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  • Case Western Reserve University goes global for new Weatherhead School of Management dean | think:blog
    of The Ohio State University Widing is a native of southwestern Pennsylvania The selection process for this position underscored the great commitment that Weatherhead inspires among graduates business leaders and the broader community Widing said Their engagement inspired me from the start and I look forward to many more conversations as we all work together to bring Weatherhead to a new level of excellence and impact In each of his leadership positions Widing has participated or led strategic planning efforts and helped develop new academic programs or dramatically updated existing degree offerings At Macquarie for example he worked to extend global offerings and is leading the development of a degree program in social entrepreneurship that will be Macquarie University s first interdisciplinary degree At Thunderbird meanwhile he helped launch three new degree programs and updated the MBA curriculum Finally at the University of Melbourne he helped marketing course enrollment climb by 600 percent and grew the number of full time PhD marketing faculty from one to 10 Because of the range of his leadership roles Rob understands well how to listen carefully to constituents and offer responses that all of them find promising and practically relevant Provost W A Bud Baeslack said I have great confidence that he will apply the same approach at Weatherhead and achieve even greater success Baeslack praised the search committee for its many months of interviews and deliberation and he also applauded the entire Weatherhead School community for its enthusiastic involvement in meeting finalists and offering feedback to the committee The group was co chaired by Jerry Goldberg dean of the School of Dental Medicine and Ron Fry professor and chair of Weatherhead School s Department of Organizational Behavior Widing s appointment is contingent upon final approval by the university s Board of Trustees He

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/06/26/case_western_reserve_university_goes_global_for_new_weatherhead_school_of_management_dean (2015-11-11)
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  • CWRU nurse researcher surveys infection control practices for home patients | think:blog
    21 5 9 percent reported receiving treatment for a bacterial infection confirmed by lab tests and doctors Most infections were to the skin or soft tissue with gastrointestinal infections following The organisms responsible for these healthcare associated infections in the home healthcare clinician population were Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA and Clostridium difficile C diff Not surprisingly these are the most common organisms isolated from patients who received a healthcare associated infection in the acute and long term care settings Nearly 60 percent of the survey respondents reported that their healthcare agency did not have written policies about handling infection control when antibiotic resistant infections were known These results were unexpected and worrisome due to the increase in multiple drug resistant organisms with no new antibiotics in the pipeline Home healthcare poses challenges that differ from the controlled environments of the hospital Patients with open wounds or catheters freely move around the house play with pets garden and do other normal activities that can spread bacteria and viruses If a virus like bird flu becomes epidemic Kenneley said most people will be treated at home Officials need to develop and implement policies and practices on how to prevent the spread of the disease to healthcare workers and others in the home and community Kenneley explains that simple and quick actions can decrease infections hand washing vaccinations and patient isolation Strict hand washing and gowning procedures in hospitals have reduced bacteria spreading from room to room Hospitals across the country reported that they reduced their MRSA and C diff rates by observing hand washing in the clinical setting and targeting education to clinicians regarding correct isolation procedures Bacteria which can live on surfaces for weeks and even months can be transported to the environment of one home to another on a medical bag or equipment or like the healthy boy to his mother s car Elaborating Kenneley pointed out that numerous studies have indicated contamination rates of various surfaces and equipment associated with the medical environment including nurse s bags across the length of care to be greater than 80 percent After retrospective review of 10 000 ICU patients researchers in New York city found patients had significantly higher risk for acquiring MRSA or vancomycin resistant enterococci VRE if the most recent occupant of the same room had tested positive for the organisms Explained Kenneley It s important to prevent infections because everyone is at risk from the healthcare provider the patient to the families of the patients and nurses She writes in the article Infection Control in Healthcare Issues for Patients and Providers that with ever increasing shift of patients out of the acute care setting and into other settings infection prevention and control programs must also shift focus Agencies and nurses don t always learn from hospitals that their new patients have come home with infections like methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA Escherichia coli Streptococcus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa many of which are antibiotic resistant The healthcare team is also

