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  • Center for International Earth Science Information Network Map of the Month
    Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center SEDAC operated by CIESIN PLACE III provides national level estimates of resident population and land area in relation to the environmental characteristics of their location for example by biome climate zone coastal proximity and elevation in a tabular format Population estimates are available for 1990 2000 and 2010 for 232 statistical areas countries and other territories recognized by the United Nations New features in version 3 are separate estimates for urban and rural populations and a pivot table to facilitate data selection and analysis The PLACE III data set is especially useful for those who are not familiar with specialized geospatial software and methods The data set is organized so that users can quickly find the specific countries and variables of interest It may be downloaded as an Excel spreadsheet or as a comma separated file CSV that can be opened by any text editor Spreadsheet users may filter data by country urban or rural classification and other categories such as geoRegion a geographic entity defined by the UN similar to continent geoSubregion regions smaller than continents but larger than countries and income group or lending category World Bank global classifications of poverty and lending attractiveness Population and land area estimates have been generated for a variety of themes including biomes of the world climate classifications and predictions elevation levels distance from the coast and population density zones PLACE III facilitates comparative research at the national level by providing access to a range of useful summary variables on such questions as approximately how many people live within 10 kilometers of the coastline in South American countries roughly how many rural Africans live in deserts and xeric shrublands or how populations are distributed by elevation in southern Asia Data from previous versions of PLACE have been

    Original URL path: http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/ (2012-11-15)
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  • Center for International Earth Science Information Network
    Associates and Visiting Colleagues Office of the Director Robert S Chen Director Marc Levy Deputy Director Elisabeth Sydor Communications Coordinator Administration Ellen Foy Departmental Administrator Linda Pagliaroli Grants Coordinator Geospatial Applications Mark Becker Associate Director Tricia Chai Onn Geographic Information Specialist Malanding Jaiteh Geographic Information Specialist Kytt MacManus Geographic Information Specialist Dara Mendeloff Geographic Information Specialist Linda Pistolesi Geographic Information Analyst Sneha Rao Geographic Information Specialist Data Center Services John Scialdone Manager Yitzak Gitelman Digital Archivist Merlie Hansen Senior Metadata Specialist Maria Elisa Lukang Information Specialist Joe Schumacher Senior Information Specialist Information Technology Sri Vinay Associate Director Hans Bosch Operations Manager James Carcone Senior Systems Analyst Programmer Branko Djapic Database Administrator Robert Downs Senior Digital Archivist Annie Gerard Media Designer Programmer Saleh Ghani Systems Administrator Andrés González Graphic Artist Frank Pascuzzi Senior Systems Analyst Programmer Al Pinto Senior Media Designer David Strom Senior Systems Administrator Xiaoshi Xing Information Scientist Science Applications Marc Levy Acting Associate Director Susana Adamo Associate Research Scientist Sonya Ahamed Senior Research Associate Xiaoyi An Staff Associate Sandra Baptista Senior Staff Associate Ilana Brito EI Fellow Alexander de Sherbinin Senior Research Associate Melika Edquist Web Specialist Alex Fischer Program Manager Meredith Golden Senior Research Associate Paola Kim

    Original URL path: http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/contact.html (2012-11-15)
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  • Center for International Earth Science Information Network
    Columbia s Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory campus in Palisades New York CIESIN continues to focus on applying state of the art information technology to pressing interdisciplinary data information and research problems related to human interactions in the environment CIESIN has a diverse and multi disciplinary staff including experts in Computer science Information and library sciences Demography and public health Political science and international affairs History Urban affairs Natural resource management and ecology CIESIN staff are proficient in Software development Web and media design Systems integration Geographic information systems GIS Remote sensing Digital archiving Metadata and information management Database design Interdisciplinary global environmental change research CIESIN was one of the first organizations involved in developing and providing interactive data access and mapping tools via the Internet Given the great diversity of scientific data and information resources now available CIESIN continues to implement innovative approaches to data identification access visualization and analysis across distributed data systems This includes efforts to develop global and regional information systems create innovative decision support tools and provide training and technical support services The careful integration of natural and social science data and information is increasingly recognized as vital to scientific research and societal decision making related to a wide range of pressing environmental issues CIESIN continues to pursue new initiatives in this area and to build strong partnerships with national and international organizations in areas such as biodiversity environment and security environmental sustainability population environment research global mapping and database development remote sensing applications and the human dimensions of global environmental change CIESIN supports both the research and teaching missions of Columbia University Its innovative application of information technology and ability to support operational data management services over the Internet serve as a valuable complement to traditional University based research and education in the natural and

