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  • Cardinals,Grosbeaks, Buntings, Dickcissels :: Brock's Birds of Indiana
    J Brock is professor Emeritus of Geology and former Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences Indiana University Northwest He is the author of Birds of the Indiana Dunes and many article dealing with Indiana Birding COVER DEIGN Margo Otremba and Peter Grube Geodesign www geodesignUSA com COVER PHOTOGRPHY John Cassidy Gallery of Bird Photographs and Artwork www jkcassidy com copyright 2006 Kenneth J Brock Production funding provided by the Amos Butler Audobon Society Indianapolis Indiana Author Brock Kenneth J Digital Publisher IUPUI University Library Funder Amos Butler Audubon Society Date 2006 Item Type CD ROM electronic resource Format and Resolution PDF Identifier Brocks Birds T Cardinal Dickcissel Online Version of Brock s Birds of Indiana by Kenneth J Brock ISBN 1 4243 0568 3 Coverage Indiana Usage Rights http www ulib iupui edu copyright Online Publishing Date 2008 01 15 Subject Birds Indiana Description Title Northern Cardinal Specie Cardinalis cardinalis Common Name Northern Cardinal transcript Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Historical Information First Published Record The earliest Northern Cardinal record found described a nest with fresh eggs in Johnson County 20 May 1883 Butler 1898 but Indiana s official state bird was certainly present in the state long before this date Butler 1898 considered the Cardinal very common from southwestern Indiana northward to Warren County and locally rare northward At that time it had not been reported in Lake County Keller et al 1979 deemed it a common resident in the north and abundant elsewhere Without specifying abundance Mumford and Keller 1984 noted that after 1900 Cardinal numbers increased in northern Indiana Status 2500 Physical Evidence Some 31 specimens Inland 2250 plus eggs and nests are preserved in Lake 2000 museums S F Jackson unpublished list 1750 and J B Dunning unpublished computer 1500 list 1250 1000 750 500 250 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D STATUS TABLE Specimens Museum Carnegie Museum of Natural History Chicago Academy of Sciences Chicago Field Museum National Museum of Natural History Milwaukee Public Museum Purdue Univ Wildlife Laboratory Univ of Michigan Museum Denver Museum of Natural History Includes eggs or nest and eggs 20 Year Abundance Table Win Spr Sum Northern Tier 4 3 4 Central Tier 3 3 4 Southern Tier 3 3 4 Entire State 3 3 3 No 3 1 6 19 2 16 13 1 Current Status T h e Northern Cardinal is a Very Common 3 permanent resident Occurrence Fall T h i s handsome species is prevalent throughout 3 Indiana s residential and suburban areas It has been 3 recorded in every county and is among Indiana s most 4 3 popular birds In winter Cardinals congregate in flocks of ten to twenty birds and often linger near feeders It is well known that Cardinals have been expanding northward over the past 150 years Halkin and Linville 1999 offer the following as probable explanations for this expansion warmer climate increased edge habitat due to human activities and winter feeding stations

    Original URL path: http://indiamond6.ulib.iupui.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/BrockBirds/id/343 (2015-10-16)
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  • Warbler II: Warblers, Redstarts, Ovenbirds, Waterthrushes, Yellowthroats, Chats :: Brock's Birds of Indiana
    Peter Grube Geodesign www geodesignUSA com COVER PHOTOGRPHY John Cassidy Gallery of Bird Photographs and Artwork www jkcassidy com copyright 2006 Kenneth J Brock Production funding provided by the Amos Butler Audobon Society Indianapolis Indiana Author Brock Kenneth J Digital Publisher IUPUI University Library Funder Amos Butler Audubon Society Date 2006 Item Type CD ROM electronic resource Format and Resolution PDF Identifier Brocks Birds Qb Warbler II Online Version of Brock s Birds of Indiana by Kenneth J Brock ISBN 1 4243 0568 3 Coverage Indiana Usage Rights http www ulib iupui edu copyright Online Publishing Date 2008 01 15 Subject Birds Indiana Description Title Palm Warbler Specie Dendroica palmarum Common Name Palm Warbler transcript Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum Historical Information First Published Record A Palm Warbler collected in Franklin County 22 September 1881 Mumford files appears to constitute Indiana s earliest record Butler 1898 considered the Red poll Warbler very common to abundant in western and northwestern portions of the state Keller et al 1979 described it as a fairly common migrant which was casual