archive-edu.com » EDU » H » HBS.EDU

Total: 1666

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Factory Labor: Textiles
    1825 1917 Labor records of a Lowell Massachusetts textile mill include employee records for women workers Hamilton Woolen Company Collection Mss 446 1822 1936 The papers of a Massachusetts woolen manufacturer include women in payroll records stockholder records and strike memoranda Haskell Silk Company Collection Mss 444 1874 1918 Labor records of a Maine textile manufacturer employing women factory workers Hillsboro Woolen Mill Company Collection Mss 446 1880 1935 Records of a New Hampshire woolen manufacturer include information about women workers and investors from 1885 to 1929 Ipswich Mills Collection Mss 440 1868 1929 Includes employee relations materials concerning women factory workers and company nurses in an early twentieth century New England textile factory Lancaster Mills Collection Mss 442 1844 1931 Records of a nineteenth and twentieth century Massachusetts textile manufacturer contain records for women workers and investors Lawrence Manufacturing Company Collection Mss 442 1831 1926 L419 Labor records of a textile mill in Lowell Massachusetts include employee records for women workers Robert G Layer Collection Mss 442 1951 L513 Work sheets for a 1952 Harvard Ph D thesis containing detailed information from women s payrolls of New England textile mills from 1825 to 1860 including the Boston Dwight Hamilton Lawrence and Nashua Manufacturing Companies Lyman Mills Collection Mss 442 1854 1927 L986 Records of a textile mill in Holyoke Massachusetts from 1854 to 1927 include payrolls rent records and accident notices as well as material on the importation of women workers Nashua Manufacturing Company Collection Mss 442 1824 1932 Records of nineteenth and twentieth century cotton textile mills in New England include employee records for women workers and information about women stockholders Parkhill Manufacturing Company Collection Mss 442 1879 1928 Labor records of a late nineteenth early twentieth century Massachusetts textile manufacturer employing women factory workers Peace Dale Manufacturing Company Collection Mss 446 1742 1919 Records of a nineteenth century Rhode Island textile manufacturer include information on women workers an eighteenth century South Carolina plantation day book and bank and estate records for Mary P Hazard Pepperell Manufacturing Company Collection Mss 442 1741 1928 P424 Records of a Maine cotton manufacturer include employment records for women workers and information about women investors Plympton Cotton Manufacturing Company Collection Mss 442 1817 1840 Women s accounts with a company store in Plympton Massachusetts from 1830 to 1840 Pontoosuc Woolen Manufacturing Company Collection Mss 446 1855 1904 Labor records of nineteenth century Massachusetts textile manufacturer employing women factory workers Roxbury Carpet Company Collection Mss 461 1837 1923 Labor records of nineteenth century Massachusetts carpet and textile factory that employed mostly women workers Sawyer Woolen Mills Collection Mss 446 1858 1902 Records of a nineteenth century New Hampshire textile manufacturer include employment records for women workers Slater Companies Collection Mss 442 1793 1926 S631 Records of a series of nineteenth century New England textile mills contain information about women workers patronage records as well as some information on Slater family estates Suncook Mills Collection Mss 442 1864 1954 Records of series of merging

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/wes/collections/labor/textiles/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Factory Labor: Other
    of brass objects include information about women factory workers as well as records on organized labor and employee club activities involving women Thorndike Company Collection Mss 442 1836 1918 Labor records and stock ledger of two Massachusetts textile manufacturers with women employees and women investors Waltham Watch Company Collection Mss 598 1854 1929 Records of a watch manufacturer in Waltham Massachusetts include information on women workers Western Electric Hawthorne Studies Collection Mss 583 1924 1934 Records of a Chicago study in industrial and employee relations from 1924 to 1934 include productivity measurements reports research papers transcripts of conversations and extensive interviews with women workers in an electrical plant Publicity photograph of Curtis Helldiver wing production line in 1944 Hudson Motor Car war production plant This publicity photo from the Hudson Motor Car Company was probably released early in 1944 with assurance of permission from military authorities stamped on the back As a woman overseer looks on two women wield riveting guns on a wing for a Curtiss Helldiver a carrier based dive bomber used by the U S Navy in the Pacific Theater during World War Two Close by men and women are bent over their tasks for the photograph but further down the line workers are watching the photographer One of them is a woman too Until the Second World War a woman would have been a rare sight in an automobile plant Women constituted only seven percent of the 1939 membership of the United AutoWorkers In 1942 however the War Manpower Commission initiated a campaign to attract women to the work force spurred by Franklin Roosevelt s call to action Initially men moved from other sectors into building ships and airplanes and women were asked to fill up the spaces they left behind By 1943 women were encouraged

