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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    a call to action for Democrats to go out and vote to ensure a majority for the party across the board of all of the offices After the conclusion of the war Republicans had a strong hold on northern cities but there were still Democrats making Contested Greenville Mayoral Election Date s September 15 1874 Location GREENVILLE South Carolina Tag s Elections Politics African Americans On September 15 1874 Luther

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/658 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    hanged while John Wilkes Booth is actually rushing in to be hanged Liberty and Justice are also depicted in the clouds above the scene showing their approval of the Union victory instead of more bloodshed Liberty and Justice represent the belief in a need for resolution and reunion A former slave is shown illustrating a vision that Northerners thought that they wanted but the Colfax Massacre of 1873 tells differently as another fight for civil rights would have to be fought a century later The visualization of the hanging of Confederate leaders shows the desire for vengeance that many people in the North felt towards the South at this time This political cartoon shows the social disarry that was present and would continue through Restoration it brings to light the question of the North and the South two separate identities would function as one unitary state There are Anti Southern feelings present as the cartoon illustrates especially after the assassination of Lincoln with citizens seeing their former president as a martyr On the other hand while Southern sentiment is not depicted here many Southerners saw Reconstruction as an occupation by the Union and felt associated with the Confederacy and not the Union Many Southerners viewed Lincoln as a Black Republican and yet others saw Lincoln as a man of forgiveness and peace regarding Reconstruction and regretted his murder Peterson 46 All in all Reconstruction saw divisions in America at the end of the war between the North and the South but also within the regions Simply ending the war would not change this Yet Northern hope for a successful Reconstruction was great at this time as the Union wanted to transform and improve the South however ten years later many of the goals for Reconstruction failed The cartoon also does

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5005 (2016-02-15)
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    capitol of the Confederacy Wilmington North Carolina was the most important place in the South It lay just two miles north of the Cape Fear River right on the Atlantic coast Wilmington was an important port for the export of tar turpentine pitch and lumber The people of this small North Carolinian town were shrewd hospitable intelligent The Formation of an African American Church Date s 1865 to 1874 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s African Americans Church Religious Activity Race Relations For much of the first half of the nineteenth century most of the churches in Washington with black members were overseen by white pastors and leaders As a result many of the black members felt alienated while many of the white members were eager to disassociate themselves Thus it was a major breakthrough for the black citizens of Washington D C at the Civil War s end when the white Enslaving the Free The Development of Southern Sharecropping Date s 1865 Location CHARLESTON South Carolina Tag s African Americans Agriculture Economy Race Relations Slavery We are going to work for ourselves and for nobody else The newly freed slaves of Thomas Pinckney took this stand when he called them to start working again after the Civil War ended Pinckney a plantation owner in South Carolina did not expect these men to continue working for free but he realized that without them his plantation was destined for failure He stated simply I acknowledged The Day in the Life of a Union Prisoner of War Disease and Deprivation Date s 1865 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Crime Violence Government Health Death War The United States Sanitary Commission conducted a series of interviews following the conclusion of the Civil War The Commission focused on the details

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18650101-18651231 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    Ohio The Far Fetched Illustration of Union Victory Date s 1865 Location Tag s Civil War War Politics The Civil War ended with feelings of both celebration and relief at the war s end in the North and political cartoons such as Freedom s immortal triumph Finale of the Jeff Davis Die nasty illustrated the triumphant mood pervading the Union in 1865 The Republican bias of the image is obvious

