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  • History | Center for Human Nutrition
    perception While at the University of Wisconsin between 1912 and 1915 McCollum and his colleagues discovered vitamin A and vitamin B while conducting experiments to determine which food rations would best promote the growth of cattle and other economically important farm animals These discoveries helped establish the experimental study of nutrition and had implications well beyond the feeding of farm animals McCollum also pioneered the use of rats for experimental studies in nutrition insisting on their unequaled value as a test animal despite the indignant reaction of the School of Hygiene and Public Health to the presence of a lab for vermin During his tenure at Johns Hopkins McCollum studied the nutritional status of children in Baltimore s schools and orphan homes and gave public lectures on nutrition Some of his most important research explored the relationship between diet sunshine and rickets by experiments with rats This research demonstrated the role of a vitamin whose specific property is to regulate the metabolism of bones which would later be called vitamin D in preventing childhood rickets and led to the widespread supplementation of diets with vitamin D rich cod liver oil McCollum s belief that many other diseases of unknown origin including mental illnesses could be traced to nutritional deficiencies motivated his research into the effects of other inorganic elements including calcium phosphorus fluorine magnesium manganese iron zinc sodium potassium boron and cobalt A true public health advocate McCollum wrote extensively for McCall s magazine and influenced Americans to eat fewer refined sugars and starches and more milk eggs fruits and vegetables After he discovered that milling wheat for flour destroys most of the B soluble vitamins legislation was passed requiring milk solids be added to enrich the bread By 1951 Time magazine wrote of McCollum Dr Vitamin has done more than any other man to put vitamins back in the nation s bread and milk to put fruit on American breakfast tables fresh vegetables and salad greens in the daily diet Many others at the School of Public Health and the School of Medicine followed in McCollum s footsteps Bacon Chow who also served on the faculty of the department of biochemistry conducted pioneering research on the trans generational effects of inadequate nutrition during pregnancy An advocate of a high protein diet during pregnancy Chow led public health initiatives to improve the diets of pregnant women Bill Beisel was the first to document the dramatic nutrient losses caused by relatively minor infections These and countless others laid an honorable foundation for our work We humbly and enthusiastically carry their legacy into the 21st century References Elizabeth Fee Disease Discovery A History of the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health 1916 1939 Baltimore The Johns Hopkins University Press 1987 Lawrence Grossman PhD E V McCollum Professor Emeritus History of the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology working paper Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health 2003 Elmer Vernon McCollum From Kansas Farm Boy

    Original URL path: http://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/center-for-human-nutrition/about/history.html (2015-10-15)
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  • Dean's Biography - Dean's Corner - About - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
    Saving Lives Millions at a Time About Dean s Corner Dean s Biography Dean s Letter Dean s Podcast Dean s Lectures Deans of the School School at a Glance Centennial 2016 History What is Public Health Faculty Directory Lecture Series Honors Awards School wide Initiatives Offices Services Directions Maps Event Calendar Careers Contact Us Dean Klag s Podcast Listen Now Home About Dean s Corner Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Dean Michael J Klag Biography Dean s Biography Michael J Klag an internationally known expert on the epidemiology and prevention of cardiovascular and kidney disease and a Johns Hopkins faculty member since 1987 became dean of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health on September 1 2005 Klag previously served as the David M Levine Professor of Medicine in the University s School of Medicine with joint appointments in the Bloomberg School s Department of Epidemiology and Department of Health Policy and Management He also was vice dean for clinical investigation in the School of Medicine In that position created in 2001 he was responsible for oversight of research involving human volunteers He undertook a widely praised restructuring of the School s policies and procedures governing research involving human volunteers Klag is a 1974 graduate of Juniata College and earned his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1978 After completing residency and chief residency in internal medicine at the State University of New York Upstate Medical Center he served in the U S Public Health Service In 1984 he came to Johns Hopkins as a general internal medicine fellow and earned a Master of Public Health degree in 1987 from what was then known as the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health He was a founding member and interim director of the

