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    of combat at Shiloh were a display of a new level of brutality encountered in American warfare with no unit better exhibiting this change than the Nineteenth Louisiana Regiment A regiment of the First Brigade under Colonel Gibson in the Army of the Mississippi and led by Colonel B L Hodge the Nineteenth Louisiana entered combat on the Sunday of April 6 1862 Turning the Tide Col Samuel Beatty s experience at Shiloh Date s April 9 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s The Battle of Shiloh Civil War Reversing momentum is a crucial element that is necessary for success whether on a football field or a field of battle Often however those involved in these critical moments do not realize their own significance On April 9 1862 Colonel Samuel Beatty of the Nineteenth Ohio Infantry submitted a report which detailed the actions of his regiment during the Battle of Shiloh two days earlier The Battle of Shiloh Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location GRAINGER Tennessee Tag s War On April 6th and 7th the Battle of Shiloh took place taking the lives of more men than in all previous American wars combined Just off the banks of the Tennessee River a Confederate surprise attack left General Ulysses S Grant s troops unprepared with nightfall on the 6th having the federal troops on the verge of defeat By the end of fighting in the area after the initial attack there Sherman Praises Soldiers of the Fifth Divison Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s 32nd Indiana Regiment The Battle of Shiloh During the Battle of Shiloh General William Tecumseh Sherman gained an appreciation for the bravery of his men As seen in his after action report Confederates surprised the Fifth Division with their attack and Sherman s forces were driven far from their encampment Though the army was in a panic the retreat was ultimately halted and Sherman s men held their ground The 32nd Indiana behaved Shiloh Col Cyprus Hall 14th Illionois Infantry Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s Civil War 1862 Shiloh Pittsburgh Landing Cyprus Hall Union Army Colonel Hall s experience in the Battle of Shiloh is unique from any common and popular knowledge of what actually took place during the battle The general populations recognition of the battles in the west does not compare to their recognition of the battles in the east such as Gettysburg and Harpers Ferry The reason is that the battles in the east took place in close proximity to some of Shiloh Col Ralph P Buckland 72nd Ohio Infantry Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s Ralph P Buckland Pittsburgh Landing 1862 Shiloh Civil War Colonel Buckland s experience in the battle of Shiloh is unique from any popular knowledge of the battle The general populations recognition of the battles in the west concentrating on

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18620401-18620430 (2016-02-15)
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    African Americans Crime Violence Race Relations Tensions between White Democratic clubs and Black Republican clubs in the parishes of Orleans Jefferson and St Bernard and heightened fear from whites of a black uprising led to violence days before the 1868 elections The conflict erupted when a white democratic procession opened fire on a black procession on the streets of the city Violence escalated when blacks went home to gather weapons Yellow fever sweeps through New Orleans and the Gulf Coast Date s July 1867 to September 1867 Location Tag s Health Death During the summer of 1867 a yellow fever epidemic infected the Gulf Coast of the United States particularly in areas of Louisiana and Texas leading to death of thousands In Louisiana New Orleans suffered greatly while Galveston San Antonio and Houston were three of the hardest hit cities in Texas In both states epidemics of yellow fever had been occurring for years Indeed from 1839 Hard Times for Confederate Supporters After the War Date s March 26 1866 Location Tag s Economy Migration Transportation Urban Life Boosterism War On March 26 1866 a member of the Digges family in New Orleans Louisiana wrote a letter to N A Hanney of Rockport Texas The letter described the family s financial crisis as a result of the Civil War The letter writer whose name is obscured by damage to the document blamed his financial problems on investment in Confederate bonds purchased in order to support the war effort After the fall Food Aid in New Orleans Date s September 1 1862 Location Tag s Health Death Economy Urban Life Boosterism Devastation and upheaval occurred in areas throughout the South where the Union army had gained control The Union s control meant the freeing of slaves This led to a shortage

