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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    recruit black people to work at their factories The recruiters would give out free train rides to anyone who wanted to go work up North in the factories Black people began using the train as a free ride to get where they wanted to go instead of the factories that had paid their way M Kelly Fritz who traveled to Detroit as part of this Great Migration recalls that the recruiters got smart and locked the cars and you couldn t get out until you got where you re going Fritz and a few friends of his gathered enough money to take a train by themselves so they weren t locked in trains like animals An estimated one million Black southerners moved from the South to the North in search of better jobs between 1910 1930 White people in the North resented the Black people moving up North because they competed with them for jobs The population of Detroit along with other northeastern industrial cities multiplied during the Great Migration as people came to work in automobile industry jobs Racist official housing policies confined the newcomers to segregated neighborhoods such as Black Bottom and Paradise Valley in Detroit Citations Elizabeth

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5870 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    home in industrial southwest Detroit throughout the 19th and 20th centuries One notable group was the Hungarian community who carved a rich history in Delray The first wave was in the mid 1800s just in time for Delray s industrial boom Delray s waterfront access and industrial nature made it an attractive location for businesses to locate Some immigrated to America One Man s Dirt is Another Man s Treasure Date s August 24 1913 Location Tag s William T Dust Extension Belle Isle Detroit Detroit s playground Belle Isle is getting a makeover It is August 24 1913 and Detroit City Commissioner William T Dust has recognized that there is a surplus in dirt in the city The building of a skyscraper hotel downtown has yielded this surplus and it is currently an embarrassment to the city What better way to rid of the embarrassment than add it on to Detroit s beautiful island Founding the Detroit Urban League Date s 1916 to 1920 Location Tag s National Urban League WWI Paradise Valley Hastings Street Detroit Jim Crow Black Bottom Detroit The United States of America entered World War I WWI in 1916 Following their recent involvement in the war caused a boom in the industry production To supply the new demands for industrial products many African Americans and women began to migrate to the North in order to find factory jobs Even though black migrants were trying to escape Jim Crow south they still found themselves being discriminated The Foreign Voice in Detroit Date s January 10 1915 Location Tag s ethnic neighborhoods urban history In 1915 Europe was embroiled in the Great War and droves of men and women began immigrating to the United States Some came for the abundance of new jobs others to escape war

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/18385 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    African American history African American Church Maryland Prior to the Civil War the border state of Maryland was home to both a relatively large free black population and enslaved black people Together they created networks and relationships that became the framework for a new free community afer the end of the Civil War Maryland freed all the enslaved people in the state in 1864 But the state provided little else to aid black people in defending themselves Two New State Prisons Rise in Northeast Detroit Date s October 3 1988 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s African American history Prison system Detroit Nortown African American migrants who came to cities like Detroit with ambitious dreams about prosperity in the North were sadly disappointed during times of recession in the city when there were not enough jobs available for them As a consequence of the thousands of jobless homeless poorly educated and starving African Americans in Detroit crime was high and upward mobility was low Rather than address Community Gardens A Lens to Study History Date s May 2 1949 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s African American history Gardens The photograph taken by the agency created to document and appraise Detroit s East Side neighborhoods in 1949 captured an important aspect of the history of urban agriculture in Detroit African American s contributions to urban agriculture Seeing as the photograph was a piece of data used to assess the state of the neighborhood it is clearly labeled The date 7 26 49 is nicely written Trains to Detroit Date s 1910 to 1930 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s African American history Great Migration Detroit During the 1920s industry representatives from northern cities traveled to the south to recruit black people to work at their factories The recruiters would give out free train

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/1962 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    urban lifestyle in the nation s larger and more industrialized cities Large urban centers such as Detroit strained to accommodate the massive influx of people The Great Migration How Detroit Became a Black City Date s 1915 to 1921 Location Duval Florida Tag s African American Train station Great Migration Jim Crow At the beginning of the 20th century 90 of the United State s African American population was living in the South where they were constantly tortured by the infamous Jim Crow laws Even in blacks were technically equal Jim Crow reminded them of their socially inferior status via septerate but equal segregation of waiting rooms drinking fountains windows at the bank and even a seperate Bible Trains to Detroit Date s 1910 to 1930 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s African American history Great Migration Detroit During the 1920s industry representatives from northern cities traveled to the south to recruit black people to work at their factories The recruiters would give out free train rides to anyone who wanted to go work up North in the factories Black people began using the train as a free ride to get where they wanted to go instead of the factories that had paid their way M Kelly Fritz who traveled The Great Migration Date s 1917 to 1922 Location Cook Illinois Tag s Great Migration Discrimination Chicago Many changes and shifts occurred during the early twentieth century Big shifts such as mass movements from different regions in the U S notably African American s Great Migration from the South to the North Around 6 million black migrants were redistributed among the Northern and Western cities later to die down around the first World War A popular destination for these migrants was Chicago Great Migration Religion and Churches in New York City