in winter Mumford and Keller 1984 deemed the Palm Warbler a common migrant occasionally abundant near Lake Michigan Status 5000 Physical Evidence At least 15 specimens Inland 4500 are housed in museums S F Jackson Lake 4000 u n p u b l i s h e d list and J B Dunning 3500 unpublished computer list 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D STATUS TABLE Specimens Museum Chicago Academy of Sciences Chicago Field Museum National Museum of Natural History Milwaukee Public Museum Purdue Univ Wildlife Laboratory Univ of Michigan Museum 20 Year Abundance Table Win Spr Sum Northern Tier 9 3 10 Central Tier n 4 n Southern Tier 8 4 n Entire State 8 3 10 No 1 2 6 1 3 2 Fall 3 4 4 3 Palm Warbler Numbers per County 150 31 150 10 30 Current Status The Palm Warbler is a Very Common 3 spring and fall migrant It is Very Rare 8 in winter Occurrence B u t l e r s suggestion that Palm Warblers were most commonly encountered in northwestern Indiana remains true today see distribution map This common warbler w h i c h ranks fourth in spring and fifth in fall is approximately equally abundant in both migrations 1 9 Subspecies The so called Western Palm Warbler D p palmarum is the dominant Indiana form However the eastern Yellow subspecies D p hypochrysea is Very Rare 8 in the state Palm Warbler data include more than a dozen banding records of this form J J McCoy photographed one at Patoka Lake 13 December 2003 see North American Birds 58 310 Winter Records At least 18 winter Palm Warblers have been reported in the state of these 14 were in December two in January and two in February Some seven winter period birds have been reported in the past two decades Summer

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  • Woodpeckers, Kingfishers, Flickers :: Brock's Birds of Indiana
    Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences Indiana University Northwest He is the author of Birds of the Indiana Dunes and many article dealing with Indiana Birding COVER DEIGN Margo Otremba and Peter Grube Geodesign www geodesignUSA com COVER PHOTOGRPHY John Cassidy Gallery of Bird Photographs and Artwork www jkcassidy com copyright 2006 Kenneth J Brock Production funding provided by the Amos Butler Audobon Society Indianapolis Indiana Author Brock Kenneth J Digital Publisher IUPUI University Library Funder Amos Butler Audubon Society Date 2006 Item Type CD ROM electronic resource Format and Resolution PDF Identifier Brocks Birds K Nightjars Wdpkrs Woodpeckers Online Version of Brock s Birds of Indiana by Kenneth J Brock ISBN 1 4243 0568 3 Coverage Indiana Usage Rights http www ulib iupui edu copyright Online Publishing Date 2008 01 15 Subject Birds Indiana Description Title Belted Kingfisher Specie Ceryle alcyon Common Name Belted Kingfisher transcript Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Historical Information First Published Record According to the Mumford files a mounted female in the C A Stockbridge collection was taken 10 August 1868 this constitutes the state s earliest fully dated record Butler 1898 considered the Kingfisher a common summer resident and a permanent resident in southern portions of the state Keller et al 1979 deemed it a common summer resident which became rare to uncommon in winter Mumford and Keller 1984 described it as a permanent resident in small numbers throughout the state 300 270 240 210 180 150 120 90 60 30 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D Inland Lake Status Physical Evidence Some ten specimens plus eggs are housed in museums S F Jackson unpublished list and J B Dunning unpublished computer list STATUS TABLE Specimens Museum Chicago Field Museum National Museum of Natural History Purdue Univ Wildlife Laboratory Univ of Michigan Museum Includes eggs 20 Year Abundance Table Win Spr Sum Northern Tier 6 5 6 Central Tier 6 6 6 Southern Tier 6 6 7 Entire State 6 5 6 No 4 1 3 4 Current Status The Belted Kingfisher is Fairly Common 5 during migration and Uncommon 6 at other times Occurrence This familiar and widespread bird has been reported in at least 91 counties Over the past two decades an average of 112 birds per year has been recorded in the state Extreme Records Only a handful of double digit counts has been reported The largest consisted of 16 birds counted by B K Jackson in Dearborn Ohio Ripley and Switzerland Counties see maximum count table during a 30 June 2004 summer bird census pers comm Indiana s second largest tally 15 birds was logged by Steve Glass on 21 October 1972 along a nine mile stretch of the Whitewater River southeast of Metamora Franklin County Carter 1973 Fall 5 6 5 5 Population Trend The slightly positive slope of the trend line is mot statistically significant at the 95 percent level Belted Kingfisher Population Trend Positive slope of the trend line

