archive-edu.com » EDU » K » KU.EDU

Total: 211

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Assets and Education | Center on Assets, Education, and Inclusion
    England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Menu Home About Overview Our Work CSA Project Policy Background Reports Biannual Report Transforming Wealth GEAR UP Canada Canadian US Report Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets College Debt Project Reports Briefs Projects Wealth Transfer Project Reports Harnessing Assets Income Asset Shocks Briefs By My Parent s Bootstraps Projects Financial Inclusion Project Overview Multimedia Reports Briefs Projects People Directors Founding Director Assistant Director Faculty Directors Associates Faculty Associates Research Associates Post Doc Research Assistants Blog The Mobility Beat AEDI Launching Blog AEDI at Obama s Visit to Lawrence Another non solution Income Share Agreements Aspirations for the New Year CFED s Assets and Opportunity Scorecard CSAs The Ultimate Two Generation Approach Child Support Savings Initiatives Gathering Steam Children s Savings as an Early Childhood Intervention Eroding Higher Education s Equalizing Effects Financial Security and Economic Mobility Good News from Rhode Island In this season of love share hope Inclusive Financial Institutions in the New Year Investing with Kids Learning from the Developing World Alternative Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Search Search form Search Next Next Next Children as Potential Investors video platform video management video solutions video player Children who own savings accounts early in life are potential future investors They grow up connected to the financial mainstream and may diversify their asset portfolios and accumulate more assets in young adulthood Maintaining connections with mainstream banks and diversifying and accumulating assets are indicators of their financial security as young adults Their savings accounts and assets help to comprise a strong financial foundation that likely sets them on a path for financial security from which

    Original URL path: http://aedi.ku.edu/ (2015-03-09)
    Open archived version from archive


  • | Center on Assets, Education, and Inclusion | Center on Assets, Education, and Inclusion
    News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Menu Home About Overview Our Work CSA Project Policy Background Reports Biannual Report Transforming Wealth GEAR UP Canada Canadian US Report Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets College Debt Project Reports Briefs Projects Wealth Transfer Project Reports Harnessing Assets Income Asset Shocks Briefs By My Parent s Bootstraps Projects Financial Inclusion Project Overview Multimedia Reports Briefs Projects People Directors Founding Director Assistant Director Faculty Directors Associates Faculty Associates Research Associates Post Doc Research Assistants Blog The Mobility Beat AEDI Launching Blog AEDI at Obama s Visit to Lawrence Another non solution Income Share Agreements Aspirations for the New Year CFED s Assets and Opportunity Scorecard CSAs The Ultimate Two Generation Approach Child Support Savings Initiatives Gathering Steam Children s Savings as an Early Childhood Intervention Eroding Higher Education s Equalizing Effects Financial Security and Economic Mobility Good News from Rhode Island In this season of love share hope Inclusive Financial Institutions in the New Year Investing with Kids Learning from the Developing World Alternative Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Search Search form Search Home KU A Z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Search Search all KU People Search Degree Search Browse by school Course Search Search class sections Online courses Library Search Libraries Hours locations Ask Advising Catalog Tutors Writing Center Math help room Finals Schedule GPA Calculator Resources Campus Map Directions Campuses Buses Parking Information Technology Hawk Drive Jobs at KU Finances Tuition Bill Payments Scholarship Search Financial Aid Loans Beak em Bucks Events All Academics Athletics Applied Humanities Graduate Student Boot Camp Competition Deadline Mar 09 All day New Employee Orientation Mar 09 08 00 am Jesse B Semple Brownbag Series Living in Infamy Felony Disfranchisement and the History of American Citizenship Mar 09 11 30 am CODL March Lunch Learn Mar 09 12 00 pm NSF Funding Initiative Innovations at the Nexus of Food Energy Water Systems Mar 09 02 00 pm View

    Original URL path: http://aedi.ku.edu/navigator (2015-03-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Please log in | Center on Assets, Education, and Inclusion
    Alternative Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Menu Home About Overview Our Work CSA Project Policy Background Reports Biannual Report Transforming Wealth GEAR UP Canada Canadian US Report Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets College Debt Project Reports Briefs Projects Wealth Transfer Project Reports Harnessing Assets Income Asset Shocks Briefs By My Parent s Bootstraps Projects Financial Inclusion Project Overview Multimedia Reports Briefs Projects People Directors Founding Director Assistant Director Faculty Directors Associates Faculty Associates Research Associates Post Doc Research Assistants Blog The Mobility Beat AEDI Launching Blog AEDI at Obama s Visit to Lawrence Another non solution Income Share Agreements Aspirations for the New Year CFED s Assets and Opportunity Scorecard CSAs The Ultimate Two Generation Approach Child Support Savings Initiatives Gathering Steam Children s Savings as an Early Childhood Intervention Eroding Higher Education s Equalizing Effects Financial Security and Economic Mobility Good News from Rhode Island In this season of love share hope Inclusive Financial Institutions in the New Year Investing with Kids Learning from the Developing World Alternative Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Search Search form Search Home Please log in to view this page Log in with your KU online ID Log in for non KU users who have been invited to this page Featured Event Center for Social Development 20

