archive-edu.com » EDU » L » LEIDEN.EDU

Total: 2144

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Posthumus Institute - History - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    the Groningen Growth and Development Centre organizes a Summer School on the topic of Globalization and Inequality Lecturers include Branko Milanovic Remco Oostendorp and Leandro Prados de la Escosura The Summer School is intended for PhD students research master students and postdocs and the application deadline is April 1 Read more Announcement the 6th Transnational Rhine Conference 14 15 and 16 April Rotterdam This conference focusses on the key role

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/posthumus/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Jo Tollebeek geeft Huizingalezing 2015 - Huizinga-lezing - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    studentencompagnie De aantrekkingskracht van deze objecten schuilt in hun verledenheid Zij hebben de twee eeuwen overbrugd die sinds de veldslag zijn verlopen en scheppen als het ware de mogelijkheid meer dan bijvoorbeeld de monumenten en de reenactments het verleden aan te raken Dat fenomeen is door Johan Huizinga de historische sensatie genoemd het plotse en momentane gevoel in een direct contact met het verleden te staan dat wij bij een vaak onbeduidend voorwerp uit het verleden kunnen ervaren De merkwaardige terugkeer van Wexy het paard van de latere koning Willem II dat net als zijn berijder in Waterloo gewond raakte illustreert de kracht maar ook de dubbelzinnigheid van deze historische sensatie Wexy werd bij zijn dood gevild waarna de bewerkte huid op een houten raamwerk werd vastgelijmd In 2014 werd het paard in het Dordrechts Museum getoond nu staat het centraal in een tentoonstelling in het Rijksmuseum Er gaat een grote aantrekkingskracht van uit zoals dat ook het geval is bij Marengo Napoleons Arabier waarvan het skelet vandaag nog in het National Army Museum in Londen kan worden bezichtigd Wexy en Marengo staan voor de schoonheid van de oorlog voor het spektakel voor het heldhaftige voor het publieke karakter ervan Maar de paarden van Waterloo tonen het verleden ook in al zijn bruutheid in zijn concreetheid en tastbaarheid rauw en kwetsbaar De carrières van Wexy en Marengo dwingen ons opnieuw na te denken over onze historische verbeelding over Huizinga s historische esthetiek en over de draagsporen van de geschiedenis Programma 19 15 uur Deuren Pieterskerk open 20 00 uur Welkomstwoord 20 10 uur Lezing Prof dr Jo Tollebeek De paarden van Waterloo Over de schoonheid en de bruutheid van de geschiedenis Na afloop commentaar door Prof dr Judith Pollmann 21 30 uur Einde en gelegenheid tot een borrel Over Jo

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/history/huizinga-lezing/huizinga-lezing/jo-tollebeek-geeft-huizingalezing-2015.html (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Nietzsche Dictionary Project - Research Projects - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    project The Nietzsche Wörterbuch NWB has evolved into a long term multi volume work on a global scale with around 30 contributors from a range of disciplines located all over the world At present the project is based at the Radboud University Nijmegen and Leiden University under the co directorship and editorship of Prof Paul van Tongeren Head of the Nietzsche Research Group and Dr Herman Siemens President of the Friedrich Nietzsche Society Nietzsche s vocabulary The NWB will elucidate in detail some 500 terms from Nietzsche s vocabulary The first volume published in 2004 presents 67 of them Articles can be anything from 4 pages to 100 pages long depending on the complexity of the word Each article includes information on the frequency of the word the word forms composites and synonyms a breakdown of the different meanings meaning variants and uses of the word together with citations and references the historical linguistic and philosophical localisation of Nietzsche s use of the word as well as a discussion of Nietzsche research and reception with a bearing on the word Volumes II III are currently being edited for planned publication in 2011 and 2012 Nietzsche portal At the same time