    Original URL path: http://indiamond6.ulib.iupui.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/BrockBirds/id/509 (2015-10-16)
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  • Tanagers :: Brock's Birds of Indiana
    and more than 100 color photographs are included AUTHOR Kenneth J Brock is professor Emeritus of Geology and former Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences Indiana University Northwest He is the author of Birds of the Indiana Dunes and many article dealing with Indiana Birding COVER DEIGN Margo Otremba and Peter Grube Geodesign www geodesignUSA com COVER PHOTOGRPHY John Cassidy Gallery of Bird Photographs and Artwork www jkcassidy com copyright 2006 Kenneth J Brock Production funding provided by the Amos Butler Audobon Society Indianapolis Indiana Author Brock Kenneth J Digital Publisher IUPUI University Library Funder Amos Butler Audubon Society Date 2006 Item Type CD ROM electronic resource Format and Resolution PDF Identifier Brocks Birds R Tanagers Online Version of Brock s Birds of Indiana by Kenneth J Brock ISBN 1 4243 0568 3 Coverage Indiana Usage Rights http www ulib iupui edu copyright Online Publishing Date 2008 01 15 Subject Birds Indiana Description Title Summer Tanager Specie Piranga rubra Common Name Summer Tanager transcript Summer Tanager Piranga rubra Historical Information First Published Record A bird reported in Franklin County on 11 May 1880 Butler 1898 appears to constitute Indiana s first published record Butler 1898 considered the Summer Redbird a common summer resident over much of southern Indiana Keller et al 1979 listed it both as a migrant and summer resident as very rare in the north uncommon in central Indiana and fairly common in the south Mumford and Keller 1984 deemed the Summer Tanager a fairly common migrant and summer resident across the southern third of the state and very rare in the north 250 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D Inland Lake Status Physical Evidence At least 17 specimens and eggs are housed in museums S F Jackson unpublished list and J B Dunning unpublished computer list STATUS TABLE Specimens Museum Carnegie Museum of Natural History Chicago Academy of Sciences Chicago Field Museum National Museum of Natural History Milwaukee Public Museum Purdue Univ Wildlife Laboratory Univ of Michigan Museum Includes eggs 20 Year Abundance Table Win Spr Sum Northern Tier 10 6 7 Central Tier n 6 7 Southern Tier 10 5 6 Entire State 10 5 6 No 1 1 1 9 2 2 4 Percentage of Indiana s Summer Tanagers Observed in each of the Three Tiers 17 8 Current Status T h e Summer Tanager is a Fairly Common 5 to Uncommon 6 migrant and an Uncommon 6 summer resident Occurrence This tanager remains most numerous in the southern half of Indiana see map however it has been reported in at least 71 Indiana counties Extreme Records Mumford and Keller 1984 included a 1 April record but p r o v i d e d no year or citation Indiana has but one November record S R Evans discovered a female in Monroe County on 18 November 2003 Brock 2004 Fall 8 7 6 6 25 9

    Original URL path: http://indiamond6.ulib.iupui.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/BrockBirds/id/347 (2015-10-16)
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  • Vireos :: Brock's Birds of Indiana
    Geology and former Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences Indiana University Northwest He is the author of Birds of the Indiana Dunes and many article dealing with Indiana Birding COVER DEIGN Margo Otremba and Peter Grube Geodesign www geodesignUSA com COVER PHOTOGRPHY John Cassidy Gallery of Bird Photographs and Artwork www jkcassidy com copyright 2006 Kenneth J Brock Production funding provided by the Amos Butler Audobon Society Indianapolis Indiana Author Brock Kenneth J Digital Publisher IUPUI University Library Funder Amos Butler Audubon Society Date 2006 Item Type CD ROM electronic resource Format and Resolution PDF Identifier Brocks Birds M Shrikes Vireo Swallow B Vireos Online Version of Brock s Birds of Indiana by Kenneth J Brock ISBN 1 4243 0568 3 Coverage Indiana Usage Rights http www ulib iupui edu copyright Online Publishing Date 2008 01 15 Subject Birds Indiana Description Title White eyed Vireo Specie Vireo griseus Common Name White eyed Vireo transcript White eyed Vireo Vireo griseus Historical Information First Published Record Indiana s earliest White eyed Vireo record involved two specimens collected in Franklin County on 13 August 1881 