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  • Publishing Best Practices | Columbia University Information Technology
    entirely different Using these techniques may result in multiple copies of the same document being indexed for your site as crawl robots will see each unique URL including session ID as a unique document Ensure that your site s internal link structure provides a hypertext link path to all of your pages The Google search engine follows hypertext links from one page to the next so pages that are not linked to by others may be missed Additionally you should consult the administrator of your Google Search Appliance to ensure that your site s home page is accessible to the search engine Use robots standards to control search engine interaction with your content Make use of the robots txt file on your web server This file tells crawlers which files and directories can or cannot be crawled including various file types If the search engine gets an error when getting this file no content will be crawled on that server The robots txt file will be checked on a regular basis but changes may not have immediate results Each port including HTTP and HTTPS requires its own robots txt file Use robots meta tags to control whether individual documents are indexed whether the links on a document should be crawled and whether the document should be cached The NOARCHIVE value for robots meta tags is supported by the Google search engine to block cached content even though it is not mentioned in the robots standard For information on how robots txt files and ROBOTS meta tags work see the Robots Exclusion standard at http www robotstxt org wc exclusion html If the search engine is generating too much traffic on your site during peak hours contact your Google Search Appliance administrator to customize the traffic Let the search engine know how fresh your content is Make sure your web server supports the If Modified Since HTTP header This feature allows your web server to tell the Google Search Appliance whether your content has changed since it last crawled your site Supporting this feature saves you bandwidth and overhead Columbia s webservers support this feature Understand why some documents may be missing from the index Each time that the Google Search Appliance updates its database of web pages the documents in the index can change Here are a few examples of reasons why pages may not appear in the index Your content pages may have been intentionally blocked by a robots txt file or ROBOTS meta tags Your web site was inaccessible when the crawl robot attempted to access it due to network or server outage If this happens the Google Search Appliance will retry multiple times but if the site cannot be crawled it will not be included in the index The Google crawl robot cannot find a path of links to your site from the starting points it was given Your content pages may not be considered relevant to the query you entered Ensure that the query terms exist

    Original URL path: http://cuit.columbia.edu/publishing-best-practices (2016-05-01)
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  • Prevent Indexing | Columbia University Information Technology
    a word or portion of a web page The indexing of anchor text The use of text to create a snippet in search results For details about the use of each googleoff googleon flag refer to the following table Flag Description Example Results index Words between the tags are not indexed as occurring on the current page fish googleoff index shark googleon index mackerel The words fish and mackerel are indexed for this page but the occurrence of shark is not indexed This page could appear in search results for the term shark only if the word appears elsewhere on the page or in anchortext for links to the page Hyperlinks that appear within these tags are followed anchor Anchor text that appears between the tags and in links to other pages is not indexed This prevents the index from using the hyperlink to associate the link text with the target page in search results googleoff anchor A href sharks rugby html shark A googleon anchor The word shark is not associated with the page sharks rugby html Otherwise this hyperlink would cause the page sharks rugby html to appear in the search results for the term shark snippet Text between the tags is not used to create snippets for search results googleoff snippet Come to the fair googleon snippet The text Come to the fair does not appear in snippets with the search results all Turns on all the attributes Text between the tags is not indexed followed to another linked to page or used for a snippet googleoff all Come to the fair googleon all The text Come to the fair is not indexed is not associated with anchor text and does not appear in snippets with the search results Use a no crawl directory The Google Search

    Original URL path: http://cuit.columbia.edu/prevent-indexing (2016-05-01)
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  • KeyMatches and Related Queries | Columbia University Information Technology
    web pages The site with the KeyMatch appears at the top of search results with the label Suggested Link Related Queries can be used to suggest alternate words or phrases for search queries For example if you search the main Columbia collection for macintosh you will see the following at the top of your search results You could also try Apple Submit a request to askCUIT If you would like to have a KeyMatch or Related Query added to the main Columbia collection front end myUNI Service Desk myColumbia FAQ A Z Services About Us Give Us Feedback Computing Support About CUIT CUIT Careers CUIT Email Services Research Computing Services Teaching Learning Applications CUIT Public Computing Facilities IT Policies IT Security Resources Manage my UNI Security Awareness Training Software and Downloads Search CUIT Go Text Size a a Other Columbia IT Groups Columbia University Medical Center Information Technology CUMC IT Center for Digital Research and Scholarship CDRS Business School Information Services ITG Law School Information Technology SIPA Computer Facilities Social Work Computing and Instructional Technology Columbia College Information Technology CCIT Columbia Center for New Media Teaching and Learning Search Columbia edu Submit Webmaster Columbia University Information Technology 615 West 131st

