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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    their native Mississippi land in the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek Most of the Choctaws were forced to leave their home soil but approximately two thousand many of whom were mixed bloods were allowed to stay and adopt white culture as a life style The Choctaw occupied an anomalous position in the social structure of the antebellum South They were not slaves not landowners not white and not black They did not fit into any of the accepted social and cultural classes of the time Most became tenant farmers or sharecroppers On May 3 1855 the Choctaws were the topic of an expressive editorial in The Pittsfield Sun in which the author praised the nation for its societal evolution They are cultivators of the soil The chase is abandoned and they are gradually advancing in civilization and in those pursuits which under the wise management of our Government is elevating them in a social point of view reads the article The author of this editorial and many other Americans of the period saw the dramatic societal changes among the Choctaw to be an astonishing improvement from their former indigenous state The more white culture the tribes adopted the better Yet

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3304 (2016-02-15)
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    slaves held in the slave markets For Anne Lynch Botta a slave woman a scene where people were priced based on their age physical traits and behaviors was a most painful sight In an instant a child could be ripped from its mother s arms but on that day April 27 1855 a mother and child were fortunate enough Know Nothingism Condemned in Arkansas Legislature Date s January 10 1855 to March 17 1855 Location PULASKI Arkansas Tag s Law Despite is popularity in many political spheres Know Nothingism failed to excite the political imagination of the inhabitants of Arkansas As in other locales the Know Nothing party attempted to raid the Southern Whig party in the hopes of increasing its own membership for the elections of 1854 and 1855 However that effort at least in Arkansas was met only with defeat and denunciation Escaped Slaves and Lost Profit John Joseph s escape Date s January 1 1820 to August 8 1843 Location New Orleans Louisina Tag s Slavery trade The shadows of the trees over casted the lone road a single man on horseback patrolling down He was finishing his late night rounds for the evening anxious to get home to his family He was heading down a road to look for any suspicious activity when there was a ruslting in the bushes along the side of the road He froze and looked over and saw someone dart out into the road It was a teenager The Creation of the South Carolina Historical Society Date s June 2 1855 Location CHARLESTON South Carolina Tag s Arts Leisure Education Race Relations Slavery In the 1850s Charleston South Carolina was home to a vibrant intellectual life Renaissance men and a host of debating and literary societies The diversity of these intellectual

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18550503 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    the people of Augusta were hostile towards him because he was prejudiced against slavery This is assumed to be the reason why he left for Canada In addition the inmate took with him 300 which he wasted away After receiving the unfortunate news Knoth s family became very disturbed at the peculiar direction their loved one s insanity led him They spread word of his escape and their desire to have him brought back to them Is Knoth s behavior really that peculiar Historian Edward L Ayers would probably disagree with this characterization of Knoth s behavior In his work In the Presence of Mine Enemies Ayers places slavery at the heart of Augusta County s economy He notes that in the 1850 s over sixteen hundred white households owned fifty five hundred slaves within the county With this newly gained knowledge Knoth s actions that previously seemed rash and contingent with his insanity now appear rational Ayers further ascertains that slavery stood as a fundamental fact in Augusta County In fact its roots dug even deeper into the heart of the county when slave prices inflated dramatically in the 1850s This inflation reassured Southerners that slaves were a good

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3298 (2016-02-15)
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    the Virginia Military Institute Date s August 11 1853 to August 18 1853 Location ROCKBRIDGE Virginia Tag s Economy Education War The Virginia Military Institute VMI was created in 1836 when funding was set aside for it in lieu of an arsenal in Lexington Lexington lies roughly fifty miles to the northeast of Roanoke It was instantly a source of pride for Virginia Shortly after VMI was created South Carolina tried to recreate VMI in their version which they called the Citadel The cadets at both schools had rivalries Maury s Sailing Directions becomes a proud product of the South Date s August 13 1853 Location HENRICO Virginia Tag s Education Migration Transportation War In August of 1853 the southern states enthusiastically showed off the intellect of their Lieutenant Matthew Maury Maury was a Southerner born in Fredericksburg Virginia on January 14 1806 He became an esteemed officer of the United States Navy as the pioneer researcher of winds currents and oceanography He became popular not only in the Navy but also in the civilian sector because his First North Carolina State Fair Date s October 18 1853 Location WAKE North Carolina Tag s Agriculture Arts Leisure Economy Migration Transportation Visitors filled every hotel and boarding house in Raleigh Replete with music fanfares banners and daily crowds of over 4 000 people North Carolina inaugurated its first ever State Fair in Raleigh on Tuesday October 18 1853 Local newspapers hailed the watershed event as a triumph For North Carolinians it was as much a matter of state pride as agricultural interest For years neighboring Susan Archer Talley Published Date s October 19 1853 Location HENRICO Virginia Tag s Arts Leisure Health Death In 1853 Susan Archer Talley wrote a poem entitled Reverie The poem was not long only nine stanzas

