archive-edu.com » EDU » M » MIT.EDU

Total: 2299

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • MIT Department of Physics
    People Faculty Directory Academic Staff Directory Administrative Staff Directory Pappalardo Fellows Directory Postdoctoral Scholars Departmental Committees Society of Physics Students Physics Graduate Student Council Undergraduate Women in Physics Graduate Women in Physics Alumni and Friends Events Events Upcoming Events Pappalardo Fellowships Symposium Colloquium Schedule Department Calendar Boston Area Physics Calendar Other Physics Events Giving Giving Giving to Physics Alumni Friends Profiles physics mit Green Center for Physics Pappalardo Fellowships MIT Alumni Association Policies News News Stories Faculty Awards Honors physics mit Events Physics MIT Journal Issue Fall 2004 Message from the Department Head 4 New Faculty 6 Faculty Notes 10 News Events in Physics 13 Student Honors Awards 17 Alumni ae Notes 34 Giving to the Department of Physics 55 Donors 60 Emeritus in a Flash 22 Five years ago eminent atomic physicist and Lester Wolfe Professor of Physics Daniel Kleppner publicly chastised by means of a Physics Today essay his fictitious colleague Professor X who obstinately balked at retirement Now completing his own first year of emeritus status the Director of the MIT Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms reflects upon his experiences from the other side of the retirement fence BY DANIEL KLEPPNER Quantum Information Joining the Foundations of

    Original URL path: http://web.mit.edu/physics/news/physicsatmit/fall2004.html (2016-02-01)
    Open archived version from archive


  • MIT Department of Physics
    Graduate Women in Physics MIT Association of Postdoctoral Scholars Alumni Friends Faculty ISAAC CHUANG Professor of Physics Professor of Electrical Engineering Senior Associate Director of Digital Learning EMAIL ichuang mit edu PHONE 617 253 1692 OFFICE 26 251 ASSISTANT Joanna M Keseberg 617 253 6830 RELATED LINKS quanta Research Group Center for Ultracold Atoms MIT Office of Digital Learning Area of Physics Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Research Interests How can physical systems represent and process information Can Nature be better understood in terms of information and computation Keywords Quantum information science AMO implementations of quantum computers Entanglement and cryptography Quantum algorithms Spin detection and manipulation Architectures for quantum information systems Biographical Sketch Prof Chuang is a pioneer in the field of quantum information science His experimental realization of two three five and seven quantum bit quantum computers using nuclear spins in molecules provided the first laboratory demonstrations of many important quantum algorithms including Shor s quantum factoring algorithm The error correction algorithmic cooling and entanglement manipulation techniques he developed provide new ways to obtain complete quantum control over light and matter and lay a foundation for possible large scale quantum information processing systems Prof Chuang came to MIT in 2000 from IBM where he was a research staff member He received his doctorate in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University where he was a Hertz Foundation Fellow Prof Chuang also holds two bachelors and one masters degrees in Physics and Electrical Engineering from MIT and was a post doctoral fellow at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley He is the author together with Michael Nielsen of the textbook Quantum Computation and Quantum Information Selected Publications Andrew A Houck Jeffrey B Brock and Isaac L Chuang Experimental observations of a left handed material that obeys Snell

    Original URL path: http://web.mit.edu/physics/people/faculty/chuang_isaac.html (2016-02-01)
    Open archived version from archive