    Original URL path: http://www.jhsph.edu/about/deans-corner/deans-biography.html (2015-10-15)
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  • Dean's Letter - Dean's Corner - About - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
    that Johns Hopkins would receive a grant to establish the world s first independent degree granting school of public health As we commence our Centennial year and reflect on the School s remarkable history we owe much to visionaries like William Henry Welch The new Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health fulfilled Welch s long cherished dream of establishing a research institute devoted to promoting health Hygiene comes from Hygeia the Goddess of Health After an 1884 visit to the famous Institute of Hygiene in Munich Germany Popsy as he was affectionately nicknamed wrote to Johns Hopkins University President Daniel Gilman and said that he hoped to one day see a similar institute in Baltimore As a 1946 history of the Johns Hopkins University notes our School is a lengthened shadow of Welch Check out our Centennial History page for a video of an interview with Popsy from 1932 Based on its success in controlling hookworm in the southern U S the Rockefeller Foundation was convinced of the power of public health i e community based interventions to improve the health of entire communities not just persons with access to clinical care The Foundation realized that the limiting factor in its desire to carry out public health initiatives was the lack of trained professionals Despite considerable interest in public health at the time a number of institutions were teaching courses and degrees were offered by seven medical schools and MIT there was no general agreement on the definition of the field or areas of study The Foundation recognized that just as it had strengthened the quality of medical education by implementing the recommendations of the 1910 Flexner Report the time was right to do the same for public health Rockefeller officials commissioned Welch one of its key advisors and the founding dean of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine lauded as a model of its kind in the Flexner Report to work with Wickliffe Rose director of the hookworm eradication program to draft recommendations The Welch Rose Report written in 1915 created the blueprint for modern academic public health a model that was realized in the foundation of our School Many aspects of public health education and research that we take for granted were first established here at Hopkins The School created the world s first academic departments of immunology epidemiology virology and public health administration Johns Hopkins also became the first school of public health to establish departments of statistics we later founded the field of biostatistics bacteriology biochemistry physiological hygiene and mental hygiene The early success of our School demonstrated the power of interdisciplinary public health science characterized by a focus on preventing disease measuring the health of populations creating population wide interventions and quantitatively assessing outcomes Using this powerful formula the School s faculty and alumni have transformed human health They have eradicated smallpox provided safe drinking water to billions of people prevented millions of deaths with vitamin A and micronutrient supplementation and advanced legislation

    Original URL path: http://www.jhsph.edu/about/deans-corner/deans-letter.html (2015-10-15)
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  • Dean's Podcast - Dean's Corner - About - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
    s topics include Acetaminophen and liver transplant microbial resistance and electronic cigarettes May 2015 This month s topics include the manipulation of human embryos in a Chinese lab gun safety and Ebola April 2015 This month s topics include an Ebola vaccine the use of Ketamine and the effect of air pollution on the lungs of children March 2015 This month s topics include the measles outbreak vaccination rates and Ebola vaccine trials February 2015 This month s topics include the Ebola outbreak this year s flu season and cancer risk December 2014 This month s topics include violence against women World Toilet Day suicide treatment and the Federal government s overhaul of clinical trials September 2014 This month s topics include the Ebola outbreak in west Africa Chikungunya in the U S diabetes projections and accurate malaria diagnoses August 2014 This month s topics include polio and dengue vaccines antibiotics in animal feed and impact on U S obesity crisis Myanmar and Médecins Sans Frontières July 2014 This month s topics include vitamin D and mortality rates WHO s antimicrobial resistance draft report midwives and their untapped role in the developing world June 2014 This month s topics include the history and development of highly effective oral hepatitis C medications including their high costs and a report on traffic injuries and deaths worldwide May 2014 This month s topics include the relationship between e cigarettes and smoking cessation the MERS virus and WHO data on life expectancy worldwide January 2014 This month s topics include vision impairment HIV vaccine candidates chronic kidney disease and also global maternal and infant mortality December 2013 This month s podcast Dean Klag and special guest Professor Amy Tsui discuss highlights from the 3rd International Conference on Family Planning November 2013 This month s topics include a look at the success of the hepatitis B vaccine and new research linking low to moderate arsenic exposure to cardiovascular disease September 2013 This month s topics includes a look at new research on anemia to the risk of dementia Plus the latest news on the H7N9 flu virus August 2013 This month s topics include a discussion on the rise of prescription drug overdose Plus the role cooking oils play in asthma July 2013 This month s topics include updates on MERS Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome the benefits of group therapy for violence survivors and HIV s impact on global health May 2013 This month s topics include discussions on how insects could alleviate world hunger cash programs that improve healthy behaviors and drugs for treating Hepatitis C April 2013 This month s topics include genome sequencing and cystic fibrosis weight gain in early life in low and middle income countries shared genetic risk factors for psychiatric disorders and the treatment of malaria March 2013 This month s topics include the latest news on HIV transmission and prevention in Africa rabies research ways to treat malaria during pregnancy and human to human transmission of leprosy January

