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  • EDWARD T
    stereotypes for The French France as seen by Americans b Using the guidelines provided by socio anthropologist Edward Hall see below can you explain the point of view of the French c What are the usual stereotypes about The Americans The US as seen by other cultures d Using the guidelines provided by socio anthropologist Edward Hall see below can you identify the underlying values that are mis represented II Cultural differences frameworks in class These are the usual areas of culture clashes between Americans and French Video clip Working for a bi cultural company Bull HDR Questions 1 Pay attention to the comments made both French and American employees 2 Select 2 comments min made by each about working in a multi cultural environment 3 Using the categories below identify the root of the problems conflicts 1 Language problems 2 Feelings of superiority inferiority 3 Education systems 4 Cartesian approach pragmatic 5 Role of hierarchy 6 Status of women in the work place 7 Formalism in relationships 8 Attitudes at meetings 9 Leisure time and work 10 Schedules 11 Comments and criticism III CULTURE CONTEXTS The anthropologist Ed T Hall established the following distinctions between cultures Ed T M Hall Understanding Cultural Differences The Intercultural Press Yarmouth 1987 General tendencies exhibited by different cultures HIGH CONTEXT CULTURE LOW CONTEXT CULTURE polychronic monochronic Mediterranean Slavic Central European Latin American African Arab Asian American Indian cultures Germanic English speaking cultures Catholic culture Northern and Protestant cultures affiliation cultures relationships with people more important than schedules projects LIKE SOCCER spontaneous momentary factors moving around strategy theoretical from principle to real world illustration play offense AND defense abstract to concrete deductive direct clear linear verbal clear channels of communication LIKE FOOTBALL game plan down the field w pre determined plays specialists offense OR

    Original URL path: http://campus.murraystate.edu/academic/faculty/tsaintpaul/CultureEDHALL.html (2016-01-26)
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  • paris
    a summary of the Paris essentials PARIS from Rough Guide To Travel is the paragon of style perhaps the most captivating city in Europe Yet it is also deeply traditional a village like and in parts dilapidated metropolis Famous names and events are invested with a glamour that elevates the city and its people to a legendary realm and it still clings to its status as an artistic intellectual and literary pacesetter The city s history has conspired to create this sense of being apart From a shaky start the kings of France whose seat was Paris gradually extended their control over their feudal rivals centralizing administrative legal financial and political power as they did so The supremely autocratic Louis XIV made Paris into a glorious symbol of the pre eminence of the State a tradition his successors have been happy to follow Napoleon I added to the Louvre and built the Arc de Triomphe the Madeleine and the Arc du Carrousel Napoleon III had Baron Haussmann redraw the city centre while recent presidents have initiated the skyscrapers at La Défense the Tour Montparnasse Beaubourg and Les Halles shopping precinct the space age Parc de la Villette complex the glass pyramid entrance to the Louvre the Musée d Orsay the Bastille opera house and the new National Library Nowadays the most tangible and immediate pleasures of Paris are to be found in its street life and along the lively banks of the river Seine Few cities can compete with the cafés bars and restaurants modern and trendy local and traditional humble and pretentious that line every street and boulevard And the city s compactness makes it possible to explore on foot and experience the individual feel of the different quartier As for entertainment the city s strong points are in film and music Paris is a real cinema capital and the best Parisian music encompasses jazz avant garde salsa and currently Europe s most vibrant African music scene Paris is split into two halves by the Seine On the north of the river the Right Bank rive droite is home to the grand boulevards and most monumental buildings many dating from Haussmann s nineteenth century redevelopment and is where you ll spend most time during the day at least The top museums are here the Louvre and Beaubourg to name just two as well as the city s widest range of shops around rue de Rivoli and Les Halles and there are also peaceful quarters like the Marais for idle strolling The Left Bank rive gauche has a noticeably different feel its very name conjuring Bohemian dissident intellectual connotations and something of this atmosphere survives in Paris best range of bars and restaurants and its most wanderable streets The areas around St Germain and St Michel are full of nooks and crannies to explore Parts of Paris of course don t sit easily in either category Montmartre rising up to the north of the centre has managed to retain a