Mumford files Butler 1890 characterized this strident songster as a Summer resident in some localities in Southern Indiana common in others rare in the northern part of the State it is not very common and in the northwestern corner appears to be rarely if ever found Almost 100 years later Mumford and Keller 1984 deemed it a common summer resident in southern and central Indiana whose numbers have increased in the northern half of the state since 1900 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D Inland Lake Status Physical Evidence At least five skins and a nest are preserved in the North A m e r i c a n museums S F Jackson unpublished list STATUS TABLE Specimens Museum National Museum of Natural History Univ of Michigan Museum Includes one nest and a skeleton 20 Year Abundance Table Win Spr Sum Northern Tier 10 5 6 Central Tier 9 5 6 Southern Tier n 4 4 Entire State 9 5 6 No 5 2 Current Status The White eyed Vireo is a Fairly Common 5 migrant and Uncommon 6 summer resident Fall 5 5 4 5 Occurrence Today the White eyed Vireo is distributed widely throughout the state but the higher concentration still occurs in southern Indiana It has been recorded in some 85 Indiana counties where it shows a preference for scrubby habitats Migration Although this species occurs locally in the Dunes it appears ever so rarely in the lakefront migration traps Indeed there are fewer than two dozen records in the traps and all occurred in spring This suggests that few birds migrate north of the Dunes Extreme Records The extremely early 26 March 1950 record involved a specimen which was found dead in a Benton County garage Mumford and Keller 1984 There are three winter records all in December These

    Original URL path: http://indiamond6.ulib.iupui.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/BrockBirds/id/538 (2015-10-16)
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  • Pelicans, Herons, Storks, Egrets, Cormorants, Frigatebirds, Bitterns, Ibises :: Brock's Birds of Indiana
    com COVER PHOTOGRPHY John Cassidy Gallery of Bird Photographs and Artwork www jkcassidy com copyright 2006 Kenneth J Brock Production funding provided by the Amos Butler Audobon Society Indianapolis Indiana Author Brock Kenneth J Digital Publisher IUPUI University Library Funder Amos Butler Audubon Society Date 2006 Item Type CD ROM electronic resource Format and Resolution PDF Identifier Brocks Birds D Loons Gannet B Grebes to Gannet Online Version of Brock s Birds of Indiana by Kenneth J Brock ISBN 1 4243 0568 3 Coverage Indiana Usage Rights http www ulib iupui edu copyright Online Publishing Date 2008 01 15 Subject Birds Indiana Description Title American White Pelican Specie Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Common Name American White Pelican transcript American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Historical Information First Published Record Indiana s first specifically dated White Pelican report involved a bird killed 3 May 1877 near Connersville Fayette County Butler 1898 The above record apparently emerged somewhat later as it was not mentioned by Butler 1890 who designated this species a rare migrant citing reports from Allen Carroll Franklin Fulton Gibson Knox and Monroe Counties Bruner 2002 noted the existence of at least 18 pre 1900 reports An intriguing account of more than 100 present for two weeks was reported at Bass Lake Starke County during fall of 1926 or 1927 Mumford files By mid century this species had been reported in 23 counties West 1958 Mumford and Keller 1984 described this pelican as a very rare migrant that has been recorded in more than a third of the state s counties 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D Inland Lake Status Physical Evidence Though the literature notes scores of collected birds only two specimens are known to exist in museums Bruner 2002 and Richards 1987 STATUS TABLE Specimens Museum J Moore Museum Earlham College Indiana State Museum 20 Year Abundance Table Win Spr Sum Northern Tier 8 6 7 Central Tier 10 7 n Southern Tier 10 7 10 Entire State 7 6 7 No 1 1 Fall 7 9 7 7 American White Pelican Numbers per County 25 Current Status Today the White Pelican is Uncommon 6 in spring and Rare 7 at other times of the year including winter Occurrence Since 1984 White Pelicans have been reported every year except 1991 it has now been recorded in 45 counties see the distribution map A majority of the records come from the state s reservoirs and lakes Although there are several December and February records the sole January record consisted of a dead bird that John Thiele found frozen in Lake Michigan ice at Dune Acres 8 January 1999 Spring Migration As the regional American White Pelican population has grown in recent decades both the number of Indiana 11 25 4 10 1 3 reports and the number of individuals per sighting have increased Since 1992 at least five records each exceeding three birds have been

