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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Search
    Santa Clara California Tag s Interstate 280 construction freeway highway Peninsula residents of the Bay Area were fuming as the construction of Interstate 280 was planned to run through the heart of Los Altos E O Huttlinger citizen of 33 years and realtor of Los Altos was a prominent figure in the protest of the highway proposal In August of 1957 E O Huttlinger addressed his concerns of 11 years to the Division of Highways in San Francisco through a four page ABC launches American Bandstand to a National Audience Date s August 5 1957 Location Philadelphia Pennsylvania Tag s Arts Leisure Women Science Technology Television On August 5 1957 groups of Philadelphia teenagers met up at the WFIL studio on Market Street to partake in the popular dance show phenomenon American Bandstand The show hosted by Dick Clark debuted nationally on August 5 as a product of the American Broadcast Company ABC In J P Shanley s New York Times review of American Bandstand s premiere from August 6 Dancing to the Jailhouse Rock The Last of Elvis the Pelvis Date s 1957 Location Shelby Tennessee Tag s Elvis Presley Jailhouse Rock By 1957 Elvis Presley was already a star when Jailhouse Rock his third movie appeared The movie s plot was a loose allegory of Presley s own life The main character Vince Everett played by Elvis was a construction worker sent to jail where he learned to sing and play guitar from his cell mate a former country musician Upon being released from prison Vince begins a career as a pop musician Salvation in Industry Date s 1956 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s 1950s Detroit Industry Industry Heavy Industry Detroit The negative perception of industry is a fairly recent concept and for many years in places like

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19560101-19600101 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    the time were her actual cousins and referred to them as so When she was a bit older her family moved to 2 different homes on 1955 Research on Community Socioeconomic Standings in Metropolitan Detroit Date s 1955 Location Tag s Black Bottom Detroit social status U S Census Economic Levels In 1955 a publication on the social rating of community areas in Metropolitan Detroit was prepared in response to an apparent number of requests for such information from member agencies of the United Community Services The information was intended to summarize and explain the standing social position of all communities in Metro Detroit based on their economic relation to each other and the Demolishing Black Bottom One Year At A Time Date s January 1 1956 to January 1 1961 Location Tag s 1961 1956 African Americans Detroit Black Bottom Two snapshots showcase the changes that occurred in Black Bottom and Paradise Valley between 1956 and 1961 Over these five years the landscape of Black Bottom changed drastically In 1956 the image of Black Bottom shows how it was designed in an organized way the roads run parallel to one another there is a clear divide between residential and commercial districts which also speaks to intentional Salvation in Industry Date s 1956 Location Tag s 1950s Detroit Industry Industry Heavy Industry Detroit The negative perception of industry is a fairly recent concept and for many years in places like Detroit industry was a marker of innovation economic mobility and increased employment A 1956 study conducted by the Detroit City Plans Commission presents a crucial comprehensive collection of facts and statistics about the current state of industry and its projected growth In the section entitled The Brewster Douglass Housing Projects Date s January 1 1952 to January 1 1969 Location

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/28980 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    1 1963 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s Black Bottom Detroit African Americans Several buildings align St Antoine Street a well known street in Paradise Valley The buildings on this street all look similarly plain and hastily built which speaks to the poverty present in the area Cars frequent this area to experience the entertainment life which is in part shaped by the 606 Horse Shoe Bar and Lounge The 606 Horse Shoe Bar and Lounge a popular spot in Paradise Valley stands Demolishing Black Bottom One Year At A Time Date s January 1 1956 to January 1 1961 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s 1961 1956 African Americans Detroit Black Bottom Two snapshots showcase the changes that occurred in Black Bottom and Paradise Valley between 1956 and 1961 Over these five years the landscape of Black Bottom changed drastically In 1956 the image of Black Bottom shows how it was designed in an organized way the roads run parallel to one another there is a clear divide between residential and commercial districts which also speaks to intentional World War II Was The Greatest Setback To Negro Relations Date s 1930 to 1950 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s I 375 Freeway WWII integration segregation Black Bottom Black Bottom has been known from many residents who resided there to be a tight knit functional black community They didn t have the resources that white people had in Detroit and in their community they created the resources they needed to survive A former resident of Black Bottom Sidney Barthwell Jr recalled Funeral homes doctors there were a dozen different black owned hospitals The Brewster Douglass Housing Projects Date s January 1 1952 to January 1 1969 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s Detroit Brewster Douglass African Americans Black Bottom Detroit In response to the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/1914 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    the mid twentieth century had their roots in the waves of immigrants from Eastern Europe who arrived in Detroit around the turn of the century to work in the new industries The neighborhoods revolved around the two main commercial streets of Hastings and St Antoine A Community for a Variety of Needs Date s January 1 1956 to January 1 1960 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s african americans Race Relations