  • MIT Department of Physics
    Directory Administrative Staff Directory Pappalardo Fellows Directory Postdoctoral Scholars Departmental Committees Society of Physics Students Physics Graduate Students Council Undergraduate Women in Physics Graduate Women in Physics MIT Association of Postdoctoral Scholars Alumni Friends Faculty DANIEL KLEPPNER Lester Wolfe Professor of Physics Emeritus EMAIL kleppner mit edu PHONE 617 253 6811 OFFICE 26 237 ASSISTANT Joanna M Keseberg 617 253 6830 RELATED LINKS MIT Ultracold Hydrogen Group MIT Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms Office of Naval Research ONR MIT150 Infinite History interview Area of Physics Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Research Interests Atomic Molecular and Optical Experimental Atomic Physics Laser Spectroscopy High Precision Measurements Biographical Sketch Professor Kleppner is the former Director of the National Science Foundation funded MIT Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms former Associate Director of the MIT Research Laboratory of Electronics and a principal investigator in the Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics group Recent Honors Awards 2007 Frederic Ives Medal of the Optical Society of America 2006 National Medal of Science 2005 Wolf Prize Selected Publications Thomas J Greytak and Daniel Kleppner Bose Einstein Condensation McGraw Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology 2001 pg 64 67 T J Greytak D Kleppner D G Fried T C Killian L Willmann D Landhuis and S C Moss Bose Einstein Condensation in Atomic Hydrogen 2000 D Kleppner The Yin and Yang of Hydrogen Physics Today April 1991 pg 11 D G Fried T C Killian L Willmann D Landhuis S C Moss D Kleppner and T J Greytak Bose Einstein Condensation of Atomic Hydrogen PRL 81 3811 1998 T C Killian D G Fried L Willmann D Landhuis S C Moss T J Greytak and D Kleppner Cold Collision Frequency Shift of the 1S 2S Transition in Hydrogen PRL 81 3807 1998 C L Cesar D G Fried T C

    Original URL path: http://web.mit.edu/physics/people/faculty/kleppner_daniel.html (2016-02-01)
    Open archived version from archive

  • MIT Department of Physics
    Postdoctoral Scholars Departmental Committees Society of Physics Students Physics Graduate Student Council Undergraduate Women in Physics Graduate Women in Physics Alumni and Friends Events Events Upcoming Events Pappalardo Fellowships Symposium Colloquium Schedule Department Calendar Boston Area Physics Calendar Other Physics Events Giving Giving Giving to Physics Alumni Friends Profiles physics mit Green Center for Physics Pappalardo Fellowships MIT Alumni Association Policies News News Stories Faculty Awards Honors physics mit Events Physics MIT Journal Issue Fall 2003 Message from the Department Head 4 New Faculty 6 Faculty Notes 9 In Remembrance 10 News Events in Physics 16 Student Honors Awards 19 Alumni ae Notes 50 Giving to the Department of Physics 61 Donors 63 The Origin of Mass 24 Eminent theoretical physicist Frank Wilczek guides us with charm and erudition along the pathways of his most recent work on subnuclear forces the world of quarks and gluons while crafting an elegant response to one of Nature s essential questions What is the origin of mass BY FRANK WILCZEK Einstein s Mirages 36 Light passing through a galaxy is bent by the gravitational fields just as light passing through air near the surface of a hot highway is bent by the varying

    Original URL path: http://web.mit.edu/physics/news/physicsatmit/fall2003.html (2016-02-01)
    Open archived version from archive

