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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    Tuesday March 25 1862 after a skirmish with the Union army around Woodstock Shenandoah County in Virginia Hotchkiss had just received news that one of his children had passed away He longed to be at home with his family but said It is forbidden of me it is now too late to reach you before the crisis has passed Bread in the South During the 1860s and 1870s Date s July 31 1863 Location Tag s Agriculture Arts Leisure Economy Levi Pitman was a respectable southern gentleman living in the southern county of Shenandoah in Virginia during the Civil War Levi kept a careful diary in which he would write the day to day activities he participated in and observed In 1863 the Rebel soldiers were camped near Levi s home and he could go and watch them march for their leader He and his wife met some of the soldiers and his wife Southern Women s Involvement in Charitable Organizations Date s February 5 1862 to February 20 1862 Location Tag s Arts Leisure Church Religious Activity War Women In 1862 Sigismunda S Kimball from Shenandoah County Virginia was suddenly like so many other women of the South thrown

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/14269 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    and a scarcity of resources This situation was further heightened by slaves who fled from nearby areas to the sanctity of Union borders New Orleans was a particular example of this problem as the black population there increased significantly from 1862 1880 The overflow of population not only led to a shortage of food but also of jobs Thousands of hungry tattered unemployed blacks and whites roamed the streets General Benjamin Butler became really concerned with the situation and declared on September 1st that The condition of the people is a very alarming one They have literally come down to starvation Vincent 121 A large Union meeting was held in which Judge Heistad gave a compelling argument of the devastations faced in the South particularly in New Orleans from the rebellions and war He demonstrated that The poor would have no chance against the rich the weak against the strong under the system inaugurated by the secession leaders National Intelligencer Sept 20 1862 At the end of September Butler began to distribute fifty thousand dollars in food a month to whites in New Orleans The Richmond Whig stated on September 20 1862 that there were 7 329 families receiving aid

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/1870 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    remain vigilant and confident Romanticized visions of passionate soldiers Confederates in particular were created to motivate future as well as current soldiers to continue fighting the good fight An ideal soldier was one who fought bravely for a cause he believed in and these beliefs were strengthened when God was on his side Thus religion and the strength of a soldier s faith were often tied directly to his ability to prevail in battle An article in The Confederate Baptist entitled Temperance in the Army stated that there was evidence that the reason that battles had been lost was because of the drunkenness of the commanders Subsequent articles in the paper had already declared that God was on the side of the Confederacy the postulation of a possible explanation of recent defeats looked to the soldiers themselves and their behavior while fighting for the Confederacy The author J L Reynolds looked to the experiences of other countries to teach a valuable lesson He cited the Madras Presidency a part of present day India and the proportion of temperate men who died in battle to the number of drinkers who died in battle The number of temperate soldiers who died numbered 2 315 The number of drinkers who died was 4 458 According to Reynolds this proves that soldiers will be healthy in proportion to their temperance Alcohol was the bane of our soldiery and if use was not curbed immediately the Confederacy despite being divinely ordained would surely fall To bring these soldiers back to morality religious revivals were often held in which missionaries traveled to soldiers camps to instill a renewed sense of faith These revivals also served to inspire the citizen morale that waned as the war dragged on and the death toll rose The temperance movement as

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5042 (2016-02-15)
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    Battle of Perryville Date s October 8 1862 Location PERRY Kentucky Tag s War General Braxton Bragg led his Confederate troops into Kentucky with high hopes A win in Kentucky could be a possible turning point for the Confederate army as it would probably add Kentucky to their side However Bragg failed to execute his troops efficiently and could not gather political support from the Kentuckians Bragg s troops were largely outnumbered by Major General Don Carlos Teaching our Slaves to Read Date s October 8 1862 Location RICHLAND South Carolina Tag s Education for blacks Religion Slavery Extra Extra Read all about it Newspaper supports illiteracy This confusing fictional phrase would have been the perfect attention grabber for The Confederate Baptist a southern newspaper that did just that In its second ever publication The Confederate Baptist included a column on its front page entitled Teaching our Slaves to Read The newspaper largely served as a religious The Confederacy Religion Government and Diversity Date s October 8 1862 Location RICHMOND Virginia Tag s Religion Government Civil War Rulers insisted the editor of the Confederate Baptist were entitled elahim gods because as the New Testament informs us they are God s ministers ordained for the temporal welfare of the body politic The October 8 1862 article was written when the South and her religions were in the throes of the Civil War Ironically a newspaper which had advocated Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation Issued Date s September 22 1862 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Race Relations Slavery War Encouraged by General Robert Lee s defeat at Antietam and hoping to bring in the Border States President Lincoln decided to issue the Emancipation Proclamation He declared that starting January 1 1863 all slaves in rebellious slaves would be declared free It

