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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    same area as McKeever and McKeever supposedly expressed remorse to his step daughter and indicated that he killed the white man The jury felt his step daughter s hearsay testimony was insufficient evidence to convict McKeever of the hunter s murder however they ultimately did so anyway His stepdaughter s testimony likely played a part in McKeever s conviction even though she did not personally witness the shooting and merely recalled a vague statement made by her stepfather The jury was perplexed given the circumstantial evidence they had to review Some evidence pointed to a very different interpretation of the event namely that it might have been a hunting accident McKeever was accused despite lack of evidence but because he was an African American and the dead man was white it was almost inevitable that he was charged with the act and persecuted The defendant deserved the benefit of doubt given that the evidence was neither direct nor compelling and left room for serious doubt Nonetheless McKeever was convicted of first degree murder based on circumstantial evidence that did not point to his guilt beyond a reasonable doubt Max Kohler formerly Assistant U S District Attorney published Un American Character of Race Legislation after significant research on legislation discriminating against African American Based on this research he found that racism was prevalent in the legal system and to aid in benefiting African Americans one needs to recognize that it is all men not race or color that is protected under the Declaration of Independence One could say that McKeever s Fourteenth Amendment right was violated he was deprived his due process of the law and likely denied the equal protection of the law based on his race If McKeever had been white the outcome likely would have been completely different

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5626 (2016-02-15)
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    1885 Mrs Octavia Wyche wrote from Meridianville in Madison County Mississippi to her daughter Imogene in Virginia about a number of things Perhaps the most important news of the letter was the complication during child birth that her other daughter Mollie had gone through two days before Mrs Wyche noticed her daughter was acting strangely and sent Walter one of her sons for Death of Capt K G Gittio Date s February 25 1885 Location NORFOLK CITY Virginia Tag s Health Death Economy Migration Transportation Urban Life Boosterism Few citizens of Portsmouth could escape the mourning of K G Gittio s death On February 25 1885 it covered the front page news flags flew at half mast locomotives were shrouded and traffic stopped while people flooded to his funeral The city had lost a respected citizen and a leading businessman regarded as one of the South s best railroad men Gittio thinking he had a cold had AT T Incorporated Established Date s March 2 1885 Location MACON Georgia Tag s Arts Leisure Urban Life Boosterism In the years following 1876 after the invention of Alexander Graham Bell s telephone there existed no national telephone organization just a handful of decentralized regional operations Bell had gradually acquired all the companies that licensed its telephone equipment in what was known as the Bell System the predominant driving force in telecommunication In March of 1885 the American Charity for a Minister Date s January 27 1885 Location HAMPSHIRE West Virginia Tag s Arts Leisure Church Religious Activity On a crisp evening in January of 1885 Mrs John H Barney a minister s wife expected to have a quiet night socializing with a few close friends However she was pleasantly surprised to find that what was expected to be a few friends turned

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18850214 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    have written The Burning of the Andersons Date s October 9 1877 Location Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Hal Anderson lost everything on October 9 1877 Ander son s house in Braden s Station Tennessee just outside of Memphis was burned and three of his children perished in the flames and a fourth was so badly burned that is life is despaired of The news bulletin about the story

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/12371 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    of 1 Sort By Relevance Chronology Circumstantial Evidence Date s February 14 1885 Location SHELBY Tennessee Tag s african americans circumstantial evidence courts In early 1885 an African American named McKeever went hunting in Memphis Tennessee in the same location as a white hunter who was later found dead Based on extremely circumstantial evidence McKeever was put on trial for first degree murder in February 1885 The jury deliberated for

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/1583 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    a former slave s home The fugitives owners arrived the next day searching for the runaways in order to take them back to Kentucky Because of The Fugitive Slave Act passed in 1850 they were able to obtain a warrant and the assistance of the local United States Marshal The act stated that it was the duty of marshals and deputy marshals to carry out the warrants The Cincinnati Enquirer detailed the events that unfolded at the house where Garner and her family were hiding shots were fired a deputy marshal was injured and the door was breached Upon entry into the house they discovered the dead child The Cincinnati Enquirer described the scene by saying a deed of horror had been consummated for weltering in its blood the throat being cut ear to ear and the head almost severed from the body upon the floor lay one of the children of the younger couple a girl three years old Garner proceeded to hit the dead child with a shovel before being restrained At the time it was unclear who had killed the child The Cincinnati Enquirer stated The fearful act lies between one or the other of the miserable parents perhaps both but doubtless the truth will be brought out by the coroner to day Indeed the truth was brought out Julius Yanuck a historian discusses the story in a journal article almost a century later When Garner discovered that they were about to be captured she devised a desperate plan that would save her children from returning to slavery escape through death Quickly she grabbed a knife and seized her three year old daughter Using the knife she gashed open her daughter s throat She then turned to her other children but was stopped before she could manage

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5554 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Search
    The Story of Fugitive Margaret Garner Date s January 27 1856 to January 28 1856 Location HAMILTON Ohio Tag s Law Women Slavery african americans Deemed a tale of horror by The Cincinnati Enquirer Margaret Garner a fugitive slave took the life of her child in order to save her from a life of slavery This is the story that Cincinnati woke up to on the morning of January 29

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18560127-18560128 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    to 1854 Location Tag s Marriage Reciprocity What does it mean for a man or a woman to be with their soul mate Over the centuries marriage has separated into different types of relationships between man and wife Marriage has strayed from the original idea of matrimony into various forms of devotion Historians have noted specific trends in the history of marriage and how people relate to each other such

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/10239 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    training and religious instruction However reading and writing were rarely included because literate slaves were viewed as a threat to their slaveholders Being literate would enable them to communicate with other slaves It was feared that this would lead to the organization of riots and escapes Often slaves who could read and write were segregated from the other slaves and sometimes branded for easy recognition In addition the illiteracy of slaves helped to ensure the continuance of their low social ranking Because of their prior vocational training many freedmen had skills that enabled them to secure jobs as laborers Their illiteracy however was a hindrance To address the educational needs along with the many other needs of the freedmen the Freedmen s Bureau was established The role of this organization was to meet educational needs by developing schools for freedmen This proved to be a challenging task In his book about The Freedmen s Bureau Paul Cimbala stated The federal government failed to provide the Bureau with sufficient financial resources to do great things for education The Bureau had to rely on contributions of both whites and African Americans Some northern groups donated funds towards the project but it was often not enough Gilbert Eberhart the Georgia Bureau s chief education officer believed that freedmen should pay their own way for education However this would be a problem because most freedmen were illiterate and unemployed or making very little pay at the jobs they did have They would more than likely not be able to finance the needed institutions on their own As this editorial indicated the North had been pushing for the abolition of slavery for awhile Following the Emancipation Proclamation set forth by President Lincoln during the Civil War the Thirteenth Amendment fulfilled that goal Unfortunately the problems

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5610 (2016-02-15)
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