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  • Moms linked to teen oral health, says CWRU dental study | think:blog
    as young children it did not always prevent cavities by the age of 14 said Nelson professor of community dentistry at Case Western Reserve dental school She is lead investigator on the Journal of Dental Research article Early Maternal Psychosocial Factors are Predictors for Adolescent Caries What did prevent cavities in teens Using a statistical modeling program that tracked pathways from the teen s dental assessments back to the source of where the oral health originated led researchers right to mothers and their overall emotional health education level and knowledge when children were at ages 3 and 8 The researchers found if mothers struggled in any of the three areas the oral health of the teens at age 14 resulted in higher numbers of oral health problems We can t ignore the environments of these children Nelson said It isn t enough to tell children to brush and floss they need more and particularly from their caregivers The oral health boost comes from mothers who muster coping skills to handle everyday stresses and develop social networks to provide for their children s needs It was found that mothers with more education beyond high school with healthy emotional states and knowledge about eating right had children with healthier teeth We cannot ignore these environmental influences and need interventions to help some moms get on track early in their children s lives Nelson concludes Nelson says moms need to care for themselves to help their children She likens it to the emergency instructions on an airplane that mothers put on the mask first and then their children How can a mother help her child if she passes out asks Nelson It s all common sense but some mothers may need help Contributing to this study were Wonik Lee research associate and Jeffrey

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/08/22/moms_linked_to_teen_oral_health_says_cwru_dental_study (2015-11-11)
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  • International Criminal Court Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda selected for prestigious humanitarian award | think:blog
    Diplomatic interest is building for a U N Security Council referral to the ICC of the violent conflict in Syria The International Criminal Court is facing enormous challenges said Case Western Reserve University School of Law Associate Dean for Global Legal Studies Michael P Scharf the John Deaver Drinko Baker and Hostetler professor of law He has supervisory responsibility over the international law centers institutes and programs at Case Western Reserve s law school Scharf said the ICC is now in the midst of a legal tug of war with Libya which does not want to surrender Saif Gaddafi to the court Similarly the Ivory Coast has declined to surrender Simone Gbagbo wife of its former president despite the ICC s warrant for her arrest Meanwhile Omar Al Bashir of the Sudan has been hopscotching around Africa despite the ICC s indictment of the Sudanese leader for committing genocide in Darfur Scharf said Prosecutor Bensouda has been hailed as the ideal person to tackle these challenges She is the first African to hold the position and the first woman She replaces Luis Moreno Ocampo In a recent interview with the Los Angeles Times Scharf said she has the right temperament for the job http latimesblogs latimes com world now 2012 06 icc html She just exudes this warmth that Ocampo didn t have Scharf said I think that will be her secret weapon Before taking over as chief prosecutor Bensouda had been deputy prosecutor of the ICC since 2004 in charge of the Prosecution Division of the ICC s Office of the Prosecutor Earlier Bensouda worked as a legal adviser and trial attorney at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda ICTR in Arusha Tanzania rising to senior legal adviser and head of The Legal Advisory Unit Before joining the ICTR

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/08/20/international_criminal_court_chief_prosecutor_fatou_bensouda_selected_for_prestigious_humanitarian_award (2015-11-11)
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  • Offender’s safe surrender in churches works, according to CWRU research findings | think:blog
    based communities provided an unprecedented opportunity to achieve results beyond the reach of traditional law enforcement approaches Before long the federal Department of Justice had scheduled more than a half dozen similar Fugitive Safe Surrender initiatives at sites throughout the country U S Senators and Representatives were sponsoring bills to pay to expand the program and the original sponsor of the idea U S Marshal Pete Elliott was receiving accolades far and wide Flannery and Kretschmar studied programs in 20 cities to understand more about what motivated people to participate and what benefits the model brought to communities In an era ripe with examples of police officers shot and even killed when suspects seek to avoid capture the notion that tens of thousands of individuals settled cases without violence is alone a cause for celebration Add in that fewer than 2 percent actually were arrested and 94 percent of those who received new court dates appeared as scheduled the promise of the program becomes even more compelling Key to the initiative s effectiveness are broad based coalitions of representatives from law enforcement agencies religious and community organizations and media The programs also have drawn critical financial support from local state and federal agencies as well as private organizations The FSS model allows non violent individuals to have their cases adjudicated on site and also connect with community agencies that can offer support for mental health employment and other social services FSS has held surrenders in 13 states and Washington D C Between 2005 and 2010 surrender numbers ranged from 163 over four days in Tallahassee Fla to highs of 6 578 in Detroit and 7 431 in Cleveland Ohio The researchers found that the most common motivations for surrendering included the desire to obtain a driver s license a fresh