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/philosophy/research/research-projects/nietzsche-dictionary-project.html (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Between Deliberation and Agonism. Rethinking Conflict and its Relation to Law in Political Philosophy - Research Projects - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    more rigorous reflections on conflict and law Our working hypothesis is that Nietzsche and Kant offer invaluable untapped resources for rethinking conflict power and law with critical and corrective implications for the current stalemate in democratic theory Accordingly our approach is three fold Theoretical Approach Core project 1 The core project 1 engages current political theories directly Focusing on the relation between political subjects and law it aims to develop a typology of modes of political engagement that draws on both deliberative and agonistic theories but is more systematic and comprehensive than either In specific it aims to take seriously both the law s claim to normativity central to deliberative accounts and the diversity and antagonisms of actually lived lives to which agonists are particularly sensitive For this it will also draw on the conceptions of conflict power and law developed in the two historical projects Project 2 Nietzsche is commonly taken to be a destructive nihilistic thinker with proto fascist leanings But this image is belied by the extensive constructive appropriations of his thought by agonistic theorists of democracy None of them however make full or adequate use of the constructive resources in his thought for rethinking conflict and its relations to law For Nietzsche struggle and opposition are constitutive of power relations at all levels of reality or life and he devotes his thought to a precise and differentiated understanding of the plurality of conflict types their divergent qualities and effects Efforts to resolve conflict by reducing tension forfeit the productive powers of tension and Nietzsche concentrates instead on the qualitative transformation of destructive violent antagonisms into measured productive agonisms Nietzsche s agonal model of conflict is the source direct or indirect for current agonistic theories Yet they fail to situate his concept of the agon in the broader context of his ontology of conflict or to consider the complex multiple relations between different types of conflict and law in his thought Siemens 2010 In line with our working hypothesis this project investigates Nietzsche s philosophy of conflict with an eye on its corrective implications for contemporary agonism Through a systematic study of Nietzsche s philosophical vocabulary of conflict project 2 aims to develop a Nietzschean typology of modes of conflict This typology will serve as a systematic framework for testing current agonistic theories but also the typology of modes of political engagement developed in project 1 Project 3 The impasse between deliberative and agonistic theories of democracy is replicated at the level of global politics and contemporary theories of cosmopolitanism It is played out for example in the divide between Rawls s cosmopolitanism 1993 emphasising universal principles and the rule of law and Mouffe s agonistic vision of a cosmopolitan pluriverse of regional powers 2005 Project 3 tackles the question of conflict and its relation to law at the level of global politics Can the rule of cosmopolitan law coexist with social and political antagonisms Does perpetual cosmopolitan peace in excluding armed conflict exclude all forms of

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/philosophy/research/research-projects/between-deliberation-and-agonism.html (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Profile - Research - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    are Philosophy of Knowledge The Universal the Global and the Local and Normativity and its Sources Agency Interaction and Conflict in a Globalizing World Read more Individual research In addition to the two highly interdisciplinary clusters the institute has researchers in a more autonomous field of philosophy This research is focused on philosophy of mind culture and technology and mainly attached to the Dutch philosophical environment Read more Dissertations Dissertations

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/philosophy/research/profile/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Research Clusters - Profile - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    phenomenology as continental analytic philosophy as Anglo Saxon This characterisation has prompted the idea that discussions between different philosophical traditions have more in common with wars than with scientific debates Most of the groundbreaking research that is done today in philosophy and its history is crossing these borders by showing for example the rationalist roots of the empiricist tradition the empiricist roots of phenomenology and the phenomenological roots of the analytic tradition This means that the supposed incommensurability of the different traditions should be reconsidered and that a dialogue that crosses the borders should be possible It is here that the new topic of Comparative philosophy will find its natural place in the research programme Research questions Representative research questions include In what way is constructivist logic able to account for both the role of the judging agent in inference and the universal claims of logical validity How do universal standards of validity of scientific explanations relate to domain specific explanatory factors What is the relation between individual observational data and universal claims in scientific practice How do psychologically and culturally specific traits of researchers such as emotional responses and aesthetic preferences relate to the ideals of rationality and objectivity in science and scholarship Participants Prof dr P J J M Bakker Dr V A Gijsbers Prof dr C Goto Jones Prof dr F A J de Haas Dr J W McAllister Dr M S van der Schaar Prof dr B G Sundholm PhD Candidates J Bouterse MA H L J Gaasterland MPhil Q Hao MA NWO funded research project Philosophical Foundations of the Historiography of Science Normativity and its Sources Agency Interaction and Conflict in a Globalizing World Our research is focused on fundamental questions of normativity and its sources In general terms the research of the practical philosophy cluster focuses on the theme of agency and interaction We conduct research into the status of universalist moral and political principles with an emphasis on philosophical conceptualizations of world citizenship human rights and global distributive justice democratic theory and its relation to conflict and conceptions of legitimacy and authority within both political theory and moral philosophy broadly conceived However in the future more attention will be given to the descriptive task of practical philosophy to understand the realities that confront us as world citizens as state citizens and as individual moral agents so as to conceptualize the modes of engagement that are open to us in the different domains of practical life In addition we will put greater emphasis on interdisciplinarity the connections between political and social philosophy and disciplines like political science history economics the social sciences psychology and philosophy of language In this context there is more room for interaction with the institute s other research programme which has a parallel interest in e g the relation between philosophical questions and empirical studies in psychology Part of the work of Dr Van der Schaar tolerance judgement and Prof dr De Haas moral psychology and ethics of belief may

