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    that the National League of Professional Baseball Clubs was on the verge of dissolution on Monday March 4 1895 National League Baseball was founded slightly before Major League Baseball The Major League was founded in the early 1900s and since then the two leagues have competed in an annual series of games called the World Series At the time of the reported Ignoble and Impotent Date s March 4 1895 Location ARKANSAS Arkansas Tag s Crime Violence Economy Government Politics On the evening of Monday March 4 1895 the Fifty third Congress came to an end The headlines that ran in the New York Times that day took the opportunity to let lose a harsh critique on that particular Congress They read A DISGRACE TO AMERICA FAITHLESS TO PARTY AND COUNTRY and NO ONE REGRETS THE DISSOLUTION The prestigious newspaper commented on the corruption and ineptitude of the political Sex Across The Color Line Date s March 16 1895 Location HENRICO Virginia Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Health Death Race Relations Slavery Women The town did not look on Thomas J Penn a prominent white man with favor as they suspected him of committing a rape and two murders In Danville Virginia Penn raped ten year old defenseless Lina Hanna Penn her owner badly injured Hanna an African American who was very lucky to have survived The rape was not the only disaster in this story The biggest mystery of all was the disappearance Annual Public School Report of Superintendent Date s September 7 1894 to 1894 Location NORFOLK CITY Virginia Tag s African Americans Education Race Relations Women In the Portsmouth Star Superintendent John C Ashton reported the public school demographics for the year ending July 31 1894 The school year was in session for 195 days in

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18950309 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    Location Tag s Church Religious Activity George Washington was an important figure in the South in the 1900s as he himself was a southerner from Virginia After the Confederacy seceded from the Union and created the Constitution of the confederacy they turned to Washington as a symbol of their patriotism An image of Washington was put on the seal of the Confederacy and on a postage stamp suggesting that the Confederacy not the Union National Association of Colored Women Formation Date s 1896 Location Tag s African Americans Race Relations Through the merger of the National Federation of Afro American Women headed by the dean of women at the Tuskegee Institute and the National League of Colored Women the formation of the National Association of Colored Women began which would culminate in its formation Comprised of state and local affiliates it addressed many social issues facing African American communities Founded by abolitionist The Geary Act Date s May 5 1892 Location Tag s Migration Transportation Race Relations In 1892 the United States Congress granted an extension of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 known as the Geary Act This original law passed in 1882 allowed a ten year moratorium for Chinese immigration The United States government believed that Chinese immigration endangered the good order of certain localities In addition this law required that Chinese immigrants register and obtain a certificate First Black Novel Iola Leroy is Published Date s April 1892 Location Tag s Arts Leisure Race Relations In April 1892 Frances Ellen Watkins Harper published Iola Leroy one of the first some say the first novel to be written by an African American The book presented a closer and more in depth look of black womanhood It was a story about a refined mulatto woman raised to believe she

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/1279 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    a public demonstration of his newly improved Reaper near the little town of Lexington Virginia in 1832 Around 100 people were present to watch the twenty three year old innovator s contraption take to a field of grain Herbert N Casson explained in his book Cyrus Hall McCormick His Life and Work that the crowd included several political leaders of local fame farmers Wernher Von Braun Advises the Vice President on the Space Program Date s April 29 1961 Location Madison Alabama Tag s Science Technology Cold War Wernher Von Braun stated in his letter to United States Vice President Lyndon Johnson we have an excellent chance of beating the Soviets to the first landing of a crew on the moon The letter discussed the strategic direction the United States should take to surpass of the Soviet Union in the space race With the Cold War raging between the U S and the Soviet Union space Cape Lookout Lighthouse Date s September 19 1859 Location CARTERET North Carolina Tag s Economy Science Technology Official information has been received at this office from Captain W H C Whiting corps of engineers United States army that the new lighthouse at Cape Lookout has been completed The new lighthouse had the shape of a cone made of brick with an iron lantern as the light The tower rose 156 feet above sea level The light was a fixed light that could be seen up to 22 nautical miles during ordinary Transforming Naval Warfare Date s March 8 1862 to March 9 1862 Location NORFOLK Virginia Tag s Navy Civil War Science Technology On March 8 1862 the power of a new form of naval warfare made its appearance at Hampton Roads Bay Virginia The CSS Virginia formerly the sunken USS Merrimack appeared beside

