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  • The Dynamics of Assortative Mating and the Life Cycles of Married Couples | DuPRI
    and the Life Cycles of Married Couples Spring 2015 05 07 2015 Speaker Arun Hendi Abstract This study examines how rapid mortality declines shifting education distributions and the intensification of assortative mating in the last half century have patterned changes in the survivorship experience of married couples I introduce a new formal demographic model linking the life cycles of married couples with changes in the joint distribution of spouses characteristics

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/dynamics-assortative-mating-and-life-cycles-married-couples (2016-02-13)
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  • Growing Up In A Steel Town: Early-Life Pollution Exposure And Later-Life Mortality | DuPRI
    Steel Town Early Life Pollution Exposure And Later Life Mortality Spring 2014 01 16 2014 Speaker Sarah Taylor PhD DuPRI Postdoctoral Fellow Abstract ABSTRACT A large literature evaluates health consequences of exposure to air pollution An important possibility is that exposure to high levels of pollution in childhood and early adulthood can result in a lifetime of heal problems leading to increased mortality rates at older ages I evaluate this issue using a unique proprietary dataset Medicare records matched to Social Security records that identify birthplace My focus is on a sample of over 390 000 individuals born in small cities towns in Pennsylvania during the years 1916 through 1927 Many of these individuals were born in places with steel production and thus likely had exposure to high levels of air pollution in childhood and early adulthood These individuals have significantly higher rates of mortality post age 65 than those born in comparable towns that did not have steel production facilities There are three notable features of the relationship between birth in a steel town and later life mortality First the relationship holds even for an analysis that makes comparisons within counties i e in a model with county fixed

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/growing-steel-town-early-life-pollution-exposure-and-later-life-mortality (2016-02-13)
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  • "Re-examining the Impact of Education on Teenage Motherhood: Evidence from North Carolina | DuPRI
    20 2014 Location SSRI Gross Hall 230C Speaker Poh Lin Tan DuPRI Pre doctoral Fellow Abstract ABSTRACT The literature on teenage motherhood suggests that women who have more years of education or better test scores are less likely to give birth during teenage years However quasi experimental studies yield mixed evidence as to whether years of education have a negative causal impact on teenage childbearing with studies using school entry

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/re-examining-impact-education-teenage-motherhood-evidence-north-carolina (2016-02-13)
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  • Re-examining the Impact of Education on Teenage Motherhood: Evidence from North Carolina | DuPRI
    Evidence from North Carolina Spring 2014 02 20 2014 Instructor Poh Lin Tan DuPRI Pre doctoral Fellow Abstract ABSTRACT The literature on teenage motherhood suggests that women who have more years of education or better test scores are less likely to give birth during teenage years However quasi experimental studies yield mixed evidence as to whether years of education have a negative causal impact on teenage childbearing with studies using

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/re-examining-impact-education-teenage-motherhood-evidence-north-carolina-0 (2016-02-13)
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  • Male Marriage Wage Premium: A Perspective of Employer Learning and Statistical Discrimination | DuPRI
    Perspective of Employer Learning and Statistical Discrimination Male Marriage Wage Premium A Perspective of Employer Learning and Statistical Discrimination Spring 2014 03 20 2014 Location SSRI Gross Hall 230C Speaker Xiaomin Fu DuPRI Pre doctoral Fellow Abstract ABSTRACT Large wage differences exist between married and single men This paper argues that this marriage wage premium can arise from statistical discrimination on the basis of marital status in a labor market

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/male-marriage-wage-premium-perspective-employer-learning-and-statistical-discrimination (2016-02-13)
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  • Class, Crime, and Latent Classes of Crime: A Bayesian Approach to a Persistent Enigma | DuPRI
    Workshops Duke Events Calendar Contact Fulltext search Home News Events Class Crime and Latent Classes of Crime A Bayesian Approach to a Persistent Enigma Class Crime and Latent Classes of Crime A Bayesian Approach to a Persistent Enigma Spring 2014 04 02 2014 Location SSRI Gross Hall 230E Speaker Joshua Fink T32 Pre doctoral Fellow Abstract ABSTRACT A primary focus of criminology research is determining which social covariates predict criminal involvement Yet despite expectations from social theory of a strong class crime link the relationship between social class and criminality is continuously described as a quandary or proposed to be nonexistent Botchkovar et al 2009 Tittle and Meier 1990 This is particularly surprising given the amount of past criminological research on the subject While a number of studies have moved beyond a singular count or scale of criminality few disaggregate crime into empirically justifiable or theoretically useful types of crime If social class has heterogeneous effects on different types of criminality it would be difficult for research designs used in many existing studies on the subject to detect them This study confronts this challenge using modern Bayesian statistics specifically a Bayesian approach to latent class analysis LCA This technique permits

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/class-crime-and-latent-classes-crime-bayesian-approach-persistent-enigma (2016-02-13)
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  • Cells to Society: Using Biomarkers to Develop Predictive Measures of Aging and Longevity | DuPRI
    Gross Hall 230C Speaker Morgan Levine Pre doctoral student USC Davis School of Gerontology Abstract ABSTRACT Over time the body undergoes a progressive breakdown of various physiological systems and as a result the risk of disability mortality and morbidity increase steadily with age Nevertheless there is significant variation across individuals in the timing of such events Accordingly there is an emphasis on studying variations in levels of risk and identifying the factors which contribute to them Using data from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES III the aim of this research was to 1 compare and contrast various methods for estimating mortality risk using biomarker data 2 examine whether these methods account for racial disparities in mortality and 3 compare populations over time on the basis of these measures and determine the relative contribution of health behavior patterns to changes in the pace of aging within the population Overall results showed that a newly developed measure for estimating biological age was the most reliable predictor of mortality risk and predicted significantly better than chronological age or other well known measures like Allostatic Load Additionally the measure was found to completely account for racial differences in all cause

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/cells-society-using-biomarkers-develop-predictive-measures-aging-and-longevity (2016-02-13)
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  • The Mexican Drug War and Early-Life Health: The Impact of Violent Crime on Birth Outcomes | DuPRI
    Early Life Health The Impact of Violent Crime on Birth Outcomes Fall 2013 10 17 2013 Location SSRI Gross Hall 230C Speaker Ryan Brown T32 Pre doctoral Fellow Abstract ABSTRACT This research examines the toll the current drug war in Mexico is having on the human capital endowment of the next generation Specifically this analysis through the study of a sudden and violent event and use of rich longitudinal data

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/mexican-drug-war-and-early-life-health-impact-violent-crime-birth-outcomes (2016-02-13)
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