    Original URL path: http://cuit.columbia.edu/keymatches-related-queries (2016-05-01)
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  • Custom Collections | Columbia University Information Technology
    large organization A collection name will be assigned by CUIT once it s been approved Defining and using a collection requires startup effort from both the CUIT Google team and the web site developer Request a New Collection Submit requests for new collections to askCUIT including the following name of the school or organization contact person and contact information the list of URL patterns you want included in your collection New collections will use the Columbia front end and stylesheet if you do not also request a custom front end Custom Frontends and Stylesheets Front ends allow search administrators to create different search and search results pages by editing their XSLT stylesheets Administrators can also edit KeyMatch Related Query and Filter information or remove URLs from a specific front end KeyMatch lets you promote specific web pages on your site by associating specific search terms such as housing with a set of web pages The site with the KeyMatch appears at the top of search results with the label Suggested Link Related queries can be used to suggest alternate words or phrases for search queries Filters can restrict searches based on domain language file types or meta tags Removing URLs from a front end prevents particular URLs from being served in search results Request a New Front End Submit requests for new front ends to askCUIT including the following name of the school or organization contact person and contact information the desired name for the front end all lower case letters without spaces There is no charge for having a new front end set up if you are going to create the associated stylesheets yourself CUIT Interactive Services will create a custom frontend for you for a basic fee of 1600 myUNI Service Desk myColumbia FAQ A Z Services About

    Original URL path: http://cuit.columbia.edu/custom-collections (2016-05-01)
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  • Columbia Web Style Guidelines | Columbia University Information Technology
    when constructing links Check all links as the last step in publishing Periodically check links to outside data Announce to groups or people when moving or deleting pages Collaboration is best when both sides have some input For any kind of academic project interdepartment initiative University wide effort like course data events etc it is important to maintain contact with data providers The result will be interrupted service if data are moved or changed If you decide to delete or move a file please contact other Web maintainers here at Columbia that link to it You can use the Columbia search engine to find out who is linking to your file by using the search syntax link for example This will return a list of pages that include a link to cuit columbia edu web publishing Get approval when using data owned by others Most data falls under copyright Almost all data fall under an individual or institution s intellectual property It is more than just polite to ask before using others work in many cases it is illegal not to get permission Ignoring such issues can have serious repercussions not to mention violating the golden rule Cite others work Even if data are in the public domain owned by your institution or you receive permission to use them please cite others material when using it To not cite it is equivalent to plagiarism Scrutinize your work The following excerpt from the original ColumbiaNet style guidelines 1993 applies more than ever INTEGRITY ColumbiaNet is read worldwide and operates as a significant public relations vehicle for the University Editorial integrity that may be deemed appropriate for a casual internal audience may not be as readily acceptable by those judging Columbia by ColumbiaNet Therefore there should be a stricter scrutiny of text for spelling and grammatical errors ColumbiaNet text should always be the latest and best version of the text As it can be changed at any time text should be reviewed one last time as it is going on line Don t add unimplemented links While it is tempting to complete one s index to a service and then fill out the links it is not much more troublesome to leave the links inactive until the files are ready Having the user receive a file not found message should be taboo it wastes their time and falsely builds expectation A link to a page with no information other than an under construction announcement isn t especially useful either Test work in other browsers This caveat should not be disregarded If your browser forgives a typo in the code as some do liberally and someone else s browser does not the result for that user could be disastrous Warn of large images Since large images can take a long time to access forewarning users with a note like detailed image or large image or indicating file size 1 2M is a kindness Use trailing slashes in URLs ending with a directory Some