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/08/13/offenderas_safe_surrender_in_churches_works_according_to_cwru_research_findings (2015-11-11)
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  • President honors Case Western Reserve University researcher | think:blog
    restore those injured by war accidents and disease They also described him as conscientious and hard working creative and dedicated unassuming and a team player In addition the nominators cited Capadona for his work to help develop a fabrication technique that produces materials that change from rigid to flexible and vice versa depending on cues from the environment Inspiration for the breakthrough came from the sea cucumber which turns from pliable to hard when touched Capadona s development of this revolutionary class of biologically inspired polymer nanocomposites will enable the pursuit of a wide range of biomedical devices that will positively impact Veteran health care in profound and important ways the nominating panel wrote in a letter to the White House They pointed to the materials uses in probes and implants that record activity and stimulate nerves in the brain and elsewhere in the body and to link the human brain to machines and artificial joints and prosthetic sockets to the body Capadona said he shares credit for the award with many including mentors he s had at the university biomedical engineering professor Dustin Tyler and professor Stuart Rowan and former professor Christoph Weder of the department of macromolecular science and engineering Ron Triolo director of the VA Advanced Platform Technology Center and Andres Garcia my Ph D Advisor at Georgia Tech they have to be at the top of that list he said And of course all of my incredible students for doing the work The chemist and material scientist joined the engineering school s faculty in 2010 and studies the nervous system s response to implanted medical devices Within the nervous system there are so many crippling diseases or injuries where medical devices can be life altering and or saving Capadona said Unfortunately most of the technologies are

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/07/24/president_honors_case_western_reserve_university_researcher (2015-11-11)
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  • Case Western Reserve University professor begins White House role as senior economist | think:blog
    eop cea A member of the Weatherhead School of Management faculty since 1990 Helper is recognized internationally for her scholarship on manufacturing policy Helper Weatherhead s Frank Tracy Carlton Professor of Economics will focus on manufacturing policy during her time at the White House agency contributing policy memos and other insights to the administration s efforts I m really looking forward to this opportunity to learn more about how policy is made Helper said I m also looking forward to what impact my research might have on programs that affect manufacturing She recently co authored Brookings Institution papers about the importance of manufacturing to the nation s economy Helper and her co authors noted that manufacturing contributes to high wage jobs commercial innovation trade deficit reduction and environmental sustainability The research drew wide media attention including The New York Times and Rolling Stone The number of CEA senior economists at any given time varies although at full strength there are about 10 The Employment Act of 1946 established the CEA which includes a chairman and two members Senior economists staff economists and research assistants as well as a statistical office support the council Helper has recently had a role in Washington as a committee member with the National Academy of Sciences Panel on Manufacturing print e mail feeds connect Get in touch with Case Western Reserve University s media relations team Contact information photos news releases and more are available on our site Posted by Marvin Kropko July 18 2012 08 53 PM News Topics Official Release advertising archives letters to the editor story tips subscribe search more to think about What makes you think Share photos of the research scenes and objects that inspire you Video High performance fire blankets could protect homes from wildfires Research restores credit for