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/06/25/cwru_nurse_researcher_surveys_infection_control_practices_for_home_patients (2015-11-11)
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  • Case Western Reserve’s Weatherhead School of Management plans Global MBA program | think:blog
    on electives of choice at his or her home institution Program leaders expect to attract students who are eager to study outside their home nations and want to team with students from other nations The Global MBA will help the selected students secure substantial academic experience abroad and also help them build a global business mindset through collaborative projects with others in the cohort This program will allow students to go beyond just visiting a country and to truly immerse themselves in a culture and in a new way of doing business said Simon Peck associate professor of marketing and policy studies and faculty director of the full time MBA program at Weatherhead Students will be placed in multinational teams and will engage deeply in special projects for multinational businesses in each location This is an unparalleled opportunity for experiential learning across cultures and industries The three schools have organized the curriculum around Language of Management broadly this includes accounting and finance Management Analytics techniques drawing on statistics operations management economics and marketing Strategic Thinking strategy and entrepreneurship Managing Teams organizational behavior and leadership Understanding the Global Environment including an in company project The Global MBA in partnership with highly regarded schools in China and India is designed to be an additional differentiator for Weatherhead The program s cost is expected to be comparable to that of a traditional MBA We are breaking exciting new ground Peck said We think these graduates will be particularly attractive to organizations with significant sales internationally Of course we routinely place students in these sorts of organizations but we are responding to a demand for a more globally aware manager Editors and reporters should note these links http weatherhead case edu http www xlri ac in http sem international tongji edu cn print e

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/06/21/case_western_reserveas_weatherhead_school_of_management_plans_global_mba_program (2015-11-11)
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  • Helping adolescents root out stigma associated with mental illness | think:blog
    seeking assistance when troubled by mental illness Research has shown that young people in these straits often are so concerned about the perceptions of peers and others important in their social network that they forgo treatment that is beneficial Young people pick up cues about what is acceptable and unacceptable from those around them Pinto said If teens believe friends will distance themselves if their struggles with mental illness become known they will endure the consequences and risks of disease without asking for assistance But if peers seem accepting then chances increase that teens with mental illness will seek help The researchers administered the self report survey to 210 students between the ages of 13 and 18 from southern public and private high schools The survey measured an important component of stigma the emotional reaction to a person with mental illness This is important because emotional reactions to persons with mental illness are associated with how easy or difficult it is to socially interact with others and discriminating behaviors Administering the survey again the results were validated with another group of students The Revised Attribution Questionnaire was found to be a reliable and valid measure among this group of adolescents Having measures of that reliable and validity give us confidence when we do interventions with teens to decrease stigma that changes we are see are actually changes and not an artifact of the measure Specifically This measure holds promise to be used in intervention studies to determine if our interventions work Pinto said She added that it is the first time the Revised Attribution Questionnaire is found to be both reliable and valid in assessing stigma associated with mental illness in adolescents The idea behind changing attitudes about mental illness is to get teens help they need If untreated illnesses

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/06/07/helping_adolescents_root_out_stigma_associated_with_mental_illness (2015-11-11)
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  • Integrated sensors handle extreme conditions | think:blog
    Garverick Most semi conductors are made out of silicon but silicon will not function above 300 degrees Celsius and there are some important applications above that range His team s solution is to use silicon carbide At high temperatures the material begins to act as a semiconductor Engineers at NASA Glenn Research Center in Cleveland pioneered techniques used to manufacture these circuits Team members at Case Western Reserve have used them to fabricate complete circuits by depositing three distinct silicon carbide layers on top of silicon carbide wafers which altogether measure one tenth of the thickness of a human hair These circuits are designed to replace the dumb sensors currently used in high temperature applications The simple sensors can t take the heat and instead require long wires that connect them to the high temperature zone These circuits can experience considerable interference which makes signals unclear and difficult to decipher The physical enclosures and wiring used in the manufacture and installation of non integrated sensors introduces additional error Integrating the amplifier and sensor into one discrete package and placing the package directly where data is being collected improves signal strength clarity and produces more reliable information The researchers believe this will ultimately result in more accurate monitoring and safer control over a jet engine nuclear reactor or other high temperature operations The team has built a suite of circuits ranging from simple low accuracy versions to more complex models that return far better data Garverick said the team will continue developing the technology and believes that commercial production is about five to ten years away Jacob Greco an undergraduate student at Case Western Reserve University wrote the release print e mail feeds connect Get in touch with Case Western Reserve University s media relations team Contact information photos news releases