    Original URL path: http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/aboutus.html (2012-11-15)
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  • Center for International Earth Science Information Network
    center activities providing end to end data information and content management Functional areas of proficiency include digital archiving metadata systems customer relations management including usability and outreach Digital archiving addresses the array of challenges associated with preserving data and information stored on digital media Metadata simply means data about data Metadata addresses the descriptive and other types of information that facilitate the management finding and use of data and information products Information Services staff have expertise in data warehousing digital archiving metadata standards metadata systems statistics relational database technology knowledge management library and information science earth science and social science Areas of research and development include digital reference service development web usage metrics Data Documentation Initiative DDI metadata standards and data integration and usability Information Technology The Information Technology Division implements and supports the computing infrastructure at CIESIN It is organized into three groups Media Design Software Engineering and Systems Operations The Media Design group provides skills in the areas of graphic Web design and multimedia authoring The Software Engineering group plans designs and implements databases interactive applications data processing facilities and analytical processing and supports such products over their lifetime The Systems Operations group implements the server workstation and networking infrastructure that supports CIESIN s computing activities with special attention given to computer security The IT Division is engaged in the following technologies Object oriented software engineering Client server and distributed computing Information retrieval Z39 50 C C Java Javascript JSP Perl SQL PL SQL Visual Basic Photoshop Dreamweaver Fireworks GoLive Flash Ventura Quark Acrobat Spatial Database Engine GIS Oracle8i InterMedia Powerbuilder Image Processing Data modeling UNIX systems administration and security Database administration and security Windows 2k NT 98 95 Administration and security MS office automation RAID Systems Networking and internetworking OpenGIS Collaborative systems Logic programming Data visualization Science

    Original URL path: http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/organization.html (2012-11-15)
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  • Center for International Earth Science Information Network
    accidents forest fires and small scale natural disasters and emerging infectious disease events A key objective is to create a general framework for identifying and quantifying bias in participatory reporting This research has obvious implications for other topics which include developing true maps of the spatial distribution of product recalls conservation successes energy usage impacts of climate change car accidents drug trafficking and patterns of migration Funder EI Cross Cutting Initiative seed grant Meningitis Risk Modeling Researchers Sylvia Traska PI IRI Susana Adamo co PI Marc Levy and Greg Yetman CIESIN Abstract With IRI CIESIN jointly explored climatic epidemiological and demographic and socioeconomic risk factors as predictors for epidemic outbreaks at national and district levels towards building a statistical predictive model In addition the project considered the potential of satellite observations and model outputs combined with available epidemiological and demographic information as inputs to a meningitis risk map The study was focused on Niger where 20 years of weekly epidemiological data at the district level were available along with various sources of environmental information e g in situ data model outputs and satellite observations Funder NASA Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Science Prevention of Health Effects in Children from Energy Related Air Pollution An International Collaborative Project Researchers Frederica Perera and Dialang Tang Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health CCCEH Mark Becker CIESIN Abstract This research used a novel biomedical approach molecular epidemiology to determine the health risks to children from environmental pollutants generated by burning of coal and other fossil fuels CCCEH collaborated with CIESIN the Natural Resources Defense Council NRDC and representatives of the Chongqing Municipal Government to launch a new project in People s Republic of China The China project determined the health benefits to newborns of reducing in utero exposure to toxic air pollutants generated by coal burning Through this collaboration the research in China was closely linked with ongoing projects in the United States and Poland Funder The Rasmussen Foundation A Spatial Analysis of Childhood Mortality in West Africa Researchers Deborah Balk Adam Storeygard and Melissa Newman CIESIN Tom Pullum University of Texas Fern Greenwell ORC Macro Abstract It has been