    Original URL path: http://www.jhsph.edu/about/deans-corner/deans-podcast.html (2015-10-15)
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  • Dean's Lecture Series
    Podcast Dean s Lectures Deans of the School School at a Glance Centennial 2016 History What is Public Health Faculty Directory Lecture Series Honors Awards School wide Initiatives Offices Services Directions Maps Event Calendar Careers Contact Us Dean Klag s Podcast Listen Now Home About Dean s Corner Dean s Lecture Series Dean s Lectures Mental Health Treatments Prevalence of Mental Disorders 1 45 43 October 13 2015 By Ramin Mojtabai MD PhD MPH Professor Department of Mental Health Presented September 30th 2015 Mental Health Treatments Prevalence of Mental Disorders 1 45 43 October 13 2015 By Ramin Mojtabai MD PhD MPH Professor Department of Mental Health Presented September 30th 2015 Q A with Christopher Elias at Johns Hopkins University 2 29 57 October 13 2015 Q A Session with Christopher Elias MD MPH President Global Development Program Bill Melinda Gates Foundation October 7th 2015 HIV and HCV The Beginning of the End HIGHLIGHTS 16 32 May 26 2015 By Shruti H Mehta PhD MPH Professor Department of Epidemiology Presented May 7th 2015 HIV and HCV The Beginning of the End FULL LECTURE 1 15 11 May 18 2015 By Shruti H Mehta PhD MPH Professor Department of Epidemiology Presented May 7th 2015 2 a Day The Rise of Extreme Deprivation in America LECTURE HIGHLIGHTS 21 43 May 5 2015 By Kathryn Edin PhD Distinguished Bloomberg Professor Department of Population Family and Reproductive Health Presented April 1st 2015 2 A Day The Rise of Extreme Deprivation in the U S FULL LECTURE 6 02 11 April 13 2015 By Kathryn Edin PhD Distinguished Bloomberg Professor Department of Population Family and Reproductive Health Presented April 1st 2015 Not Everybody but Some People Walk Like You Wearable Computing in Public Health HIGHLIGHTS 19 30 March 27 2015 By Ciprian M Crainiceanu PhD

    Original URL path: http://www.jhsph.edu/about/deans-corner/deans-lectures (2015-10-15)
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  • Deans of the School - History - About - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
    a Glance Centennial 2016 History Deans of the School Heroes of Public Health What is Public Health Faculty Directory Lecture Series Honors Awards School wide Initiatives Offices Services Directions Maps Event Calendar Careers Contact Us Global Projects Explore the Interactive Map Explore Map Make a Gift Your contribution can be used so many places so many ways Learn More Public Health Practice Training Learn More Johns Hopkins Public Health Magazine Summer Issue 2015 Read More or Subscribe Home About History Deans of the School Deans of the Bloomberg School Michael J Klag 2005 present Michael Klag an internationally known expert on the epidemiology and prevention of cardiovascular and kidney disease and a Johns Hopkins faculty member since 1987 became dean of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health on September 1 2005 Alfred Sommer 1990 2005 In an incredible career marked by lasting contributions to ophthalmology epidemiology micronutrient research disaster relief and other areas Dean Emeritus Alfred Sommer is best known for his research into vitamin A deficiency Donald A Henderson 1977 1990 D A Henderson directed the World Health Organization s campaign to eradicate smallpox After the 9 11 attack the U S Department of Health and Human Services appointed him as the first director of the Office of Public Health Emergency Preparedness John Chandler Hume 1967 1977 John Hume 1911 1998 continued to focus on the growth of health services research and the integration of social and behavioral sciences into the School s already expanding public health curriculum During his tenure enrollment more than doubled Ernest Stebbins 1946 1967 Ernest Stebbins 1901 1987 instigated new clinical programs in environmental medicine and chronic diseases He also co founded along with Timothy D Baker the first academic unit devoted to international health in 1961 Lowell Jacob Reed 1937 1946

    Original URL path: http://www.jhsph.edu/about/history/deans-of-the-school/ (2015-10-15)
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  • On the World Stage - 2015 - Stories - News - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
    FAQs Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Prospective Students Current Students Faculty Staff JHSPH Alumni Public Health Professionals Protecting Health Saving Lives Millions at a Time News About Us News Releases Stories 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 Subscribe Social Media Channels Global Projects Explore the Interactive Map Explore Map Make a Gift Your contribution can be used so many places so many ways Learn More Public Health Practice Training Learn More Johns Hopkins Public Health Magazine Summer Issue 2015 Read More or Subscribe Home News Stories 2015 On the World Stage On the World Stage Facebook Twitter Google Linked In Email From left to right Michael J Klag Nagahiro Minato Detlev Ganten Shinji Uemoto and Shunichi Fukuhara Photo credit Kyoto University Dean Klag kicks off global health talks in Japan Asia s imminent health challenges are the focus of transdisciplinary talks this week at the World Health Summit WHS Regional Meeting Kyoto The Bloomberg School s Dean Michael J Klag MD MPH 87 kicks off the April 13 14 event with an opening ceremony speech I look forward to interacting with fellow researchers public health leaders and policymakers as we discuss how to meet the challenge of aging populations Dean Klag says Japan s people enjoy the longest life expectancy on the globe and with that comes the need for health systems reforms according to Dean Shunichi Fukuhara of the Kyoto University School of Public Health Japan has been presented with a significant opportunity says Fukuhara Succeed in building a resilient healthcare system and social model and become a world leader in overcoming challenges that many other societies will eventually face Leiyu Shi DrPH director of the Johns Hopkins Primary Care Policy Center is sharing insight about the role primary care plays

    Original URL path: http://www.jhsph.edu/news/stories/2015/on-the-world-stage.html (2015-10-15)
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  • JHSPH Yearlook
    MACRO Sparks of innovation game changing discovery Unparalleled impact good on a global scale A year in the life of the 1 school of public health Explore Stories Explore by

    Original URL path: http://www.jhsph.edu/yearlook/ (2015-10-15)
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