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/1999 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    role and film presence were vital in the story of the film her presence was not always welcomed When the film premiered in Atlanta McDaniel was not permitted to attend the premiere alongside her white co stars Strict segregation laws in Georgia required that Hattie McDaniel enter through the back door and sit in the area reserved for blacks Furthermore the laws did not permit her to stay at the hotel where most of the cast was staying for the premiere Rather than incite a disturbance Hattie McDaniel chose not to attend Although she played her role of Mammy outstandingly black activist groups vilified her and boycotted the film They attacked her and her fellow black cast mates for accepting their roles in the film and charged that the portrayals of blacks in the film did little to assuage the white perception of blacks as loyal servants to whites In the essay about the historical accuracy of the film Gone with the Wind author Catherine Clinton acknowledges that Gone with the Wind did not take into consideration the concerns about the treatment of blacks in the United States and adds that the portrayals of black characters in the film rang true to Hollywood s typical betrayal of African Americans As much as Gone with the Wind trivializes the work of blacks in film it did make certain breakthroughs for non white actors Clinton explains that it was the first film to portray black actors in a plantation style setting where they did not spontaneously burst into song It was also the first feature film to portray black characters as themselves instead of white actors in blackface After her win the minds of many of those who boycotted the film changed their minds and accepted that Hattie McDaniel s choice to

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5289 (2016-02-15)
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    all humans Race size or color does not matter When it comes to music all cultures come together one voice is heard Folklore music is a prime example of this and Zora Neale Hurston played an extremely important role in it Not many African Americans had the opportunity to publish any type of works or even to express their opinions on music but Hurston was able to and represented Lynching A Descriptive View in Song Date s 1939 Location Washington New York Tag s Fruit Billie Holiday Lynching Song Crime Café Society Strange America s need for change during the horrific time of lynching is suggested in Blood at the Root Strange Fruit as Historical Document and Pedagogical Tool 1 In 1930 a high school teacher named Abel Meeropol and also known as Lewis Allen his two sons died in infancy wrote a poem after seeing a picture of the lynching of Tom Shipp and Abe Smith in Marion Indiana To hear A Slave Reminisces Date s 1936 to 1938 Location Lafayette Louisiana Tag s African Americans Slavery Agatha Babino was born a slave of Ogis Guidry near Carenco Louisiana She was at least 87 years old when she was interviewed by a member of the Depression era WPA Federal Writers Project sometime between 1936 and 1938 In a mere two pages of her recorded reminisce about her time as a slave Babino addressed many of the topics common to a slave s life Babino described the plantation Publishing War over a Negro Encyclopedia Rages on in Correspondence Date s April 27 1931 to December 23 1936 Location Dist Columbia District of Columbia Tag s encyclopedia African Americans Education In a 1936 letter to Dr James H Dillard the Charlottesville philanthropist affiliated with the efforts to fund and improve black

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19400229 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    McDaniel wins for more than just Gone with the Wind Date s February 29 1940 Location Los Angeles California Tag s African American Women Academy Awards Film At the 82nd Academy Awards ceremony held in 2010 Mo Nique received her Academy Award for outstanding performance of an Actress in a Supporting Role During her acceptance speech Mo Nique gave recognition to a woman who had won the same award seventy

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/1040 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    was lying in the snow with an unusually large cut on her abdomen and right next to her was a razor blade that was covered in blood Upon further examining the youth of fourteen Dr Basset noticed and began to uncover a fetus hidden underneath the snow Dr Basset was in complete shock at what he had just witnessed To his amazement the youth of fourteen had just conducted a cesarean section on herself After Dr Basset recovered from his shock he sent Jacob Kipp to a neighboring town to retrieve Doctors Francis and Beck to help assess the situation Upon their arrival to the city of Nassau Dr Basset explained to his colleagues what had occurred The three physicians began to treat the African American servant girl while making detailed notes of the procedure The physician s amazement is understandable given that cesarean sections were known about but not widely used Even more amazing the procedure was a self administered one How could a black youth of fourteen perform such a complicated procedure on herself Historians have always claimed that cesarean sections had been performed by slaves who came from Africa to America In fact the first recorded successful cesarean section was performed in Colonial America There is an account of a doctor in Virginia by the name of Dr Jesse Bennett who on January 14 th 1794 performed the first cesarean section on his wife with the help and guidance of their slave who was well versed in the procedure of cesarean section According to author Herbert M Morais who wrote The history of the Negro in medicine African Americans had prior knowledge and used cesarean sections in Africa and brought that knowledge with them to the early colonies of America Although the procedure was amazing to these

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/6066 (2016-02-15)
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