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  • Trade in Migrant Labor: Inter-Organizational Ties and Employer Recruitment During an Economic Downturn | DuPRI
    Training Events DuPRI Seminar Series Trade in Migrant Labor Inter Organizational Ties and Employer Recruitment During an Economic Downturn Trade in Migrant Labor Inter Organizational Ties and Employer Recruitment During an Economic Downturn Spring 2013 05 02 2013 Location Perkins Library 218 Speaker SaunJuhi Verma Duke University Abstract ABSTRACT To explain the pattern of labor migration to western nations research has examined supply side factors of migrant characteristics their familial networks and wage differentials of sending countries these studies of immigration focus on periods of economic growth However my multi site ethnography consisting of 97 interviews with U S guest workers oil industry employers and Indian labor brokers reveals that employer sponsored labor migration to the United States continues during the economic downturn The study evaluates sponsorship of foreign workers in a period of high domestic unemployment to address the question why does recruitment of low wage foreign labor continue during periods of economic stasis Findings indicate industry driven migration as the primary source of facilitating migrant entry into the U S labor market in which the business interests of U S employers in soliciting highly skilled yet low wage manageable foreign workers and migration industry service providers in expanding

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/trade-migrant-labor-inter-organizational-ties-and-employer-recruitment-during-economic (2016-02-13)
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  • The Paradoxical Origins and Radical Consequences of America's War on Immigrants | DuPRI
    Workshops Duke Events Calendar Contact Fulltext search Home Training DuPRI Training Events DuPRI Seminar Series The Paradoxical Origins and Radical Consequences of America s War on Immigrants The Paradoxical Origins and Radical Consequences of America s War on Immigrants Fall 2012 09 13 2012 Location Social Sciences 111 Speaker Douglas Massey Princeton University Abstract In a very real way the rise of undocumented migration and the growth of America s undocumented population are a product of poorly conceived immigration and border policies which in the course of a few decades transformed Mexico U S migration from a stable circular flow of male Mexican workers going to three states into a much larger settled population of Mexican families living in 50 states During the late 1950s the United States was providing opportunities for half a million Mexican migrants to enter the United States legally each year 450 000 as temporary workers and 50 000 as permanent residents In 1965 however the temporary worker program was eliminated and permanent resident visas were capped ultimately at just 20 000 per year by 1976 The resultant rise of illegal migration offered political and bureaucratic entrepreneurs an opportunity to frame Mexican migration as a threat

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/paradoxical-origins-and-radical-consequences-americas-war-immigrants (2016-02-13)
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  • Foreclosure Rates, Neighborhood Disorder, and Health | DuPRI
    University of Chicago Abstract Little is known about the health effects of the economic downturn with foreclosure one of its most visible signs Research in economics suggests that the impact of an economic downturn is first felt through emotional well being Hence we explore onset of depression over the interval of the economic downturn with a unique data source the National Social Life Health and Aging Project NSHAP Fortuitously NSHAP

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/foreclosure-rates-neighborhood-disorder-and-health (2016-02-13)
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  • New Estimates of Mortality Trajectories at Extreme Old Ages | DuPRI
    Training DuPRI Training Events DuPRI Seminar Series New Estimates of Mortality Trajectories at Extreme Old Ages New Estimates of Mortality Trajectories at Extreme Old Ages Fall 2012 09 27 2012 Location Social Sciences 111 Speaker Leonid Gavrilov Natalia Gavrilova NORC University of Chicago Abstract A growing number of persons living beyond age 85 underscore the need for accurate measurement and modeling of mortality at advanced ages This is also very important issue for making correct forecasts of population aging and related demands for medical services and social support Earlier studies indicate that exponential growth of mortality with age Gompertz law is followed by a period of mortality deceleration with slower rate of growth This study challenges earlier conclusions with new data and estimates In this study we used U S cohort survival data for people born in the same calendar year For this purpose we obtained data from the U S Social Security Administration Death Master File to estimate hazard rates for 15 single year extinct birth cohorts born in 1881 1895 We found that mortality deceleration is far less pronounced when it is measured for shorter monthly age intervals rather than for traditional annual intervals To find out why

