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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    of steel was accomplished in Birmingham Alabama Excitement grew throughout the entire state as it seemed that the good old Iron Age was finally passing them by and the Age of Steel was upon them In their eyes it was a true advance guard of prosperity The paper described this excitement and the bright implications of producing steel California Oranges in Alabama Date s January 1 1900 Location Tag s Agriculture Economy Migration Transportation Was the California fruit market ripe for expansion Horticulturist W G Fraser spent four weeks in the South during the winter of 1900 testing a new market for Californian oranges Upon returning to California he reported to the Los Angeles Daily Times The result of my trip was most satisfactory I found a very active demand for California fruit Fraser attributed this demand to the Captain O Brien Gives Birth to Theatre in Birmingham Date s 1890 to 1910 Location Tag s Birmingham Alabama Theatre New York City The citizens of Birmingham lived without art That was until Captain Frank O Brien Birmingham Alabama s fourteenth mayor leased the upper floor of a small brick building in the city s Southside in 1872 It was named

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/206 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    would also help them learn American culture so that they could assimilate better into the community Everyone in the class would be issued a textbook on American culture including the English language American history American government and some economics Early in the 1900s the textbooks were readily available but as time went on more immigrants came to the U S and textbooks started running scarce Carmela Anselmo dealt with this issue and in a letter sent on February 8 1936 to the Immigration and Naturalization Service located in Washington D C Carmela asked for more textbooks to be sent to which an officia of the INS replied I take pleasure in informing you that the textbooks which you have requested are being sent It is hoped they will reach you promptly and will serve your present needs But on April 15 1936 Carmela was informed that not only were the books on back order but they also were no longer covered in payment by the naturalization fees Carmela then proceeded to buy a class set of textbooks with money she and her students raised so that future students would be able to use them as well Carmela took care of her students as if they were family On the weekends the students would put on plays to show their achievements in the English language and would hold fundraisers for the community Richard Alba of State University of New York at Albany and Victor Nee of Cornell University has argued that the fundamental key to successful assimilation in an American community lies within these classes and education lessons Although staying within immigrant communities at times hinders individuals from assimilating most of the time and as seen here the classes helped the immigrants find a sense of community and grow pride in

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5455 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Search
    Wisconsin Prohibition Chicago may have put the roar in the roaring Twenties but it was Wisconsin with its steady resistance from otherwise law abiding citizens that was the straw on the camels back of Prohibition That is what Michael Bie said in his book titled It Happened in Wisconsin about the sentiment in Wisconsin during prohibition Then it was April 2 1929 when 64 The Education of the Native American Indian Date s May 26 1930 Location Robeson North Carolina Tag s Education Native American Pembroke On May 23 1930 School Board Chairman W H Godwin told a graduating class to have some ambition in life to beware of bad company obey the laws of the land and in so doing obey the laws of God Learn to live and act in a way in which people will respect remembering always that there is a place for skill The graduating class he addressed consisted of fifteen youths who attended an Indian An Identity is Born Date s 1930 Location Philadelphia Pennsylvania Tag s Philadelphia Philadelphia Cheesesteak Philadelphia Culture On a hot humid July day in New Jersey a man lay in his hospital bed fighting to stay alive despite different heart problems holding onto what the last moments of life he had left On July 22 Harry Olivieri passed away at the age of ninety He would be remembered mostly by his family and friends but few people would recognize his name outside that circle And yet this relatively unknown Delray and Windsor From Above An Aerial Photograph from 1930 Date s 1930 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s The Detroit News The Ambassador Bridge Windsor Detroit Delray With the completion of the Ambassador Bridge in November 1929 which spans the Detroit River and links Detroit to Windsor Detroiters looked forward

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19210101-19401029 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    the State of Alabama in the 1920s you do not turn around Major Harwell Goodwin Davis learned this lesson the hard way Coming out of the Justice Department in Downtown Birmingham he turned to address the shout he had heard and the next thing he knew he was waking up in a hospital with a nasty bruise on What do you do when the Klan is after YOU Date s October 1 1928 to November 10 1928 Location Tag s Ku Klux Klan Politics Major Harwell Goodwin Davis is sitting at his desk and he hears the distinctive ring of the telephone He picks up the receiver only to find out that the head of the Ku Klux Klan in Alabama is the man at the other end In the 1920s anybody would listen to what this man had to say even a man running for Congress Davis was fast rising politician that just finished a well known court case as the Attorney Black Worker Finds Dignity at Sloss Furnaces Date s January 1925 to 1940 Location Tag s Sloss Furnaces Birmingham Alabama On a cold January evening in 1925 the Sloss Furnaces graveyard shift clocked in at seven From ground level of the plant one could see brilliant light almost as bright as the sun flowing from the ladles into the troughs as men worked frantically to obtain their quotas of pig iron In an 1984 interview Alonzo Gaines revealed life as a black worker at Sloss Furnaces in Birmingham James Knox Convict Lease Martyr Date s 1923 to 1926 Location Tag s james knox convict lease James Knox Alabama s Convict Labor System Martyr Ex sailor and convicted felon Mr James Knox was sent to Flat Top Mine in Jefferson County to carry out what would be his

