the Centurions category Mazella Holding Cos in Cleveland took first with five year sales growth of 423 percent In the Upstarts category the first place honor went to Chesterland s Exscape Designs LLC which posted five year sales growth of 454 percent The companies were honored at a ceremony Thursday night at Executive Caterers at Landerhaven in Mayfield Heights The 2014 Weatherhead 100 list indicates notable growth in professional services from security consulting to marketing Companies in the manufacturing sector and computer companies hardware software and information technology also were well represented The complete 2014 lists of Weatherhead 100 Centurion and Upstarts winning companies are posted at http weatherhead case edu weatherhead100 winners print e mail feeds connect Get in touch with Case Western Reserve

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2014/12/05/weatherhead_100_awards_recognize_northeast_ohioas_sales_growth_leaders_for_2014 (2015-11-11)
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  • New scholarships to allow two Case Western Reserve students to study in China annually | think:blog
    Case Western Reserve study abroad option Case Western Reserve Associate Provost for International Affairs David Fleshler and Deputy Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs Lynn Singer in April met with Ambassador Sun Guoxiang consul general in New York of the People s Republic of China to formalize the program These scholarships will help our students gain real insight into Chinese culture language and education as well as give them the ability to get to know Chinese students and their families Fleshler said Singer said the scholarships are great gifts from the Chinese government that will enhance the cultural and global educations of our students In August a higher education team from China led by Education Counselor Xu Yongji visited Case Western Reserve s campus to sign a memorandum of understanding for the program Case Western Reserve will send applications to the China Consulate General in New York by mid February each year The China Scholarship Council will administer the scholarships and placements Candidates can contact a participating Chinese university for an enrollment letter before submitting an application The opening of the scholarship application process coincides with the United States and China approving a reciprocal visa agreement that will allow students to more easily travel back and forth Students interested in applying for one of the scholarships can contact Case Western Reserve s Office of Education Abroad email studyabroad case edu print e mail feeds connect Get in touch with Case Western Reserve University s media relations team Contact information photos news releases and more are available on our site Posted by Marvin Kropko December 4 2014 06 14 PM News Topics Official Release advertising archives letters to the editor story tips subscribe search more to think about What makes you think Share photos of the research scenes and objects

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2014/12/04/new_scholarships_to_allow_two_case_western_reserve_students_to_study_in_china_annually (2015-11-11)
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  • CWRU finds more men arriving for class to receive an education to become a nurse | think:blog
    he expected maybe five men in his class While the number of male nurses has more than tripled since the 1970s all but about 330 000 of the 3 5 million nurses employed in 2011 were female according to the U S Census Bureau Meanwhile the American Association of Colleges of Nursing reports 11 percent of students graduating from baccalaureate programs in 2010 11 were men while men make up just 7 percent of registered nurses The Master of Nursing program is designed for students with non nursing undergraduate degrees who aim to pursue a career in nursing Deborah Lindell who directs the program and was surprised to see so many men enrolled said that Job demands and security are part of it But what they tell us in the interviews tends to be that they wanted a career in health care looked at the options and chose nursing due to opportunities to interact closely with patients have multiple career directions shorter time period than medicine to reach positions with more autonomy such as nurse practitioner She partly attributed the increase to a new marketing strategy that focused on students with an interest in the sciences The strategy however didn t target a particular gender she said and was even launched late in the recruiting season Though nursing had significant male representation until the 1800s because of the association between nursing and the military the number of men in the profession declined in the 1900s with the emergence of modern nursing and legal barriers that prevented them from entering the field However the number of males in nursing has been growing since the 1970s Grover Shelton of Rockford Ill who earned a bachelor s degree in biological sciences from Butler University in 2007 said he enrolled based on a referral

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2014/12/03/cwru_finds_more_men_arriving_for_class_to_receive_an_education_to_become_a_nurse (2015-11-11)
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  • CWRU study finds girls, boys affected differently by witnessing parental violence | think:blog
    to behavior problems The researchers also analyzed responses from the children s mothers who were interviewed about their child s aggressive behaviors and social skills in such areas as assertiveness cooperation responsibility and self control Mothers reported violence occurring such as pushing choking slapping or threatening with a gun or knife from 0 to 192 times when the child was between age 3 and 4 or an average of 17 times per child in the past year At the second pivotal point children from 5 to 7 years old witnessed 0 to 191 instances or 13 times per child Most children fell within normal ranges for social development and aggression Holmes said Yet 14 percent were of clinical concern for aggressive behavior and 46 percent displayed fewer social skills than their peers during preschool During kindergarten years aggression increased to 18 percent and 34 percent still showed fewer social skills Differences in how boys and girls reacted to seeing violent episodes also emerged The exposure occurring when the child was of school age predicted poor social skills for girls but not for boys Holmes said The findings suggest school age kindergarten girls may be more likely to struggle with the social skills needed to interact with others and succeed in school Meanwhile boys were more likely to display aggressive behavior starting in preschool as a result of their exposure to the violence This set off a chain reaction resulting in both increased aggression and poorer social skills during kindergarten and beyond The concern is the same that aggression hinders developing social skills This aggression tends to isolate and prevent healthy interactions with other children Holmes said Early years are critical to a child s development yet the negative effects may not surface until children are older she said Holmes hopes

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2014/12/02/cwru_study_finds_girls_boys_affected_differently_by_witnessing_parental_violence (2015-11-11)
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