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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    Augustine Florida to spend his honeymoon with his second wife The city left a mark on Flagler and he returned in March of 1885 just in time for St Augustine s annual Ponce de Leon celebration Each year the city of St Augustine would put on a great pageant to celebrate the landing of Ponce de Leon in Florida The celebration so impressed Flagler he was inspired to build a luxury hotel The Ponce de Leon hotel Along with the young architect Thomas Hastings Flagler had a big part in helping to create the plans for the hotel The Ponce de Leon hotel formally opened to the public on January 10 1888 The hotel cost two and a half million dollars and in its time it was reputed to be one of the finest hotels in the world The hotel attracted the wealthy and President Grover Cleveland attended a ball held at the Ponce de Leon hotel In the year the hotel opened the city s population almost doubled Flagler continued to expand the city building two more hotels the Alcazar and the Cordova across the street from the Ponce de Leon in the same season When Flagler realized transportation to the hotels to the south of Florida was difficult he turned his attention to building railroads in Florida The Ponce de Leon was so well built it still stands today In 1968 after 11 million dollars worth of restoration the Ponce de Leon reopened as Flagler College a small liberal arts college named for the man who originally built it Flagler s crew constructed the hotel so soundly it has survived all hurricanes that have passed through since 1888 Henry Flagler made a huge mark on the state of Florida One of his most impressive structures still stands as

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4131 (2016-02-15)
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    the Civil War wrote When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom d after the assassination of the very charismatic leader of the Union during the Civil War Abraham Lincoln This poem mourned the death of the powerful western fallen star which was now hidden by blackness leaving only desperation and bitterness behind The poem followed The Real Estate Wheeling and Dealing of P W Norris and his Son Date s 1885 Location WAYNE Michigan Tag s Nortown Detroit Norris Real Estate Col Philetus W Norris was central in the development of the land that would later become North East Detroit From 1865 to 1877 he burned the candle at both ends by constantly selling property while facilitating the expansion of the railroad into the territory he was helping to settle Norris impressed potential buyers with his eloquent speech military background and wide ranging personal A Southern Jaunt Winter Park and the Seminole Hotel Date s 1885 Location ORANGE Florida Tag s Dinky Line The Rogers House Seminole Hotel Winter Park The city of Winter Park was and is still known for its beautiful weather its attractions and for its amenities offered to tourists traveling through Florida Hotels in Winter Park helped draw people from the northern states to the Southeast during the winter season During the 1880s and 1890s the United States was experiencing a time of innovation and Winter Park s amenities promoted these Truly Religious or Putting on a Show Date s May 30 1886 Location FAIRFAX Virginia Tag s Arts Leisure Church Religious Activity Economy Education Women As the women gathered together they sat down to receive the discourse to be given by Mr Philip Slaughter at Pohick Church in Fairfax VA The day was pleasantly warm and the room was crowded with women As the chatter

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18840101-18881201 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    international Subtropical Exposition inviting President Grover Cleveland to attend Henry Flagler pushes Florida s economy into the modern era Date s January 10 1888 Location Tag s Economy Migration Transportation Urban Life Boosterism The most storied developer in Florida history Henry Flagler began his career as the co owner of the Flagler and York Salt Company After years of futility Flagler gave up on the company Around the same time he met John Rockefeller Later the two became founding partners of the Standard Oil Company After amassing his fortune Flagler married and spent his honeymoon with his second wife Ida Florida Canal Date s January 1 1889 to 1889 Location Tag s Economy Politics Migration Transportation The recovering South slowly caught up to the North after the Civil War in means of transportation In a large a state as Florida transportation posed a serious problem in the late nineteenth century However politicians felt that railroads were a priority since Florida is a peninsula More than 300 miles of land also created a challenge to connect the Atlantic Ocean and trade from Europe to prosperous The Ponce De Leon Hotel Date s January 1 1884 to December 1 1888 Location Tag

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/1460 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    since it was full of natural beauties such as crystal lakes and southern pines To conserve the natural beauty of this community the Town Improvement Association was established in 1887 Since its establishment in 1881 Winter Park has gone through many developmental changes in order to accommodate its growing population Northerners saw Winter Park as an opportunity to gain wealth through the planting of citrus Transportation became more accessible as a railroad line was placed in between Sanford and Orlando by the end of 1881 In 1882 Winter Park received its first train station Its first schools began to open in 1883 including the establishment of Rollins College in 1885 All of these advancements in Winter Park lead to an economic boom which resulted in its incorporation as a town in 1887 In order to sustain the towns economic success conservation organizations like the TIAWP were installed A look at the TIAWP s constitution one can see the conservation methods taken by community members to preserve the towns renown beauty Article II of the Constitution states the object of the Association is to improve and ornament the streets and public grounds of Winter Park Members of the TIAWP planted trees as well as cultivated them Other member duties included cleaning and repairing broken sidewalks as well as embellishing the streets Becoming a member consisted of planting a tree in the community or paying a small fee Becoming a life member entailed subscribing in paying annual fees to the Association According to Article VIII members were promised a system of premiums where they were awarded for their service to the community The Town Improvement Association of Winter Park was necessary for not only conservation reasons but mainly for tourism Due to its beautiful landscape the town seems attractive to northerners Hotels