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/wes/collections/labor/other/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Women At Work: Professional Labor
    and temperament Based on notions of women s maternal and nurturing nature primary school teaching became a very common profession However throughout the nineteenth century women began to follow other vocations such as reform work missionary work and literary pursuits At the end of the nineteenth century retail and office professions became feminized The women who entered these professions many of whom came from immigrant families and would have worked in factories hitherto saw themselves as professionals business women Teachers These collections contain town records and personal records documenting the employment of teachers in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries Executives During the late nineteenth and into the twentieth century women began taking on greater managerial roles in companies These collections document women s roles as managers presidents and other executive positions Office Workers These collections document women s work as office clerks typists and secretaries Other Professions These collections document women working in retail in the literary and public relations fields as Christian missionaries and in other professional fields The Emergence of Women s Professionalism Virginia Harned s 1909 contract with Brighton Beach Music Hall Virginia Harned b Virginia Hicks 1872 a famous leading lady of the 1890s and 1910s heeded the admonition in bold black lettering to Read Carefully Before Signing at the top of her contract to perform at Brighton Beach Music Hall for one week starting August 2nd 1909 Harned clearly a seasoned professional crossed out the provisions which would have allowed her to be fired without cause and required her to give additional performances as requested In her own handwriting she added Virginia Harned to be sole star feature Her name alone on sic all electric lights and at the top of all billing matter A Brighton Beach payroll notebook part of the Ward and Gow

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/wes/collections/professional/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Teachers
    between 1861 and 1862 Joseph Cobb George Deake Collection Mss 1 1755 1756 1779 1788 C653 Accounts of an eighteenth century teacher A Lincoln Filene Collection Mss 776 1921 1925 The papers of Boston department store President and civic leader A Lincoln Filene 1865 1957 include correspondence on women s vocational education some materials on saleswomen at Filene s department store and correspondence and pamphlets on women active in educational reform Matilda Oliver Collection Mss 8995 1833 1885 O48 Four volumes of personal accounts documenting the teaching and sewing endeavors of two sisters living in Boston Massachusetts between 1833 and 1885 Paxton Massachusetts Town Records Collection Mss 926 1827 1852 P342 Town accounts of Paxton Massachusetts include payments to support the town s poor as well as payments to teachers The Teachers engraving from Virginia Penny s 500 Employments Adapted to Women Married or Single Philadelphia John E Potter and Company 1870 p 44 There were very few professions that women could enter in the nineteenth century Medicine and law required an education to which women often did not have access However teaching especially primary school children was considered very appropriate for young single women Despite the numerous opportunities for

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/wes/collections/professional/teachers/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Office Workers
    The office files of Louis Kirstein Vice president of Filene s of Boston 1911 1942 contain material throughout on the professional role of his secretary correspondence with women working for charities material on women working at Filene s and personal correspondence with his sister wife and daughters Manufacturers Research Association Collection Mss 883 1922 1932 The records of a Boston Massachusetts association for the exchange of information organized by Massachusetts firms in different industries contain materials on office procedures as well as employment conditions of clerical workers B S Pray and Company Collection Mss 766 1868 1926 The correspondence of a Boston Massachusetts import export firm contains letters to the wives of business relations and employees Felix M Warburg Collection Mss 783 1912 1936 The office files of Felix Moritz Warburg 1887 1937 investment banker in New York contain material on secretarial work payroll records of Warburg s domestic staff in 1919 and 1932 and personal correspondence with various women The 100 000 00 Typewriter exhibited by the Underwood Company at the 1915 Panama Pacific Exhibition The office was an exclusively male domain in the nineteenth century and clerk was the entry position for many young men anxious to rise in business and industry Late nineteenth century office mechanization and proliferation of paper work effected a complete gender reversal in the office population By 1930 the vast majority of office workers were women As with other industries mechanization and female labor brought along devaluation both monetary and cultural of skilled labor Office machines became gender identified The postcard reproduced above depicts the 14 ton typewriter the Underwood Company exhibited at the Panama Pacific Exhibition of 1915 Advertised as An Exact Reproduction of the Machine You Will Eventually Buy this machine was writing daily at the Underwood Exhibit Sixteen neatly dressed

