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    tensions within a small part of Louisiana This eventually soon The Political Struggle of Virginia is Forecasted Date s April 9 1873 Location HENRICO Virginia Tag s Race Relations As the controlling Radical Republican Party mainly legislated reforms during Reconstruction Virginia virtually avoided the reconstructive efforts because the Republicans never actually gained complete control over the state Initially Republicans shared power with the Democrats in the state However with state elections approaching in November both parties began to prepare for the significant The Air Line Railroad Completed Date s April 4 1873 Location SPARTANBURG South Carolina Tag s Migration Transportation Urban Life Boosterism Organized in 1870 the Atlanta Richmond Air Line combined the Georgia Air Line Railway and the Air Line Railroad Company of South Carolina under president Algernon S Buford The line was complete by 1873 Many people of South Carolina were overjoyed by the completion of this railway because it finally gave the people a cheap route northward br br For these people the railway Kentucky Holds Democratic State Convention Date s May 2 1873 Location FRANKLIN Kentucky Tag s African Americans Economy After the Civil War Kentucky maintained a Democratic stronghold where Republicans had a very difficult time even attempting to win elections Because the border state of Kentucky had never seceded during the war it did not have to be officially reconstructed Following the war the government established the Freedman s Bureau in Kentucky with offices created to aid African Americans Maryland Holds a State Temperance Convention Date s May 7 1873 to May 8 1873 Location BALTIMORE Maryland Tag s African Americans Church Religious Activity A State Temperance Convention assembled in Baltimore Maryland with the purpose of forming an auxiliary to the National Temperance Convention in New York A large presence of over three hundred

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    of 1879 Date s December 8 1879 Location Tag s Race Relations In the Louisiana gubernatorial election of 1879 Bourbon Democrat Louis Wiltz beat conservative Republican Taylor Beattie by a margin of 72 000 to 42 500 In the second election since reconstruction the Bourbon Democratic elite strengthened its hold over Louisiana politics by manipulating the votes of African Americans through a mixture of intimidation and voter fraud The Sun of Baltimore Maryland Louisiana s constitution of 1879 ratified Date s December 8 1879 Location Tag s Education Race Relations Although the ratification of the constitution of 1879 appeared to affect major changes for the state of Louisiana in reality it became a tool to preserve the status quo economic social and political relations of the state Notable measures passed under the constitution include Article 150 which transferred the state capital from New Orleans to Baton Rouge Article 224 which mandated the creation Louisiana White League Mobs Date s September 17 1874 Location Tag s Race Relations On September 14th 1874 3500 White Leaguers a white supremacist group that arose after the Civil War staged an armed demonstration demanding that the carpetbag Republican Gov William Kellogg resign The White Leaguers had much in common with the Ku Klux Klan especially their desire to rid themselves from carpetbaggers such as Gov Kellogg White protestors met under the Clay statue and Petition of the U S Senate for compensation of land confiscation by United States Troops Date s April 10 1874 Location Tag s Economy Law Urban Life Boosterism On this day Mr West petitioned the United States Senate to obtain compensation for lands which he claimed were taken from him by United States troops in Jackson Mississippi Though there is not much information given in this record one can infer that

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    By Relevance Chronology Slaughterhouse Cases of 1873 Date s April 14 1873 Location ORLEANS Louisiana Tag s New Orleans Slaughterhouse Cases Butchers Health Codes 1873 Monopoly The smell of rotting maggot infested corpses stomach acid and feces filled the humid air in New Orleans for years The look on the animal s faces as they met their violent death was heartbreaking This butchering began what is now known as the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/1098 (2016-02-15)
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    Canal and established the Garden District In 1836 the relations between the Creoles and the Americans had deteriorated to such a point that the city was literally split into three municipalities The immigrant skilled labor class in the area east of the Quarter controlled the third municipality All three groups ran their own forms of localized government and developed their own fiscal system with their own distinct forms of currency While one mayor still presided over the whole city the three distinct sections of the city had little or no interaction with each other and acted as separate entities in which the mayor was the intermediary There was rarely any mixing that occurred between the three distinct sections and trade was even conducted on the neutral streets of Canal and Esplanade The split was a practical solution by the cities government to the fundamental problem of racial intolerance during this time In 1806 Berthelemy Lafon was contracted to subdivide two large plantations West of the already over crowded Garden District to accommodate the influx of white Americans to the area Lafon designed the layout for what would eventually be called the Lower Garden District His plans were quite extravagant and included plans with a site for a cathedral a proposed site for a large coliseum fountains canals parks and marketplaces This new area attracted the wealthier of the new white Americans and by the time the city was recombined in 1852 there were numerous mansions throughout the area and District began to develop a high class reputation that it would hold throughout the antebellum period in the South Due to the separation between the different cultural classes within the city during this sixteen year period the inhabitants of the Lower Garden District established themselves as an upper class haven for

