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  • Nations and Communities: A Comparative Perspective in Atlantic Europe, 1650-1830 - Projects 'Collective Identities and Transnational Networks in medieval and early modern Europe, 1000-1800' - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    societies throughout the early Modern Age and even up to contemporary times Migration and the settlement of foreign mercantile communities played a primary role in the economic integration of regions within Europe and in its overseas dependencies From a political and ideological point of view migration foreign presence and international contacts had a marked effect on the formation and consolidation of Atlantic European countries With the clear purpose of reinforcing the complex international historiographical debate on this theme this project is directed at the study of the nature of foreign merchant communities in the European Atlantic world of their internal historical processes and of several other aspects some of which require a more detailed specific approach Research will be performed from an international point of view on a multidisciplinary and comparative basis The aim of this program is to establish an analytical outline in order to define the study of the role played by the socio economic agents both at individual and collective levels as actors and factors in the evolutionary process of the foreign merchant communities and their relations with the outside world both at the regional and international level Social cultural and economic integration as well as the influences of the mercantile networks of the Modern Age in the ideological transition from the Ancient Regime to the Age of Liberalism will be dealt with Several questions will be outlined such as the possible relationship between the mercantile activity and the changes that took place in the economic structures of markets and regions On the other hand a sociological study of the different groups will be carried out especially in questions related to local integration national feeling and identity as well as their ideological and political implications Researchers Six senior researchers of four different European countries specialized in the

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/history/research/projects-dei/project-nations-communities.html (2016-02-18)
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  • The Extension of the Historical GIS Friesland - Projects 'Collective Identities and Transnational Networks in medieval and early modern Europe, 1000-1800' - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    nearly all farmsteads ca 10 000 existing in the year 1700 with the land parcels attached to them The data for this layer including information on owners tenants surface and value was taken from a fiscal administration In this basic set up the system proved its worth for historical research into land use and for retrospective studies on the power positions of the church and the nobility in medieval Frisia Since it became clear that a broader public was also interested it was decided to make the system accessible via an internet site of its own As such it was launched under the name of HISGIS www hisgis nl at 13 December 2005 As the ambition of this historical GIS project has always been to stimulate research into the history of property power and persons by providing tools and datasets on their location and spread in space it was clear that steps had to be taken to extend the above mentioned basic layers for as many time periods and with as many new data and map layers as possible The extension program that has been formulated aims at enriching the system in three fields In the first place a grid functionality has to be added to the interface for the digital use of topographical maps aerial photographs etc as fore or background to the data layers The second field on which the HISGIS has to be enriched constitutes an extension program in itself It consists in the adding of several new historical content layers The most important one of these layers has to contain all data on the owners and tenants of farmsteads in the year 1640 When this layer is constructed it can serve as a foundation of layers showing the landed property of all monasteries and parishes in

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/history/research/projects-dei/project-gis.html (2016-02-18)
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  • Bezitsgeschiedenis Duitse Huis van Utrecht - Projects 'Collective Identities and Transnational Networks in medieval and early modern Europe, 1000-1800' - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    van de vóór 1500 verworven goederen nog steeds eigendom is van de tegenwoordige Ridderlijke Duitsche Orde Balije van Utrecht Behoefte aan onderzoek Omdat voor de Utrechtse balije naar verhouding veel middeleeuwse archiefmateriaal over de vorming en uitbating het bezit bewaard is gebleven is het mogelijk er een grondige studie aan te wijden In het recente verleden is daar een aanzet toe gegeven door Menno Koopstra die met steun van de RDO en de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen een grote hoeveelheid ongepubliceerde gegevens toegankelijk heeft gemaakt Koopstra s regesten en datasets zijn goed ontsloten zodat ze makkelijk door toekomstige onderzoekers kunnen worden verwerkt Perspectief Een en ander neemt niet weg dat het nog steeds ontbreekt aan een helder zicht op het ontstaan en de materiële ontwikkeling van zowel het Duitse Huis te Utrecht als de direct daaraan ondergeschikte ordevestigingen Het belang daarvan is door de recente publicaties van Mol Meuwissen De Bruin en Stapel eerder groter dan kleiner geworden Veel vragen op cultureel en politiek terrein kunnen niet worden beantwoord zonder inzicht in de materiële mogelijkheden van de ordehuizen Belangrijker is echter de economische ontwikkeling van het Utrechtse huis en de balije als thema op zichzelf In de wetenschap dat de archivalische overlevering juist voor Utrecht gunstig is dringen internationale onderzoekers op het gebied van ridderorde en kruistochtgeschiedenis al lange tijd aan op bestudering van de Utrechtse casus om de ontwikkeling van andere balijen in perspectief te kunnen plaatsen Daarnaast is zo n studie onmisbaar voor verder onderzoek naar de sociaaleconomische ontwikkelingen in de Noordelijke Nederlanden in de late middeleeuwen Met name voor het Sticht met de bisschopsstad Utrecht als centrum alsook voor de gewesten Gelre en Holland bestaat behoefte aan monografieën over religieuze instituties met grootgrondbezit van een grote continuïteit Last but not least telt het belang van de huidige RDO inzicht