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/10240 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    she witnessed and her desire for the Confederates to disarm and capture the Northern forces As a hero of the Confederacy she wrote on April 13 of heavy firing between Fort and Gun boats and the fifteen Union soldiers who arrived and forced Edmondson to feed their horses Shortly afterwards the soldiers stole some of those horses Her attitude in the diary shifted on Saturday April 16 when she wrote of the arrival of thirty Union soldiers six of which dined over breakfast with her She described them as gentlemen and expressed her surprise at finding their company pleasing to dine with While Belle s experience with Union forces shifted from inconvenient to tolerable Stephen Ash described in his book When the Yankees Came Conflict and Chaos in the Occupied South that many southerners experienced shock confusion and panic at the incoming Federal soldiers Ash explained that much of this terror as experienced by Belle when they arrive on her property was often aggravated by uncertainty about the enemy s exact location and intentions With communications disrupted and facts scarce rumors flourished A native of Edmondson s home state of Tennessee Nimrod Porter described his fear at the Union s arrival in February of 1862 when he stated The awful state of affairs and the greate uncertainty of events the suspense is truly almost too much for me to beare Many throughout the south lived in panic over the presence of Union forces and had to live among fear of their unknown locations Two days later on April 18 Edmondson received another visit from Memphis Union soldiers and expressed her disgust over one of them who was a black abolitionist indicating Edmondson s hostility toward those enslaved Throughout the many issues discussed in Edmondson s diary her vocal expressions of

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/5006 (2016-02-15)
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    Health Death War The same article was printed twice in the Charleston Mercury and the Southern Recorder regarding the execution of a twenty one year old rebel spy named Samuel Davis The actual execution took place on November 27 1863 in Pulaski Tennessee at 10 o clock a m Davis had been captured on November 19 1863 carrying dispatches and mail for to Union Gen Braxton Bragg These documents had been Cleburne Recommends Enlistment of Blacks into Confederate Army Date s January 2 1864 Location WHITFIELD Georgia Tag s African Americans Race Relations War In mid 1863 the Confederate Army and Confederate Congress decided that steps needed to be taken toward strengthening the Confederate Army In a meeting with other Confederate officers in early January 1864 Gen Cleburne suggested something that seemed like a logical and rational solution to the problem enlist African Americans into the Confederate Army Out of this idea grew the proposal to African Americans Try to Improve the Status of Their Race Date s January 1 1864 Location SHELBY Tennessee Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Race Relations Urban Life Boosterism War Beginning in 1863 black communities began to hold large meetings to discuss the articulation and communication of new attitudes towards African Americans One such meeting was held in a black Baptist church in Memphis to commemorate the first anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation This meeting was one of the first of black convocations that called for social reforms among the black community Diary of Belle Edmondson January November 1864 Date s January 1864 to 1864 Location FRANKLIN Tennessee Tag s Race Relations african americans Civil War Slavery In the midst of the Civil War one woman remained behind the scenes of the battlefield documenting the war and experiencing the fighting first hand Belle Edmondson

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18640101-18640131 (2016-02-15)
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    a victory against the Union Women Soldiers in the Civil War Date s March 29 1863 Location Tag s Civil War Women Union and Confederate uniforms were symbols of purpose and bravery for the soldiers who wore them but for some they were merely a disguise Over 4 million people fought in the Civil War whether recruited or serving as volunteers Among those who served were approximately 400 women disguised under male aliases Among these 400 documented women was Sarah Rosetta Wakeman a member of the 153rd Regiment On the Home Front Civilian Reaction to Northern Occupation during the American Civil War Date s May 30 1861 Location Tag s Letters Home Women Civil War As Northern forces began to push into Southern territory they were forced to occupy many Southern residences and forage for resources and materials from Southern fields Often the actions taken by Northern troops led to hostility and bitterness by southerners towards Northern troops because often the soldiers would cause destruction to civilian Property This hostility appeared in letters written Vardy McBee Date s September 1852 Location Tag s Vardry McBee De Bows Review Railroad Vardry McBee is a Greenville South Carolina celebrity with everything from streets buildings and residence halls erected in his name there is no doubt McBee had an impact on Greenville SC McBee s name does not have the same resonance outside of this South Carolina city today although in 1852 McBee gained national recognition in the southern agricultural magazine De Bows Review The publication Philosophy of Education through the Lens of Catharine E Beecher Date s 1829 Location Tag s Roles of Women women s education During the early nineteenth century women became the center of the family nurturing and educating their children Catharine E Beecher s essay Suggestions Respecting Improvements

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/courses/view/43/2 (2016-02-15)
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