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  • Coastal States Gas Producing Company - Lehman Brothers Collection
    Collection Using the Business Records Using the Deal Books Chronology Company Industry Glossary History of Lehman Brothers Coastal States Gas Producing Company Lehman Brothers Collection Coastal States Gas Producing Company List of Deals 1967 30 000 000 first mortgage 6

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/lehman/company.html?company=coastal_states_gas_producing_company (2016-02-18)
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  • Codex Corp. - Lehman Brothers Collection
    the first to sell modems based on more sophisticated large scale integrated circuitry In the early 1970s Codex held 20 percent of this 200 million market half of which was controlled by American Telephone Telegraph Codex went public with 135 000 shares in late 1968 It sold the stock with the intention of using the proceeds to retire its short term debt and bolster working capital In 1970 Codex fell

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/lehman/company.html?company=codex_corp (2016-02-18)
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  • Collins & Aikman Corp. - Lehman Brothers Collection
    precursor to the Collins Aikman Corporation was founded in 1843 by Gibbons Kelty Kelty sold window shades in New York City and gradually added home furnishing lines and upholstery fabrics By 1870 the company was operating several downtown stores selling furniture curtains and upholstery the company also operated a textile factory in Astoria New York After Gibbons Kelty s death his nephew Charles Aikman formed C M Aikman Co Aikman then bought out the principal Kelty interests in the company which included a half interest in a weave plant in Philadelphia William G Collins owned the other half interest in the plant Collins and Aikman incorporated the company in 1891 as Collins Aikman Company Collins Aikman specialized in heavy fabric for upholstery and became the first American producer of jacquard velvet in 1898 The company began to make fabrics for auto seats in the 1920s The company went public in 1926 and was listed on the New York Stock Exchange It was reincorporated as Collins Aikman Corporation in 1927 In 1937 the company expanded to develop airplane upholstery In the post World War II years the company diversified into institutional carpets as plastics supplanted textiles for many auto interior components

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/lehman/company.html?company=collins_aikman_corp (2016-02-18)
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  • Colorado Fuel and Iron Corp. - Lehman Brothers Collection
    acquired by the Rockefeller family and Gould interests in 1903 In 1906 it was estimated that 10 percent of Colorado s population depended on the company for their employment The company along with other large fuel companies such as Victor American Fuel Company wielded formidable political clout in early twentieth century Colorado The principal business of the corporation and its subsidiaries was the manufacture and sale of iron steel and certain steel products including wire rails and rail fastenings steel carbon steel plates wire rope and many other metal products the mining or quarrying of iron ore limestone and dolomite chiefly for use at the Pueblo Plant location and the mining of coal both for use by the Pueblo Plant and for sale The principal and largest plant was the Pueblo Plant located in Pueblo Colorado The other western operations served to supply or transport materials to Pueblo or to utilize or market the products of the plant The Colorado coal strike began shortly after Woodrow Wilson took office Nine thousand Ludlow coal miners went on strike against the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company on September 23 1913 protesting their low wages dangerous working conditions and the feudal domination the company had over their lives The strike went on through the winter of 1913 1914 with the miners refusing to give in and the mines not able to operate The governor of Colorado brought in the National Guard and on April 20 1914 Ludlow was hit with machine fire Over forty miners and their families were murdered and this tragedy came to be known as the Ludlow massacre A company union was then established which was studied and used as a model for similar organizations in other businesses It remained in place until 1933 when the miners of Colorado Fuel

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/lehman/company.html?company=colorado_fuel_and_iron_corp (2016-02-18)
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  • Columbia Gas System, Inc. - Lehman Brothers Collection
    Corporation Columbia grew through the 1920s as its acquisition of Ohio Fuel greatly increased the volume of gas it sold The company began to explore oil at this time as well The end of the decade witnessed the introduction of high pressure pipelines which allowed the company to transport natural gas over long distances from the fields where it originated Columbia was able to extend its pipelines east through Pennsylvania New Jersey and New York The company connected its eastern lines with natural gas fields in Texas after its 1930 purchase of a 50 percent interest in Panhandle Eastern Pipe Line Company Industry began to demand more natural gas in the 1930s as it became more readily available Demand also rose from a drop in the price of natural gas The Depression affected the demand for gas and therefore Columbia s earnings during that time period In 1935 the company s earnings doubled those of the previous year and Columbia began to bounce back That same year the company s tangle with antitrust suits began as Columbia was forced to divest itself of Columbia Oil Gasoline the subsidiary that controlled Panhandle Eastern Pipe Line Company In 1936 the company linked its system to Detroit Michigan allowing natural gas to be transmitted directly to the city from the fields in Texas Another antitrust suit was filed in 1938 by 1946 Columbia had sold off all of its electrical subsidiaries To reflect this change the company changed its name to the Columbia Gas System Inc in 1948 World War II resulted in a huge demand for natural gas such that demand exceeded supply In the early 1950s Columbia was able to meet demand by connecting its pipelines to gas fields in the Southwest and the Gulf of Mexico The company continued to