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/history/research/projects-dei/bezitsgeschiedenis-duitse-huis-van-utrecht.html (2016-02-18)
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  • 14 - 16 January 2016 conference Reconsidering Democracy and the Nation State in a global perspective - Projects ''Political Culture and National Identities'' - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    Organisation News and events Contact 14 16 January 2016 conference Reconsidering Democracy and the Nation State in a global perspective From 14 16 January 2016 the research group Political Cultures and National Identities of Leiden University Institute for History will organize the conference Reconsidering Democracy and the Nation State in a Global Perspective For more information visit the conference website Institute for History Last Modified 13 10 2015 Humanities Direct

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/history/research/projects-pcni/conference-reconsidering-democracy-and-the-nation-state.html (2016-02-18)
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  • The Scholarly Self - Projects ''Political Culture and National Identities'' - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    infrastructures saw discipline formation as a project that not only required professorial chairs and scientific periodicals but also and especially a disciplining of the scholar s body heart and mind Their emphasis on the exercise of scholarly habits e g disciplined time management and character virtues e g impartiality is therefore best understood as an attempt to provide emerging humanities disciplines with an appropriate research ethic If this hypothesis is correct it will alter our understanding of scholarly discipline formation It will correct one sided accounts of discipline formation in institutional and or methodological terms by drawing attention to a personal dimension consisting of a disciplining of the scholar s self Four subprojects examine 1 how scholarly selfhood was envisioned by late 19th and early 20th century humanities scholars 2 how these scholars implemented their ideals of scholarly selfhood 3 how they monitored the observance of these ideals in day to day research and 4 what kind of contexts and conditions enabled these ideals to flourish around 1900 Each of the subprojects focuses on one or more humanities disciplines in one or more European countries Their main sources include scholarly letters auto biographies obituaries lecture notes and methodology manuals Although

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/history/research/projects-pcni/project-the-scholarly-self.html (2016-02-18)
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  • Democratization and political terrorism - Projects ''Political Culture and National Identities'' - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    effort to democratize and liberalize the ex Confederate states through a policy of universal suffrage civil equality and economic modernization It was an exercise in nation building in the sense that the North attempted to impose its own view of the nation upon the South However the Democratic Party both openly and in the guise of terrorist groups like the Ku Klux Klan decisively defeated the Republican policy The failure of Reconstruction had profound consequences for the South and the nation It made the South a one party region the Solid South in which the Democratic party after gaining power through violence and intimidation suppressed the Republican party It was the most egregious example of political oppression both in its scale and duration in the history of the United States It gave southern Democrats disproportionate influence in the nation s politics thus distorting and diluting representative government It weakened the power of the federal government to regulate elections and protect individual rights Only after 1965 when the civil rights movement persuaded the federal government to pass the Voting Rights Act which re enfranchised the black population did the United States become a functioning democracy It helps to explain the persistence of racially polarized voting throughout much of the present day South as illustrated in the 2008 presidential election A large sub region the Red River Valley of Louisiana possessed all the main characteristics of the South Overwhelmingly rural with only three towns of any size its plantations produced half of Louisiana s cotton Blacks comprised a majority of the voters Although it was large enough to contain three fairly distinct sub regions each consisting of a major town and its rural hinterland both Democrats and Republicans treated the Valley as a strategically important whole The Red River Valley was the

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/history/research/projects-pcni/project-democratization-political-terrorism.html (2016-02-18)
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  • The Promise of Organization - Projects ''Political Culture and National Identities'' - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    the modern voluntary association could fit into the system of representative government which rejected unrestrained popular passions and also be an instrument of mobilizing the common people This program focuses on the enthusiasm arguments and concrete activities of the organizers as well as the criticism offered by opponents of modern political organization The three subprojects focus on three waves of associational mania and debate modern antislavery organizations and other early

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/history/research/projects-pcni/project-the-promise-of-organization.html (2016-02-18)
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  • Organizing the Masses - Projects ''Political Culture and National Identities'' - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    were formally excluded from political life could now engage in politics without breaking the law or making revolution Others despised the influence an organization could gain by efficient fund raising and the distribution of propaganda and feared that this development would corrupt the proper functioning of the political system This project asks why these early pressure groups were so heavily contested The working hypothesis is that there was much at stake the debate on pressure groups was essentially a debate over democracy In the post revolutionary context the future of politics was unclear What was considered good politics who should participate and in what way For contemporaries this was by no means an academic debate Their social position was at stake Those who had little social standing and were excluded from the political process women members of the lower middle class or ethnic and religious minorities aspired to be accepted as worthy members of civil society and political life The members of the social elite who represented the political establishment in turn feared the loss of their privileged position By making use of biographical sketches and digitized nineteenth century newspapers I will be able to reconstruct the debate on the

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/history/research/projects-pcni/project-organizing-the-masses.html (2016-02-18)
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