archive-edu.com » EDU » K » KIT.EDU

Total: 380

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • KIT - ITAS - Parlamentarische Beratung - ETAG
    http www eptanetwork org the European Parliament at the end of the 1980s set up an institution for scientific advice regarding complex social ecological and economic implications of modern technology and scientific research At the European Parliament the process of consulting was and is organised by the so called STOA Panel Science and Technology Options Assessment a parliamentary body consisting of 15 Members of Parliament representing several parliamentary committees In view of the growing importance of a European science and technology policy the European Parliament decided in 2005 to support STOA s activities by establishing permanent co operation with a group of institutions with relevant expertise in the field of Technology Assessment Starting from March 2014 the European Technology Assessment Group for a third period of 3 years will support STOA by carrying out TA studies The focus of ETAG s activities on behalf of the European Parliament will be on studies in the fields of Transport Nanoscale Science and Technology Life Sciences for Human Well being Agriculture Food and Biotechnology Science Technology and Innovation Policy and Safety and Security Technologies ETAG is made up by the following organisations the Institute of Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis which operates the

    Original URL path: http://www.itas.kit.edu/etag.php (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive


  • KIT - ITAS - Parlamentarische Beratung - ETAG - Running Projects
    foresight methodology the current and emerging trends and prospects of ATs and regulatory frameworks pertinent to ATs will be analyzed forming the basis for an interview and survey based evaluation that links ATs to the needs perceptions and opportunities for people with disabilities in the EU Three different types of disabilities will be focused namely deaf and hard of hearing blind and visually impaired and people with autism To accomplish