    Original URL path: http://cuit.columbia.edu/columbia-web-style-guidelines (2016-05-01)
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  • Server Side Includes | Columbia University Information Technology
    in these files and render them correctly The SSI directives are treated as comments by web authoring software since they use this syntax element attribute value attribute value The value will often be enclosed in double quotes many commands only allow a single attribute value pair Here are some typical examples that use the echo element echo var date local echo var remote host echo var remote user Using include will allow you to include the content of another file into your current document For example if we wanted to include an email address and a copyright notice at the bottom of all of our web pages we could create a file named footer html that contained this information and include it into all of our pages If the email address changes or we wish to add something else to the footer in the pages on our site we only have to change the content of one file instead of every page very efficient and convenient At the bottom of each of our pages we would put include virtual ourpages bits footer html An attribute using either virtual or file defines the location of the file we want to include virtual gives a virtual path to a document on the server that is a encoded URL relative to the current document being parsed displayed in the web browser The URL cannot contain a scheme or hostname eg columbia edu only a path and an optional query string If it does not begin with a slash then it is taken to be relative to the current document file gives a pathname relative to the directory containing the current document being parsed You cannot use go up a directory in this pathname nor an absolute path It is usually best to use

    Original URL path: http://cuit.columbia.edu/server-side-includes (2016-05-01)
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  • CGI | Columbia University Information Technology
    scripts for receiving input from a form searching text and more List of Approved CGI Scripts for Use at Columbia Basic Form Fields All forms must start with the tag form and end with the tag form Within the form tag you specify the CGI script it must use For example if you are using our generic inbox script for a page on our Web server your form tag would look like this form method POST action cgi bin generic inbox pl For more about the specifics of the generic inbox script see its instructions Code Renders Be sure to input type text include a name input type text name address input type checkbox include a name that is unique for each checkbox in a set input type checkbox name tea and a value that is the same input type checkbox name tea value yes input type checkbox name milk value yes input type radio include a name that is the same for each radio button in a set input type radio name tea and a value that is unique for each radio button input type radio name tea value black input type radio name tea value green textarea textarea include a name textarea name comments textarea input type submit give it a value if you want control over how the button is labeled Otherwise you get the browser s default label so you could also say input type submit value send it myUNI Service Desk myColumbia FAQ A Z Services About Us Give Us Feedback Computing Support About CUIT CUIT Careers CUIT Email Services Research Computing Services Teaching Learning Applications CUIT Public Computing Facilities IT Policies IT Security Resources Manage my UNI Security Awareness Training Software and Downloads Search CUIT Go Text Size a a Other Columbia IT Groups

    Original URL path: http://cuit.columbia.edu/cgi (2016-05-01)
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  • Multimedia | Columbia University Information Technology
    to stick to technologies that do not require special server software for streaming Fortunately Quicktime developers have an additional option fast start streaming Unlike real time streaming which Quicktime is capable of fast start streaming allows your movie to start playing after some of the file has downloaded but it uses standard Web protocols So if you d like to take advantage of authoring streaming files here at Columbia Quicktime fast start streaming is an option Animation Flash Macromedia Requires the Flash plug in and is played within a web page The authoring software is a vector based drawing program that allows you to create interactive animations Shockwave Requires the shockwave plug in and is authored using Macromedia Director previously better known as a CD ROM authoring tool Like Flash it plays within a Web page dHTML or dynamic html is actually a combination of cascading style sheets part of the HTML 4 0 specification and a scripting language most often javascript CSS allows you to position elements and javascript then animates them Although it doesn t require the author to use any particular software to script there are a few programs that offer a visual interface and easy dHTML scripting the most popular being Macromedia s Dreamweaver Users don t need a special plug in but they must visit the site with a javscript enabled 4 0 or above Web browser Interactive Elements It is a myth that using multimedia makes your site inherently interactive However you may use multimedia to create interactive elements dHTML allows you to manipulate any page element For example layers can be dragged around the screen by your users as in this puzzle Flash has very powerful drawing and animating functions It is an excellent tool for creating a sophisticated user interface however its

    Original URL path: http://cuit.columbia.edu/multimedia (2016-05-01)
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