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    misbehaved on the auction block Here slaves were beaten repeatedly with a long leather paddle known as a flog The flog delivered punishment equivalent to the whip but did not leave wounds that could jeopardize the price of a slave When his name William Gilmore Simms Account of the 1865 Destruction of Columbia Date s February 14 1865 to February 20 1865 Location RICHLAND South Carolina Tag s Catholicism Columbia Violence Confederacy Civil War General Sherman In 1865 William Gilmore Simms famed Southern novelist published a text recounting the capture and burning of Columbia South Carolina by the forces of General William Sherman The text was highly anecdotal creating a scene of violence and disorder He recounted looting fires and destruction Simms argued that Sherman willing and knowingly allowed Columbia to burn that soldiers prevented Abolitionists Free Suspected Runaway Slave Date s October 4 1851 Location ONONDAGA New York Tag s Abolitionism Abolitionist violence Violence On Wednesday October 4 1851 Syracuse city police led by Deputy U S Marshall Allen arrested an African American man by the name of Jerry McHenry John M Reynolds of Marion County Indiana claimed McHenry to be his slave and as a result McHenry was taken into custody as a runaway slave and set for trial However Reynolds would soon be surprised by an unexpected turn of events that neither Sumner Brooks Affair Date s May 22 1856 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Kansas Nebraska Act Abolitionism Sumner Brooks Violence Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner sat as his desk in the nearly empty Chamber of the United States Senate on May 22 1856 He had recently given a speech called The Crime Against Kansas on abolishing slavery in the United States The speech described atrocities occurring in Kansas at the time There pro

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/244 (2016-02-15)
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    was captured by Native Americans in the Ohio region in 1791 escaped after two years and fled on foot to Detroit only to run into Native people who knew his face and his escapee status He describes running into the Native people and also their relations with the local fort and British military the Native people would bring the scalps of American men women and children in exchange An Underestimated Victory for Native Americans Date s July 8 1970 Location District of Columbia District of Columb Tag s Native Americans President Nixon American Indian Movement On July 8 1970 President Nixon addresses the United States Congress regarding Native American rights in response to the ongoing efforts of the American Indian Movement At the time of his address to Congress Native Americans across the United States were taking a stand against the hundreds of years of mistreatment they have received at the hands of white settlers These American Indians who Parents learn their child has died Date s 1907 Location Hennepin Minnesota Tag s Health Care Cultural Assimilation Boarding Schools Native Americans In 1907 the parents of a Native American child Lizzie received a heartbreaking letter The letter was from the superintendent of the Flandreau Boarding School where Lizzie attended The Superintendent wrote that Lizzie had died from slow tuberculosis days before the letter was written In the letter he claimed that he had been away at the time of Lizzie s death and was unable to write her mother A worried mother writes her son s boarding school Date s December 14 1921 to December 20 1921 Location Whatcom Washington Tag s Boarding Schools Cultural Assimilation Native Americans On December 14 1921 a worried mother wrote a letter to the Superintendent at the Tulalip Indian Agency In the letter she

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/537 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    the Union soldiers The Democratic editor of the Dubuque Iowa Herald was dragged along for miles without any explanation for his arrest and imprisoned without any knowledge of his crime A few weeks later on September 4 th President Lincoln proclaimed the suspension of the Writ of Habeas Corpus Even though Mahony was arrested prior to this proclamation he was never told what his chargers were On November 11 1862 after swearing oaths of loyalty to the United States Mahony was discharged He along with several other inmates were released from captivity and sent home Eleven days later the strong animosity towards the imprisonments of political offenders caused an order from the War Department to release all people who were being In Prisoner of State Mahony recounts his terrifying ordeal of being imprisoned by the United States Army In his book he confronts the men he feels were responsible for his unjust imprisonment Mahony speaks out against tyranny despotism and arbitrary power Mahony attacks the President as well as high ranking officials claiming they stepped out of their legal boundaries He even goes as far to dedicate his book to the Secretary of War Edwin M Stanton In his dedication page he addresses Stanton directly saying I am sir one of the many hundreds of victims of the despotism of the arbitrary power of which you have become the willing servile and pensioned tyrant iv held in military custody According to Mahony his arrest and imprisonment were an unacceptable violation of his civil liberties as an American Mahony did not reside in a state that had seceded from the Union during the Civil War nor was he a solider yet he was still arrested and treated like a prisoner of war Mahony believed he had been arrested because of his