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/20911 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    s Jewish community Considered a ghetto by outsiders it was a bustling neighborhood of kosher butcher shops delis bakeries bookstores and Judaica shops The boundaries of the community were defined by Pratt Street to the north Eastern Avenue to the south Central Avenue to the east and President Street to the Carmela Anselmo Teacher and Innovator Date s January 1 1921 to October 29 1940 Location Jefferson Alabama Tag s

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/1338 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    jobs were available throughout the city These circumstances enabled a prevalent dynamic and industrious commerce With the perception of the American dream in mind people s natural ambition was to get money become successful and reach happiness in life What better place to aspire for and live out this dream than New York City Immigrants exhibited the strong desire to obtain a good job that paid well and expectations of achieving the American dream The jobs attainable by the lower working class consisted of industrial and factory work These were tedious roles that demanded back breaking work and paid minimal wages Additional occupations like maids and seamstresses were also typical for the lower working class of New York City The hours entailed in these jobs were long and once again pay was minimal yet the labor required was arduous and physically demanding Seamstresses were paid only by the pieces of their work as opposed to an hourly rate and this was oftentimes unpredictable Other jobs for the lower working class included lamplighters chimney sweepers and couriers Residential circumstances were not always optimum for the lower working class Greed driven landlords found it unprofitable to rent to that specific type of family However there were some landlords that did rent out to working class families Their property consisted of two room apartments located in brick buildings known as tenements One apartment would get rented out to two separate families resulting in communal living Unfortunately many of them were left to rent in wooden buildings These variations were typically neglected rundown and dilapidated because the landlords felt it was inconsequential to repair or replace anything Their main purpose was to gain as much profit as possible by cramming families into living quarters and the families had no choice New York had a

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5169 (2016-02-15)
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    1833 Location GEORGETOWN South Carolina Tag s Agriculture Government Politics Slavery As early as 1830 three years before the Nullification Compromise South Carolinians in the coastal Georgetown area became agitated with raised tariffs This financial strain however concerned Southerners less than its implications for domestic policy They warned If it is not it ought to be understood that the Tariff is only one of the subjects of complaint in the South The Internal Improvement An African Colony in Canada Date s January 1 1830 Location CHARLES Maryland Tag s African Americans Government Race Relations As early as 1816 Maryland and other Southern states pleaded with the federal government to procure a site for the colonization of free blacks Within the next two decades the American Colonization Society formed chapters in Maryland and other Southern states Many chapters of the American Colonization Society advocated the creation of Liberia an area on the tip of Africa as a homeland for freed Gift for a Grandaughter Date s 1830 Location BEDFORD Virginia Tag s Slavery It was clear that James Tinsley wanted nothing more than for his granddaughter to have someone to HAVE AND TO HOLD since he capitalized the phrase In 1830 he wrote a deed giving his young six year old slave Martha Jane to his granddaughter Cleopatra Albertine Tinsley Not only did James Tinsley give Mary Jane but also all of her increase forever It was not unusual for southern children Breastfeeding Date s 1830 to 1835 Location LIBERTY Georgia Tag s African Americans Health Death Race Relations Slavery Women In the days before baby formula new mothers had far fewer options for food for their babies Because of rampant childhood diseases and absence of many other options of sustenance for infants breastmilk played a vitally important role in the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18300101-18301231 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    between 700 and Charles Knowlton and The Fruits of Philosophy Date s 1832 Location Tag s sex contraception Health Death Charles Knowlton was one nineteenth century doctor who was not afraid to talk about sex Despite prosecution and jail time he stood behind the ideas of his 1832 work Fruits of Philosophy The book was deemed obscene for its discussion of sex for pleasure and birth control methods Knowlton saw

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/8919 (2016-02-15)
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