    Original URL path: http://www.itas.kit.edu/running_projects.php (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KIT - ITAS - Parlamentarische Beratung - ETAG - Completed Projects
    to be addressed Some of these are the security challenges related to the increased use of eGovernment systems To handle these issues on a European level the Danish Board of Technology the Rathenau Institute and ITAS has been asked by STOA the European Parliament s panel for Science and Technology Option Assessment to carry out a project to examine the challenges and threats that the implementation of eGovernment might pose to the privacy and security of the data of European citizens organizations and institutions The STOA project will focus on some of the main areas in which the implementation of eGovernment will have an influence on European citizens These will be areas such as eProcurement eID and eHealth The issues addressed will range from data security to privacy usability interoperability and more As part of the project a conference debating security of eGovernment will be arranged in 2012 Contact Anders Jacobi The Danish Board of Technology 01 2010 10 2011 Nanosafety The project will deal with the potential environmental health and safety EHS risks of engineered nanomaterials ENM Because of the great uncertainties regarding their actual health and environmental effects and numerous methodological challenges to established risk assessment procedures toxicology exposure and hazard assessments life cycle assessment analytics and others risk management of ENM is confronted with serious challenges On the other hand precautionary regulatory action with regard to ENM is demanded by a number of stakeholders and parts of the general public Regulation under uncertainty raises fundamental political questions of how lawmakers should regulate risk in the face of such uncertainty To explore this issue in greater detail the project focuses on two important perspectives of regulation Risk management strategies for ENM as discussed or proposed for the EU or its member states and risk communication problems and needs for EHS risks of ENM Findings of the project will be discussed with MEPs in several workshops In addition the project will use a participatory method in order to investigate the risk communication expectations of the general public Contact Torsten Fleischer Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse ITAS 08 2009 12 2011 Making Perfect Life Making perfect life refers to a broad spectrum of developments in science and technology from modifying existing living organisms to synthesizing new life forms and from improving the mind to brain machine interaction and artificial intelligence These developments are not seldom off springs of the so called converging technologies Converging technologies refer to a mutually empowering set of advanced research areas and key technologies including nanotechnology biotechnology information technology and neurosciences Technological convergence can take place in completely different domains sharing two dominant characteristics informatization and miniaturization Informatization refers to understanding and controlling processes in terms of information while miniaturization implies studying and manipulating matter on ever smaller scales These two trends strongly increase our engineering capabilities with respect to biological and cognitive processes On the one hand they promise to enhance these processes Moreover this promise is extended to re designing and re constructing living and thinking artefacts We are making perfect life Or are we Contact Rinie van Est Rathenau Institute 01 2010 09 2011 E Democracy Technical possibilities of the use of electronic voting and other Internet tools in European elections The project will deal with the potential of Internet based applications to improve political participation and the quality of democratic decision making at the European level To this end the role of new media technologies in creating a European public sphere will be investigated A major focus of the project will be the formal opportunities for European citizens to participate at the European level by the means of Internet based applications including e voting solutions Good practice examples of e participation activities of the member states will provide a useful basis for recommendations for European decision makers The findings of the project will be discussed with experts and MEPs in two workshops Contact Ralf Lindner Fraunhofer ISI 01 2010 12 2011 Technology Options in Urban Transport Changing paradigms and promising innovation strategies In a Draft Report on an action plan for urban mobility the European Parliament s Committee on Transport and Tourism states that the complexity and interdependence of travel systems and personal and collective modes of transport in urban areas makes a purely technical approach focused on various modes of transport very limiting The report emphasizes the need for an integrated urban travel systems approach together with a user centered approach taking the behavior of the users adequately into account In line with these statements the STOA project proposed in this opinion is looking at technologies from an innovation oriented angle It provides an inventory of both existing and future technology options in urban transport as well as an overview on the scientific knowledge about their potential impacts on health and or environment Taking this as a basis the project will also look at the socio economic context in which these technologies are or will be implemented It will analyze the knowledge about perceptions motivations and the changeability of behavioral patterns of the actors in particular of users that are relevant for the successful implementation of technological and organizational innovations in urban transport The overall aim will be to highlight promising innovation pathways to a more sustainable urban transport system Contact Jens Schippl Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse ITAS 02 2008 05 2009 Human Enhancement The umbrella term human enhancement refers to a wide range of existing emerging and visionary technologies including pharmaceutical products neuroimplants that provide replacement sight or other artificial senses drugs that boost brain power human germline engineering and existing reproductive technologies new brain stimulation technologies gene doping in sports cosmetic surgery anti ageing medication highly sophisticated prosthetic applications that may provide specialised sensory input or mechanical output and others All these technologies signal the blurring of boundaries between restorative therapy and interventions that aim to bring about improvements extending beyond such therapy In the STOA study human enhancement primarily is regarded as offering a specific perspective on developments in science technology medicine and society The effects of human enhancement technologies HET can be either long term or even permanent as in the case of genetic enhancements or temporary such as improved concentration levels brought about by drugs The aim may be to improve our natural abilities for example by making us stronger or happier or to give us characteristics or abilities that no human being has ever possessed before such as full night vision or even extra senses Faced with the often highly visionary and strongly ideological character of the debate on human enhancement the report strives for a balance between advancing a rational discussion through critical analysis of the relevant visions and normative stances and taking a close look at the diversity of HET and their actual social technological and political significance Contact Christopher Coenen Büro für Technikfolgen Abschätzung beim Deutschen Bundestag TAB 08 2008 05 2009 ICT and Energy Efficiency Regarding the impact of Information and Communication Technologies ICT on climate change two different aspects can be distinguished On the one hand ICT is discussed as a technology that enables an increase in energy efficiency a reduction of energy consumption as well as a reduction of Greenhouse Gas GHG emissions in general On the other hand ICT have become a significant energy consumer themselves The overall contribution of ICT as energy consumer to climate change is estimated to be around 2 However future growth rates in ICT will probably be impressive especially in the emerging countries so the potential as well as the need for further savings will increase as well The report concentrates on the GHG saving potentials in PCs and Server farms In addition a focus is put on new and promising concepts such as virtualisation and cloud computing Reasons for this selection are the fast global growth rates in PCs server farms as well as the strong global tendency to use more and more the Internet and Internet based application ICT as an enabling technology is of even more complex nature many relevant linkages are more implicit The STOA report puts the focus on the following key areas electricity distribution grids smart grids smart buildings and smart metering transport and dematerialisation industrial processes and organisational sustainability Contact Jens Schippl Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis ITAS 07 2008 04 2009 Agricultural Technologies for Developing Countries Around half of the world s population is living in rural areas with agriculture being the centre of their lives The vast majority of farmers in developing countries 85 are small scale farmers producing on less than 2 hectares Furthermore most of the poor in developing countries 75 live in rural areas Climate change will disproportionately affect developing countries and the poor demanding for adaptations of agricultural production