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    at the junction of the Detroit and Rouge Rivers is one of the many industrial eyesores for the nearby community of Delray in the southwest of Detroit The usual appeal of an island is absent as this industry heavy land mass spews pollution into the air and water In 1897 Zug Island was already beginning to cause trouble for the surrounding Neither Black nor White Date s May 1896 to May 3 1897 Location BEXAR Texas Tag s Mexican American Treaty Guadalupe Hidalgo Texas Mexico border Borderlands Tejanos Texas Independance Judge Thomas S Maxey Fourteenth Amendment Constitution Republic TX T J McMinn Jack Evans Right to Vote In Re Ricardo Rodriguez In May of 1896 Ricardo Rodriguez entered a federal court in San Antonio Texas and initiated his application for citizenship of the United States thereby requesting the right to vote Since Texas declared its independence from Mexico and was annexed into the United States Tejanos did not qualify for American citizenship because due to an 1872 federal statute that ruled that only Caucasians Fight for an Arkansas Girl Date s December 1 1897 Location MADISON Arkansas Tag s Church Religious Activity Crime Violence Health Death A county church in Huntsville Madison County was the setting for a triangle homicide on December 1 1897 The incident arose outside the church because three men Seth Lowe Will Phillips and John Howard all loved a local Arkansas girl Miss Irene Pruitt They attended the same prayer meeting that evening Miss Pruitt arrived at the location with Phillips and soon thereafter met Lowe and Howard Fight for an Arkansas Girl Date s December 1 1897 Location PULASKI Arkansas Tag s Church Religious Activity Crime Violence Health Death A county church in Huntsville Madison County was the setting for a triangle homicide on December

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18971116 (2016-02-15)
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    native of Savannah Georgia also utilized the new system Pember spent the years 1895 1899 traveling around Europe In 1899 she sent home to Savannah a package A Black Man s Search for Recognition as a Writer Date s February 1894 Location Tag s African Americans Race Relations In 1893 the Reverend Robert Anderson began traveling throughout Georgia Florida and the North in order to sell his newly published book entitled Rev Robert Anderson s Surpriser Anderson s book consisted of his telling of his earlier years living in Georgia and working for several banks and how the officers of the banks placed their utmost confidence in him as an employee Anderson s travels Emmanuel K Love s Sermon Concerning Lynching and Rape Date s November 5 1893 Location Tag s African Americans Church Religious Activity Crime Violence Race Relations On November 5 1893 a prominent Baptist preacher gave a sermon concerning lynching rape and mob violence against African Americans in the South In his sermon Rev E K Love of the First African Baptist Church in Savannah Georgia advocated equality for all people black and white Fifteen hundred people attended the evening church service to hear the sermon given by Love Love noted that Graduation Address at Georgia State Industrial College for Colored Youth Date s June 7 1899 Location Tag s African Americans Education Bishop Benjamin William Arnett delivered a graduation address to the youths of the Georgia State Industrial College for Colored Youth on June 7 1899 In his speech Arnett spoke to the youths about the many commendable achievements of African Americans He noted that the black race had gone through many changes throughout history and many more changes needed to occur Arnett s speech mainly focused Emancipation Anniversary Celebration in Savannah Georgia Date s January

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/1635 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    2 heading into the ninth inning the Norfolk defense rose to the challenge yielding no runs and setting up the last inning heroics Despite having the first two batters record outs the next two players managed to reach base putting the centerfielder Underwood up to the plate After two pitches Underwood faced an 0 2 count and the Monumental pitcher needed only one throw to end the game Nevertheless someone in the crowd yelled hit a daisy Underwood and this he did sending the next pitch deep into the outfield for a home run The Norfolks scored three runs winning the game in dramatic fashion for the hometown faithful 5 to 2 The Yankee Army during the Civil War first brought baseball to the South by teaching Confederate troops the new game After the war localities throughout the South began to embrace the game at first in the cities then by the 1880 s and 1890 s nearly every town had a team This development occurred amidst a Southern embrace in the late nineteenth century of all kinds of sports southerners of every class race and gender eagerly embraced sports and its trappings Though the North appeared to at first monopolize the best talent Southern baseball heroes quickly emerged none more famous than the Georgian Ty Cobb Some critics of baseball even worried that a fascination with with such a game better left to children would hurt Southern culture A Richmond newspaper spoke of baseball as thoroughly democratic leveling all ranks and all social differences are forgotten and sure enough blacks and whites flocked to the game as both players and fans In the 1880 s games and grandstands were very much interracial however this phenomenon would quickly disappear in the 1890 s Along with other forms of discrimination sweeping