    Original URL path: http://campus.murraystate.edu/academic/faculty/tsaintpaul/PARISdescription.htm (2016-01-26)
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  • Fre105--Handout 5 (see website for ppt presentation and guidelines for short paper
    Italian wars and start of the Renaissance in France 16th century The Renaissance and King François I The Reformation and Religious wars between Catholics and Protestants in 2nd part of the century Reign of Henry IV 1589 1610 Edict of Nantes grants freedom of conscience and worship 1598 1610 1715 Reigns of Louis XIII and Louis XIV Royal power at its peak France dominates Europe French culture spreads Start of large scale sea trade Revokes the Edict of Nantes in 1685 Huguenots flee 18th century Reigns of Louis XV and Louis XVI Economic and demographic growth Age of Enlightenment Absolute monarchy challenged 1789 1799 French Revolution Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen 26 August 1789 Abolition of the monarchy 1792 First Republic Directory Consulate 1799 1815 Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte First Consul then Emperor of the French 1804 Establishment of modern administrative institutions codification of the law European wars lead to abdication of the Emperor 1815 1848 Restoration and constitutional monarchy Louis XVIII Charles X Revolution of 1830 Reign of Louis Philippe Economic prosperity Rapid development of industrialization First railways First colonies established 1848 1852 Revolution Second Republic First laws on labour the press and education 1852 1870 Coup d Etat by Louis Napoleon Bonaparte nephew of Napoleon I Second Empire Political liberalization 1860 Period of strong growth and colonial expansion 1870 1875 Franco Prussian war resulting in the loss of Alsace and Lorraine and the fall of NapoleonIII Paris Commune 1871 http www library northwestern edu spec siege Third Republic 1875 1914 Parliamentary power at its peak Recognition of trade unions Separation of church and state 1905 Important scientific and technological inventions 1914 1918 First World War Allied victory Alsace and Lorraine revert to France Peace treaties 1919 1939 Reconstruction Paris attracts artists from all parts of the world Great Depression Popular Front 1936 development of social legislation Tension rises in Europe 1939 1945 Second World War Defeat and occupation General de Gaulle leads the Resistance from London and Algiers Allied victory 8 May 1945 1946 1957 Fourth Republic Reconstruction Demographic and economic growth Decolonization Founding of the European Communities Treaty of Rome 1957 1958 1968 General de Gaulle returns to power Constitution of the Fifth Republic adopted by referendum 28 September 1958 Common Market becomes a reality 1959 Signature of Evian Agreements ends war in Algeria 18 March 1962 Constitutional amendment introduces election of the President of the Republic by direct universal suffrage referendum of 28 October 1962 General de Gaulle and Chancellor Adenauer sign Elysée Treaty establishing a framework for Franco German rapprochement 23 January1963 Economic growth Social crisis May 1968 1969 1981 Georges Pompidou s presidency 1969 1974 Economic development Continued European construction first attempt to coordinate currencies by setting up the snake on 10 April 1972 and expansion of the European Communities to include Denmark Ireland and the United Kingdom on 1 January 1973 First oil shock 1973 Presidency of Valéry Giscard d Estaing 1974 1981 Stages in European construction European Council

