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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    who observed and worked with the native groups Observations of the council members revealed that much remains to be done before adequate and equal educational opportunities can be achieved by the Indian people The annual report stated that for the Indian people Indian Education is a method of teaching that revives an appreciation for Indian heritage and generates a positive self image so that one accepts and understands the environment and social conditions surrounding him This appreciation of Indian heritage and positive self image was lost many years ago when the American government first intruded onto Indian territories The council addressed this loss in the report to Congress by stating that the American Indians 200 years experience under an authoritarian paternal relationship with the Federal Government has clearly demonstrated that paternalism is alien to liberty and freedom The Third Annual Report to the Congress of the United States clearly showed how the government progressed and improved upon the Indian Educational System Historian David Adams exposed that the government originally created the Indian Educational System to civilize the natives because the natives were believed to be savages The school system intended to provide the natives with an education that would habituate them to the customs and advantages of a civilized life The government tried to manipulate the natives into becoming exactly like American citizens regardless of their heritage religion traditions or tribal affiliations The government believed that since the native ways of life were different than the traditional American lifestyle the natives must be less civilized than American citizens The government most recently formed educational policies regarding Indian Education with goals to respect the wishes and the desires of natives so that the natives may design and manage their own educational programs according to the tribal level The United States government

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5700 (2016-02-15)
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    the time it has been around it has made significant progress Many do not realize how it started or how new it still is The company was founded by two men named Stephen Wozniak Woz and Steve Jobs who both live in the Silicon Valley in California Wozniak was fascinated by computers in high school and dropped out of the engineering Friends Family Flowers A Personal Account of A Detroit Florist Date s November 4 1976 to December 4 1999 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s Greenhouses Packard Plant Flower shop Flowers World War II Eastern Market Detroit My grandfather Vincent Adamo and him family emigrated to Detroit MI from Sicily when he was eight years old The year was 1929 He recieved his first paying job at age fifteen working at a restauraunt at the Eastern Market He arrived at four a m every morning that summer and marveled at the farmers who would come from far and wide to peddle their eggs fruit veggies and most of all fresh Apple creates a business plan Date s 1977 Location Santa Clara California Tag s Apple logos Apple marketing Computers Apple Computer Inc Apple Steve Job s vision for Apple Computer was to sell to everyone not just to computer engineers He turned to some friends for advice about how to do that Noah Bushnall was someone Jobs worked with at Atari Inc and Mike Markkula was someone from Intel Apple was going to need a catchy logo The Apple logo was made my Rob Wayne a co founder of Apple Computer It was only used for the Apple I Downzoning on the Mt Elliott Industrial Corridor Date s 1977 to 1999 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s zoning Nortown Detroit Mt Elliott St The journey north along Mt Elliott St in

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19760101-19761231 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    of the United States appointed this council in order to assist the 570 native groups affected by the regulations An Underestimated Victory for Native Americans Date s July 8 1970 Location Tag s Native Americans President Nixon American Indian Movement On July 8 1970 President Nixon addresses the United States Congress regarding Native American rights in response to the ongoing efforts of the American Indian Movement At the time of his address to Congress Native Americans across the United States were taking a stand against the hundreds of years of mistreatment they have received at the hands of white settlers These American Indians who The Me Generation How Shirley Chisholm Harvey Milk and the Weathermen Fought Against the 1970 s Fantasy of Perfection Date s 1970 Location Tag s Homosexuality African Americans Politics Anti War Vietnam War Terrorism The 1970 s became fertile ground for public outrage and violence against the American establishment due to national economic stress assassinations of public figures the Vietnam War and other political scandals By the 70 s it seemed to a significant amount of Americans that what the government wanted to portray and what they were realistically taking care of were two very different

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/35365 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    from protesting injustice This was one of many ways they were kept as second class citizens Journalists in the George Armwood case began to use the media to press for change White newspapers tended to downplay racial unrest at least until the early 20 th century They emphasized African American crimes in order to create an image of a people not suited for free society By 1933 white newspapers had begun to report more frequently on crimes against African Americans They were not interested in activism however Rather the tone of most articles was informative and the focus was local This made it difficult for readers to understand lynching as a systemic problem The Baltimore Sun took this approach in the Armwood case reporting the details of the lynching without raising questions about the response of local officials or police Armwood s jailers had lfailed to protect him and he never had the benefit of a trail The Sun did not make these points clear Further The Sun attempted to soften the atrocity for example by referring to the posse s contempt for pleas for peace as good natured The black press took a much more activist approach In Baltimore reporters for The Afro American expressed outrage In the early 20 th century African American newspapers became key players in advancing the cause of civil rights No longer would African Americans stay silent under the chains of oppression Instead they would become more vocal and more insistant a role that The Afro played beautifully Reporters reminded the public that George Armwood had been tortured before his body was burned that he was a son of a mother distraught with grief that this event was a travesty and a flippant disregard of the justice system A new juggernaut of media style