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/lehman/company.html?company=columbia_gas_system_inc (2016-02-18)
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  • Commercial Solvents Corp. - Lehman Brothers Collection
    also made and marketed a line of agricultural products for farm crops livestock and poultry Products included nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers antibiotic and vitamin feed supplements and premixes and selective pesticides CSC operated in two major areas of chemical technology high pressure synthesis chemistry and fermentation chemistry The company specialized in converting substantial portions of the chemicals by processes based on various technologies The principal raw materials used were natural gas for high pressure synthesis operations and agricultural materials for fermentation operations In 1927 it began its utilization of high pressure synthesis technology with the development of a process for making synthetic methanol In 1931 it assumed management responsibilities for Thermatomic Carbon Company a producer of thermal carbon blacks for certain types of rubber products CSC acquired a majority interest of Thermatomic in 1936 and 100 percent of the ownership in 1957 CSC entered the animal nutrition field in 1936 with the development of fermentation processes for the production of riboflavin a vitamin in the B complex group used as a feed supplement In 1946 nitrogen fertilizer operations were started with the purchase of its Sterlington Louisiana plant which was later expanded to produce nitrogen solutions and solid ammonium nitrate for agriculture in addition to methanol and other chemicals made from natural gas The production of antibiotics for human health was initiated in 1944 when CSC developed a process for the volume production of penicillin by deep tank fermentation and became the first to mass produce a crystalline form of penicillin that broadened the use of penicillin and eliminated the need for refrigeration while awaiting use By the early 1950s due to the overproduction of penicillin across the industry CSC began to produce other antibiotics and developed bacitracin cycloserine and zinc bacitracin CSC became an integrated producer of chemicals made

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/lehman/company.html?company=commercial_solvents_corp (2016-02-18)
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  • Commonwealth Edison Co. - Lehman Brothers Collection
    1892 Insull pioneered the electric power industry He popularized mass production and selling at the lowest possible cost developed modern public relations and devised methods for marketing securities in a way that led to the large public corporations of today Insull established an advertising department in 1901 and published and distributed a free tabloid Electric City Insull also began publishing annual reports fifteen years before they became standard A rival company Commonwealth Electric was established in Chicago by a group of politicians who hoped to extort 1 million from Insull The group gave Commonwealth Electric a fifty year franchise to provide the city s electricity they were unaware however that Insull owned the rights to electric equipment needed to run the company Chicago Edison bought out Commonwealth for just 50 000 and the two companies merged in 1907 to form Commonwealth Edison ComEd Insull added ComEd to Middle West Utilities a large utility holding company over which he retained control The company grew rapidly In 1906 ComEd s customers numbered 50 000 and in 1909 its customers numbered 100 000 In 1912 it completed the largest steam generator that had been built at that time The company continued to thrive after World War I and added over 75 000 new customers in 1923 The Depression hit ComEd hard by 1932 utility stocks had plummeted Insull was also charged with fraud and embezzlement in connection with Middle West Utilities Around that time the company extended its control over other fields by controlling companies through direct and indirect stock ownership ComEd s control over the production purchase transmission distribution and sale of electricity and gas expanded through its interests in Public Service Company of Northern Illinois Western United Gas and Electric Company and Illinois Northern Utilities Company The company s subsidiaries Super

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/lehman/company.html?company=commonwealth_edison_co (2016-02-18)
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  • Commonwealth Oil Refining Co., Inc. - Lehman Brothers Collection
    The company went on to become the largest investor owned enterprise in Puerto Rico The two related areas of industrial activities of the company were independent refining of petroleum products and the production of aromatics and other petrochemicals The company commenced operations in 1955 with a refinery that was initially designed to process 23 000 barrels of crude oil per day It also owned and operated refinery facilities at Guayanilla Bay Puerto Rico having a capacity of 115 000 barrels per day The first profitable year for Commonwealth Oil since operations began was reported in the 1959 report of the Ponce Puerto Rico producer Net income in 1959 was 3 135 041 including a special credit of 429 968 received from insurance recoveries applicable to 1958 Revenues rose to 71 631 403 up from 60 986 329 on 21 273 000 barrels processed in 1959 against 18 872 000 barrels the year before In January 1962 the directors of the company declared a 12 cent stock dividend payable on March 1 to stockholders of record of January 31 This was the first dividend on common stock in the company s history Trading in the common shares of the company started on May 12 1964 on the New York Stock Exchange The shares were assigned the ticker symbol CWO The company completed a 5 1 million refinery expansion in the same month In 1963 the company reported earnings of 10 641 000 on sales of 104 279 000 In 1965 the company entered the petrochemical business with the completion of its aromatics plant with a design feedstock charge capacity of 30 000 barrels per day and an aromatics production capacity of 182 million gallons per year In 1966 the company started construction on its fourth and fifth plants at Peneulas P

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/lehman/company.html?company=commonwealth_oil_refining_co_inc (2016-02-18)
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