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/81 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Search
    the turn of the 20th century the island of Belle Isle located in American waters of the Detroit River has been a magnet for athletics and sporting enthusiasts young and old Throughout the summer of 1910 parents and coaches cheered on their children as Little League teams vied for victory on the several baseball diamonds of the island s sporting field facilities All energetic forms of recreation Jim Scott s Last Joke Date s 1910 to 1925 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s Detroit Belle Isle When James Scott died in 1910 and left half a million dollars to the city of Detroit in his will controversy erupted amongst local citizens Scott who inherited most of his money from his father and earned even more still from shrewd real estate deals bequeathed the money so that the city could build a beautiful fountain on Belle Isle It became a major issue when it was revealed that his stipulation The Delray Tuberculosis Clinic Date s 1910 to 1912 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s tuberculosis Delray Medicine Health The booming Detroit industries of the early twentieth century brought enormous demand for more workers as more and more industries pushed their way into neighborhoods such as Delray Low real estate prices and rents attracted poor immigrants from around the world Around 1910 Romanians Serbs Turks Armenians Austrians Hungarians and others flooded into the area But the low cost of living translated Dr Babcock and Dr Lavinder Perpetuate a Lie Date s 1910 Location Richland South Carolina Tag s New South Medicine Health Pellagra Dr C H Lavinder and Dr J W Babcock two of the doctors who were heading the crusade on pellagra in the American South translated a French book simply titled Pellagra written by Dr Armand Marie about the disease Published in

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19100101-19111231/2 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Search
    of the Interior Bessie Coleman The first African American Female Aviator Date s 1911 to 1926 Location Armstrong Texas Tag s Aviation African American Women Bessie Coleman looked at her twelve siblings and mother picking cotton in the hot Texas sun and thought If we re going to better ourselves we ve got to get above these cotton fields She diverted her eyes from the field and looked up at the sky finding her solution aviation She dreamt of flying like the birds that she often saw flying around the cotton fields 1 With her dream as The Hungarian Footprints in Delray Date s 1911 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s Roman Catholic Hungarian Immigration Church Religious Activity Eastern Europeans found home in industrial southwest Detroit throughout the 19 th and 20 th centuries One notable group was the Hungarian community who carved a rich history in Delray The first wave was in the mid 1800s just in time for Delray s industrial boom Delray s waterfront access and industrial nature made it an attractive location for businesses to locate Some Triangle Factory Fire Date s March 25 1911 Location New York New York Tag s Immigration historical memory The immigrant women working in Triangle Shirtwaist Factory called it a prison Its safety and working conditions were abysmally low but these conditions were not unique New York was an epicenter for industrialization containing thousands of unsafe factories filled with recent immigrants In 1909 many factory workers organized a strike to protest unsafe conditions and most factories met their The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire of 1911 Date s March 25 1911 Location New York New York Tag s Bureau of Fire Prevention New York City 1900s The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire of 1911 By Louis Daleandro Within fifteen minutes a massive fire

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19100101-19111231/3 (2016-02-15)
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    passed a bill conveying to the board of education of New Hanover County N C thirty four acres of land in the city of Wilmington for the erection of an industrial school for Negroes reported the Raleigh News and Observer African Americans in the early twentieth century faced poverty joblessness poor housing unequal Laboring for Social Purity Date s 1913 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s Agriculture Social Reform Detroit An article in the Detroit Free Press in 1913 presents two prevailing trends in how the general population was conceiving of farms and agricultural labor at that time It first discusses a prophesized demographic shift back to the rural from the crowded urban centers expressed in terms of predicted census data from another periodical This trend is treated as a hopeful premise because the farm The March for Freedom Date s March 3 1913 Location Frederick Virginia Tag s Women Women 39 s Rights The day was March 3 1913 in Washington D C many women at the time have wanted equal rights that they were not receiving so many important women icons decided to act upon their beliefs The women gathered 5 000 supporters such as Mrs Taft She and other supporters walked down Pennsylvania Avenue in hopes of rallying the crowd and getting as many supporters as possible The women used decorated The New York Milk Committee Preaches Pure Milk by Moving Pictures Date s March 24 1913 Location New York New York Tag s Health Death Women Progressive Reformers Urban Society Food Regulation Urban infants in the 1840s had only a 50 percent chance of living to the age of five Progressive reformers believed that high infant mortality was linked to adulterated and infectious milk a concern that remained even after New York passed regulation laws On March

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19100101-19111231/4 (2016-02-15)
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    an European wrote a book describing his first journey in the United States and why he was so impressed First he wrote about why he came to U S I came to America to see men and women and not simply bricks and mortar to understand a national life rather than to moan over sooty cities and industrial wildernesses Hundreds of thousands of healthy Europeans passed annually How the United States Differentiated Itself From England Date s 1914 Location New York New York Tag s Differences Immigrants What were people truly gaining from venturing to America This is what many like the writer below quested to experience and understand Stephen Graham a British traveller walked about New York City and stopped to converse with an American man in a club The man opened Graham s eyes to the American mentality when Graham asked if it was embarrassing to take such great risks such as death and Pellagra is Caused by Low Wages Date s 1914 to 1915 Location Walker Alabama Tag s Pellagra Medicine Health In 1914 in Walker County Alabama pellagra was prevalent Dr C A Grote the County Helath Officer was desperately trying to understand the cause of and find a treatment for the disease He spent that year observing the disease with the assumption that it was infectious in nature He used preventative measures against pellagra the same as he would against any other infectious disease He French women s impression of women s rights in America Date s July 28 1914 to November 11 1918 Location Dist Columbia District of Columbia Tag s Life After World War I Women s Rights In the book French woman s impression of America in the late nineteenth century Comtesse Madeleine de Bryas and her sister Jacqueline observed how women

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19100101-19111231/5 (2016-02-15)
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