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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    Nehrling s vision of the future Date s 1890 to 1915 Location ORANGE Florida Tag s Nehrling botany horticulture Upon moving to Florida in 1884 Henry Nehrling made it his life s ambition to grow and cultivate rare plants He created thousands of breeds of flora and set up the foundation for Florida s thriving nursery program He was by all means a friend of nature but more than that

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/1499 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    oil crisis was a response to the Iranian Revolution During this revolution protests severely interfered and stalled the Iranian oil sector This then caused exports to be suspended and the United States to be cut off 5 When oil exports were finally again resumed they were inconsistent and significantly less than the U S was used to causing the prices for oil to go up Despite many OPEC nations increasing oil production Americans still panicked and President Carter ceased Iranian imports driving the price of oil even higher Soon lines at gas stations were getting longer and longer while Americans faith in their country was getting smaller and smaller The final straw that caused the dire need for a miracle was the Iranian Hostage Crisis This major event in U S history taken place just four months before the Soviets and Americans faced off on the ice shook every American citizen to their core It all began on November 4 1979 when three thousand militant student followers of Ayatollah Khomeini Iran s new leader demanded that the former Shah return to stand trial By doing this however they held up the American Embassy taking ninety hostages sixty three of them being Americans 6 This turn of the decade crisis on top of the continuing Cold War and economic woes caused the people of the United States to have the urgency to have something to believe in In the months leading up to the Winter Games of 1980 if someone were to say that the U S Olympic Hockey team would be the event that re taught Americans how to have faith in their country chances are that they would not have believed you The Soviet Union came to Lake Placid as the clear favorite 7 Journalist Dave Anderson the day before the fateful game even wrote Unless the ice melts or unless the United States team or another team performs a miracle as did the American squad in 1960 the Russians are expected to easily win the Olympic gold medal for the sixth time in the last seven tournaments 8 They had won the past four Olympic ice hockey gold medals and appeared to be as strong as ever The Soviet team was led by legends including their team captain and right winger Boris Mikhailov going on his third Olympics They had trained in a well developed league with world class training facilities 9 Team U S A meanwhile had just started to train together under coach Herb Brooks the summer before They were made up of twenty college kids with only one Buzz Schneider having Olympic experience The game that would take place on February 22 1980 was truly a faceoff between men and boys champions and amateurs communism and capitalism The night of the game 10 000 fans and spectators piled into the stands after the seeded seventh American team was able to advance to the final games after four victories and one tie 10 Those who were

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5573 (2016-02-15)
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    the 1970s and in no state was this trend more apparent than in Florida According to the 1978 records of the Vital Statistics of Florida VSF dissolutions of marriage including annulments reached an all time high while remaining below the 1975 divorce rate at which it had peaked The divorce ratio in 1978 was 7 4 an increase Ronald Reagan Signals a Change in US Policy Toward Central America Date s November 16 1980 Location District of Columbia District of Columb New York New York Tag s Cold War Ronald Reagan Containment International Relations Only days after Ronald Reagan s 1980 presidential victory an article in the New York Times explored how his conservative politics would change the nature of the conflicts in El Salvador Nicaragua and Guatemala Alan Riding wrote Reagan Impact Felt in Central America as a broad overview of the actions and reactions that happened in the region due to anticipated changes in United Finding Hope in a World of Apathy Comic Book Movies in 1979 Date s 1978 to 1979 Location New York New York Tag s President Carter Jimmy Carter Comic Book Movies Comic Books Comics In 1979 the American populace was in a state of apathy and hopelessness feeling stuck in a rut with no positive change in sight Under President Jimmy Carter many people felt that because their problems could not be solved it was best to accept things the way they were Carter s foreign policies are still debated today During his time he unintentionally created tensions by endorsing the The United States Sues The Progressive Over Nuclear Secrets Date s March 9 1979 to March 28 1979 Location Dane Wisconsin Tag s Law Government Censorship On March 9 1979 the U S Government issued a restraining order that stopped The Progressive

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19800222 (2016-02-15)
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    You Believe in Miracles The Ultimate Cold War Faceoff Date s February 22 1980 Location Tag s Cold War Olympics Do you believe in Miracles This was the question Sportscaster Al Michaels asked in Lake Placid New York on February 22 1980 seconds before the United States ice hockey team achieved victory against the reigning Soviet Squad in the XIII Olympic Winter Games 1 The Soviet team had been a

