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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Courses
    We will oppose with every facility at our command and with every ounce of our energy the attempt being made to mix the white and Negro races in our classrooms Let there be no misunderstanding no weasel words on this point we dedicate our every capacity to preserve segregation in the schools Virginia Governor James Lindsay Almond Jr Dr Neil V Sullivan arrived in Prince Edward Bayard Rustin and Israeli Air Support Date s June 28 1970 Location Tag s Bayard Rustin Civil Rights Pacifism In 1970 Bayard Rustin gathered many civil rights leaders and black public officials in support of an appeal to Washington This appeal pushed for the U S government to supply Israel with fighter jets for protective purposes Their appeal in the form of a full page ad in the New York Times was sponsored by the A Philip Randolph Institute of which Rustin was the executive director This action Publishing War over a Negro Encyclopedia Rages on in Correspondence Date s April 27 1931 to December 23 1936 Location Tag s encyclopedia African Americans Education In a 1936 letter to Dr James H Dillard the Charlottesville philanthropist affiliated with the efforts to fund and improve

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/courses/view/19 (2016-02-15)
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    Women Born in Alabama and raised in Eatonville Florida Zora Neale Hurston became one of the greatest known black female authors of all time Zora once said I was born in a Negro town I do not mean by that the black backside of an average town Eatonville Florida is and was at the time of my birth a pure Negro town charter mayor council town marshal and all It was not the first Advertising Cookbook Sunkist Date s 1910 Location Santa Barbara California Tag s Cookbooks Advertising During the turn of the 20 th century a curious artifact began to emerge on the publication scene a document known as an advertising cookbook These were published by any number of manufactures and were meant to highlight the specific uses of their product in everyday cooking Recipes for Dainty Dishes Culinary Toilet and Medicinal Hints published in 1910 by the California Life in a 19th Century Insane Asylum Date s 1910 to March 5 1920 Location Tuscaloosa Alabama Tag s mental health madness bryce hospital Andrew Moore Sheffield was a woman born with a man s name Her father James Sheffield was a former slaveholder and one of the Alabamian men who signed the state s ordinance of secession before the time of America s civil war James Sheffield along with his son who was a probate judge at the time had long believed Andrew was insane and one day in 1890 when the opportunity presented A Move to America for Religious Freedom Date s 1910 to 1935 Location Jefferson Alabama Tag s Lebanese Immigration During the early 20 th century Lebanon was facing extreme religious persecution At that time half of the Lebanese community in Lebanon were Christians The Turks persecuted these Christian horrifically even gathering several into churches and

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19100101-19111231 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    Andre Lafargue recounted the deep emotion embedded within the French Opera House and the mourning that took place upon its historic loss to flames The French Opera House located on the corner of Bourbon and Toulouse Streets in the French Quarter Local Chinese React to Imperial Decree Date s 1910 to 1911 Location Tag s Migration Transportation Immigration Urban Life Boosterism Race Relations New Orleans China When Americans think of

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/16884 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    a turn for the worst By Monday morning the ship encountered a violent hurricane in the waters around Cape Hatteras and was taking on water All hands were at the pumps women included bailing out water but the leak continued to increase After water reached the engine Captain A Trying Voyage Date s January 27 1829 Location TERRITORY Territory Tag s African Americans Health Death Migration Transportation Race Relations Slavery Sunday morning January 27 1829 a joyful thankfulness filled our hearts for we were entering the land of promise Mary Wightman Helm had good reason to rejoice after a most difficult journey to Texas Helm related that the trip usually took a bearable seven days but left without a breeze in the unpredictable Gulf of Mexico her voyage took an astonishing 31 days The ship only carried provisions News of the Massacre of Fort Mims Reaches Nashville Date s September 18 1813 to September 19 1813 Location DAVIDSON Tennessee Tag s Migration Transportation War Samuel Mims had built a fort not far from Mobile a part of Mississippi Territory On August 30 1813 the commandant of the Fort wrote to Governor Claiborne that the fort was impregnable because it was protected in a very good way However the same day some Red Sticks the English term for a faction of Creek Indians who led a resistance movement which culminated in the outbreak of the Creek War Col Cumming and Mr M Duffie Duel Date s June 8 1822 to June 18 1822 Location CHARLESTON South Carolina Tag s Crime Violence Health Death Law Politics Migration Transportation On June 8 1822 in Savannah Ga Col Cumming and Mr M Duffie carried out a long anticipated duel over a political dispute M Duffie was shot in the back he lived and Col

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/12 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    in love with America on this trip and decided to stay In 1934 Carmela became a citizen of the United States But she wasn t satisfied with just becoming one herself therefore she took up teaching the English language to other native born Italians in order to help them gain citizenship as well Lower Working Class Life of New York City Date s 1830 Location NEW YORK New York Tag s Immigration Health Labor New York During the 19th century New York City was a populous municipality with over 220 000 inhabitants by the 1830s It was diverse consisting of both prosperous and impoverished areas Many buildings were beautifully created with an artistic impression while others were insignificant and deplorable Prince Maximilian of Wied s chronicled his travels in New York during this time and described the contrast Confederate General John C Breckinridge Provides Insight into Slave Loyalty and Confederate Expatriation Date s January 24 1869 Location MUSCOGEE Georgia Tag s Reconstruction Immigration Politics John C Breckinridge Expatriation Dated January 13 1869 this letter written by ex Confederate general and former United States Vice President John C Breckinridge first became public on January 20 1869 when the newspaper of Columbus Georgia printed a copy of the message Four days later the New York Times made it available to an even wider audience when it republished the article After the surrender of the Confederacy Breckinridge Whiskey Bottles Thrown in the River Rouge Date s May 1909 to 1909 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s Delray Detroit Alcoholism River Rouge Environment Immigration When the sheriff told Frank Akey that the whiskey bottle he had confiscated the night before was now at the bottom of the River Rogue Akey promptly ran into the town and let everyone know According to the sheriff every bottle