  • MIT Department of Physics
    Directory Postdoctoral Scholars Departmental Committees Society of Physics Students Physics Graduate Student Council Undergraduate Women in Physics Graduate Women in Physics Alumni and Friends Events Events Upcoming Events Pappalardo Fellowships Symposium Colloquium Schedule Department Calendar Boston Area Physics Calendar Other Physics Events Giving Giving Giving to Physics Alumni Friends Profiles physics mit Green Center for Physics Pappalardo Fellowships MIT Alumni Association Policies People Faculty Directory Academic Staff Directory Administrative Staff Directory Pappalardo Fellows Directory Postdoctoral Scholars Departmental Committees Society of Physics Students Physics Graduate Students Council Undergraduate Women in Physics Graduate Women in Physics MIT Association of Postdoctoral Scholars Alumni Friends Faculty PAUL L SCHECHTER William A M Burden Professor of Astrophysics EMAIL schech achernar mit edu PHONE 617 253 0690 OFFICE 37 664G ASSISTANT Thea Paneth 617 253 3718 RELATED LINKS Einstein s Mirage physics mit Fall 2003 MIT Astrophysics Division MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research Area of Physics Astrophysics Cosmology Optical Research Interests Professor Schechter is an observational astronomer who studies galaxies and clusters of galaxies and the distribution of dark matter therein For the last several years he has been carrying out ground based optical and Hubble Space Telescope observations of the mirages produced by extragalactic gravitational potentials Schechter played a major role in the development and implementation of the active optics system for the 6 5 m Magellan Telescopes located on Cerro Las Campanas in Chile Biographical Sketch Paul Schechter received his undergraduate degree from Cornell in 1968 and his Ph D from Caltech in 1975 Before coming to MIT in 1988 he held postdoctoral positions at the Institute for Advanced Study and the University of Arizona a faculty position at Harvard and staff positions at Kitt Peak National Observatory and the Carnegie Observatories Selected Publications Quasar Microlensing at High Magnification and the

    Original URL path: http://web.mit.edu/physics/people/faculty/schechter_paul.html (2016-02-01)
    Open archived version from archive

  • MIT Department of Physics
    Physics on OCW Research Research Research Areas Affiliated Labs Centers Pappalardo Fellowships in Physics People People Faculty Directory Academic Staff Directory Administrative Staff Directory Pappalardo Fellows Directory Postdoctoral Scholars Departmental Committees Society of Physics Students Physics Graduate Student Council Undergraduate Women in Physics Graduate Women in Physics Alumni and Friends Events Events Upcoming Events Pappalardo Fellowships Symposium Colloquium Schedule Department Calendar Boston Area Physics Calendar Other Physics Events Giving Giving Giving to Physics Alumni Friends Profiles physics mit Green Center for Physics Pappalardo Fellowships MIT Alumni Association Policies News News Stories Faculty Awards Honors physics mit Events Physics MIT Journal Issue Fall 2002 Message from the Department Head 4 New Faculty 6 Faculty Notes 8 In Remembrance 10 News Events in Physics 16 Student Honors Awards 19 Alumni ae Notes 50 Giving to the Department of Physics 61 Donors 63 Noisy Genes 24 Using the physicist s approach of developing theoretical models and running quantitative experiments Alexander van Oudenaarden and his research group work to understand the biological function of noise in gene expression BY ALEXANDER VAN OUDENAARDEN Inflation and the New Era of High Precision Cosmology 28 Several surprising observations made by astronomers in recent years have led to

    Original URL path: http://web.mit.edu/physics/news/physicsatmit/fall2002.html (2016-02-01)
    Open archived version from archive

  • MIT Department of Physics
    Although Guth s initial proposal was flawed as he pointed out in his original paper the flaw was soon overcome by the invention of new inflation by Andrei Linde in the Soviet Union and independently by Andreas Albrecht and Paul Steinhardt in the US After more than 20 years of development and scrutiny the evidence for the inflationary universe model now looks better than ever One of the intriguing consequences of inflation is that quantum fluctuations in the early universe can be stretched to astronomical proportions providing the seeds for the large scale structure of the universe The predicted spectrum of these fluctuations was calculated by Guth and others in 1982 These fluctuations can be seen today as ripples in the cosmic background radiation but the amplitude of these faint ripples is only about one part in 100 000 Nonetheless these ripples were detected by the COBE satellite in 1992 and they have now been measured to much higher precision by the WMAP satellite and other experiments The properties of the radiation are found to be in excellent agreement with the predictions of the simplest models of inflation image Working with Prof Edward Farhi and others Guth has explored the question of whether it is in principle possible to ignite inflation in a hypothetical laboratory thereby creating a new universe The answer is a definite maybe They showed that it cannot be done classically but with quantum tunneling it might be theoretically possible The new universe if it can be created would not endanger our own universe Instead it would slip through a wormhole and rapidly disconnect completely Another intriguing feature of inflation is that almost all versions of inflation are eternal once inflation starts it never stops completely Inflation has ended in our part of the universe but very far away one expects that inflation is continuing and will continue forever Is it possible then that inflation is also eternal into the past Recently Guth has worked with Alex Vilenkin Tufts and Arvind Borde Southampton College to show that the inflating region of spacetime must have a past boundary and that some new physics perhaps a quantum theory of creation would be needed to understand it Much of Guth s current work also concerns the study of density fluctuations arising from inflation What are the implications of novel forms of inflation Can the underlying theory be made more rigorous Guth is also interested in pursuing the possibility of inflation in brane world models which propose that our universe is a 3 1 dimensional membrane floating in a higher dimensional space Guth s earlier work has included the study of lattice gauge theory magnetic monopoles and instantons Gott time machines and a number of other topics in theoretical physics Biographical Sketch Professor Alan Guth was born in New Brunswick New Jersey in 1947 He grew up and attended the public schools in Highland Park NJ but skipped his senior year of high school to begin studies at the Massachusetts Institute