suggested that environmental or geographic factors e g population density climate and disease environment play an important role in determining infant and child survival above and beyond that played by individual and household level factors Only recently however have relevant spatial data become available and have demographic survey data systematically recorded geographical location of surveyed households while at the same time the technology to integrate these data has become accessible This study estimated the risk of infant and child death attributable to individual household and spatially explicit geographic factors in ten West African countries 120 000 births occurring in the ten years prior to 1997 2001 Demographic and Health Survey dates are evaluated Results from a generalized linear model showed that spatial variables explain away a good deal of the country specific variation in mortality and that they are associated with and may be mediated by the household characteristics Implications for research and policy have also been addressed Funder Financial support for this project was provided by ORC Macro under the USAID funded MEASURE DHS program The research was also facilitated by complementary activities underway at CIESIN funded by the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Application Center Contract NAS 5 98162 and the UN Millennium Development Project Urbanization and Cardiovascular Disease in China Researchers Andrew Moran co PI Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Susana Adamo CIESIN Abstract A computer model simulating rural to urban migration was developed in order to assess the national scale health consequences among permanent urban migrants of changing to higher calorie higher fat diet and to lower physical activity CIESIN provided data and methodological expertise on the spatial distribution of populations and thus changes in the population CVD risk in light of North South rural urban and urban urban migration trends Funder Earth Institute Cross Cutting Initiative Environment and Social Dynamics No active research at this time Completed Research Estimation of Migration Flows By Ecosystem Researchers Alex de Sherbinin PI Marc Levy co PI Susana Adama Greg Yetman Liana Razafindrazay Cody Aichele Linda Pistolesi CIESIN Ben Goodrich ISERP at Columbia University Using the best available information CIESIN is estimating net migration by ecosystem over the forty year period from 1970 to 1980 The ecosystem boundaries are from the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the population data are from a combination of sources including spatial distributions from the Global Rural Urban Mapping Project rates from the History Database of the Global Environment HYDE national level rates of natural increase from the UN World Population Prospects and urban and rural rates of natural increase from the UN Demographic Yearbook and Demographic and Health Surveys Funder Foresight Project on Global Environmental Migration Haiti Regeneration Initiative Researchers Marc Levy PI Alex Fischer Abstract The Haiti Regeneration Initiative is a major collaboration between the the United Nations Environment Programme UNEP the Earth Institute and various other organizations in Haiti that aims to provide sustainable solutions to some of the country s most pressing challenges post earthquake reconstruction economic and social development environmental stabilization and restoration and disaster risk management CIESIN teams are support various research and planning activities This includes construction of geo spatial databases to support community mapping exercises technical support for socio economic household surveys market assessments soil and land degradation mapping and broad coordination for the multi sector research teams Funder United Nations Environment Programme UNEP Hydrology and Social Interactions A Focus on Conflict in Africa Researchers Marc Levy PI and Christian Webersik CIESIN Abstract Does climatic and hydrologic variability influence patterns of civil war outbreak Using data for Africa and controlling for social economic and political factors this project 1 tested hypotheses linking water scarcity and variability to civil war outbreak ceteris paribus 2 in order to develop and test a methodology for combining gridded environmental time series data with spatial time series conflict data 3 to communicate the findings and implications to decision makers and 4 to produce a data collection useful to a wide range of scholars of civil war human security and other fields who are interested in the impacts of water scarcity on human wellbeing and behavior The uniquely interdisciplinary research team was composed of hydrologists political scientists and geographers aiming to generate a set of country level and subnational level water indicators useful to a range of social science research needs including public health economic development demography and land use land cover change The project aimed for broader impact as well with vital policy implications in fields such as early warning humanitarian assistance and development planning Funder NSF Gridding of Demographic and Socioeconomic Data Revitalizing Urban Population Projections New Data New Methods Researchers Deborah L Balk PI Baruch College City University formerly of CIESIN Christopher Small Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory Mark Montgomery Population Council Thomas Buettner UN Population Division Abstract As the developing world continues to urbanize and Africa and Asia approach the point at which they will become more urban than rural new investments in demographic data and research methods will be required to understand and address the needs of urban residents At a minimum policy makers will need defensible