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/new-estimates-mortality-trajectories-extreme-old-ages (2016-02-13)
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  • Estimating Second Order Probability Beliefs from Subjective Survival Data | DuPRI
    10 04 2012 Location Social Sciences 111 Speaker Robert Willis University of Michigan Abstract Based on subjective survival probability questions in the Health and Retirement Study we use an econometric model to estimate the determinants of individual level uncertainty about personal longevity This model is built around the Modal Response Hypothesis MRH a mathematical expression of the idea that survey responses of 0 50 or 100 percent to probability questions

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/estimating-second-order-probability-beliefs-subjective-survival-data (2016-02-13)
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  • Informing Public Health Approaches to Obesity and Smoking with Genome-Wide Association Studies: Genetic Epidemiology Affirms the Importance of Early Prevention | DuPRI
    News Events News Events In the Media Announcements Conferences and Workshops Duke Events Calendar Contact Fulltext search Home Training DuPRI Training Events DuPRI Seminar Series Informing Public Health Approaches to Obesity and Smoking with Genome Wide Association Studies Genetic Epidemiology Affirms the Importance of Early Prevention Informing Public Health Approaches to Obesity and Smoking with Genome Wide Association Studies Genetic Epidemiology Affirms the Importance of Early Prevention Fall 2012 10 10 2012 Location Social Sciences 111 Speaker Daniel Belsky Duke University Abstract Rapid advances in technology and scientific methods stimulated by the sequencing of the human genome have yielded discoveries that begin to uncover the genetic roots of common chronic health conditions The implications of these discoveries for population health science remain unclear Three questions central to translating genetic discoveries to population health research are 1 What are the magnitudes of risks that can be predicted using genetic information 2 Do genetics provide new information over and above family history And 3 When in the life course do genetic risks become manifest We address these questions for the cases of obesity and smoking We use data from the Dunedin Study a 4 decade longitudinal study of a population representative birth

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/informing-public-health-approaches-obesity-and-smoking-genome-wide-association-studies-genetic (2016-02-13)
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  • Understanding Heterogeneous Effects of Health Policies Using a Gene-Environment Interaction Framework | DuPRI
    COS Scholars Duke News Events News Events In the Media Announcements Conferences and Workshops Duke Events Calendar Contact Fulltext search Home Training DuPRI Training Events DuPRI Seminar Series Understanding Heterogeneous Effects of Health Policies Using a Gene Environment Interaction Framework Understanding Heterogeneous Effects of Health Policies Using a Gene Environment Interaction Framework Fall 2012 10 25 2012 Location Social Sciences 111 Speaker Jason Fletcher Yale University Abstract This paper describes how using a gene environment interaction framework may allow us to understand why health policies often work on some people but not others A motivating example focuses on tobacco taxation policies in the US The reduction in tobacco use as a result of taxation has been considered one of the most important public health successes in the past century However individuals continue to smoke at high rates and there is evidence of substantial heterogeneity in the responses to taxation One of the key determinants of tobacco use is genetic susceptibility yet important policies to reduce tobacco use have not successfully merged this risk factor in targeting interventions I extend the standard economic framework that has evaluated tobacco taxation effects by presenting the first evidence in the literature that specific genetic

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/understanding-heterogeneous-effects-health-policies-using-gene-environment-interaction (2016-02-13)
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  • Linear Social Networks Models | DuPRI
    Linear Social Networks Models Linear Social Networks Models Fall 2012 11 01 2012 Location Social Sciences 111 Speaker Steven Durlauf University of Wisconsin Abstract This paper provides a systematic analysis of identification in linear social networks models This is both a theoretical and an econometric exercise in that it links identification analysis to a rigorously delineated model of interdependent decisions We develop a Bayes Nash equilibrium analysis for interdependent decisions

    Original URL path: https://dupri.duke.edu/event/linear-social-networks-models (2016-02-13)
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