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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Schools
    Section Number End Date HST 41 America 1820 1890 2007 2008 08 01 HST 323 Nineteenth Century Urban Epidemics 2012 06 01 HST 321 History of Urban and Suburban America 2008 12 25 HST 321 Urban and Suburban America 2012 12 25 HST 321 History of Urban and Suburban U S 2014 2014 12 31 HST 321 Urban and Suburban America 2015 12 24 HST 224 American Civil War Era

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/schools/view/4/4/4/sort:abbr/direction:desc (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    which wounded Union soldiers were denied adequate medical care leading to further pain and death in some cases Louis Francis a Union soldier gave testimony as a victim of this inadequate treatment his wounds were so badly tended that on several occasions the bone of his amputated leg continued to rupture through his wound His multiple requests for a more qualified surgeon were all denied Finally the Committee heard testimony from many citizens who had witnessed Confederate soldiers desecrating the bodies of the Union dead in order to obtain trophies such as bones or skulls All of the testimony and evidence led the Committee to find that Confederate soldiers had committed atrocities against the Union s wounded and deceased In their conclusion the committee decried the barbarism of the Confederacy and called for the support of all loyal people and foreign nations to defeat this inhumane and immoral enemy of the Republic The First Battle of Manassas was an embarrassing defeat for the North it weighed down their spirit of prewar triumphalism deflated the morale of the troops and quelled public support for the Civil War Historian Harry Stout claims that many religious and civilian leaders viewed the defeat as

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3862 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Search
    of combat at Shiloh were a display of a new level of brutality encountered in American warfare with no unit better exhibiting this change than the Nineteenth Louisiana Regiment A regiment of the First Brigade under Colonel Gibson in the Army of the Mississippi and led by Colonel B L Hodge the Nineteenth Louisiana entered combat on the Sunday of April 6 1862 Turning the Tide Col Samuel Beatty s experience at Shiloh Date s April 9 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s The Battle of Shiloh Civil War Reversing momentum is a crucial element that is necessary for success whether on a football field or a field of battle Often however those involved in these critical moments do not realize their own significance On April 9 1862 Colonel Samuel Beatty of the Nineteenth Ohio Infantry submitted a report which detailed the actions of his regiment during the Battle of Shiloh two days earlier The Battle of Shiloh Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location GRAINGER Tennessee Tag s War On April 6th and 7th the Battle of Shiloh took place taking the lives of more men than in all previous American wars combined Just off the banks of the Tennessee River a Confederate surprise attack left General Ulysses S Grant s troops unprepared with nightfall on the 6th having the federal troops on the verge of defeat By the end of fighting in the area after the initial attack there Sherman Praises Soldiers of the Fifth Divison Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s 32nd Indiana Regiment The Battle of Shiloh During the Battle of Shiloh General William Tecumseh Sherman gained an appreciation for the bravery of his men As seen in his after action report Confederates surprised the Fifth Division with their attack and Sherman s forces were driven far from their encampment Though the army was in a panic the retreat was ultimately halted and Sherman s men held their ground The 32nd Indiana behaved Shiloh Col Cyprus Hall 14th Illionois Infantry Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s Civil War 1862 Shiloh Pittsburgh Landing Cyprus Hall Union Army Colonel Hall s experience in the Battle of Shiloh is unique from any common and popular knowledge of what actually took place during the battle The general populations recognition of the battles in the west does not compare to their recognition of the battles in the east such as Gettysburg and Harpers Ferry The reason is that the battles in the east took place in close proximity to some of Shiloh Col Ralph P Buckland 72nd Ohio Infantry Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s Ralph P Buckland Pittsburgh Landing 1862 Shiloh Civil War Colonel Buckland s experience in the battle of Shiloh is unique from any popular knowledge of the battle The general populations recognition of the battles in the west concentrating on

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18620401-18620505 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    Such fields of study were common among these academies although there were variances from school to school The inclusion of needle work in the curriculum however is a bit uncommon for although it was an important skill for most women in the antebellum period it was only taught in about thirty percent of academies In addition courses in music and dance were offered in the ad but at an extra cost This highlighted a common trend in the academy movement While these fields were thought to be an important part of creating a lady they lost value with a newer emphasis on more academic courses which had previously been for males only Christie Farnham in her Educating the Southern Belle argues that this change occurred because of the changing ideas of the capacities of women Because women were now thought to be just as capable as men they too could receive the same benefits of a liberal arts education as men did And this was the main point of a woman s education to make her a better person for her role in society Thus the knowledge gained in schooling was important in creating what was thought to be a proper lady In addition to the knowledge gained a proper education was pivotal in creating a charming and sophisticated lady And this highlighted an important role of a woman s education as a sign of class distinction One of the most prominent ways in which the upper class distinguished itself from lower classes was with the refinement and knowledge gained from these institutions It reinforced the idea that they were better than the people in these other groups by virtue of their knowledge and ability to interact in proper society Such an ideal is played upon in the ad as