estimates of city population sizes rates of growth and geographic extents if they are to formulate effective development strategies At present the demographic research community cannot supply such estimates The goal of the proposed research team is to produce and evaluate new spatially explicit demographic methods for estimating and projecting city populations in the developing world The essence of our approach is to merge several important sources of information that have yet to figure into city estimates and projections for developing countries spatially coded information such as urban spatial extents derived from satellite data CIESIN et al 2005 and administrative areas and survey data on urban fertility child mortality migration and age structure as provided by the World Fertility Surveys WFS the Demographic and Health Surveys DHS and the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys MICS along with the census data that are the basis of current estimates Funder National Institute of Child Health and Human Development The Development of Spatial Data Databases of Human Settlements and of Population Distribution by Urban and Rural Population for the Developing World Researchers Deborah Balk Baruch College City University formerly of CIESIN Uwe Deichmann the World Bank Stanley Wood International Food Policy Research Institute IFPRI Abstract There are increasing demands for greater specificity in defining the impacts of agricultural research and development particularly with regard to the likely impacts on poverty of policy technology and institutional changes The development of spatially disaggregated global population databases represents a significant contribution to meeting those demands However most means of assessing the economic consequences of change in the agricultural sector involve the identification of impacts on producers predominantly located in rural areas and consumers increasingly represented by urban populations in many countries Notwithstanding the important challenge of properly characterizing combined production and consumption patterns in rural households a major step forward in impact assessment would be the spatial delineation of human settlements and rural and urban populations The purpose of this research is to produce a gridded urban rural data set with each pixel representing not only population size and density but also urban or rural character Funder International Food Policy Research Institute Completed Research New Methods for Understanding Intra Urban Contours at a Global Scale Researchers Deborah Balk PI Baruch College City University formerly of CIESIN Ernesto Rodriguez and Son V Nghiem California Institute of Technology Christopher Small Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory Abstract A global and consistent characterization of land use and land change in urban and suburban environments is crucial for many fundamental social and economic science studies and applications Here a dense sampling method DSM using satellite scatterometer data at a coarse resolution 12 km to delineate urban and intra urban areas at a much higher resolution 1 km was presented for the first time The tradeoff is that the daily or near daily temporal resolution is reduced to yearly or multi year time scale which is still appropriate to map urban areas and to identify interannual changes in most cases The DSM results were analyzed together with information on population and housing censuses with Spectral Mixture Analysis SMA of moderate and high spatial resolution optical satellite imagery and with both DMSP night lights Funder NASA Jet Propulsion Lab Human Impacts on Biodiversity No active research at this time Completed Research Biological Assessment of the Central Truong Son Mountain Range Researchers Melina Laverty PI Center for Biodiversity and Conservation CBC at the American Museum for Natural History AMNH John Mickelson Co PI CIESIN Abstract Current and historical land use land cover habitat and vegetation patterns for the Central Truong Son Mountain Range CTS are being mapped and analyzed with the aid of remotely sensed satellite data The analysis will provide a baseline spatial framework for biodiversity assessment and conservation planning in the region in support of research underway with the World Wildlife Federation Indochina Programme WWF The Truong Son Mountain Range located along the border of Laos and Vietnam harbors an incredibly diverse flora and fauna and a high level of endemism of both global and regional significance It has received international attention for several recent discoveries of large mammal species Biological geophysical and ethnological data will be combined with field data collected by CBC over the past three years enabling the examination of patterns of biodiversity distribution relative to human resource use Funder Center for Environmental Research and Conservation CERC at Columbia University Last of the Wild and Human Footprint Project Researchers Malanding Jaiteh Marc Levy and Antoinette Wannebo CIESIN Kent H Redford Eric W Sanderson and Gillian Woolmer the Wildlife Conservation Society WCS Abstract To inform the priority setting discussion of where to focus limited conservation resources WCS and CIESIN conducted a globally extensive GIS analysis of the most recent appropriate publicly available global digital datasets to locate the remaining wild areas in the world Previous attempts to map wilderness areas used older data or data covering a lesser extent Our analysis first defined what is not wild using information on land cover population density stable lights and human infrastructure thus creating an inverse map of the potential wild areas Second these wild areas are placed in a relative context by normalizing them with respect to different biomes