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/06/01/integrated_sensors_handle_extreme_conditions (2015-11-11)
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  • Despite less play, children’s use of imagination increases over two decades | think:blog
    in play that influence cognition and emotional development a focus of the play research The pretend play studies focused on children between the ages of 6 and 10 The children s play was measured for comfort imagination the range and amount of positive to negative emotions used and expressed and the quality of storytelling by using Russ Affect in Play Scale APS The APS is a five minute unstructured play session Children are asked to play freely with three wooden blocks and two human hand puppets The play is videotaped and later reviewed and scored for imagination expression of emotions actions and storytelling Russ explains that children who exhibit good play skills with imaginative and emotional play situations have shown better skills at coping creativity and problem solving She stresses there is no link between being a good player and intelligence The APS data provided a consistent measurement and research structure over the 23 year period Russ said the consistency of having the same tool to measure play provided this unique opportunity to track changes in play We were surprised that outside of imagination and comfort play was consistent over time said Dillon Russ did voice concern about the decrease in displayed negative emotions and actions Past studies have linked negative emotions in play with creativity she said But even with the lack of time to play Russ said children like some other forms of higher mammals have a drive to play and always will find ways to do it As new stimuli like video games and the Internet have crept into everyday life Russ explains that children might gain cognitive skills from using technology where they once got it from acting out situations in play Skills might also develop from daydreaming Russ said future research will need to focus

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/05/30/despite_less_play_childrenas_use_of_imagination_increases_over_two_decades (2015-11-11)
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  • Gum disease joins hot flashes and PMS associated with women’s hormones | think:blog
    nearly 100 studies for a collective answer on whether hormones have a relationship to gum disease and specific women s health issues like preterm labor bone loss and the side effect of hormonal replacement therapy There s definitely a gender specific connection between women s hormones gum disease and specific health issues impacting women Krejci said Although women tend to take better care of their oral health than men the main message is women need to be even more vigilant about maintaining healthy teeth and gums to prevent or lessen the severity of some of women specific health issues Krejci said In addition to the brushing and flossing daily regimen Krejci recommends visiting the dentist at least every six months and more if there are any gum problems found or women suffer from bone loss or are pregnant She added that it is widely known that hormones cause some women gum problems during pregnancy Women already susceptible to gum disease before being pregnant she advises need to make sure that these oral problems are treated Although women were once discouraged from seeing the dentist while pregnant she said that scaling and planing of the roots of teeth to eliminate some gum disease is now recommended during pregnancy for women Severe gum disease requiring surgery is still generally postponed until after the baby s birth Gum disease begins with the build up of bacterial plaque on the teeth and under the gums Untreated it can cause irritation and inflammation during which harmful and toxic byproducts are released These toxins erode the bone that anchors teeth and cause breaks and bleeding in the gums Collaborating with Krejci on the study was Nabil Bissada professor and chair of the Department of Periodontology at Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine print e

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/05/29/gum_disease_joins_hot_flashes_and_pms_associated_with_womenas_hormones (2015-11-11)
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  • CWRU class earns Science magazine prize for innovation | think:blog
    because of the memorization The prevalence of these attitudes is reflected in questionnaires the students complete at the beginning of the semester This class however puts the two disciplines firmly in students hands to explore and build proficiency and eventually to replicate and build on recent math models used in the biological sciences The course is cross listed as both a biology and biomedical engineering class I ve previously taken regular calculus classes with engineers and wondered what would the classes ever be useful for said Kate Coyle a biology major who completed the Dynamics class and graduated this semester Labs I ve had in biology and physics show you the protocol and the expected result This is not the same at all We were solving real problems every day Students work through problems using an online interactive textbook Dynamics of Biological Systems A Modeling Manual Chiel wrote and the computer programming language Mathematica which scientists worldwide rely on to build mathematical models of complex systems Chiel s book is available free to students as well as teachers who may want to use it as is or as a model for their own classes When teams become stuck on a problem Chiel or a teaching assistant makes suggestions gives clues and tries to coax out the answer After success teachers quiz individuals about how they found the solution and what they d learned The class of 30 is spread out among hexagonal tables Teams power up their laptops and go to work Each day the teachers rotate to a different group of students and after each class they compare notes on who has mastered the skills and who needs extra help Gill said When the second half of the semester begins teams choose a mathematical model that was recently published in a scientific journal begin reconstructing and analyzing it and then writing in detail what they learn The students then extend the model to answer new questions that they ask themselves and write up results as if they were writing for a scientific journal Coyle and her teammates Valencia Williams and Joshua DeRivera focused on a paper that used math models to describe HIV s effects on the body based on T cell and free virus populations in the blood Coyle Williams and DeRivera found the model worked well in early stages of the disease but was not as accurate for the late stages The team varied one parameter over time to simulate an exponential increase in the replication rate of the virus as it mutates from a slow growing to a fast growing strain Coyle explained This allowed them to preserve the original model s accuracy during early behavior and also reach a realistic end stage value Chiel has developed the class over a decade based on feedback from students and evidence that individuals learned and retained skills and understood concepts of biology math and programming better under this process What I find so cool is that by the

    Original URL path: http://blog.case.edu/think/2012/05/24/cwru_class_earns_science_magazine_prize_for_innovation (2015-11-11)
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