    Original URL path: http://aedi.ku.edu/login (2015-03-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • About | Center on Assets, Education, and Inclusion
    A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Menu Home About Overview Our Work CSA Project Policy Background Reports Biannual Report Transforming Wealth GEAR UP Canada Canadian US Report Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets College Debt Project Reports Briefs Projects Wealth Transfer Project Reports Harnessing Assets Income Asset Shocks Briefs By My Parent s Bootstraps Projects Financial Inclusion Project Overview Multimedia Reports Briefs Projects People Directors Founding Director Assistant Director Faculty Directors Associates Faculty Associates Research Associates Post Doc Research Assistants Blog The Mobility Beat AEDI Launching Blog AEDI at Obama s Visit to Lawrence Another non solution Income Share Agreements Aspirations for the New Year CFED s Assets and Opportunity Scorecard CSAs The Ultimate Two Generation Approach Child Support Savings Initiatives Gathering Steam Children s Savings as an Early Childhood Intervention Eroding Higher Education s Equalizing Effects Financial Security and Economic Mobility Good News from Rhode Island In this season of love share hope Inclusive Financial Institutions in the New Year Investing with Kids Learning from the Developing World Alternative Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Search Search form Search Home About Overview About The mission of AEDI is to create and study innovations related to asset development education and financial inclusion that result in opportunities across the life course for low income children and families in the U S and around the globe for the purposes of climbing out

    Original URL path: http://aedi.ku.edu/about (2015-03-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Projects | Center on Assets, Education, and Inclusion
    Kids Learning from the Developing World Alternative Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Menu Home About Overview Our Work CSA Project Policy Background Reports Biannual Report Transforming Wealth GEAR UP Canada Canadian US Report Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets College Debt Project Reports Briefs Projects Wealth Transfer Project Reports Harnessing Assets Income Asset Shocks Briefs By My Parent s Bootstraps Projects Financial Inclusion Project Overview Multimedia Reports Briefs Projects People Directors Founding Director Assistant Director Faculty Directors Associates Faculty Associates Research Associates Post Doc Research Assistants Blog The Mobility Beat AEDI Launching Blog AEDI at Obama s Visit to Lawrence Another non solution Income Share Agreements Aspirations for the New Year CFED s Assets and Opportunity Scorecard CSAs The Ultimate Two Generation Approach Child Support Savings Initiatives Gathering Steam Children s Savings as an Early Childhood Intervention Eroding Higher Education s Equalizing Effects Financial Security and Economic Mobility Good News from Rhode Island In this season of love share hope Inclusive Financial Institutions in the New Year Investing with Kids Learning from the Developing World Alternative Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Search Search form Search Home Our Work CSA Project College Debt Project Wealth Transfer Project Financial Inclusion Project Projects Featured Event Center for Social Development 20 th Anniversary Celebration Webinar March 10 2015

    Original URL path: http://aedi.ku.edu/focus-areas (2015-03-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • The Children's Savings Account (CSA) Project | Center on Assets, Education, and Inclusion
    Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Menu Home About Overview Our Work CSA Project Policy Background Reports Biannual Report Transforming Wealth GEAR UP Canada Canadian US Report Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets College Debt Project Reports Briefs Projects Wealth Transfer Project Reports Harnessing Assets Income Asset Shocks Briefs By My Parent s Bootstraps Projects Financial Inclusion Project Overview Multimedia Reports Briefs Projects People Directors Founding Director Assistant Director Faculty Directors Associates Faculty Associates Research Associates Post Doc Research Assistants Blog The Mobility Beat AEDI Launching Blog AEDI at Obama s Visit to Lawrence Another non solution Income Share Agreements Aspirations for the New Year CFED s Assets and Opportunity Scorecard CSAs The Ultimate Two Generation Approach Child Support Savings Initiatives Gathering Steam Children s Savings as an Early Childhood Intervention Eroding Higher Education s Equalizing Effects Financial Security and Economic Mobility Good News from Rhode Island In this season of love share hope Inclusive Financial Institutions in the New Year Investing with Kids Learning from the Developing World Alternative Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Search Search form Search Home Our Work CSA Project Policy Background Reports Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets The Children s Savings Account CSA Project This section contains short briefs reports and working papers on CSAs Children s Savings Accounts or CSAs are savings vehicles most commonly designed for higher education savings that often incorporate specific incentives and explicit structures to encourage savings by disadvantaged youth and families who otherwise may not have equitable access to financial institutions Unlike basic savings accounts CSAs leverage investments by individuals families and sometimes third parties Ideally these investments are leveraged with an initial deposit and or matching funds adding public or philanthropic dollars to families savings usually on a ratio ranging from 1 1 5 1 CSAs are gaining traction around the country not as a fad or a