on each continent Finally results are checked with conservation biologists from the WCS international conservation programs and other data to verify our mapping The resulting map can be used as a conservation reconnaissance tool for strategic planning of conservation investments and for other global analyses Funder Center for Environmental Research and Conservation CERC at Columbia University Information Management No active research at this time Completed Research Discovery Access and Delivery of Data for the International Polar Year Researchers A collaboration between NSIDC the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center for Biogeochemical Dynamics ORNL DAAC the Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center SEDAC at Columbia University and the Canadian Cryospheric Information Network CCIN and International Permafrost Association s Arctic Coastal Dynamics ACD project and the interagency Study of Environmental Arctic Change SEARCH Abstract This two phase project aimed to improve the availability of Arctic coastal data The first phase focused on identification acquisition and description of data to facilitate discovery builing on ORNL s Mercury tool set for metadata harvesting indexing and searching The second phase focused on the advertisement visualization and delivery of the data in a manner that facilitates analysis A small user workshop was conducted in November 2006 to develop the specific requirements for the system Funder NASA Managing and Preserving Geospatial Electronic Records MAPGER Researchers Robert S Chen Director Robert R Downs Co Director Mark Becker John Mickelson and John Scialdone CIESIN Abstract This project investigated the requirements for state and local government archivists records managers and other institutional recordkeepers for managing and preserving electronic records with significant geospatial components especially those records generated by Geographic Information System GIS software The project sought to identify and recommend practical and appropriate policies techniques standards and practices to manage geospatial electronic records GERs to support their long term retention and dissemination and to facilitate their usability and utility as important information resources of significant historical interest Funder National Historical Publications and Records Commission NHPRC of the National Archives and Records Administration NARA Land Use No active research at this time Completed Research Land Use Land Cover Change Issues in Latin America and the Caribbean Researchers Marc Levy Co PI Maria Muniz CIESIN Mitch Aide Co PI University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras David Carr Co PI University of California Santa Barbara Matthew Clark Co PI Sonoma State University Deborah Balk Co PI Baruch School of Public Affairs City University of NY formerly of CIESIN Ricardo Grau Universidad Nacional de Tucumán Carlos Zambrana Torrelio Abstract A multi disciplinary multi scale approach to evaluating how changes in demography and land use are affecting natural and human systems at the continental country and municipality scales in Latin America and the Caribbean We will explore how land use patterns are affected by demographic economic and ecological factors We expect to identify two major patterns 1 extensive conversion of natural ecosystems to modern agriculture particularly in areas with little topographic relief and 2 abandonment of marginal agricultural and grazing lands particularly in mountainous and remote regions permitting ecosystem recovery We anticipate that this dual trend will be most evident in countries and regions further along the demographic and economic transition axes while developing nations and regions lagging in these transitions will experience relatively less intensification of lands through modern farming techniques and relatively more continued conversion of mountainous regions and remote frontiers Funder NSF Natural Hazards Developing Global Building Exposure for Disaster Forecasting Mitigation and Response Researchers Ron Eguchi ImageCat PI Charles Huyck ImageCat David Tralli NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory and CIESIN director Robert Chen co PIs Abstract CIESIN has begun collaborating with ImageCat Inc USA an international risk management innovation company with offices in Long Beach California on a new NASA funded project to develop and test methods of assessing global building exposure for disaster forecasting mitigation and response Building on ongoing work with the Global Earthquake Model GEM initiative this one year project awarded in October 2012 will explore the feasibility of combining remote sensing data from various sources with population data from the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center SEDAC to better characterize the built environment in ways useful for catastrophe CAT modeling and loss estimation The grant is one of 17 recent awards by the NASA Applied Sciences Program Global Exposure Database for Global Earthquake Model GED4GEM Researchers University of Pavia Italy Mark Becker CIESIN Abstract Earthquakes pose the greatest risks where people live and work in poorly constructed buildings Unfortunately data on buildings and other structures and especially their vulnerability to earthquake damage are incomplete and variable in quality As an element of the Global Earthquake Model GEM an international initiative to improve assessment and decision making regarding earthquake risk CIESIN is participating in a new three year project to develop a comprehensive Global Exposure Database led by the University of Pavia in Italy CIESIN is leading the design of the underlying database and supporting the interoperability of the database with other GEM components Another CIESIN role is to help populate the database drawing on its extensive population and other spatial data resources and longstanding expertise in this area Interdiscliplinary Data Needs for Data Risk Management CIESIN in collaboration with researchers from across the Earth Institute and from around the world is leading a range of efforts to improve data and information on natural hazards and conflicts while developing new methods for combining these data in useful ways for research and disaster management In 2005 CIESIN co led an international study of Global Natural Disaster Risk Hotspots see Completed Projects below that received a Good Practice