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/wes/collections/professional/office_workers/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Executives
    Dow who ran the company after the death of her father in 1952 R H Macy and Company Collection Mss 776 1858 1919 M177 Includes interviews that describe the work of female executives during the early years of Macy s department store Spencer Wire Company Collection Mss 596 1876 1929 S745 Clerks records documenting the meetings of stockholders and the election of officers including a woman director and president Letter from Lucy B Crain to A Lincoln Filene 1922 In the twentieth century women began to increasingly take on executive and managerial roles and the idea of career opportunities for women began to take shape This involved not only a whole new way of thinking but also the development of new skills for those seeking professional employment My dear Mr Filene wrote Lucy Crain in 1922 I appreciated very much you giving me some of your valuable time She may have gone to see Filene because he was active in the movement for women s professional education or because he employed women as managers in his Boston department store Whether Crain was seeking advice or a job is not explicit in her letter One concludes however that she was looking

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/wes/collections/professional/executives/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Other Professions
    1823 1869 H Correspondence of merchant James Hunnewell includes letters from Susan Hunnewell in Charlestown Massachusetts from the secretary of the Dorchester Sailor s Friends Society and from missionaries and their families who were living in Hawaii between 1820 and 1850 J Howard Nichols Collection Mss 766 1856 1905 N619 The Nichols collection includes letters from his mother daughters and sisters one of whom worked as a missionary in Turkey in the mid nineteenth century Resseguie Collection Mss 776 c 1945 1966 Contains the research files of Harry E Resseguie for a publication on the history of the department store in the second half of the twentieth century Clippings from Women s Wear Daily and other newspapers as well as manuscript notes offer a wealth of information on all aspects of the history of the department stores and the retail industry E H Stewart Higbee Company Collection Mss 776 1932 1944 Survey records for a Cleveland Ohio department store contain information on salary ranges a poll of buying habits in the area as well as reports and manuals for a company whose business was dominated by women Ward and Gow Collection Mss 767 1895 1919 Includes payrolls for office staff theater staff and music hall performers Page from the account book of Nathaniel Chamberlin recording a payment in 1784 to Mrs Otes for doctring Prior to the nineteenth century many women worked as midwives and healers Often they learned their skills from other women within a master apprentice relationship In the account book of Nathaniel Chamberlin he credited Mrs Otes in 1784 for doctring the hand of his daughter Lydia Mrs Otes may have learned her skills from her husband who was a doctor in the town of Pembroke Massachusetts He was the Chamberlin family doctor but stopped appearing in

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/wes/collections/professional/other_professions/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Women, Finance, and Investment
    female business owners legal papers and credit reports are among some of the types of materials that offer insight into the history of women s business ownership in the United States Property Ownership Legal and financial papers document women as landowners and investors during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries showing how women navigated property laws to control property Financial Management Even when they owned their property outright most nineteenth and early twentieth century women did not manage their own finances These collections record the management of women s finances by themselves and by others Household Accounts When money was scarce many women kept track of their household s daily expenses Baker Library holds a large number of household accounts Credit for Business Women R G Dun Company credit ledger The R G Dun Company Collection at Baker Library includes 2 580 volumes of handwritten credit reports on individuals and firms from the United States the Western Territories Canada and the West Indies Lewis Tappan established the first commercial credit reporting agency in the United States in 1841 It was taken over by Robert Graham Dun in 1859 The ledgers contain credit reports for thousands of business owners from 1841 to 1892 including many women The collection has been used extensively though not nearly exhaustively by scholars interested in the history of American business women Recorded by state and county the reports reflect periodic visits to and inquiries about the business owner in question They list any information that might influence a person s creditworthiness including the duration of the business net worth and the character and reputation of the owners their partners and their successors In the case of women whose income and assets were legally their husbands until sometime during the second half of the century reporters were careful

    Original URL path: http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/wes/collections/women_finance_investment/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive



  •