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3868 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Arts Leisure Church Religious Activity Politics It was April 3rd 1880 Ellen E Dickinson was about to record the official statement of Mrs Matilda Spaulding McKinstry s describing her understanding of the connection between her father s Manuscript Found and the infamous Joseph Smith s Mormon Bible The connection between the old romantic manuscript and the piece of religious writing was about to expose the real and far less celestial origins The Marquis de Lafayette Visits Norfolk and Portsmouth Virginia Date s October 19 1824 to October 27 1824 Location NORFOLK CITY Virginia Tag s Arts Leisure Economy Urban Life Boosterism War Although a Frenchmen the Marquis de Lafayette was a man dear to the hearts of many Americans in the early nineteenth century He led American troops into battle during the Revolution had sustained a wound at the Battle of Brandywine and was instrumental in encouraging the participation of the French forces in the siege of Yorktown which led to the surrender of the British in 1781 Lafayette was Steamship Lines of Norfolk Virginia Date s December 11 1823 Location NORFOLK CITY Virginia Tag s Agriculture Arts Leisure Economy Migration Transportation The American Beacon and Norfolk and Portsmouth Daily Advertiser of Thursday December 11 1823 contained two advertisements that concerned a new technology that would greatly change the speed with which Americans traveled their vast continent Both advertisements concerned the establishment of steamship lines from Norfolk to important cities in the Chesapeake Bay region The first of the two ads described Uncle Tom Date s 1830 to 1840 Location AUGUSTA Virginia Tag s African Americans Arts Leisure Race Relations Urban Life Boosterism At some point in the early 1830 s all the author knows is before 1840 the Annals of Augusta County a county historical record relate the death of a free black man who lived in Staunton Virginia Tom Evans was his name or Uncle Tom as he was called Mr Evans had been at one point the body servant of a Major Willis and had served with his master in the Revolutionary War He had lived in Staunton Graduation Day Date s May 28 1886 to June 1 1886 Location AUGUSTA Virginia Tag s Arts Leisure Church Religious Activity Health Death Economy Education Migration Transportation Women For four days the Augusta Female Seminary under the leadership of Mary Julia Baldwin held commencement exercises for the class of 1886 Miss Baldwin reported that the school enrollment was at capacity and there was even a wait list There were many delicate pupils whose parents sent them to Staunton because of the healthful climate and atmosphere The school s students hailed from 23 states Miss Mid Autumn Musters Date s 1821 Location ALBEMARLE Virginia Tag s Arts Leisure War On consecutive weekends in October 1821 two companies of Albemarle militia held their yearly musters On the first Saturday of the month a company of artillery headed by Captain F B Dyers gathered

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/8 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    capitol and due to miscommunication among the Confederate commanders McClellan had achieved a victory at Mechanicsville the day before However McClellan had unexplainably fallen back to the position along the ridge behind Boatswain s Swamp The position was well defended by embankments and long range guns and offered a very difficult approach for the Confederate troops In preparing for the day s attack General Lee approached Brigadier General John B Hood and asked him to fight his way towards the middle of the Union line in an attempt to break through McPherson describes Hood as a daring and gladiatorial man who quickly accepted the challenge and went to scout out the terrain Seeing the Union line was in a strategic position Hood devised his approach and waited for the opportune moment As the battle raged on for the whole day Hood held his 4th Texas unit in reserve while Lee s first attack was again hampered by miscommunication and thrown back Towards sundown the Confederates rallied and Hood seized his opportunity Placing his unit at the center of the Confederate line Hood ordered his men not to fire a shot as they advanced but to stay in line Hood believed that the only way to reach the Union line was by staying in formation and if his men were forced to stop and reload their guns they would never make it Hood describes how he and his men pressed on towards the Union line while their ranks were thinned at almost every step forward Finally they crested the hill before the swamp and Hood led them charging down the steep hill still not a shot fired among them Crossing the swamp the Confederate advance faltered Hood recounts how at this crucial moment he shouted to his men to fix bayonets

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3869 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Search
    Tag s Crime Violence Race Relations Women Louisa Picquet was a 14 year old slave in Mobile Alabama in 1861 Her master was a married gentleman named Mr Cook who lived in a boarding house while his wife was away At the boarding house Mr Cook demanded that Louisa take care of him privately Louisa realized what her master s intentions were and shared them with a female boarder Mrs Bachelor Mrs Bachelor was furious and devised Blurring Lines of Race Date s 1861 Location MOBILE Alabama Tag s African Americans Race Relations Slavery Race in the antebellum South was not as simple as black and white In recounting her story Louisa Picquet discussed the races of slaves on several occasions As a slave Louisa recognized differences between herself and other slaves She described herself as relatively white but that other slaves around her where more white than she She also noticed a difference in the way masters treated their Border States and the Civil War Date s 1861 Location JASPER Missouri Tag s Crime Violence Diplomacy International Government War Salem H Ford realized early that his company was in for a tough battle As a captain in the cavalry of the Confederate States Army he worried about the lack of leadership in his unit After all Colonel Price the only man who seemed to know how to form a line of battle was fighting on the other side of the state As Ford glanced across Spring River which was the only thing separating Morgan Honors Texas Rangers with a Poem Date s 1861 Location GALVESTON Texas Tag s Arts Leisure War M Morgan showed how proud she is of her Texas warriors that are involved with the Civil War in her poem Texan Rangers She proclaimed in the first

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18620627 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    Texans at the Battle Gainess Mills Date s June 27 1862 Location Tag s War Courageously march ing under a constantly increasing shower of shot and shell General John Bell Hood and his fighting Texans battled their war towards a Union embankment and on to glory The stage was the Battle of Gaines s Mills on June 27th 1862 and it was up to Hood and his men to lead

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/13908 (2016-02-15)
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