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18621001 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    Slavery War Women April 1865 was a tough month for Emma Florence LeConte General Robert E Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia surrendered to the Union and effectively destroyed any chance of her beloved Confederacy succeeding in its war effort and becoming a separate and distinct nation For Emma the only highlight of the month appeared in the assassination of President Lincoln After all the heaviness and Development of The Blue Ridge Railroad in South Carolina Date s January 1 1860 to December 31 1860 Location Tag s Economy Government Law Migration Transportation Politics This was a road that led to development This was a road that led to economic prosperity for the South This was the Blue Ridge Railroad In 1860 the President of the Blue Ridge Railroad Company Edward Frost in a report to the stockholders and the state legislature reported on the condition and growth of the line proposed a plan for its expansion and requested renewed assistance from Black voter turnout swings South Carolina election on Reconstruction Date s November 19 1867 Location Tag s African Americans Race Relations Under the second Reconstruction Act state governments were required to have a constitutional convention in order to re draft their documents with laws that would comply with the end of slavery and beginning of the rebuilding process This would serve as an integral process when petitioning for re admittance into the United States While some states sought to comply as quickly and quietly as possible The Capture of Columbia Date s February 17 1865 Location Tag s Crime Violence War On February 17th Federal troops surrounded and invaded Columbia South Carolina General William Tecumseh Sherman led his troops to the center of the city as Confederates soldiers fled the city The mayor of Columbia surrendered the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/11638 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    who was part of the Women s Christian Temperance Union out on what he thought the Temperance Movement was about He writes to the woman saying that temperance was nothing more than A wedge to universal woman suffrage In the late 1800 s people began to become concerned with the King Alcohol is More Formidable than Tyrant Lincoln Date s October 1 1862 Location RICHLAND South Carolina Tag s Temperance

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/717 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    officer was not as glorious as it could be nor was it very comfortable living In one of Wren s diary entries from August 24 1862 he reported of his company s brief encounter with Confederate artillery and cavalry near Sulphur Springs Virginia Wren was in charge of pickets and train guard that were stationed at the rear of the regiment After passing the Rappahannock River the Confederates attacked the 48th Pennsylvania Regiment and the 6th New Hampshire and intercepted their mail and correspondence When the artillery and cavalry attacked not only did Wren have to warn and order his troops in response to the advancing enemy cavalry but he needed to be on scene at all times to make sure everything was in order Wren had to be confident that the men could see for themselves what they had to do as the Rebels were in sight of each other If he did not do this or any of his other duties this brief skirmish could have been a Confederate victory and Wren and his company may have never made it to Sulphur Springs that night As the Captain of a company Wren explained in his diary that during skirmishes and marches he barely had any time to rest or eat because of his duties On the march to Centreville Wren remembered that he got up with the cold at three o clock in the morning before all others to plan the day and speak to the other officers Wren cannot act like a normal infantry soldier he must be prepared for anything and everything and make sure his inferiors know it also Captain James Wren s account could be the account of many other officers in the Civil War His stories could be their stories and mirror their

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4385 (2016-02-15)
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    SHENANDOAH Virginia Tag s Crime Violence War Women On March 14 1862 in Shenandoah County Virginia three Union soldiers marched to the door of Sigismunda S Kimball the wife of a southern planter and demanded supplies The soldiers threatened Mrs Kimball saying they had plenty of ladies prisoners and continued to torment her On July 6 1862 two Yankee soldiers came up to the house and demanded for the key to the corn house saying they had Southern Women Help the War Effort in Florence South Carolina Date s August 11 1862 Location MARION South Carolina Tag s Health Death War Women On August 11 1862 one month before Southern women were officially accepted as nurses J Bachman announced the importance women held in the medical effort in coastal South Carolina She explained in a local newspaper a proposed arrangement concerning the delivery of imperative medical supplies to Florence South Carolina The Northeastern Railroad had been sending donated supplies free of charge Mr Guerrilla is Innocence Personified Date s September 6 1862 Location BEAUFORT South Carolina Tag s Irregular Warfare Civil War Crime Violence On Saturday September 6th 1862 an entertaining article was published in The New South paper in Port Royal regarding the antics of guerrilla warfare This intriguing article describes the operations of guerrilla fighters during the Civil War Guerrillas during this period fall into several different categories Partisan raiding and bushwhacking are just several of the main focuses of Pennsylvania Surgeon Tends to the Wounded at South Mountain Date s September 14 1862 Location FREDERICK Maryland Tag s Surgeons Order 191 Battle of South Mountain Civil War Dr Theodore S Christ completed his medical training in 1860 and he joined the Union army the following as a surgeon In September of 1862 he served as the surgeon

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18620824 (2016-02-15)
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