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  • Biographical Sources
    Handbooks and Companions Biographical Sources Periodical Indexes Bibliographies Pamphlets and Annual Reports Microfilm and Microfiche Library Catalog Searching the Online Library Catalog Databases and Electronic Indexes General Indexes Specialized Indexes Government Databases Online Document Dollections Interlibrary Loans Resources Print Friendly Format About this Guide Contributors Citation Conducting Library Research Biographical Sources If you want to know about someone s life and work libraries provide a rich array of sources To help you locate them tools such as Biography Index and the Biographical and Genealogical Master Index are generally available Directories that list the basic information regarding prominent people degrees work history honors address etc include Who s Who in the United States Who s Who in Politics and American Men and Women of Science For more detailed biographical sketches you may want to consult Contemporary Biography Contemporary Authors or Politics in America Several biographical sources contain substantial entries of people who have died prominent Americans are covered in The Dictionary of American Biography British figures in The Dictionary of National Biography Prominent scientists from every nation and period of history will be found in The Dictionary of Scientific Biography Previous Continue Introduction Tweet HELP SITE INDEX ABOUT THIS SITE CONTACT

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=489&guideid=24 (2015-10-15)
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  • Periodical Indexes
    quite often published in periodicals journals magazines newspapers or any other publication issued at regular intervals rather than in books A periodical index is a list of articles from a specific time period contained in a group of selected publications or that cover a group of related subjects Organized alphabetically they may be searched by author title and subject in the same manner as you would in a library catalog

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=490&guideid=24 (2015-10-15)
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  • Bibliographies
    Government Databases Online Document Dollections Interlibrary Loans Resources Print Friendly Format About this Guide Contributors Citation Conducting Library Research Bibliographies Bibliographies are lists of sources on particular topics Researchers compile and publish them after completing their work so that they will be available to other interested researchers Besides books and periodicals bibliographies reference a wide variety of other materials films manuscripts letters government documents and pamphlets that will lead you to sources that you may not otherwise have considered Authors record source information in several different places and formats A full length book may have a section labeled Bibliography at the back or perhaps a section called For Further Reading If the author has quoted or referenced other works they will be cited in the footnotes at the bottom of a page or a list of endnotes called References or Works Cited at the end of the book Book length bibliographies on specific topics are also often available Essential Shakespeare for instance is a book length bibliography listing the best books and articles on the works of William Shakespeare To locate such resources in an electronic database such as a library catalog simply add the word bibliography to a subject

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=491&guideid=24 (2015-10-15)
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  • Pamphlets and Annual Reports
    Microfilm and Microfiche Library Catalog Searching the Online Library Catalog Databases and Electronic Indexes General Indexes Specialized Indexes Government Databases Online Document Dollections Interlibrary Loans Resources Print Friendly Format About this Guide Contributors Citation Conducting Library Research Pamphlets and Annual Reports Pamphlets and annual reports provide internal information on a wide variety of public and private institutions When journalists need information they get on the phone and make contacts going directly to the source You too can go directly to the source Many organizations and companies gladly send out pamphlets brochures and reports just for the asking As a reference the Encyclopedia of Associations is a useful guide to organizations categorized by name and subject For government agencies try the United States Government Manual Ask your librarian where they are located Many libraries have already done the legwork for you maintaining files of pamphlets organized by subject A word of warning take information from these types of sources with a grain of salt Be discriminating annual reports tend to paint a glowing picture of the companies they cover Likewise organizations advocating particular points of view will not hesitate to publish information in terms that are the most favorable to their

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=492&guideid=24 (2015-10-15)
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  • Microfilm and Microfiche
    Electronic Indexes General Indexes Specialized Indexes Government Databases Online Document Dollections Interlibrary Loans Resources Print Friendly Format About this Guide Contributors Citation Conducting Library Research Microfilm and Microfiche Most libraries have microfilm and or microfiche records This technology puts a large amount of print material such as whole newspapers and magazines on durable strips of film that fit into small boxes or on a set of plastic sheets the size of index cards Two weeks of the New York Times for instance can be put on a spool of microfilm designed to be fed through a manually operated machine designed so that readers may progress at a pace that suits them In many cases full sized pages can be selected copied and printed In addition to newspapers and magazines many libraries have other primary source material in microform format For example the American Culture Series reproduces books and pamphlets published between 1493 and 1875 Colonial era religious tracts or nineteenth century abolitionist pamphlets can be examined without having to travel to a museum or view a rare books collection Likewise the American Women s Diaries collection provides rare firsthand glimpse of the past through reproductions of diaries kept by women