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4998 (2016-02-15)
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    at Antietam Date s September 17 1862 to September 18 1862 Location WASHINGTON Maryland Tag s Civil War Battle of Antietam Maryland Campaign Private Milton S Lytle of Huntingdon Pennsylvania joined the Union Army in August of 1862 and found himself assigned to Company C of the 125 th Pennsylvania Infantry in the Army of the Potomac On September 17 1862 he and the 125 th Regiment marched through the East Woods during the Battle of Antietam to protect the artillery batteries supporting Union assaults Lytle and Battle of Antietam Date s September 17 1862 Location ALLEGANY Maryland Tag s War Union General McCellan responded to Confederate General Robert Lee s plans of heading north by gathering his Army of the Potomac to counter them Lee hoped to get to Pennsylvania to regroup but instead confronted the Union army at Antietam Creek Despite General McCellan s advantage in men Lee s troops were able to hold their ground In the end Lee s army returned to Virginia Battle of Perryville Date s October 8 1862 Location PERRY Kentucky Tag s War General Braxton Bragg led his Confederate troops into Kentucky with high hopes A win in Kentucky could be a possible turning point for the Confederate army as it would probably add Kentucky to their side However Bragg failed to execute his troops efficiently and could not gather political support from the Kentuckians Bragg s troops were largely outnumbered by Major General Don Carlos Teaching our Slaves to Read Date s October 8 1862 Location RICHLAND South Carolina Tag s Education for blacks Religion Slavery Extra Extra Read all about it Newspaper supports illiteracy This confusing fictional phrase would have been the perfect attention grabber for The Confederate Baptist a southern newspaper that did just that In its second ever

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18620814-18621111 (2016-02-15)
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    Army in his book Prisoner of State Date s August 14 1862 to November 11 1862 Location Tag s Imprisonment Civl War War In the early morning of August 14 1862 D A Mahony was aroused from his sleep by a man representing the Secretary of War named Mr Gregory With several Union soldiers surrounding his home and threatening to murder him and his wife if he resisted Mahony found

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/3901 (2016-02-15)
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    by the Union Army in his book Prisoner of State Date s August 14 1862 to November 11 1862 Location DUBUQUE Iowa Tag s Imprisonment Civl War War In the early morning of August 14 1862 D A Mahony was aroused from his sleep by a man representing the Secretary of War named Mr Gregory With several Union soldiers surrounding his home and threatening to murder him and his wife

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/651 (2016-02-15)
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    Griggs Candler had made Coca Cola a country wide phenomenon The 1907 advertisement is a well dressed man drinking the last few drops of Coca Cola from a glass with the caption Sold Everywhere Now that everyone knew what Coca Cola was the emphasis in advertising shifts from enticing people to try the new product especially using the seduction of a woman to reassuring people Reassuring them that Coca Cola is indeed what they want to drink because it is the best as proven by the successful look of the man drinking it Pemberton a well known pharmacist in Atlanta had many concoctions brewed for various ailments This one just happened to be in the right place at the right time It was eventually bought by another very successful pharmacist Asa Griggs Candler Candler was the true business man with the idea that Coca Cola as it came to be known would be great From 25 gallons the first year to Sold Everywhere was a remarkable change and that was just the beginning Coca Cola would become the world s most recognized symbol and word It is important to understand however the circumstances under which Coca Cola was born to its original owner John Pemberton was a Civil War veteran and like many many others he was addicted to morphine The power and effects of the coca plant from which we derive cocaine were just being discovered Not only that but prohibitionists in Atlanta were gaining ground and it seemed inevitable the city would become dry John first was experimenting with the coca plant making a sort of wine out of it but eventually he traded the alcoholic part for the caffeine jolt from the Kola plant The name derived from its two main ingredients and was written by John

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4999 (2016-02-15)
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    Florida Tag s Health Death A hurricane with 135 mph winds caused millions of dollars worth br of damage and scores of deaths at Cedar Key FL The hurricane demolished two hotels several churches and schoolhouses and many other buildings while the storm also hit lumber and turpentine industries extremely hard The storm caused major floods which begat fires throughout the city The hurricane so damaged the Florids Victims Flee Harm in Richmond Date s December 31 1896 Location HENRICO Virginia Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Health Death Economy The streets of Richmond were no place to be at night Chastain Riggins found this out the hard way as he was attacked while returning to his home on New Year s Eve 1896 At approximately 10 30 at night Mr Riggins was attacked by a large black man The man grabbed Mr Riggins by the neck and attempted to take his watch with his free hand Mr Riggins fought the man for a period of time until a Renaissance of the Oyster Industry Date s January 1 1891 to January 1 1895 Location NORTHAMPTON Virginia Tag s Agriculture Economy We will be unable to give our children any remnant of our patrimony unless the whole oyster industry is restored without delay William K Brooks wrote these words in 1891 fifty six years and 400 000 000 bushels of oysters after the beginning of commercial oyster revolution The natural beds of the Chesapeake were being depleted so rapidly that Brooks predicted a complete extinction of a free A Change in Direction Date s January 6 1897 Location CARROLL Maryland Tag s Education Government Politics Race Relations 1897 was an important year for the educational system of Maryland and subsequently the South as a whole Mayor Hooper of Baltimore Maryland was

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18860501-19070531 (2016-02-15)
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