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/philosophy/research/profile/research-clusters.html (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Individual research - Profile - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    cultures can ideally be compared in terms of their manner and degree of expressing human nature A typical example is Hegel s view of global cultural history as the gradual unfolding or maturation of the universal Geist Conversely cross cultural differences too profound to be explained in these terms must be due to mere contingencies cultural relativism is irrational by definition Individual researchers take issue with the received view on rationality and culture yet without giving way to a facile form of cultural relativism This research has three areas of particular interest Dr J J M Sleutels The research of Dr J J M Sleutels explores how human nature can be said to reflect culture rather than vice versa This does not mean that alleged human universals such as rationality are simply exposed as culturally variable products however The relationship between man and culture appears to be much more complex The human mind seems to be contingent upon specific aspects of changing cultural landscapes including in particular technological systems of communication such as alphabet writing printing press and the Internet each of which is in its turn dependent on human ingenuity The challenge is to see how this mesh of mutual contingencies can be resolved Research in this field addresses questions about the nature of past minds of evolutionary and cultural ancestors as well as about future developments of the mind that may be expected as a result of rapidly changing technological conditions Dr G T M Visser The research of Dr G T M Visser tries to chart how modes of self experience have changed in the course of history not only by tracking the way in which these changes made themselves manifest in culture most notably in art but also by heeding the reactions they elicited from contemporaries

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/philosophy/research/profile/individual-research.html (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Philosophical Foundations of the Historiography of Science - Humanities - Geesteswetenschappen - Universiteit Leiden
    history of science is always written for present day readers and must be intelligible to them Fourth the overcoming of the schema in which science is distinct from and is influenced by a social context and the exploration of new accounts that portray solutions to technical scientific problems as simultaneously solutions to political social problems Fifth the establishment of university departments of history of science and of science studies which helped to distance the discipline from the sciences whose history was studied Sixth the rise alongside the traditional histories of ideas instruments and institutions of histories of new entities especially of material objects of practices and of cultures Seventh the use of categories and insights from other disciplines including anthropology cultural studies rhetoric aesthetics and psychology Eighth the appreciation of locality and diversity in science along various dimensions geographical institutional stylistic gender disciplinary cultural in the attempt to reconstruct how the claims of science to placelessness and timelessness are grounded These developments have transformed the practice of historians of science and the output of the discipline History of science now produces a large volume of highly diverse studies The growth and diversification however have been accompanied by a degree of perplexity and unclarity in the philosophical scrutiny of presuppositions and methods Many historians of science would agree that there is need of renewed systematic discussion of the foundations of historiography of science at this juncture Research Questions The major current foundational problems in historiography of science which are also the problems at the focus of this research programme are the following Evaluations of past science The comprehensive rejection of Whiggish approaches has yielded more sensitive and genuine pictures of past science However the emphasis on the reconstruction of the actors world has meant that questions about the adequacy or validity of past contributions to science have been removed from the scope of history of science Some recent accounts of seventeenth century natural philosophy for example convey the impression that no one ever commits an error all actors work to solve problems in good faith and according to their own valid standards of rationality and furthermore give fully justifiable interpretations of one another s work even when they accuse one another bitterly of misinterpreting it The question strikes the reader why we should extend to seventeenth century natural philosophers a charity that we would not countenance for our own contemporaries One possibility is that exclusive use of actors categories fundamentally necessitates this nonjudgemental attitude An alternative response however is that a degree of evaluativeness can be maintained even when Whiggish approaches have been superseded If so how can a basis be provided for evaluations of past science within modern historiography This debate has not yet been systematically tackled in historiography of science Causal agents Contrary to tendentious portrayals by some physicists even the most constructivist historian of science working today acknowledges that the world plays a part in determining scientists conclusions What is not clear however is how historians of science

    Original URL path: http://www.hum.leiden.edu/philosophy/research/philosophical-foundations/ (2016-02-18)
    Open archived version from archive



  •