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/5599 (2016-02-15)
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    standing and they wished to imitate it The adoption by the wealthy of her philosophy of fulfilling civic duty through beautification projects partially explains the uneven distribution of cast iron work throughout the city as the upper class attempted to elevate their own neighborhoods to similar architectural status as those of their European contemporaries With the construction of these apartments the Baroness Pontalba established herself as the epicenter of New Orleans culture and society Both the Pontalba Apartments themselves and the woman responsible for their construction have left an indelible mark on New Orleans culture and architecture Construction on these apartments began in 1848 and was completed by 1850 It was part of the renovation efforts led by Baroness Pontalba to transform the Place d Armes from a dusty common area to the more regal Jackson Square which could be regarded by locals as being on the same caliber as its French counterparts These galleries and balconies became an architectural signature of the leisure class who after finding commercial success responded to the growing urbanization and New Orleans tropical climate by carving out these semi public semi private spaces for themselves New Orleans society has always loved the theater and the Pontalba apartments became the home of prominent performers of the day while its architecture provided a stage for the city The Baroness as the torchbearer of New Orleans society invited many popular performers to the city such as Jenny Lind and graciously allowed them to reside in her apartments for the duration of their stay reinforcing her cultural position and bolstering the reputation of her buildings Yet the galleries on the Pontalba apartments also doubled as a side stage for the streets below These galleries offered the residents a chance to both perform for the city as well as

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4426 (2016-02-15)
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    slavery On December 20 1848 in a small chamber of the Assembly Buildings in Philadelphia the Pennsylvania Anti Slavery Society held a very outspoken convention Many gathered presidents vice presidents and secretaries in order to set straight their position in regard to the Free Soil Party and the church They were also going to let the people of Pennsylvania know their stand on the United States The Oncoming Threat of Cholera in New Orleans in 1849 Date s December 30 1848 to January 11 1849 Location ORLEANS Louisiana Tag s New Orleans cholera After a sixteen year hiatus cholera was once again on the doorstep of New Orleans On December 30 1848 reports from Pittsburgh began circling that cholera was the responsible agent for thirteen deaths aboard steamships known as the Diadem the Watkins and the Savannah all of which had docked in the New Orleans harbor A message from Cincinnati stated that fourteen people aboard the Peytona which The Graduation of Elizabeth Blackwell A Triumph for the Autonomy of Women in Nineteenth Century America Date s January 23 1849 Location ONTARIO New York Tag s Women Medicine Education Gender Relations On January 23 1849 at the graduation ceremony at Geneva Medical College Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in America to receive a degree to practice medicine The traditional commencement ceremony and distribution of diplomas was held in the college s Presbyterian Church Within the hour before the ceremony began the Church was filled to maximum capacity The audience present at the Governor Issues Plan for Establishing Railroad Date s December 4 1848 Location WAKE North Carolina Tag s Economy Government Politics Migration Transportation Urban Life Boosterism Governor Graham called upon the North Carolina Senate for action in implementing his plan to install continuous railroad from Gaston to Charlotte

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    Born and raised a freeman Solomon Northup met a group of men in his hometown of Saratoga Springs one March day in 1841 They claimed to have heard of his propensity at the violin and requested to hire him to accompany their traveling circus performances The pay was quite reasonable and Northup eagerly took on the job He accompanied them the entire way down to Washington D C without realizing The Louisiana Constitution of 1845 Date s January 14 1845 Location Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Economy Education Race Relations Slavery By 1845 the public mind of Louisiana had decided that the state s current constitution constructed in 1812 was too outmoded and contained too prominent elements of an aristocratic mindset The Jacksonian idea of equal ability of all and the Democratic Party s characterization of the common man was pervasive while the wealthy landowners and aristocrats still in existence became Cholera Epidemic Date s 1849 Location Tag s Health Death In late May 1949 the Virginia legislature reconvened though their work and discussion was often interrupted by the fears regarding the Cholera outbreak affecting the region especially Richmond where the legislature met After much discussion and debate on whether it was necessary to leave the legislature decided to move to the Fauquier Springs Hotel though more like a country club near New Orleans Courts report thousands of whites recently jailed for vagrancy Date s 1847 to May 2 1847 Location Tag s Crime Violence Urban Life Boosterism As of May 2 1847 the New Orleans Court Recorder reported that thousands of whites had been sentenced to the workhouse for acts of vagrancy Often times the courts handed down these sentences without proof trial or opportunity to appeal The fate of these vagrants represents a common occurrence throughout the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/5597 (2016-02-15)
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    Integration Co Ed Dormitories in the 1980 s With the interactions with the student body within the college life and the importance it brings to success with programs and events and organizations With the separation of the dormitories and the strict expectations it makes the interaction with the student life much harder to succeed and gain other insight Adding a Co Ed Riot Turns Macbeth Performance into Real Tragedy Date s May 10 1849 Location NEW YORK New York Tag s Crime Violence Urban Society On the night of May 10 1849 a riot erupted at the Astor Place Theater in New York City Leading up to the riot there had been a rivalry between the English actor Edward Macready and the American actor Edwin Forrest Baker wrote that this rivalry began when Forrest believed that Macready sabotaged his recent tour of England The nativist trend in the United States at the time did not help Macready s Reforming The Bend Date s 1888 to 1897 Location NEW YORK New York Tag s Urban Society Urban Life Boosterism Government Progressive Reformers Where Mulberry Street crooks like an elbow within hail of the old depravity of the Five Points is the Bend foul core of New York s slums These words written by Jacob A Riis in his groundbreaking 1890 work How the Other Half Lives Studies among the Tenements of New York describe a desolate corner of the urban decay that characterized New York s Lower East Side in the late 1800s Riis a Fire Destroys Wall Street Date s December 16 1835 to December 17 1835 Location NEW YORK New York Tag s Urban Society Urban Life Boosterism Health Death In the evening hours of Wednesday December 16 1835 smoke billowed above the downtown Manhattan skyline At the time