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4453 (2016-02-15)
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    Garden District In the years following the Louisiana Purchase divisions arose within the city of New Orleans between the newly arriving Americans from the Eastern States and the pre existing Creole faction of the city The Creoles a broad name referring to a group with a racial mix of French African American and Native American ancestry who were living in New Orleans following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 Modesty versus Fashion Nineteenth Century American Women s Dress Date s 1836 Location SUFFOLK Massachusetts Tag s Women fashion clothing dress virtue good wife In an 1836 lifestyle manual for women entitled The Young Lady s Friend John Farrar outlined the expectations for an American Christian women s behavior in a particular chapter entitled Dress a Test of Character In this chapter he discussed the appropriateness and significance of a nineteenth century women s dress in relation to how she was viewed by society According John Dewery in Prison Date s January 7 1836 Location CLARKE Alabama Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Law Migration Transportation Slavery John Dewery a bright mulatto nineteen or twenty years old found himself in a precarious situation As he was sitting in the Clark County Jail in Alabama on January 7 1836 the Mobile Commercial Register published an announcement about his capture and arrest as an escaped slave This was problematic because he swore in vain that he was a freed person Nevertheless the paper reported that if Medical Advancements at the cost of Dignity Date s January 10 1836 Location MONTGOMERY Alabama Tag s African Americans Women African American Women Slavery alabama Medicine Health Montgomery Alabama On a brisk morning in January of 1836 Dr J Marion Sims started his day with his routine house to house calls in Montgomery Alabama Dr Sims was a

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    Relevance Chronology The Lower Garden District of New Orleans Date s 1836 to 1852 Location ORLEANS Louisiana Tag s New Orleans Garden District In the years following the Louisiana Purchase divisions arose within the city of New Orleans between the newly arriving Americans from the Eastern States and the pre existing Creole faction of the city The Creoles a broad name referring to a group with a racial mix of

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/55 (2016-02-15)
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    to act as governor of the territory of Louisiana The Portrait of Governor Claiborne was painted in 1840 23 years after his death It is probable that E B Savary chose to paint the Governor at a time where New Orleans had a growing population According to U S Bureau of the Census for Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places New Orleans was the third largest city in 1840 with a population of 102 193 persons Aside from the rise of popularization of New Orleans many Louisianans favored Claiborne due to his passiveness in government Many considered Claiborne qualified for governor because he had served as assistant to a Congress clerk opened a law firm appointed as a Tennessee Supreme Court Judge and selected by President Thomas Jefferson to preside as Mississippi territorial governor From the very beginning Claiborne sought to appease the people of New Orleans He adopted their style delayed the necessary revisions to the laws and appointed locals to the political office This led to a number of critics including that of Andrew Jackson major General of U S forces In his opinion he thought of Claiborne as much better qualified for great pomp and show and courting popularity quiet life in civil walks than military achievements amidst peril danger Vincent Nolte a local German born merchant described Claiborne as a weak intriguing and gutless man who had not the energy necessary to give a great impulse to the population of Louisiana and cared only for his popularity and preeminence Claiborne resented Jackson upon his arrival into New Orleans because now he would be forced to take orders from a man whom had absolute authority and Claiborne considered Jackson to be inferior According to the painting one would assume that Governor Claiborne symbolized a man with

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4446 (2016-02-15)
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    the abolitionist cause and desired for his movement to take the fight more aggressively and effectively in to American politics by forming a national party based on an abolitionist platform He along with Lewis Tappan and others formed the Liberty Party in April of 1840 The founders chose James Birney and Thomas Earle to run for president Newspapers Report that Trinidad Offers Aid to Free Black Immigrants Date s March 18 1840 Location WAKE North Carolina Tag s African Americans Race Relations Slavery According to the Raleigh Star in 1840 the colonial government of Trinidad a possession of Great Britain began to offer financial aid to any people of African descent who wished to move to the island The law was passed in order to speed the economic development of the island but it had a second effect of encouraging freed slaves in the United States to emigrate This gave free blacks an alternative Visiting Washington Date s June 26 1840 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Arts Leisure Economy Migration Transportation Urban Life Boosterism Richard Champion Rawlins arrived in Washington D C from Baltimore on Friday June 26 1840 He made the 40 mile journey by railway this was Mr Rawlins first time in Washington Traveling was not as accessible when Richard Rawlins was a child Therefore this trip to Washington was a thrill for him After registering at the Gadsby s Hotel in Washington Rawlins journeyed down to the capital Today is an era in my life Big day in Washington Date s June 30 1840 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Arts Leisure Government Politics On Tuesday June 30 1840 Mr Richard Rawlins continued his stay in the nation s capital However this day in Washington was not your typical day He started

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