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4164 (2016-02-15)
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    Hatch Act of 1887 Date s March 2 1887 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Agriculture Health Death Economy Urban Life Boosterism During and after the Civil War many farms and ranches were without the man power needed to cultivate the land William Henry Hatch of Missouri joined forces with Norman J Coleman to create legislation that would promote all aspects of agriculture The Martinsburg Gazette reported that President Grover Cleveland approved the famous Hatch Act on March 2 1887 which created agricultural Badly in Need of a Revival Date s February 26 1887 Location HAWKINS Tennessee Tag s Arts Leisure Church Religious Activity Women Rogersville needed religion at least Reverend Jarvis and Reverend Roberts thought so These two clergymen along with the ministers of the churches near Rogersville held a series of union meetings or revivals at the Methodist Episcopal Church The faithful churchgoers who attended prayed together coming forth to offer their wishes for the success of the revival meeting and for the souls Teaching in the South Date s October 9 1886 to 1886 Location BEDFORD Virginia Tag s Economy Education Women Education in Southside Virginia during the late nineteenth century was sporadic and not completely uniform While there had been an educational revival after the Civil War public education was still defined by the typical one room schoolhouse taught by a young woman with children whose ages ranged from 6 years to 16 years Teaching was not an ideal job it was very difficult Even with the difficulties The Federal Government Passes the Dawes Act Date s February 8 1887 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Indians By the 1870s prime agricultural land remained in the plains Many American citizens believed the federal government should free this valuable land from nomadic Indian

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18870303 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    like and charming and again weird and wild nature as writer George Barbour described in his book for Florida tourists The Ocklawaha River flows north from Central Florida ending near Palatka Florida The river stretches over 100 miles flowing into several large lakes in the Central Florida region In the 1860s the Ocklawaha River was cleared to provide a steamboat transportation route to Silver Springs Florida the end of a popular tourist journey especially for Northerners on the river Many of the people who describe the entrancing nature of Ocklawaha River traveled it by steamboat Once the railroad arrived in Silver Springs however the Ocklawaha River steamboat route was abandoned The exotic nature and beauty of the Ocklawaha River inspired one notable poet Robert Paine Hudson who wrote lyrics about the river in a poem titled Ocklawaha The lyrics were published on May 25 1881 in Sanford Florida and later published into a book of poetry titled Love Home and the Southland The lyrics describe the people who traveled the river such as the Indians who Gainst the white man here rebelled and Hudson writes about how the white man pushed the Indians to vacate their land Again and again

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4214 (2016-02-15)
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    4 1881 African American Pink Pratt was executed in Marietta Georgia for the rape of twelve year old white girl Margaret Wilkins On the night of his execution Pratt was provided with spiritual advice in preparation for his execution While get readying himself for death Pratt confessed to the crime for the first time At 12 00 a m thirty guards escorted Pratt out of the jail Washington Says Farewell to Dick Wallach Date s February 26 1881 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s African Americans Health Death Education Government Law Politics Urban Life Boosterism On February 26 1881 the Evening Star printed an article A Noble Life about Mr Richard Wallach Though he had not yet passed away the city was already mourning his inevitable passing that was sure to come within days The residents of Washington D C had been proud to call Richard Wallach their Mayor for several years and news of his impending death caused many to reflect Lunatic Asylums in Virginia after the Civil War Date s February 16 1881 Location LOUISA Virginia Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Law Race Relations In 1881 Mr Johnson broke free from the Central Lunatic Asylum in Richmond Virginia After discovering that Johnson had escaped the staff of the asylum realized that they needed to act quickly An employee hurriedly wrote a note in order to inform the Sheriff of Louisa County of the incident before he had an opportunity to apprehend Johnson On February 16 1881 the employee reported to the Prohibition Urged in Montgomery Date s February 10 1881 Location MONTGOMERY Alabama Tag s Health Death A front page article in the Montgomery Daily Advertiser put its finger on the pulse of the temperance movement in the area claiming in its title Prohibition Let

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18810325 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    abuse other U S regions heaped on Florida In defense of the state Hardy wrote about the exotic nature and beauty of Florida that he discovered on his own journeys through the area Hardy relays an interesting personal story in this document about the assumption that Florida was malaria ridden While Hardy was traveling in Orlando one man in his group fell ill with a high fever and aching pains The group assumed he had contracted malaria In response one gentleman said Malaria He can t have malarial fever for there is no malaria here Unless he has been imprudent enough to be out of doors after sunset Insurance companies were as particular then as they are now To the Hardy group s dismay they discovered that because of the risk of malaria most insurance companies declined to provide life insurance below a latitude line of 30 south At that time the group was traveling considerably below 29 south The rumor that malaria was rampant in Florida was not entirely false Gordon Patterson s scientific journal stated that mosquitoes bred well in the many bodies of water covering the state It took a yellow fever epidemic in 1888 one year after the publication of Hardy s book for the government of Florida to develop a board of health for disease control Alligators were a big attraction for Florida tourists in 1887 just as they are today While Hardy was traveling by Lake Maitland a young man in his group heard of an alligator that had been spotted by the bank of a lake near a neighborhood The young man thinking it was dangerous found it shot it and brought it home to display Soon after a resident wrote him a letter saying he had in fact slaughtered a pet alligator

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4215 (2016-02-15)
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