systems to climate change Increasing production and strong economic growth in agriculture with small scale farmers in the centre of attention are urgently needed for achieving poverty reduction and other Millennium Development Goals In this context the STOA project Agricultural technologies for developing countries investigated the contribution of selected important agricultural production systems and their technologies as well as their management practices to higher food production and food security with focus on small scale farmers The production systems assed were Conservation Agriculture System of Rice Intensification Agroforestry Systems Organic Farming and Transgenic Crops Contact Rolf Meyer Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis ITAS 08 2007 04 2009 Animal Welfare Animal welfare is a pressing public concern in the EU At present animal welfare status on farm is usually inferred from external parameters such as cage size or feeder space This approach has serious limitations because the relation between such design parameters and animal welfare is not clear Current research offers the possibility of assessing the welfare of animals more directly in terms of their condition health performance and behaviour This animal based approach although still work in progress is very promising The STOA project Impact of Animal Welfare investigated the potential for introducing a European system of on farm assessment of animal welfare using animal based indicators Part 1 of the report describes the scientific and technological state of the art with regard to animal based welfare indicators and monitoring technology Part 2 explores the socio economic impact of introducing an animal based welfare monitoring system on livestock production in EU Member States Contact Geert Munnichs Rathenau Institut The Hague 10 2007 11 2008 Direct to Consumer Genetic testing Starting at the end of the 1990s offering genetic testing direct to consumers has entered the market as a new business model for genetic testing Genetic testing so far had been carried out by specialised institutes in the medical sector at referral by a medical doctor In recent years new companies offering DCGT merely via internet are showing up constantly The STOA report provides an overview on the current discussion on DCGT among experts and public authorities on the current state of offers of DCGT via internet Guided by analysis of the development of the market and the pros and cons of DCGT the report discusses possible options and needs for political intervention The most obvious problem of DCGT is that as is supported by an assessment of 38 DCGT websites carried out in the context of the project the majority of tests offered to consumers directly are tests for susceptibilities for disease based on so called SNPs single nucleotide polymorphisms These tests are most interesting from a commercial point of view since they are related to widespread common diseases such as cancer Experts regard most offers of testing based on SNPs to be meaningless from a scientific point of view since the clinical validity of most of the tests has not yet been sufficiently proven At the European level opportunities for regulating the market are opened up by the running amendment of the In Vitro Diagnostic Devices Directive 98 79 EC To provide for a broad scope of gene tests being covered by the Directive would allow for the establishment of a European system of pre market approval of gene tests which would possibly restrict the leeway for DCGT drastically Contact Leonhard Hennen Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis ITAS 12 2006 11 2008 Global Human Health The project revisits the necessary conditions resources and collaborations for joint effective health research and drug development in Europe The goal of effective R D is a shared goal for all Member States and the EC alike yet realities show that the strategies employed are not yet successful The project focuses on Europe s role in combating poverty related diseases PRDs such as HIV AIDS malaria and tuberculosis and other neglected infectious diseases Since PRDs primarily affect people in developing countries of all priority diseases the battle against the PRDs is most dependent on political public action by first world countries Based on the project s findings options for the setting up of a European action plan on PRDs are discussed Contact Frans Brom Rathenau Institute The Hague 12 2006 10 2008 Future Energy Systems in Europe Based on the objectives of improving the security of fuel supply and significant reductions in future oil consumption and CO 2 emissions the STOA project on Future Energy Systems in Europe has developed a set of technology scenarios for energy supply in Europe by 2030 The different characteristics opportunities and priorities for the energy sector in different parts of Europe have been integrated in the energy scenarios for five archetypical EU countries representing different conditions in their existing energy sector and different opportunities to meet the objectives As a key outcome of the project two essentially different developments of the European energy systems have been described and quantified through a so called Small tech scenario and a Big tech scenario Both scenarios aim at achieving two concrete goals for 2030 reducing CO 2 emissions by 50 per cent compared to the 1990 level and reducing oil consumption by 50 per cent compared to the present level The final report presents a Small tech scenario and a Big tech scenario the key measures in each scenario the systems impacts and environmental and economic consequences The modelling tool including all data and results can be downloaded from the website of the Danish Board of Technology Contact Gy Larsen Teknologirådet Copenhagen 12 2006 10 2008 The Future of European Long Distance Transport The projected heavy growth rates in European transport volumes especially in the long distance sector are a serious challenge in several respects transport contributes to climate change the transport system is strongly depended on oil a finite resource and a functioning transport system is a basic pillar for economic growth in Europe Against this background the STOA project on the future of European long distance transport focused on the challenges mentioned above in order to contribute to transparency and improved governance in this highly complex field The project developed scenarios for a sustainable efficient and less oil dependent European transportation along with related policy options Results indicate that heavy changes and significant trend breaks are needed if the targets should be fulfilled this is especially true for air transport and trucking A combination of several policy measures is needed Improved competitiveness of the rail sectors is playing a key role Since several measures are only able to achieve mid to long term effects action has to be taken right now European leadership is important and thus a coherent European vision of a carbon lean transport system is needed Citizens consultations carried out in the course of the project indicate that Europeans are aware of future challenges and to a certain degree willing to accept effective measures even if they have personal disadvantages in the short term Project Description Contact Ida Leisner Teknologirådet Copenhagen Jens Schippl Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis ITAS 11 2007 07 2008 ICT and Media Industries The project consists of a review of literature and expert opinions on current and expected technological and market developments in the field of ICT with an impact on the media industry In particular the impact of convergence and web 2 0 user created content is addressed In the stock taking part of the study up to date information is provided about the position of European players in the global market for digital media their strengths and weaknesses A mid to long term foresight perspective has been taken in order to identify emerging disruptive technologies and services likely to further change the media business Taking current legislative and regulatory efforts into account the study discusses regulatory challenges and requirements stemming from the anticipated changes Project Description Contact Knud Böhle Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis ITAS 10 2007 05 2008 Food Issues and Human Health A workshop at the European Parliament with participation of European experts and parliamentarians discussed the importance of substances in food which may compromise health The workshop set out to answer whether naturally occurring substances in plant derived foods pose any health problems The focus was on naturally occurring plant derived compounds and naturally occurring plant derived allergens The workshop identified a requirement for better food labelling improvements in food education and scientific research to better establish optimal dietary doses including better biomarkers of relevance for nutrition Contact Bjoern Bedsted Teknologirådet Copenhagen 01 2007 10 2007 Interaction between new technologies and the job market flexicurity and training vocational training Since the beginning of the 1990s information technologies have played an important role as an example of the influence of new technologies on working structures Based on technological innovations new forms of division of labour have taken place with new local and global dimensions These processes are still going on In nearly all European countries these developments affect on the one hand the political and institutional framework of labour conditions and on the other hand the individual work profiles and the whole work organisation on different levels A literature study will first pinpoint the most important issues of the