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  • Loons :: Brock's Birds of Indiana
    Nov 12 Nov Depart 22 Apr 11 May Depart 7 Dec 3 Dec Latest Records 18 May 86 34 25 Jun 53 35 Latest Win Res Win Vis Records 386 92 Fall Winter References Cited Brock K J 2003 Middlewestern Prairie Region Fall Migration 2002 N Am Birds 57 Bruner A W 2001 Status of Bird Reports in Indiana Bird Report Archives Indiana Audubon Quarterly 79 114 133 Butler A W 1890 The Birds of Indiana Appendix to Transactions of the Indiana Horticultural Society for 1890 available on the web Butler A W 1898 The Birds of Indiana Indiana Department of Geology and Natural Resources Annual Report 22 575 1187 Hedge R L 2004 Field Notes Summer 2003 Indiana Audubon Quarterly 82 81 108 Keller C E S A Keller and T C Keller 1979 Indiana Birds and Their Haunts Indiana University Press Bloomington Ind 214 pp Mumford files An extensive accumulation of Indiana bird data on 5x7 file cards compiled by Professor R E Mumford of Purdue University West Lafayette Mumford R E and C E Keller 1984 The Birds of Indiana Indiana University Press Bloomington Ind 376 pp Last update 8 Nov 2004 Object Description Title Loons Description From the original CD ROM back cover This work describes Indiana avifauna Each species account contains historical information comments on occurrence migration statistics macimum counts and nesting data Population trends are presented for most breeding species Maps graphs and tables support the presentations and more than 100 color photographs are included AUTHOR Kenneth J Brock is professor Emeritus of Geology and former Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences Indiana University Northwest He is the author of Birds of the Indiana Dunes and many article dealing with Indiana Birding COVER DEIGN Margo Otremba and Peter Grube Geodesign www geodesignUSA com COVER PHOTOGRPHY John Cassidy Gallery of Bird Photographs and Artwork www jkcassidy com copyright 2006 Kenneth J Brock Production funding provided by the Amos Butler Audobon Society Indianapolis Indiana Author Brock Kenneth J Digital Publisher IUPUI University Library Funder Amos Butler Audubon Society Date 2006 Item Type CD ROM electronic resource Format and Resolution PDF Identifier Brocks Birds D Loons Gannet A Loons Online Version of Brock s Birds of Indiana by Kenneth J Brock ISBN 1 4243 0568 3 Coverage Indiana Usage Rights http www ulib iupui edu copyright Online Publishing Date 2008 01 15 Subject Birds Indiana Description Title Red throated Loon Specie Gavia stellata Common Name Red throated Loon transcript Red throated Loon Gavia stellata Historical Information First Published Record Remarkably Indiana s first report of this species also provided the state s largest inland count to date According to Butler 1890 Charles Dury collected one from a flock of five near Brookville on 23 February 1885 Butler deemed this species a regular migrant that sometimes wintered and occasionally lingered into the summer By the time Butler s 1898 work was published this species status was revised to Rare winter resident and occasional migrant Keller et al 1979 described it as generally a casual migrant Mumford and Keller 1984 considered it a rare to casual migrant and casual winter resident Bruner 2001 noted a tremendous increase in reports along Lake Michigan during the last half of the 1990s This proliferation was attributed in part to a tremendous increase in observer effort not to mention vast improvements in optics 240 220 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D Inland Lake Status Physical Evidence Single Red throated Loon specimens are housed in the Chicago Field Museum and the National Museum of Natural History Jackson S F unpublished list STATUS TABLE Specimens Museum Chicago Field Museum National Mus Natural History 20 Year Abundance Table Win Spr Sum Northern Tier 6 7 10 Central Tier 10 8 n Southern Tier 7 8 n Entire State 6 7 10 No 1 1 Fall 5 8 7 5 Red throated Loon Numbers per County 200 51 200 Current Status The explosion of Red throated Loon numbers on Lake Michigan began in the late 1990s Bruner 2001 and continued into the 2000s see graph below It is most frequently encountered in fall when it is Fairly Common 5 on the lakefront Occurrence R e d t h r o a t e d Loons occur more frequently on Lake Michigan than at inland sites the ratio of Lake