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/07/18/case_western_reserve_university_professor_begins_white_house_role_as_senior_economist (2015-11-11)
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  • Case Western Reserve University to lead national nursing education initiative | think:blog
    the work led by Dr Cronenwett and Dr Gwen Sherwood at UNC said Case Western Reserve Associate Professor of Nursing Mary Dolansky PhD RN Much of the work of the last few years has been sharing with colleagues around the nation innovative ways to deliver quality and safety education through the QSEN org website and the National Forums Case Western Reserve will continue these features making it easy for educators faculty leaders and clinicians across the nation the globe for that matter to access the QSEN materials The focus of quality and safety education is six competencies patient centered care teamwork and collaboration evidence based practice quality improvement safety and informatics Each competency has specific goals for knowledge skills and attitudes As QSEN s new director Dolansky will work with nursing and physician leaders to develop and disseminate information regarding the most modern and effective means for faculty to teach about quality and safety practices The QSEN Institute will sponsor national and regional meetings and will add new curriculum materials on the QSEN org website Dolansky will expand QSEN s reach by enhancing the quality and safety resources to assist with education of nurses and other healthcare professionals in clinical practice In addition future work will include interprofessional educators as quality and safety rely on health professionals working in teams The project builds on Case Western Reserve s decades of prominence in interprofessional quality and safety education across its nursing dental and medical schools Case Western Reserve offers many interprofessional courses that focus on teamwork quality and safety and hands on learning opportunities such as the Student Run Free Clinic Eventually Dolansky said an entire generation of healthcare professionals will receive this education to ensure safe and high quality healthcare print e mail feeds connect Get in touch with Case

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/07/18/case_western_reserve_university_to_lead_national_nursing_education_initiative (2015-11-11)
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  • Platinum is wrong stuff for fuel cells | think:blog
    explains the chemical reaction that produces energy in a fuel cell like those being tested by some car companies ends up wasting a quarter of the energy that could be transformed into electricity This point is well recognized in the scientific community but to date efforts to address the problem have proved fruitless Anderson blames the failure on a fundamental misconception as to the reason for the energy waste The most widely accepted theory says that impurities are binding to the platinum surface of the cathode and blocking the desired reaction The decades old surface poisoning explanation is lame because there is more to the story Anderson said To understand the loss of energy he used data derived from oxygen reduction experiments to calculate the optimal bonding strengths between platinum and intermediate molecules formed during the oxygen reduction reaction The reaction takes place at the platinum coated cathode He found the intermediate molecules bond too tightly or too loosely to the cathode surface slowing the reaction and causing a drop in voltage The result is the fuel cell produces about 93 volts instead of the potential maximum of 1 23 volts To eliminate the loss calculations show the catalyst should have bonding strengths tailored so that all reactions taking place during oxygen reduction occur at or as near to 1 23 volts as possible Anderson said the use of volcano plots which are a statistical tool for comparing catalysts has actually misguided the search for the best one They allow you to grade a series of similar catalysts but they don t point to better catalysts He said a catalyst made of copper laccase a material found in trees and fungi has the desired bonding strength but lacks stability Finding a catalyst that has both is the challenge Anderson is

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/07/12/platinum_is_wrong_stuff_for_fuel_cells (2015-11-11)
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  • A Surprise Win or Loss Impacts Taking Future Risks | think:blog
    Risk Is Reduced Following Low Probability Surprising Events Win or Lose which has been published in the American Psychological Association journal Emotion Demaree who studies emotions and how they impact decision making set out to further understand how a person s current emotional state predicts risk taking behavior Past research has revealed that positive and negative emotional states generally decrease and increase risk taking respectively With a fictitious bankroll of 50 participants played one or two of three types of computerized slot games 25 times each Each computerized game produced wins at different probabilities 13 with big jackpots 50 essentially a coin flip and 87 with very small jackpots Although no participants gambled with real money motivation to win was present For every dollar in the individual s account at the end of playing the 25 games the person received one ticket toward a 50 raffle Each game was set to be a fair game said Demaree That is if you played for a long period of time you should break even on average The researchers had 59 participants play the high risk computerized gambling game 13 percent and surprised the participants with some big wins A separate group of 85 participants played both the 50 percent and 85 percent win yield The last group which expected to mostly win was given some unexpected losses After playing each game students answered a questionnaire about emotions moods and risk taking In addition to a person s self reported emotional valence predicting risk taking level a just experienced surprising event appeared to temporarily produce risk aversion Collaborators on the study were Kevin J Burns The MITRE Corporation Edward Agarwala and Michael DeDonno Case Western Reserve University and D Erik Everhart East Carolina University print e mail feeds connect Get in touch with

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/07/06/a_surprise_win_or_loss_impacts_taking_future_risks (2015-11-11)
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