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/6269 (2016-02-15)
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    past are condemned to repeat it The body of a lynched man George Armwood of Princess Anne MD hung limp and tortured late on October 17 th 1933 An African American man Armwood had had some encounter with an elderly white woman the previous day Mary Denston had been walking down the road from the post office She claimed to have been attacked The Lynching of George Armwood Date s October 18 1933 to October 30 1933 Location Baltimore City Maryland Somerset Maryland Tag s George Armwood Gov Albert Ritchie Crime Violence Progressivism Civil Rights Movement Lynching African Americans On October 18 th 1933 George Armwood was arrested and later lynched for the alleged attack of an old married white woman named Mary Denston Lynching commonly practiced throughout the United States from the 19 th century until the 1960s was a method of murder used to control African American behavior The victims were typically accused of inappropriate behavior towards white The Failed Leagl Proceedings of Maryland s Last Lynching Date s October 18 1933 to January 24 1934 Location Somerset Maryland Tag s Lynching racial violence african americans The last lynching in Maryland state history took place on the night

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19331016-19331018 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    of October 18 1933 when George Armwood was kidnapped from jail and lynched by a mob of white protestors in Princess Anne County Armwood had been accused of assaulting an elderly white woman Enraged a mob refused to wait for Armwood to be tried His murder was just one in a long list of lynchings perpetrated by whites against Remember Remember A Look into How Media Can Shape the Events of a Nation Date s October 16 1933 to October 18 1933 Location Tag s Lynching Crime Violence Race Relations Media Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it The body of a lynched man George Armwood of Princess Anne MD hung limp and tortured late on October 17th 1933 An African American man Armwood had had some encounter with an elderly white woman the previous day Mary Denston had been walking down the road from the post office She claimed to have been attacked Such accusations The Lynching of George Armwood Date s October 18 1933 to October 30 1933 Location Tag s George Armwood Gov Albert Ritchie Crime Violence Progressivism Civil Rights Movement Lynching African Americans On October 18th 1933 George Armwood was arrested and

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/24915 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    accused of assaulting an elderly white woman Enraged a mob refused to wait for Armwood to be tried His murder was just one in a long list of lynchings perpetrated by whites against When Will It Ever Change Date s July 11 1930 Location New York New York Tag s Crime Violence African Americans Lynching News stories relating death by accident murder by one of own or even an unsolved mystery are just too far fetched to explain the discovery of so many Negro bodies found in the swamps or in uninhabited places in 1930 It is inconceivable to think that the white tyrannical press believe that we are fooled by their fabrications about the missing southern Negro workers A Protest Against the Burning and Lynching of Negros by Booker T Washington Date s February 29 1904 Location Jefferson Alabama Tag s Booker T Washington Lynching Booker T Washington was an African American educator and political activist Although born a slave in 1856 he and his family were later emancipated but still lived in poverty Determined to get an education Washington started work at the age of nine to put himself through school After his extensive education Washington would later be chosen to be the first head of what is now Tuskegee University Southern Trees Date s August 1930 to 1940 Location New York New York Marion Indiana Tag s Strange Fruit Abel Meeropol Billie Holiday Southern Women Lynching Racism Strange Fruit is a haunting poem with verses that illustrate in vivid detail a dark facet of Southern life in the United States in the early mid twentieth century Southern trees bear a strange fruit Blood on the leaves and blood at the root Black body swinging in the Southern breeze Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees Pastoral scene

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/367 (2016-02-15)
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    reframed the economic decisions that they made Women Remember Remember A Look into How Media Can Shape the Events of a Nation Date s October 16 1933 to October 18 1933 Location Somerset Maryland Tag s Lynching Crime Violence Race Relations Media Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it The body of a lynched man George Armwood of Princess Anne MD hung limp and tortured late on October 17th 1933 An African American man Armwood had had some encounter with an elderly white woman the previous day Mary Denston had been walking down the road from the post office She claimed to have been attacked Such accusations Revenge is Sweet H L Mencken and the Repeal of the 18th Amendment Date s April 7 1933 to 1943 Location Lehigh Pennsylvania Baltimore City Maryland Tag s Prohibition Media The American Temperance Society was founded in 1826 and the movement gained momentum after the Civil War During the late 19th century women s organizations took on temperance as a domestic issue using it as one of the many reform efforts that justified their activism outside the home When Progressives took up the cause in the early 20th century

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/600 (2016-02-15)
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