    Original URL path: http://www.itas.kit.edu/completed_projects.php (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KIT - ITAS - Parlamentarische Beratung - ETAG - Documents
    text pdf Animal based Welfare Monitoring Full text pdf Looking forward in the ICT Media Industries Full text pdf Extending the pipeline toward a comprehensive and coordinated EU approach to Poverty Related Diseases Full text pdf Naturally occurring and health compromising substances in plant derived foods Do we have a problem Full text pdf The Future of European long distance transport Scenario Report Full text pdf The Future of European long distance transport Full text pdf RFID and Identity Management in Everyday Life Full text pdf Policy options for the improvement of the European patent system Full text pdf Gene Vaccine and Immunotherapies against Cancer New Approaches to an Old Problem Results of the project Future Development of Cancer Therapy February 2007 Full text pdf Interactions between new technologies and the job market flexicurity and training vocational training October 2007 Full text pdf Assessment of the Safety of Tunnels October 2007 Full text pdf Alternative Technology Options for Road and Air Transport February 2007 Full text pdf The role of Nanotechnology in Chemical Substitution April 2007 Full text pdf Galileo Applications January 2007 Full text pdf Antibiotic Resistance October 2006 Full text pdf Sustainable Energy Catalogue for European Decision makers

    Original URL path: http://www.itas.kit.edu/documents.php (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KIT - ITAS - Publikationen - Zeitschriften
    Brief Die Ausgabe Nr 45 des TAB Briefes ist erhältlich Zeitschriften ITAS gibt die Zeitschrift Technikfolgenabschätzung Theorie und Praxis TATuP heraus Sie ist ein Forum für die TA Gemeinde sowie Interessierte in Legislative Exekutive Wissenschaft Wirtschaft und Öffentlichkeit und hat jeweils ein aktuelles Forschungsthema als Schwerpunkt Außerdem werden Ergebnisse aus TA Projekten einschlägige Rezensionen und eine Reihe von Serviceleistungen angeboten Das TAB informiert durch den zweimal pro Jahr erscheinenden TAB