Michigan to inland birds is about 5 to 1 Red throated Loons have been recorded in 29 counties with the largest inland numbers reported on Lake Monroe and Lake Lemon Winter birds have been reported annually since 1993 primarily in December As shown in the plots below the state has 6 50 1 5 experienced a significant increase in Red throated Loon numbers since the mid 1990s The effort corrected plot clearly illustrates this increase The increase on Lake Michigan is even more profound than the statewide values Spring Migration Until 1999 the state s maximum spring count was only five birds Subsequently several larger tallies have been logged see maximum count table In contrast the largest inland count is still the five birds reported in 1885 The relatively weak spring flight peaks in April Fall Migration The recent increase in fall records on Lake Michigan is most dramatic During the interval 1974 to 1986 fall birds were reported only four times In contrast autumn Red throated Loons have been recorded annually on Lake Michigan since 1987 with an abrupt increase that began in 1996 The post 1995 fall average exceeds 50 birds per year with a maximum of 85 in 2002 Brock 2003 600 500 RED THROATED LOON NUMBERS Actual Numbers 400 300 200 100 0 1950s 1955s 1960s 1965s 1970s 1975s 1980s 1985s 1990s 1995s 2000s 5 Year Intervals Beginning on Date Shown CORRECTED RED THROATED LOON DATA 25 00 Corrected Values 20 00 15 00 10 00 5 00 0 00 1950s 1955s 1960s 1965s 1970s

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  • Rails, Cranes, Soras, Gallinules, Moorhens, Coots :: Brock's Birds of Indiana
    Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences Indiana University Northwest He is the author of Birds of the Indiana Dunes and many article dealing with Indiana Birding COVER DEIGN Margo Otremba and Peter Grube Geodesign www geodesignUSA com COVER PHOTOGRPHY John Cassidy Gallery of Bird Photographs and Artwork www jkcassidy com copyright 2006 Kenneth J Brock Production funding provided by the Amos Butler Audobon Society Indianapolis Indiana Author Brock Kenneth J Digital Publisher IUPUI University Library Funder Amos Butler Audubon Society Date 2006 Item Type CD ROM electronic resource Format and Resolution PDF Identifier Brocks Birds F Hawks Online Version of Brock s Birds of Indiana by Kenneth J Brock ISBN 1 4243 0568 3 Coverage Indiana Usage Rights http www ulib iupui edu copyright Online Publishing Date 2008 01 15 Subject Birds Indiana Description Title Yellow Rail Specie Coturnicops noveboracensis Common Name Yellow Rail transcript Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis Historical Information First Published record According to the Mumford files J J Audubon found a few Yellow Rails along the Wabash River near Vincennes Butler 1890 reported that W S Perry found two Yellow Rails probably in the Kankakee Marsh 13 April 1876 to provide Indiana s first fully dated report Butler 1890 deemed this small rail a rare migrant and listed reports from Clinton Decatur Delaware and Monroe Counties By publication of his 1898 work Butler added that the Yellow Rail was a local summer resident Keller et al 1979 considered the Yellow Rail a very rare to casual migrant Mumford and Keller 1984 provided no status assessment 28 24 20 16 12 8 4 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D Inland Lake Status Physical Evidence Some eight specimens are preserved in museums S F Jackson unpublished list the Indiana Bird Records Committee and Kirkpatrick 1980 STATUS TABLE Specimens Museum National Museum of Natural History Univ of Michigan Museum Cincinnati Museum Ball State Bird Collection 20 Year Abundance Table Win Spr Sum Northern Tier n 8 n Central Tier n 10 10 Southern Tier n n n Entire State n 8 10 No 5 1 1 1 Fall 10 10 n 9 Yellow Rail Numbers per County 10 3 10 2 Current Status Almost certainly a regular migrant through Indiana this secretive bird goes unreported most years Indeed it has been reported in only ten of the last 20 years Based on these observations the Yellow Rail is Very Rare 8 in spring Occasional 9 in fall and Accidental 10 in summer Occurrence As shown on the distribution map 24 of the 25 Indiana counties in which this ultra furtive species has been reported occur in the northern two thirds of the state This distribution is no doubt related to the availability of suitable habitat Recent spring reports have come from damp grassy areas at Kankakee Sands and the Mississinewa Reservoir spillway Most autumn reports occur in September or early October 1 Extreme Records The two November records include a specimen

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