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/31 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    listing of the residents and businesses of Charleston name address job title if one exists street names and wharfs This was what would today be known as a yellow and white pages combined This document revealed much about the population with little more than the names of its populace Their addresses were indicative of the culture on streets Tempering the Temperance Movement Date s February 19 1842 Location WASHINGTON North Carolina Tag s Arts Leisure Church Religious Activity Education Urban Life Boosterism The Newbern Spectator published several articles about the new temperance movements starting up in New York in Ireland and in the Newbern area It was a crusade for self improvement and the industrial work ethic One man from nearby Washington N C only identified as A Free Drinker felt he had to speak up In a letter to the editor the writer reminded the reading public that there were two Law Prohibiting Children to Work in Cotton Factories not Passed Date s November 16 1897 Location CHATHAM Georgia Tag s Economy Government Law Politics Urban Life Boosterism Women The Savannah Press announced on November 16 1897 that they deeply regretted the actions of the general assembly of Georgia The general assembly failed to pass a law that would prohibit anyone under the age of 13 from working in cotton factories The Savannah Press was disturbed by the actions taken by the legislators in Georgia The general assembly s actions showed that the need for production outweighed South Carolina Jockey Club 1830 Race Date s February 23 1830 to March 1 1830 Location CHARLESTON South Carolina Tag s Arts Leisure Migration Transportation Urban Life Boosterism The advertisements started early in the year for the South Carolina Jockey Club s Annual Horse Race News of the event was spread to New York and Virginia as this was known to be one of the biggest social events of the season The races lasted for several days ending in a ball that topped all social events of the season and culminated in the election of the new slate of officers The Charleston Mercury The National Game Date s July 26 1884 Location NORFOLK CITY Virginia Tag s African Americans Arts Leisure Race Relations Urban Life Boosterism Play Ball the Norfolk crowd shouted on a mid July afternoon despite the rain that would eventually force the Norfolks and the Baltimore Monumentals from the baseball field Although the fans left disappointed they would return the following day to see the two teams square off and this time they got their money s worth The Norfolk Landmark would call the July 26 game one of the finest ever played Three Vessels Arrive with Railroad Iron for Wilmington and Weldon RR Co Date s January 6 1886 Location NEW HANOVER North Carolina Tag s Urban Life Boosterism Three vessels arrived in the Wilmington port with cargoes of railroad iron for the Wilmington Weldon R R Co to build the line from Wilson to Fayetteville known as

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/10 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    G Harding visited Birmingham Alabama The Magic City was celebrating its semi centennial fifty years of being a city in the New South It was a city without a typical Southern past Founded in 1871 Birmingham was a model city at this time railroads blast furnaces and steel mills marked its landscape It was a bustling industrial giant and it was African Americans and Southern Labor Unions Date s 1967 Location Jefferson Alabama Tag s Labor Unions Race Relations Civil Rights african americans The union wasn t right by us was how James Manley summed up his experiences as an African American union member during an interview conducted by the Sloss Furnace Association In 1984 Manley sat down in an interview with the goal of recording his thoughts on his career at Sloss Furnaces a pig iron producing blast furnace in Birmingham Alabama Manley spoke of being laid off in 1967 for no Fight to Win Communists Fight for Workers Date s 1934 Location Jefferson Alabama Tag s Race Relations Government Fight To Win The Communist Party in Birmingham Alabama spread many fliers with this message throughout the 1930s Communists urged miners and steel workers to fight for higher wages The communists proclaimed to be giving leadership to the workers and raising real demands for them They urged white and black workers to band together and claimed that the unity of the two races on this issue Eugene Bull Connor Writes Correspondence on the Race Question Date s June 6 1923 to December 31 1946 Location Jefferson Alabama Tag s Segregation Transportation Race Relations Civil Rights With racial tensions rising in Birmingham there was only one thing to do ensure the separation of the races This was what Eugene Bull Connor Birmingham s Commissioner of Public Safety during the 1940s

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/21 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    1840 Location New Orleans Louisiana Tag s Violence New Orleans slave pen Slave Trade Slavery On a typical day in a New Orleans slave pen John Brown got called up to the flogging room a room dedicated to punishment for slaves who misbehaved on the auction block Here slaves were beaten repeatedly with a long leather paddle known as a flog The flog delivered punishment equivalent to the whip but did not leave wounds that could jeopardize the price of a slave When his name Slaughterhouse Cases of 1873 Date s April 14 1873 Location ORLEANS Louisiana Tag s New Orleans Slaughterhouse Cases Butchers Health Codes 1873 Monopoly The smell of rotting maggot infested corpses stomach acid and feces filled the humid air in New Orleans for years The look on the animal s faces as they met their violent death was heartbreaking This butchering began what is now known as the controversial Slaughterhouse Cases of 1873 Racial tension public health issues and a corrupt monopoly laid the foundation for the legal The Lower Garden District of New Orleans Date s 1836 to 1852 Location ORLEANS Louisiana Tag s New Orleans Garden District In the years following the Louisiana Purchase divisions arose within the city of New Orleans between the newly arriving Americans from the Eastern States and the pre existing Creole faction of the city The Creoles a broad name referring to a group with a racial mix of French African American and Native American ancestry who were living in New Orleans following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 did Local Chinese React to Imperial Decree Date s 1910 to 1911 Location Orleans Louisiana Tag s Migration Transportation Immigration Urban Life Boosterism Race Relations New Orleans China When Americans think of Chinatown they rarely associate it with New Orleans but

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/29 (2016-02-15)
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