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/16 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    men and women dealt with the injured One man s face was entirely black his body without a particle of skin He had been flayed alive To witness such horrors fellow passengers in pain near death and begging for death to free them from present suffering devastated the survivors The gentleman judged that between forty and fifty people perished either instantly from injury from inhaling steam or gas or from drowning No doubt people faced danger when traveling during the 19th century John Burke in Bursting Boilers and Federal Power stated that between 1816 and 1848 about 233 steamboat explosions occurred The lack of regulation on the boilers at that time contributed to most of the accidents Steamboat explosions caused the loss of goods affecting the economy as well as the loss of lives affecting each individual and each family Ultimately the loss of lives and goods played a crucial role in affecting American history The number of lives lost compelled American legislation to question how steamboats could become safer and whether federal power had the right to create regulatory agencies In 1824 the Gibbons v Ogden ruling handed down by Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that the power to regulate commerce so far as it extends is exclusively vested in Congress allowing Congress to regulate private business and to interfere where government had never interfered before As more steamboat explosions killed more lives the American people reacted In 1830 Secretary of Treasury Samuel D Ingham gave money to The Franklin Institute to experiment and inspect steam engine boilers The combination of the number of deaths due to explosions and the data from the experiments forced the Steamboat Act of 1838 to become law The Steamboat Act of 1852 established the Steamboat Inspection Service one of the first federal agency

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3893 (2016-02-15)
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    Relations War On March 23 1830 Senator Thomas Benton of Missouri introduced what he called the Mounted Infantry Bill calling for ten companies of cavalry to be recruited and used to patrol the Santa Fe Trail The Trail which was an overland trade route between St Louis Missouri and Santa Fe New Mexico was critical to the growing economy of Missouri It had resulted in a tremendous amount of trade through Randolph Macon College founded Date s February 3 1830 Location MECKLENBURG Virginia Tag s Church Religious Activity Education On January 1st 1830 a bill was placed before the Virginia legislature to incorporate the Trustees of Randolph Macon College as reported by the Richmond Enquirer on February 4 1830 Passed on February 3 the bill established a college at Boydton Virginia near the border with North Carolina Though founded by Virginia Methodists according to Randolph Macon s website Senate Debate on the Tariff and the Proper Role of the Federal Government Date s January 18 1830 to January 27 1830 Location WASHINGTON Maryland Tag s Economy When Senator Samuel Foot of Connecticut introduced a bill to limit the sale of Western lands to reduce tensions with Native Americans and to slow the spread of slavery he probably knowingly set off a fury among Southern land speculators and agriculturalists This in combination with the Tariff of 1828 which many Southerners saw as a direct assault on their well being was seen as a violation Murder and Runaways Date s January 30 1830 Location EAST BATON ROUG Louisiana Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Health Death Race Relations Slavery Many slaves throughout the 1800 s sought to escape bondage in any way they could and though this usually resulted in them running away occasionally they turned to a more extreme means of

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18300224 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    Steamboat Explosion Rattles Legislation Date s February 24 1830 Location Tag s Agriculture Economy Government Health Death Law Migration Transportation With a sound resembling the discharge of a small piece of artillery and the rushing sound of steam and the rattling of glass the starboard boiler on the steamboat Helen McGregor exploded on February 24 1830 on the Memphis waterfront In The Mariner s Chronicle one gentleman on board described

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/12366 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    the diseases that attacked his family but praised God for his sovereignty Chiles continued on matters of God taking a more optimistic turn as he recounted the great spirit of revival in his area that year and he told Furman about the many baptisms he was performing in local churches He briefly mentioned the excitement of politicks regarding their state and how he hoped they were rightly following the path of God After committing to pray for these events he ended his letter asking for a personal meeting with Furman to see each other and preach together Chiles letter echoes the attentions of many Americans during the early 1830s The masses had a general awareness of political events and conflicts but they concentrated most on personal matters with a particular emphasis on disease death and religion The early 1830s brought an onslaught of contagious diseases such as influenza and cholera but the simultaneous onset of a widespread Christian revival offered hope to families stricken by epidemic disease Americans believed that God was in control and looked forward to the promise of seeing loved ones again in the afterlife Additionally with death and religion capturing the attention of the people there was little time left to ponder the tenuous condition of state and federal affairs Chiles vague mention of excitement in his area most likely refers to the nullification crisis of the early 1830s when outraged Southerners proposed to nullify the high tariffs they believed favored Northern manufacturing cities and crippled the South President Andrew Jackson objected to the nullifiers and proclaimed secession unconstitutional even while Vice President John Calhoun a South Carolinian led the faction supporting nullification The same month that Chiles wrote his letter December 1832 Calhoun stepped down from the vice presidency as tension rose over the split

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3894 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    and Religion Before Politics Date s December 5 1832 Location Tag s Church Religious Activity Health Death Politics On December 5 1832 Reverend James M Chiles wrote a letter to fellow South Carolinian Reverend James C Furman detailing the health of Chiles family and the surge of religious revival in his area Chiles began the letter with an apology that it had taken him so long to respond offering the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/11417 (2016-02-15)
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