    Original URL path: http://campus.murraystate.edu/academic/faculty/tsaintpaul/Fre105Ht5HISTORY.htm (2016-01-26)
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  • Corbett4&5
    school absenteeism proselytism and disorder Most of all it contradicts the principles of equality liberty fraternity of the Republic by causing segregation of sexes no sports for girls etc and targets individuals So the problem has to be dealt with case by case http www al kanz org 2012 04 14 lycee college musulman o Protestants in France Many Protestants Huguenots left France under Louis XIV 17thc who revoked the Edict of Nantes 100 years after its creation 1598 cancelling the freedom of religion Protestants who stayed went underground Protestants and Public Education During the XIXth century the July Monarchy and the Third Republic were the two significant periods of intense Protestant participation in the development of the public education system that had initially been established at the time of the Empire In 1833 Guizot promulgated the first major law on Public Elementary Education Though all religious connotations had not yet been abolished this law was to be extended under the Third Republic to making education free compulsory and undenominational Some outstanding Protestant personalities had a decisive role in both the conception and the implementing of this new system of education Towards the end of the XIXth century Protestant influence decreased and some Protestants regretted the excessive anti clericalism of political leaders The part played by Protestants in the organization and the running of undenominational schools was quite significant Seven out of the 34 newly appointed professors of education were protestant some 12 of the authors of the Dictionary of Educational Methods were Protestant as well as 30 of the authors of the texts chosen for the book Lectures pédagogiques à l usage des écoles normales primaires published by Hachette in 1883 In lycées for girls about 22 of the pupils 10 of the teachers and 25 of the principals

    Original URL path: http://campus.murraystate.edu/academic/faculty/tsaintpaul/FRE105handout6religion.htm (2016-01-26)
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  • questionnairemarius
    apartment Down and out working class people in Marseilles their romance is an inspiration to their neighbors who help make it work It is a simple love story between ordinary people A nice tale that ends well but in which a lot of strong emotions are expressed The film alludes to many topics of contemporary France Wonderfully human Where in France is this action taking place north south How can you tell Jeannette is a single mum What does she do for a living What is her story What is the socio economic background of the people in this story How can you tell examples Observe and comment on shopping food table etiquette manners examples Community where does Jeannette live Describe the relationships with her neighbors Importance of family friends gatherings Explain with examples Any references to French history WW II Men portrayal and interaction give examples Women portrayal and interaction give examples Men and women interactions Comments examples similarities and differences with the US Do you understand why Dede s wife is upset with him Humor Dede went to the hospital Why His wife and everyone end up finding the situation amusing why Do you find this amusing too

    Original URL path: http://campus.murraystate.edu/academic/faculty/tsaintpaul/questionnairemarius.htm (2016-01-26)
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  • Frencheduchart1
    goes from 8 30 a m to 11 30 a m and continues in the afternoon from 1 30 p m to 4 30 p m During the two hour lunch break kids can go home or eat at la cantine cafeteria Students then move on to junior high which is called college between the ages of 11 and 14 Two foreign languages sciences computer science economics arts physical education and more are in the program Public or private Le lycée high school is then the final step before university Students choose the specialty of their studies for the last two years of high school and on which they will be tested in the Baccalauréat a week long final exam covering all subjects studied in the Lycée The final diploma which young people usually refer to as the bac is needed to get into a university At 18 years old or more 2 2 million students go to the university for free some to private universities very few while others will try to gain admission to what are called the Grandes Écoles which are very rigorous in selecting students and require a small tuition From day care to university French parents can obviously choose between public or private schools Both systems are good as France boasts one of the highest literacy rate in the world 99 All have to comply by national standards From Kindergarden Maternelle to Middle School College to High School Lycée AGE CLASS SCHOOL LEVEL 17 Terminale Lycée 16 Première Lycée 15 Seconde Lycée 14 3e Collège 13 4e Collège 12 5e Collège 11 6e Collège 10 CM2 Primaire 9 CM1 Primaire 8 CE2 Primaire 7 CE1 Primaire 6 CP Primaire 5 Maternelle 4 Maternelle 2 3 Maternelle 1 Kindergarden 2 Primary and Secondary Education primary school