    Original URL path: http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/res_apps.html (2012-11-15)
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  • Center for International Earth Science Information Network
    Congress The Millennium Villages Project National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA National Institutes of Health National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIEHS National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA National Science Foundation NSF Open Society Foundations U K Government Department for Business Innovation Skills Foresight Project United Nations Environment Programe UNEP Global Environmental Facility United Nations Environment Programme UNEP U S Agency for International Development USAID U S Geological Survey USGS

    Original URL path: http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/sponsors.html (2012-11-15)
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  • center for International Earth Science Information Network
    work conducted at CIESIN This policy provides the context for developing procedures related to the management of data and information resources at CIESIN Preservation of Digital Resources Policy 29 6 KB PDF CIESIN has been working at the leading edge of digital data stewardship since its start in 1989 CIESIN s approach to digital data stewardship related to the long term preservation of digital assets archived at CIESIN is described

    Original URL path: http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/policies.html (2012-11-15)
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  • <Center for International Earth Science Information Network>
    and urban planning and the arts and sciences often have quite different approaches to recognizing the value of practice and to ensuring that high standards of quality in practice are met Clockwise from upper left CIESIN staff and interns at different phases of the educational spectrum lecturing learning presenting student research findings and leading an internationally hosted workshop An important accomplishment of the Practice Committee in the past year was therefore the development of a new set of promotion criteria and associated procedures for professional officers of research in the Earth Institute which have now been approved by the Earth Institute Faculty and most significantly by the Provost of Columbia University These criteria allow centers like CIESIN to define important practical accomplishments and outputs in addition to traditional peer reviewed scientific publications that can be used to assess the quality and productivity of our staff Thus CIESIN scientists who produce unique problem oriented interdisciplinary data sets or who help develop innovative online visualization or analysis tools or who spend months or years in the field helping to implement integrated development or ecological management approaches or who support international assessments like the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC may now receive formal recognition for this work along with their more traditional scientific research outputs Such recognition is vital if CIESIN is to retain innovative and dedicated scientific staff and help the Earth Institute achieve its goals of utilizing the best science and data available in support of sustainable development Many students are also increasingly interested in gaining practical experience in conjunction with their coursework or to meet program or career goals But their direct involvement in practice efforts comes with a number of challenges not only in terms of their own learning experience but also their overall impact on clients whether poor farmers in developing countries small businesses in New York or disaster managers and first responders in hazardous regions CIESIN and the Earth Institute more broadly has a responsibility to ensure that its education and training efforts have positive impacts both short and long term on those whom we and the students are trying to help This is one of the topics that the Practice Committee is now addressing As part of this benchmark report on environmental migration CIESIN completed a modeling effort on net migration by ecosystem and by decade for the past 40 years In looking ahead towards an expanded role for CIESIN in practice both at the Earth Institute and in many of our national and international initiatives I see some growing challenges For example since the Haiti earthquake in 2010 CIESIN has been playing a leadership role in ecological restoration and development in southwestern Haiti requiring our staff to travel and work in dangerous locations deal with rapidly changing political socioeconomic and health conditions and coordinate diverse efforts by national and international government agencies nongovernmental and private voluntary organizations community groups donors and both local and international academic institutions In our efforts in support of the

    Original URL path: http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/message2012.html (2012-11-15)
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