    Original URL path: http://www.itas.kit.edu/zeitschriften.php (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KIT - ITAS - Publikationen - Zeitschriften - TAB-Brief
    41 2012 Schwerpunkt Zukunft der Automobilindustrie TAB Brief Nr 40 2012 Schwerpunkt Pharmakologisches Enhancement Entzauberung eines Hypethemas TAB Brief Nr 39 2011 Special Edition TAB Brief Nr 39 2011 Schwerpunkt Hope Hype und Fear Technologien TAB Brief Nr 38 2010 Schwerpunkt Fortpflanzungsmedizin TAB Brief Nr 37 2010 Schwerpunkt Innovationen im Gesundheitswesen TAB Brief Nr 36 2009 Schwerpunkt Zwei Jahrzehnte Technikfolgenabschätzung beim Deutschen Bundestag TAB Brief Nr 35 2009 Schwerpunkt Nachhaltige Produktionssteigerung Herausforderungen der globalisierten Landwirtschaft TAB Brief Nr 34 2008 Schwerpunkt Varianten digitaler Demokratie TAB Brief Nr 33 2008 Schwerpunkt Den Menschen weiser und geschickter machen TAB Brief Nr 32 2007 Schwerpunkt Innovationspolitik TAB Brief Nr 31 2007 Schwerpunkt eLearning TAB Brief Nr 30 2006 Schwerpunkt Entgrenzte Technik und globale Politik TAB Brief Nr 29 2006 Schwerpunkt Parlamentarische TA in der Praxis Einsichten und Aussichten TAB Brief Nr 28 2005 Schwerpunkt Zur Konzeption nachfrageorientierter Politik TAB Brief Nr 27 2004 Schwerpunkt Flächeninanspruchnahme weniger und intelligenter TAB Brief Nr 26 2004 Schwerpunkt Parlamentarische TA als neutrale Politikberatung das TAB Modell TAB Brief Nr 25 2003 Schwerpunkt Neue Eckpunkte und Inhalte für das TAB TAB Brief Nr 24 2003 Schwerpunkt Utopien und Visionen zur Nanotechnologie TAB Brief Nr 23 2002 Schwerpunkt Das TAB vor einer neuen Legislaturperiode Rückblick und Ausblick TAB Brief Nr 22 2002 Schwerpunkt Potenziale bei Qualität und Regionalisierung der Nahrungsmittelversorgung TAB Brief Nr 21 2001 Schwerpunkt Medienentwicklung und kulturelle Transformation TAB Brief Nr 20 2001 Schwerpunkt Technikkontroversen und Risikokommunikation TAB Brief Nr 19 2000 Schwerpunkt Parlamentarische TA in Europa das EPTA Netzwerk TAB Brief Nr 18 2000 Schwerpunkt Nachhaltige Entwicklung und Innovation TAB Brief Nr 17 1999 Schwerpunkt Eine kurze Geschichte der TA Konzepte TAB Brief Nr 16 1999 Schwerpunkt Am Anfang war Dolly über das Klonen von Tieren TAB Brief Nr 15 1998 Schwerpunkt Biomedizin und Bioethik Biomedizin