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3202 (2016-02-15)
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    James Johnson a 79 year old ex slave from Columbia South Carolina stated in his narrative that he felt and knew dat de years after de war was worser than befo The Emancipation Proclamation and the Union s victory in the war secured the freedom of slaves but with a society plagued by Jim Crow Laws and segregation ex slaves were far from liberated Slaves paid the price for The Ku Klux Klan in Alabama Date s 1865 to 1877 Location CALHOUN Alabama Tag s Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan This is an institution of chivalry humanity mercy and patriotism These are the words that the founders of the Ku Klux Klan used in describing the purpose of their organization This line comes from the founding document of the Ku Klux Klan Written in 1868 it outlines what they claim to believe their purpose as well as a litmus test for all potential new members It is impossible A Jealous Murder Date s August 18 1884 to August 20 1884 Location AUGUSTA Virginia Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Health Death Law Race Relations Women The possessive feelings that accompany jealousy occasionally lead to violent actions as in the case of Elzy Middlebrook On a Saturday evening Elzy Middlebrook was arguing with Thomas Brown outside the house of Wilson Goings the father of Middlebrook s wife Middlebrook accused Brown of being overly familiar with his wife showing jealousy to be the source of the conflict that emerged Race Relations and Labor Unions in Nineteenth Century New Orleans Date s 1883 Location ORLEANS Louisiana Tag s Labor Union Race Relations The history of the nineteenth century United States rarely speaks of racial cooperation however evidence of a few such scenarios are historically documented The end of slavery in the United States all

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18840726 (2016-02-15)
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    of laying the iron resumed with the cargo in port They built iron bridges across Cape Fear and the Neusse River At the Fayetteville end the iron had already been laid up to the Cape Fear River and the bridge was under construction Wilmington was a center for railroad traffic The Wilmington Weldon Railroad Company began as the Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad formed in 1835 until its name was changed in 1855 It formed a continuous line with the Wilmington Columbia and Augusta Railroad and they eventually merged with the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad in 1900 The short cut that this article discussed later became known as the Wilson and Fayetteville Railroad one of the more notable sections of the Wilmington and Weldon line Maury Klein argued that the construction of this short cut across North Carolina was part of a much larger process of extending the railroad lines throughout the South During the 1890s many of the largest railroad lines combined to form larger more encompassing routes These new railroad lines not only extended north to south but also began to reach parts of the Deep South and the Midwest In the thirty years following the Civil War the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3194 (2016-02-15)
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    Riot Date s November 10 1898 Location Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Race Relations On Thursday November 10 1898 at half past eight o clock in the morning a committee of twenty five leading white citizens directed a group of four hundred armed men of Wilmington North Carolina and gathered outside the armory of the local militia company where they formed in lines of four The men included prominent

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/9661 (2016-02-15)
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    to November 1 1891 Location HOUSTON Texas Tag s African Americans Agriculture Economy The Colored Farmer s Alliance organized a Black Farmers Strike to take place from September 12 November 1 1891 across the Southern cotton states Although calls to strike sent from Alliance headquarters in Houston claimed that The biggest agricultural strike in the history of the world is imminent and that its organization has been perfected through colored alliances A Confederate Monument is Dedicated Date s August 20 1891 Location CHARLESTON South Carolina Tag s Church Religious Activity War In August of 1891 the people of Charleston South Carolina turned out to dedicate an Obelisk to the memory of the Washington Light Infantry Regiment which fought in the defense of the Rebellion The event featured a sermon by the popular preacher Reverend E C Edgerton who praised the members of the regiment for doing their duty to their state despite the noble but ultimately hopeless cause for Strange Encounter and Counterfeit Money Date s December 4 1891 Location SMYTH Virginia Tag s Economy Government Law On December 4th 1891 F W Leonard the sheriff of Smyth County Virginia received a letter from the sheriff of Barber County in Kansas A man described by the Kansas sheriff as being 40 years old 5 feet 8 inches in height and of dark complexion was seen wondering around Barber County Kansas The sheriff also described the man as being crazy When questioned by the Kansas sheriff the stranger A Meeting of Staunton s Black Residents Date s December 9 1891 Location AUGUSTA Virginia Tag s African Americans Church Religious Activity Law Politics Race Relations Early December 1891 made the city of Staunton more aware of its racial makeup and power of black people in the city In the evening the colored

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18910723-18911231 (2016-02-15)
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    School Report of Superintendent Date s September 7 1894 to 1894 Location Tag s African Americans Education Race Relations Women In the Portsmouth Star Superintendent John C Ashton reported the public school demographics for the year ending July 31 1894 The school year was in session for 195 days in three districts There was racial segregation at this point with seventeen schools for white children and seven for colored children There were a total of 3 610 school aged children and of Catholicism and other denominations in the South Date s August 19 1890 to 1890 Location Tag s Church Religious Activity According to Edward Ayers religion was a Southerner s way of life and they often justified or condemned something based on religion Myriad Christian denominations were active in the South including Baptist Episcopal Methodist Catholic Lutheran Protestant and Quaker however the Baptist denomination claimed the largest following The Norfolk Virginian like Institutional Inequality Date s July 31 1899 to 1899 Location Tag s African Americans Education The July 31 1899 report by the superintendent of public schools in Norfolk Virginia illustrated the disparity between white and black students in regards to educational opportunity and proficiency School Superintendent Richard A Dobie filed the report at the request of Norfolk Mayor C Brooks Johnston Though the Report was not intended to make any political or social gestures analysis of the Stole a Pocketbook Date s January 5 1899 to 1899 Location Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Race Relations On January 5 1899 the Virginian Pilot reported that a young black male in the town of Portsmouth Virginia had stolen the pocketbook of a lady whose services he was filling While this petty incident of crime was relatively unnoticed buried in the middle of the paper the style in which

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/14412 (2016-02-15)
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