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18530914 (2016-02-15)
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    freeze without fire The Page Courier Newspaper had previously set up a method of payment with its poorer clients to exchange newspapers with firewood BRING IT IN the Courier begged This desperate request for wood not only filled the need of the newspaper employees for warmth but also allowed the poorer clients to afford the news while not using any of their desperately needed money The Civil War not only inflicted massive numbers of human casualties but also brought on heavy damages economically to those who survived First of all southern banking was ruined as the federal government refused to accept the South having its own monetary system The movement of the Union army through southern crop lands and towns not only destroyed the moral of the southerners but it ruined crops houses were burned and other property was destroyed Southern railways were also almost entirely destroyed leaving southerners no way to ship what little goods they had left to make any money War time destruction had resulted in a drastic lowering of the assessed value of Southern farm lands which in turn required that the tax rate increase Boles asserts Many southerners could not afford this higher tax rate

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3294 (2016-02-15)
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    1870 there was an advertisement in The Weekly Mississippi Pilot for Doctor Porter the great medical electrician electric physician and conqueror of diseases This doctor claimed to have visited states and major cities all around the United States and was extremely successful in curing all diseases especially ones that were chronic long lasting and that have not been able to be Formation of the Ku Klux Klan Date s April 13 1867 to February 25 1869 Location WILSON Tennessee Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Race Relations On April 13 1867 the Tennessee Conservatives held a convention in Gallatin The convention had two speakers the Honourable Bailey Peyton and an influential African American preacher Reports on the convention stated that the preacher stood up declared the present Republican Governor Brownlow a colored man in disguise and encouraged the few African American present to vote for him The proclamation Train Crash in Clarksville Tennessee Date s August 14 1869 Location MONTGOMERY Tennessee Tag s Health Death Economy Government Migration Transportation Eight miles outside of Clarksville Tennessee a train shattered into splinters The railroad bridge the train intended to pass over collapsed and the train plummeted thirty feet below into Rudd s creek The impact was so severe that it killed four people and wounded forty to fifty people The locomotive caboose express and baggage car two passenger coaches and one sleeping car all burned Boy Murdered in Norfolk County Date s February 12 1870 Location NORFOLK CITY Virginia Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Economy Law Urban Life Boosterism A young black boy living at Wood s farm in Norfolk County was employed to go to the grocery store and buy a dollars worth of pork by a black family named Seguine The family gave the young boy a ten dollar

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18691112 (2016-02-15)
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    declared Wood Wood Our wood paying subscribers will remember that we will freeze without fire The Page Courier Newspaper had previously set up a method of payment with its poorer clients to exchange newspapers with firewood BRING IT IN the Courier begged This desperate African American Religious Services Date s September 18 1868 Location Tag s African Americans Church Religious Activity Race Relations In one edition of the Page Valley

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/14135 (2016-02-15)
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    and alarm Men women and children screamed in the most agonizing manner fearful of the almost certain death that lay before them Amid all the chaos Mr Roland shed all his clothes except for his shirt and pantaloons and dived into the turbulent waters Somehow he managed to escape death and made it to the shore though the current had swept him a mile and a half to the south Roland recalled how the scene the next morning was too horrid to describe The engine and the boiler being the only unbroken relics of what was the beautiful packet Home The shore was lined with bodies constantly coming up All hands were engaged in collecting them together In a letter to the owners of the Home Captain White estimated the death toll at around 80 souls After the catastrophe Roland returned to New York and told his story Steam vessels like the Home always passed through the sea lanes off the Outer Banks It was not uncommon for vacationers there to see as many as half a dozen vessels off the shore The navigation of these sea routes enabled better access to local and national markets fueling the economic development of North Carolina in the 1840s and 1850s But how did the South respond to the maritime disaster of the Home First questions were raised about the safety of these steam packets that were designed for luxury more than performance in order to compete with railroad travel Southerners looked to the steam vessels of Britain for engineering standards A more illuminating response was the consideration of religion One Reverend clinging to a piece of luggage was heard to utter these words in the frigid waters of the Outer Banks He that trusts in Jesus is safe even in the perils

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3277 (2016-02-15)
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