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=493&guideid=24 (2015-10-15)
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  • Library Catalog
    records were kept on 3 X 5 cards in the wooden drawers of a card catalog Today card catalogs are pretty rare most libraries have converted to electronic databases searchable via the Internet Regardless of the form of access the function is the same to describe where the materials contained in a library collection are located and to make that information accessible through either an author title or subject search Each item in a library catalog is identified by a call number that explains its physical location These numbers are carefully chosen so that books and materials on the same subject will end up next to each other on the shelf College and university libraries generally use the alpha numeric Library of Congress classification system while local community libraries generally use the older and more familiar numeric Dewey Decimal system Libraries that predate the Library of Congress system will often use both In any case devote some research time just to browsing the stacks You will find many great resources sitting on the shelf right next to the ones you found while searching the catalog Think of it as an informational treasure hunt you will be surprised at the resources

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=494&guideid=24 (2015-10-15)
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  • Databases and Electronic Indexes
    is organized into electronic fields records and files so that a computer program or database management system can easily find requested items Their organization is much like that of a filing cabinet An electronic field is one piece of information one electronically digitized journal article An electronic record is a collection of fields one folder containing ten related journal articles An electronic file is a collection of records one drawer containing 100 folders each containing ten related journal articles An electronic database management system is the whole filing cabinet four drawers each containing 100 folders each of which contain ten related journal articles Some databases provide information that is primarily numeric such as government census data Other databases like the Modern Language Association s MLA Online contain primarily textual information Hypertext databases on the other hand will contain a wide variety of electronically digitized information ranging from word documents and photographic images to audio and video feeds When a database presents information about other publications such as books periodicals or government documents it is called an electronic index They are the electronic equivalent of print format indexes like the Periodical Index found in the library Reference Room You ll find three broad categories of databases and electronic indexes in most college or university libraries These range from general indexes such as the Reader s Guide to Periodic Literature to specialized indexes and government databases There are a wide range of electronic databases on the Internet Some of them are free Most however are available only by subscription All university libraries pay licensing fees to a wide variety of selected databases in order to provide students faculty and staff with the necessary access These licensing agreements often only allow access through library computers or those connected to the campus network Contact

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=500&guideid=24 (2015-10-15)
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  • General Indexes
    periodical index you ll find every article for the periodicals and the period covered typically listed by author title and subject It will also include the source information such as issue and page numbers Several common indexes will help if you re looking for general interest magazine or newspaper articles The Readers Guide to Periodical Literature is a good example and is available in print on CD ROM and online The printed version is a good choice however if you are doing any historical research Begun in 1900 its older volumes are useful in locating popular press coverage of events happening at any time in the twentieth century for example articles about the bombing of Pearl Harbor published in the days after it happened Likewise the New York Times index will help you track down that newspaper s coverage of events back to 1851 Another popular index is InfoTrac a computerized resource that emphasizes materials written for a fairly general audience though one version the Expanded Academic Index includes scholarly journals NewsBank is an index to newspapers that draws on more than 500 local U S newspapers Updated monthly it is available both in print and on CD ROM Your library may also have an index to a local newspaper as well which can help you track issues in your area Some computerized indexes include downloadable and printable abstracts and full text articles The Humanities Index the Social Sciences Index the General Science Index the Business Periodicals Index or PAIS International an index focusing on public affairs are aimed at more specialized audiences and provide more analysis than those found in popular magazines The computerized Expanded Academic Index provides the same kind of coverage as the first three of these indexes These tools index the most important scholarly journals in

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=501&guideid=24 (2015-10-15)
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