archive-edu.com » EDU » R » RICHMOND.EDU

Total: 1312

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    bounded by Fayette Street and Eastern Avenue on the north and south and Central Avenue and Broadway on the A Defensive Policy Unheeded Date s January 1 1940 to December 31 1945 Location Jefferson Alabama Dist Columbia District of Columbia Tag s Unions Black Workers Roosevelt Labor Unions Discrimination Franklin D Roosevelt FDR Very infrequently do presidential policies go unnoticed around the world and especially not so within the United States itself However during the greater part of the Second World War Franklin Delano Roosevelt s positions on racial issues in the workplace were heard and often times not upheld Black workers were barred from facilities producing wartime goods throughout the country Munitions The Wagner Act Date s July 5 1935 Location Dist Columbia District of Columbia Tag s Labor Unions labor relations Wagner Act National Labor Relations The Wagner Act had great impact on industrial relations as the first part of the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 The National Labor Relations Act was created out of the necessity and demand for new foundations of authority and new forms of participation in the political dimension and legalization of industrial life 1 This statement supports the idea that people are

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/960 (2016-02-15)
    Open archived version from archive


  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    on equal pay between the races At the bottom of the flier there was an invitation to join the Communist Party which was leading the revolutionary struggle to build a Soviet America During the 1930s the American Civil Liberties Union listed Birmingham as one of 11 centers of repression and anti communist violence peaked during this period Communists advocated for whites blacks the poor and even women These were truly revolutionary ideas for the time The communists drive for equality went against the status quo and elicited considerable backlash Historian Robert Ingalls attributes this hostile response to establishment attitudes about labor Communist ideas ran contrary to business as usual and big businesses such as the Tennessee Coal Iron and Railroad Company felt threatened by their presence These big corporations which essentially dominated Birmingham economically publically condemned communists and surreptitiously helped finance violence against them Robin Kelley takes a different approach to studying the effects of the Communist Party in Birmingham According to Kelley anti communists played on Southern fears of racial equality to attack the communist cause The communists did not hide their messages of equality It is stated clearly on their fliers They led protests in attempts to create equal conditions for blacks and whites In Birmingham at this time racial equality was not a popular sentiment Membership in the infamous Ku Klux Klan went up for the first time in over a decade To promote equality was to be a communist and the Klan could not allow such ideals to take hold Unfortunately racist politicians promoted the same sentiments Kelley argues that much of the backlash against the Communist Party was a result of their egalitarian principles From the flier it is clear that both conditions establishment condemnation of radicals and racism were at work to hold back

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5225 (2016-02-15)
    Open archived version from archive

  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    remembers on Saturday mornings these families would come into Birmingham walking there was no paved road and nobody had Natural Beauty in Nazi Germany Date s 1934 Location Tag s Nazi Women Women women s rights Women Germany Nazi The National Socialist Women s Yearbook of 1934 reveals women without makeup without jewelry and with large hips were considered the ideal Aryan woman in Nazi Germany The Chairwoman of the Association for German Women s Culture Agnes Gerlach claimed the ideal woman had become the big Germanic type of woman instead of the France s small romantic type Nazi propaganda highlighted larger women Baseball Boosts Morale during Hard Times in America Date s September 26 1931 to 1940 Location Tag s Sports Sports and Labor Baseball During the 1930s J T White was a man living and working in hard times He did what he could to heal the pains of Birmingham White served as the organizer for the Tennessee Coal Industry T C I intramural baseball team White may not have made a dent in the ailing economy of the United States but he did manage to boost the morale of the people around him White wrote to a

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/24536 (2016-02-15)
    Open archived version from archive

  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    the segregation of Birmingham s streetcars In a letter dated June 29 1944 to Mr C L Harris of Birmingham s Merchant Association Connor assures him of the city s efforts to quell the rising black violence on Birmingham s streetcars He informs Mr Harris that he had already taken the action two or three years ago to install segregation boards on street cars operating in the city Though he conceded that his actions had been in vain in some parts of the city The racial violence Connor was referring to was the rising tide of resistance to segregation on streetcars in Birmingham On many occasions before his segregation boards had gone up blacks had fought with conductors over having to give up their seats or move to the back of cars The Merchant Association was concerned that these acts of resistance or violence might cause people to shy away from the rail lines altogether In an effort to calm the movement Connor had signs clearly marking the racial separation put on all Birmingham streetcars This did little to assure blacks of their right to an equal experience on streetcars as more often than not the signs would be moved to make room for more white passengers as the expense of black riders Because of this and other forms of blatant inequity blacks continued to resist segregation sometimes violently until Birmingham s streetcars were shut down in 1946 These instances of resistance to racial segregation had little impact of the contemporary attitudes about racial segregation as a whole but nevertheless that they occurred at all was a miracle According to historian August Meier although the failure of any racial equality movement during the 1940s was inevitable the resistance instilled in African American communities a sense of unity that carried over