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/30 (2016-02-15)
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    most environmental nuisances the semi rural peripheries The peripheries offered the best housing and low skill employment advantages that outweighed the undesirable characteristics of these locations As immigrants put down roots they established social and religious institutions and drew in more immigrants via those networks During the early 1900s industrialization and the rise of centralized business districts transformed New Orleans New streetcar networks gave the inner city upper class the means to easily move in and out of the city Because they could afford to leave they fled to the periphery which was the most desirable area to live after A Baldwin Wood designed a drainage system that eliminated swampland hazards and created more usable land They left many nice town homes in the middle of the city At the same time unskilled jobs moved from the periphery to the core of the city and immigrants began to move into the abandoned town homes forming what would be called the Immigrant Belt The ethnic and racial history of New Orleans also dictated settlement patterns As the city grew Anglos settled in the upper periphery and Creoles settled in the lower periphery closer to the unskilled labor and cheap land The Catholic tradition and festival ambience of lower New Orleans attracted many immigrants from the Caribbean Latin America France Italy and Eastern Europe Jews Scandinavians and emancipated African Americans typically settled on the Anglo side This divide was perpetuated as immigrants moved into the inner city New Orleans mirrored national trends of urbanization and also strayed from them It was like many cities of the time in that it expanded filled with immigrants and experienced clumped settling patterns Although people tended to gravitate towards others of their same ethnicity New Orleans was unique in that it remained very intermixed and multicultural

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4428 (2016-02-15)
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    go unnoticed around the world and especially not so within the United States itself However during the greater part of the Second World War Franklin Delano Roosevelt s positions on racial issues in the workplace were heard and often times not upheld Black workers were barred from facilities producing wartime goods throughout the country Rise and Fall of Paradise Valley Date s 1940 to 1943 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s Gambling Bribes 1943 Race Riots Jazz Paradise Valley Detroit Mayor Reading During the late 1930 s and early 1940s Paradise Valley was one of the few Detroit neighborhoods in which black people were allowed to reside Paradise Valley was a over populated neighborhood because of so many black migrants from the South moving up North to find jobs that could only live in certain areas such as Paradise Valley It became a well known area for hosting famous African American Results from the consolidation of the Parks and Recreation Department in Detroit 1940 1946 Date s 1940 to 1946 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s WWII Urban Life Boosterism Environmental History recreation City parks Urban Renewal 1940 the city of Detroit voted to consolidate the Department of Parks and Boulevards and the Department of Recreation into a new Department of Parks and Recreation The consolidation was the outcome of overlapping goals and not enough discussion between the groups which sometimes bottlenecked recreational activities It was a case of one hand letting the other know what it was doing remarked In Distress Not Despair Date s 1940 to 1955 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s Mayor Jeffries Black Bottom Detroit Urban Renewal Slum Clearance I 75 Lafayette Park WWII After World War II in 1943 the city of Detroit had trouble dealing with the huge influx of people moving to Detroit to find

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19400101-19401231 (2016-02-15)
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