    Original URL path: http://www.itas.kit.edu/tab-brief.php (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KIT - ITAS - Publikationen - Buchreihen
    die Fortsetzung der gleichnamigen Reihe dar die gemeinsam mit den Veröffentlichungen der Abteilung für Angewandte Systemanalyse der Vorgängereinrichtung des ITAS in anderer verlegerischer Obhut bis in das Jahr 1992 zurückreicht Global zukunftsfähige Entwicklung Nachhaltigkeitsforschung in der Helmholtz Gemeinschaft Seit 1998 forscht die Helmholtz Gemeinschaft mit dem Ziel zur Operationalisierung des Leitbildes der Nachhaltigkeit beizutragen Die Reihe Global zukunftsfähige Entwicklung Nachhaltigkeitsforschung in der Helmholtz Gemeinschaft vormals Global zukunftsfähige Entwicklung Perspektiven für Deutschland macht die Ergebnisse dieser langfristig angelegten Forschungstätigkeit Interessenten aus Wissenschaft Politik Wirtschaft und Öffentlichkeit zugänglich und bildet ein Forum zur weiteren durch Forschung unterstützten gesellschaftlichen Verständigung über Nachhaltige Entwicklung ITAS hatte die Federführung in dem Verbundprojekt Global zukunftsfähige Entwicklung Perspektiven für Deutschland der HGF und ist Herausgeber der Buchreihe Studien des Büros für Technikfolgen Abschätzung beim Deutschen Bundestag Seit 1996 publiziert das Büro für Technikfolgen Abschätzung beim Deutschen Bundestag TAB in dieser Reihe bei der Edition Sigma Berlin ausgewählte TA Analysen zu politisch und gesellschaftlich relevanten Fragen von Wissenschaft und Technik welche aus politikberatenden Aktivitäten des TAB hervorgegangen sind Technikzukünfte Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft Diese interdisziplinäre Buchreihe ist Technikzukünften in ihren wissenschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Kontexten gewidmet Der Plural Zukünfte ist dabei Programm Denn erstens wird ein breites Spektrum wissenschaftlich technischer

    Original URL path: http://www.itas.kit.edu/buchreihen.php (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive

  • KIT - ITAS - Publikationen - Buchreihen - Gesellschaft - Technik - Umwelt
    Systemanalyse ITAS des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie KIT Arbeiten zu konzeptionellen und methodischen Grundsatzfragen der Technikfolgenabschätzung Ergebnisse von Tagungen und Konferenzen sowie Projektergebnisse Die Neue Folge stellt die Fortsetzung der gleichnamigen Reihe dar die gemeinsam mit den Veröffentlichungen der Abteilung für Angewandte Systemanalyse der Vorgängereinrichtung des ITAS in anderer verlegerischer Obhut bis in das Jahr 1992 zurückreicht Liste aller Veröffentlichungen in dieser Reihe Zuletzt erschienen Bogner A Decker M Sotoudeh M Hrsg Responsible Innovation Neue Impulse für die Technikfolgenabschätzung Baden Baden Nomos edition sigma 2015 Gesellschaft Technik Umwelt Neue Folge 18 ISBN 978 3 8487 2882 4 395 S brosch 27 90 Euro Titelinformation des Verlags Responsible Research and Innovation RRI ist zu einem wichtigen Schlagwort der EU Forschungspolitik geworden Das Ziel Technische Innovationen sollen sich an ethischen und gesellschaftlichen Erfordernissen orientieren und nicht allein durch kommerzielle Interessen bestimmt sein RRI verlangt daher nach einer frühzeitigen Einbindung der Technikfolgenabschätzung TA in Innovationsprozesse Doch was kann die TA in diesem Rahmen leisten Und wie tragfähig ist das Konzept von RRI überhaupt Die in diesem Band versammelten Beiträge zeigen welche Rolle das Konzept RRI im europäischen Kontext spielt welche Bezüge es zwischen RRI und TA gibt und wo die Grenzen von RRI

    Original URL path: http://www.itas.kit.edu/gtu.php (2016-05-02)
    Open archived version from archive