    Original URL path: http://campus.murraystate.edu/academic/faculty/tsaintpaul/FRE105education.htm (2016-01-26)
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  • FRE105handout9
    and learning first and foremost They do not have a vocational approach fig Sorbonne auditorium 1 Universities French public universities aim to give a general education of high level in all academic areas These are completely subsidized by the government Registration fees for the academic year are in the range of approximately 125 to 750 In some cases additional fees to cover health insurance sécurité sociale can also be incurred These costs do not include living expenses Degrees 2 year degree DEUG Diplôme d Etudes Supérieures BA 3 year Licence BA BSc MA 4 year Maîtrise master Ph D 7 years Doctorat 2 Grandes Ecoles are Institutes of Higher Education that limit the number of applicants admitted Very competitive To prepare for entrance competitions e g one in five gain admission lycee students must enrol in preparatory classes 2 years PREPA scientific technological and economic These schools have a professional specialization that is not covered in universities Engineering Business Administration fig Ecole Normale Sup Lyon Performing Arts programs are NOT included in the university system either Visual and Applied Arts Programs e g Cinema Music National Conservatory of Music Paris also European Music Academy National School of Fine Arts called les Beaux Arts for Painting etc and Architecture Programs Higher Institutes of Journalism New Trends France is diversifying the options for post secondary education Higher education evening courses takes longer for people who work Europe is opening new exchange programs between universities Programs of the European Union concerning education Focus on mobility Erasmus Lingua Socrates are European exchange programs enable students of any European country to study for a year in another university of the Union see film The Spanish Inn Auberge espagnole This confirms the European commitment to the study of other languages of the Union Study in France

    Original URL path: http://campus.murraystate.edu/academic/faculty/tsaintpaul/FRE105hd8educ2.htm (2016-01-26)
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  • FRE105chap12
    the integration model of a nation State cannot be transposed There are three main models of integration for foreigners and immigrants 1 The so called German ethnic model according to which nationality is conferred chiefly by descent right of blood language culture and religion foreign ethnic groups are regarded as being impossible to assimilate and the policy does not therefore aim to transform them into nationals 2 The so called French political model according to which nationality together with citizenship is based largely on acceptance of the right of soil which is a combination of residence and jus soli place of birth and in which ethnic identities are confined to private life rather than spilling over into the public sphere secularism the implicit aim is the individual integration of each immigrant by schools and other institutions 3 The British US model in which minorities are recognized in community life but not legally as political players here ideological differences may lead to collective forms of segregation ethnic neighbourhoods and segregation in social activities and in the workplace Prospects for the integration of immigrants in France Nowadays immigration into France has to be seen in a European context on the one hand because the integration paths of European and non European immigrants are diverging and on the other because national immigration and integration policies are now in line with the European Community Treaties which set out the frameworks for action by member States Moreover member States are now being confronted by the same problems radical economic changes employment crisis urban segregation marginalization of unskilled workers calling into question of education systems racism etc Each country has its own way of integrating its population depending on its political tradition At the same time however asylum and immigration policy is becoming a Community matter under the Schengen Agreements 1985 and 1990 the signatory countries had already agreed for instance to harmonize conditions for the issue of short stay visas The Treaty of Amsterdam Article 73k signed in 1997 states that the Council of the Union should draw up measures in two areas of immigration policy entry and residence conditions issue of visas and long term residence permits including for the purpose of family reunion by the member States and illegal immigration and illegal residence In the long term these decisions will be taken by qualified majority EU nation States will nevertheless retain the right to decide independently how to form themselves into communities of citizens Note on the National Front In the 1980 s the Front National extreme right wing political party of J M LePen received many votes after their slogan 3 milllions unemployed 3 millions immigrants too many or France to the French targeted the Maghrebins in particular The fact is that the young generation of Maghrebins The Beurs 2nd generation arabs living in France does not want to go back to a country they do not know because they are French In 1984 the anti racist group SOS Racism was created

    Original URL path: http://campus.murraystate.edu/academic/faculty/tsaintpaul/FRE105immigration.htm (2016-01-26)
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