    Original URL path: http://aedi.ku.edu/biannual-report (2015-03-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • History of CSA Policies | Center on Assets, Education, and Inclusion
    About Overview Our Work CSA Project Policy Background Reports Biannual Report Transforming Wealth GEAR UP Canada Canadian US Report Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets College Debt Project Reports Briefs Projects Wealth Transfer Project Reports Harnessing Assets Income Asset Shocks Briefs By My Parent s Bootstraps Projects Financial Inclusion Project Overview Multimedia Reports Briefs Projects People Directors Founding Director Assistant Director Faculty Directors Associates Faculty Associates Research Associates Post Doc Research Assistants Blog The Mobility Beat AEDI Launching Blog AEDI at Obama s Visit to Lawrence Another non solution Income Share Agreements Aspirations for the New Year CFED s Assets and Opportunity Scorecard CSAs The Ultimate Two Generation Approach Child Support Savings Initiatives Gathering Steam Children s Savings as an Early Childhood Intervention Eroding Higher Education s Equalizing Effects Financial Security and Economic Mobility Good News from Rhode Island In this season of love share hope Inclusive Financial Institutions in the New Year Investing with Kids Learning from the Developing World Alternative Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Search Search form Search Home Our Work CSA Project Policy Background Policy Background Reports Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets History of CSA Policies This section of the website identifies articles that have examined the history of Children s Savings Policies in the U S and abroad Friedline T May 2012 Extending savings accounts to young people Lessons from two decades of theory and research and implications for policy Paper presented at the Assets 21 New America Foundation in Washington DC Abstract When young people have savings accounts early in life they may accelerate more quickly through the developmental milestones that govern saving behaviors develop expectations about their educational futures that include college attendance and experience improved financial and educational well being later in life This paper focuses on extending savings accounts to young people as a strategy for improving well being In particular this paper will 1 place young people s savings within the broader context of two decades of development on asset building 2 review theory and research on young people s savings 3 identify implications for policy and 4 identify remaining questions to be tested in future

    Original URL path: http://aedi.ku.edu/history-csa-policies (2015-03-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Reports | Center on Assets, Education, and Inclusion
    Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Menu Home About Overview Our Work CSA Project Policy Background Reports Biannual Report Transforming Wealth GEAR UP Canada Canadian US Report Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets College Debt Project Reports Briefs Projects Wealth Transfer Project Reports Harnessing Assets Income Asset Shocks Briefs By My Parent s Bootstraps Projects Financial Inclusion Project Overview Multimedia Reports Briefs Projects People Directors Founding Director Assistant Director Faculty Directors Associates Faculty Associates Research Associates Post Doc Research Assistants Blog The Mobility Beat AEDI Launching Blog AEDI at Obama s Visit to Lawrence Another non solution Income Share Agreements Aspirations for the New Year CFED s Assets and Opportunity Scorecard CSAs The Ultimate Two Generation Approach Child Support Savings Initiatives Gathering Steam Children s Savings as an Early Childhood Intervention Eroding Higher Education s Equalizing Effects Financial Security and Economic Mobility Good News from Rhode Island In this season of love share hope Inclusive Financial Institutions in the New Year Investing with Kids Learning from the Developing World Alternative Financial Products for CSAs Millennials Rising and taking the nation with them Promise Indiana A Community Driven CSA Model Leveraging Support to Realize Encouraging Outcomes Prosperity Works for Kids Racial Disparities in Post Recession America Reshaping the conversation on student debt Retailing a Better Future LEAF College Savings Rethinking Mobility Starting our work in New England State Child Support Savings Initiatives Student Debt and Inequality The Business Case for Children s Savings The Double Bottom Line A Framework for CSA Effects The Geography of Inequity The Precarious State of Family Balance Sheets Unfinished Business Closing the Racial Achievement Gap Videos Highlight AEDI s Research When great ideas get greater SmartSAVER and the CLB Why we re excited about our work with the Boston Fed Youth Savings Accounts Good News on the Regulatory Front News Multimedia CSD 20th Anniversary Canadian Savings Education Report PBS News Hour Small Debt Donate Search Search form Search Home Our Work CSA Project Reports Policy Background Reports Biannual Report Transforming Wealth GEAR UP Canada Briefs Projects Multimedia Kansas Information Sheets Reports For more publications on CSAs click here Featured Event Center for Social Development

    Original URL path: http://aedi.ku.edu/reports (2015-03-09)
    Open archived version from archive