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5229 (2016-02-15)
    Open archived version from archive

  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Search
    York Tag s automobile Women Advertising Pond s Extract Co Motoring can ruin the finest skin the Pond s advertisement boasts Beauty products and motor vehicles may not seem to go hand in hand but the ever changing cultural landscape of the 1920s saw many companies addressing the needs of the new age woman In 1920 Pond s published their advertisement in the New York American Sun newspaper the product was a vanishing cream Baer Clowns Braddock Downs Date s June 13 1935 Location New York New York Tag s Depression Entertainment Cinderella Man Baer Braddock Max Baer James Braddock Boxing From rags to riches Strive and succeed A man may be down but he s never out 1 John Kieran Max Baer taunted his opponent A barrage of boos rained down from the audience voicing their antipathy and intolerance for Baer s lack of sportsmanship and detachment from the struggles of ordinary Americans In response to the jeering onlookers Baer began Zora Neal Hurston s trials and tribulations through the Harlem Renaissance Date s December 13 1934 Location Orange Florida Tag s Harlem Renaissance Zora Neale Hurston Rollins College Zora Neale Hurston was born January 7 1891 in Notasulga Alabama Soon after her birth she moved to Eatonville Florida which always remained her home throughout her life Eatonville was the United States first incorporated black township her father and many other African Americans were involved in the towns governance Hurston was a very famous black author of short stories novels and plays An English Woman Writes About American Prisons Date s 1934 Location Hartford Connecticut Cayuga New York Tag s prison prison reform Should prison be a place of punishment or reform American society was debating this question when Harriet Martineau a famous writer from England visited in 1934

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19230606-19461231 (2016-02-15)
    Open archived version from archive

  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    and distributed such as clothes jobs school buildings teachers and the educational system The United States government required the Indians to keep peace with the white men and every citizen under the jurisdiction of the United States government This treaty also stated that by signing this treaty this treaty the Indian tribes give up and forever relinquish to the United States all rights privileges and grants now vested in them or intended to be transferred to them The people of the Kiowa Comanche and Apache tribes gave up their culture independence and their tribes futures when they signed this treaty In the nineteenth and early twentieth century the United States government did not allow Indian tribes to practice their own culture live freely and the government did not believe that Indians should be privileged with the common rights of citizens of the United States of America The government rejected Indians as citizens of the United States This is evident because the treaty of the Kiowa Comanche and Apache tribes forced the tribes to assimilate with one another and live as if they had always been one uniformed equal tribe The Indians daily lives were completely changed and every aspect of their lives was under direct control of the United States government especially the Native Americans educational system Although this educational system set forth by the government was presented as a gift and a privilege it is evident that it wasn t very advantageous and the educational system did not put the Native Americans needs first The historian David Adams shows that in reality these educational institutions created on Native American reservations intended to completely restructure the Native American s minds and personalities In attempts to civilize the savage Native Americans the government forced the children to cut their hair and

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5693 (2016-02-15)
    Open archived version from archive

  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Search
    Date s October 14 1867 Location WAKE North Carolina Tag s African Americans Church Religious Activity Education Race Relations On October 14 1867 Saint Augustine s College was founded in Raleigh North Carolina The Episcopal clergy who encouraged and executed the founding of the school aimed to educate newly freed slaves in the Raleigh Durham area br br Like most schools opened to black students Saint Augustine s College originally functioned as a secondary school In 1919 the institution Jefferson Davis Finds a Friend in Prison Date s May 1865 to December 1866 Location MONROE Virginia Tag s Civil War prison Reconstruction Around May 10 1865 federal troops captured Confederate President Jefferson Davis fleeing in Georgia and sent him to be confined in Fortress Monroe Virginia Davis was held prisoner for two years from May 1865 to May 1867 six months of the time confined in a casemate under heavy guard According to a war memo excerpted in a New York Times article he was not arraigned upon any indictment or formal America s First Fashion Magazine Date s November 2 1867 Location NEW YORK New York Tag s fashion Women The issues discussed in the first issue of Harper s Bazar are not different from concerns of twenty first century women The magazine cover of the first issue published on November 2 1867 was quite different from the cover on stands today When glancing at the cover one realizes that unlike today s format the first issue s format was similar to a newspaper design The design of the Who s to Blame for an Expensive Matrimony Date s November 2 1867 Location NEW YORK New York Tag s fashion Women Marriage Harper s Bazar first issue opposes the general consensus that women s expensive spending habits are to

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18671021 (2016-02-15)
    Open archived version from archive

  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    for Peace Date s October 21 1867 Location Tag s Race Relations Politics Law Government Civil Rights Native Americans The chiefs and headmen of the Kiowa Comanche and Apache Indian tribes met with the United States commissioners such as Nathaniel G Taylor and William S Harney in Kansas to seal their tribes fate in America on October 21 1867 The United States government referred to the Treaty with the Kiowa

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/4489 (2016-02-15)
    Open archived version from archive



  •