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  • Types of Organization
    this Guide Contributors Citation Organizing Documents Types of Organization Michel Muraski Journalism and Technical Communication Department Identifying different organizational patterns is important For example if I m going to do an imperial research report based on my original research I would organize the paper based on inductive information where I take a specific observation and end up with a generalization about it If I m going to be comparing a choice among options then I might want to organize my paper by way of comparing and contrasting Organizational patterns depend on what information needs to be conveyed In writing ideas are conveyed through various methods Sometimes we discuss the causes of something without ever mentioning its effects Other times we present a general idea about a topic before we ever get to the specifics And still other times we relate details according to their importance Every time you sit down to write you should rethink what type of organization you ll use To choose a pattern consider why you are writing and who will read your writing What is the most effective way to present this information The list below represents some common organizational patterns although many more patterns exist

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=556&guideid=29 (2015-10-16)
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  • General Organization Patterns
    Comparison Emphatic Order General to Specific Order How to Organize Your Writing Building Reader Expectations Headings and Subheadings Effective Transitions Resources Print Friendly Format About this Guide Contributors Citation Organizing Documents General Organization Patterns Don Zimmerman Journalism and Technical Communication Department Each class in school or company you work for will have certain ways of organizing information The trick is figuring out what are the accepted ways of organizing These general patterns depend on what kind of report you re writing a lab report a progress report a memo Students often have trouble seeing the general pattern A good way to figure out what the general patterns are is to back up and take a look at trade magazines and other publications in the field you re writing for Typically in much writing a problem is set up and a couple of examples are provided Once you ve figured out the general pattern take a look at your content think about your audience and pull it all together Merely filling in the blanks on an outline won t give you a good idea of an organizational pattern Previous Continue Introduction Tweet HELP SITE INDEX ABOUT THIS SITE CONTACT Writing CSU

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=557&guideid=29 (2015-10-16)
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  • Cause/Effect
    depends on what part of a situation you want to stress Stating the causes and or effects of a topic is helpful in persuading readers to make a decision about a topic Causes tell readers why something happened For example numerous stolen bikes on campus cause students to register their bikes Smoking causes lung cancer Typing for many hours causes carpal tunnel Effects are the results of something For example

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=558&guideid=29 (2015-10-16)
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  • Chronological Order
    Effective Transitions Resources Print Friendly Format About this Guide Contributors Citation Organizing Documents Chronological Order C hronological order presents ideas according to the time in which they occurred This type of organization is especially effective if you are describing a process relaying a series of actions or telling a story For instance to convey the plot of a novel or the procedures of an experiment you would tell readers what

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=559&guideid=29 (2015-10-16)
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  • Comparison
    for writing have common organizational patterns If I m going to define something what I do is I take a specific case and I look at the class of objects or things to which it belongs and then I say Here s how it belongs to this class but here s how it differs from something else For example a computer is a writing instrument so how is it different from a pencil which is also a writing instrument Then within the act of definition there are organizational patterns Comparisons allow you to analyze and evaluate two or more concepts You can compare two concepts by showing either the differences or the similarities between them This type of organization is especially effective in showing how one concept is better than another This way you can persuade readers to choose one over another For example car commercials constantly use comparisons to show us how a specific car gets more mileage than other cars When you use comparisons between two or more objects be sure to compare them on the SAME issues For instance to show the differences between a Ford Escort a GEO Prism and a Honda Civic you might examine

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=560&guideid=29 (2015-10-16)
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  • Emphatic Order
    Citation Organizing Documents Emphatic Order E mphatic order requires you to arrange your ideas according to their importance Do you want your strongest most important point to hit the reader immediately or do you want these points to appear near the end Depending on your topic and your purpose you should consider what effect these points may have upon your readers For instance you might save the strongest point until

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=563&guideid=29 (2015-10-16)
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  • General to Specific Order
    patterns of presenting ideas general to specific specific to general spatial hierarchical most to least important and so on Obviously these patterns can apply both to paragraphs and to larger units of discourse including several paragraphs in a chunk a labeled section of a text or the text as a whole With this type of organization you can either 1 make a general statement and support that statement with specific

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=564&guideid=29 (2015-10-16)
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  • How to Organize Your Writing
    Resources Print Friendly Format About this Guide Contributors Citation Organizing Documents How to Organize Your Writing W hile the overall organization of your writing helps readers follow your ideas you should also use organizational strategies Just as street signs provide directions when you re driving organizational strategies guide readers through your writing Writing strategies prepare readers for the organization of your writing These strategies include using visual clues to guide

    Original URL path: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/page.cfm?pageid=565&guideid=29 (2015-10-16)
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