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/38300 (2016-02-15)
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    created a character that presented the origins of Superman and how he became the symbol for justice This character exemplified all the troubles of teenage awkwardness and solitude while trying to establish justice Super boy s character is defined as the teenage version of Superman who grew up in the small town known A B 52 Mechanic Serves Stateside During Vietnam War Date s May 15 1962 to May 15 1966 Location Westover Air Force Base Chicopee MA 01 Tag s Vietnam War Cold War Air Force Clay O Cole served as a mechanic at Westover Air Force Base in Massachusetts from 1962to1966 including the early years of the Vietnam War When historians look at soldiers from the Vietnam War era they focus on the troops on the frontlines in Vietnam and rarely mechanics for the Air Force Not only do they ignore mechanics that were stationed in Vietnam but also all troops who remained on stateside Mao and Nixon Have First Meeting Date s February 21 1972 Location beijing Tag s Diplomacy Cold War US China Relations On February 21 1972 after a long flight to Shanghai President Nixon arrived at Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong s residence for a quick meeting with Mao that afternoon The initial meeting was planed for fifteen minutes but it lasted about an hour The meeting included Chairman Mao President Nixon Prime Minister of China Zhou Enlai Dr Henry Kissinger and Dr Kissinger s assistant Winston Khrushchev s Agreement with Kennedy Date s October 16 1962 to October 28 1962 Location Washington DC Cuba russia Tag s Cuban Missile Crisis Cuba Kennedy CIA Cold War JFK Khrushchev Castro U S S R Soviet Communist Thirteen Days in October 1962 or better known as the Cuban Missile Crisis was a dangerous time when a nuclear war could have occurred The Soviet Union U S S R secretly placed missiles in Cuba in 1962 to support Fidel Castro s administration against the United States Castro and his rebels had overthrown the American backed president and military dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959 After Muhammad Ali How One Man s Dissent Illustrates the Story of the American Opposition of the Vietnam War Date s 1967 Location Dist Columbia District of Columbia Tag s Cold War Draft Vietnam War Anti Draft Anti War During the Cold War the Vietnam War was probably considered one of America s more unnecessary and counterproductive ideas to stop the spreading of Communism As the American government continued the war with little thought to whom it effected on both sides of the spectrum many people both Black and White poor and rich and overall different came together as one to protest the continuation of a war US Declared Able to Wage Cold War Date s November 10 1952 Location New York New York Tag s Cold War Red Scare How ready was the United States ready for the Cold War On November 10 1952 an article was printed in the New York Times

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/291 (2016-02-15)
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    Chronology Do You Believe in Miracles The Ultimate Cold War Faceoff Date s February 22 1980 Location Essex New York Tag s Cold War Olympics Do you believe in Miracles This was the question Sportscaster Al Michaels asked in Lake Placid New York on February 22 1980 seconds before the United States ice hockey team achieved victory against the reigning Soviet Squad in the XIII Olympic Winter Games 1 The

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/1508 (2016-02-15)
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    was once Ali s sparring partner 2 Adding to this infamous rivalry was the fact that Ali and Frazier represented the two different sides of America at the time Ali had been born Cassius Clay and changed his name to Muhammad Ali upon his conversion to the Black Muslim Faith This was the same religion that was tied to the militant Civil Rights group the Black Panthers 3 Then in 1966 he avoided the draft by failing his mental exam and became a Muslim minister in order to claim a clerical exemption After he would state I ain t got no quarrel with those Viet Congs 4 A year later he was then convicted of draft evasion This caused the WBA to then strip him of his title clearing the way for Frazier to take his place Both of these sentiments being a black Muslim and speaking out against the war at a time both of these issues were reaching a breaking point due to violent protests on both issues throughout the country caused him to represent the anti establishment movement and counterculture While Ali during came to symbolize the image of the counterculture Frazier became to embody the other half of America the good citizens while also being dubbed the white man s champ mostly due to trash talking from Ali Frazier was a Baptist whose mother was a real church goin lady who taught him respectfulness standing in deep contrast to the militant Black Muslim religion that Ali spoke vocally towards 5 In the months leading up to the fight Ali would also yell fighting words in Frazier s direction calling him names like Uncle Tom leading Ali to represent more and more of the Civil Rights Movement even when Frazier tried to counteract these claims In contrast to Ali s views of the Vietnam War Frazier again stood with contrasting views and became a symbol of the conservative pro war movement In his autobiography Frazier said that the only reason why he did not fight in the war was because he was a father but that he would have fought if he were drafted because his country had been so good to him 6 Clearly going into this supposed Fight of the Century it was a fight between to seemingly similar yet vastly different champions with the liberal anti establishment counterculture on one side and the conservative and traditional rule followers on the other This was a showdown that everyone in America felt a part of By the time it was finally the night of the match Madison Square Garden had a circus like atmosphere that was fit for the occasion Scores of policemen tried to control the crowd of outrageously dressed fans as countless celebrities from Woody Allen to Frank Sinatra sat among the masses 7 The fight itself exceeded even in its massive promotional hype and went the full fifteen round championship distance Ali dominated the first three rounds however Frazier began to dominate in

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5574 (2016-02-15)
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    Speaking to the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations former Army Captain John Kerry explained the atrocities and falsehoods that the soldiers on the ground were forced to carry out while serving in the Vietnam War from 1966 1970 He made it clear that the actions of the United States government and military leaders should not vanish into thin air According to Breaking Point Stonewall Riots Date s June 28 1969 to June 28 1970 Location Washington New York Tag s LGBT Stonewall Riots In 2015 the LGBT community in America sits on the edge of its collective seat much like the African American community in 1967 with the much anticipating ruling of the Loving Case Today we await a Supreme Court ruling on the legality of same sex marriage How did we get here when only 50 years ago interracial marriage was illegal The answer may be in a bar in Greenwich Village On Latino Activism Big Impact in Univeristy of Wisconsin Milwaukee during 1970 Si Se Puede Date s October 1970 Location Milwaukee Wisconsin Tag s Spanish speaking Wisconsin Latino Activism During the 60 s Spanish Speaking at a university of United States would be a remote idea for some people However the University of Wisconsin Milwaukee showed to the society that mixing new cultures would create a better community in the university The process of trying to involve more cultures and languages was a long process According to the UW M Spanish Speaking Outreach Institute The New Orleans Jazz Heritage Festival Still Movin and Groovin Date s 1970 Location Orleans Louisiana Tag s 10th Annual New Orleans Jazz Heritage Festival New Orelans Adam Mims Dr Benson History 321 Urban America The New Orleans Jazz Heritage Festival Still Movin and Groovin In the beginning of 1970 the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19710308 (2016-02-15)
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