    Original URL path: http://web.mit.edu/physics/people/faculty/guth_alan.html (2016-02-01)
    Open archived version from archive

  • MIT Department of Physics
    MIT Research Laboratory of Electronics MIT Atom Interferometer Group RELATE Education Research Group of Professor David Pritchard Bose Einstein Condensation A Double Pot of Gold PDF physics mit Fall 2002 Area of Physics Atomic Physics Research Interests Professor David E Pritchard is a principal investigator in the Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics Group and works on Basic Atomic Physics in the Research Laboratory of Electronics Biographical Sketch Professor Pritchard carried out pioneering experiments on the interaction of atoms with light that led to the creation of the field of atom optics His demonstration of the diffraction of a beam of atoms by a grating made of light waves opened the way to studies of the diffraction reflection and focusing of matter waves similar to those with light waves He has applied atom optics to basic studies of quantum theory to new methods for studying the properties of atoms and to the creation of devices such as the atom interferometer and atom wave gyroscope Professor Pritchard s investigations in atom light interactions also led him into the field of laser cooling where he made a number of pioneering contributions including the work that led to the creation of the magneto optical trap This device became the workhorse in atom cooling experiments including most studies of Bose Einstein condensation In 1990 he brought Wolfgang Ketterle to MIT as a postdoctoral researcher to work on atom cooling and stepped aside from that field to allow Ketterle to be appointed to the faculty in 1992 Ketterle pursued atom cooling to achieve Bose Einstein condensation in 1995 a discovery for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 2001 along with Eric Cornell and Carl Wieman of JILA Boulder CO Professor Pritchard also mentored Eric Cornell who was his graduate student Professor Pritchard is currently collaborating with Ketterle to merge Bose Einstein condensation with atom optics using the atom laser as a source of coherent atoms for basic studies in quantum physics new types of atom interferometry and possibly to applications in nanotechnology and quantum computing Professor Pritchard is also a dedicated teacher During the past few years he has developed a computer based tutorial for elementary mechanics called Cybertutor which has been used successfully in versions of 8 01 Physics I Professor Pritchard received his B S from California Institute of Technology and his Ph D from Harvard working with Professor Daniel Kleppner who soon thereafter came to MIT bringing Pritchard with him as a postdoctoral fellow Pritchard joined the faculty of the Department of Physics in 1970 He has many honors including the Broida Prize of the American Physical Society He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Selected Publications D Pritchard TechEd99 ed A Ellis 1999 Preliminary report on NSF Workshop on Improving Undergraduate Education in Math and Physical Sciences using Technology NSF D Pritchard and N Schmidt 1999 Cybertutor An Online Socratic Tutor Insider MIT

    Original URL path: http://web.mit.edu/physics/people/faculty/pritchard_david.html (2016-02-01)
    Open archived version from archive



  •