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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    Vicksburg Date s May 12 1863 to July 4 1863 Location WARREN Mississippi Tag s Vicksburg Civil War Waul s Texas Legion May 22 1863 Colonel T N Waul The morning officially began at 10 00 AM as the war weary men of Waul s Texas Legion lined up shoulder to gray clad shoulder in Vicksburg Mississippi the perfect time for brunch But it would forever remain in the minds

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/345 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    for a U S attack After approval of the idea the mine was dug and successfully blown up creating a hole in the Confederate line The federal troops however were disorganized due to mismanagement at the command level and took too much time in attacking the C S position This allowed the Confederate commander Brig General William Mahone to organize a counterattack and drive the U S troops out of the crater and back to their own breastworks Captain Charles E Mink was a Union officer in charge of an artillery battery in the First New York Light Artillery and was assigned to give covering fire for the Union troops marching into the explosion crater His account details giving fire on the Confederate position through the advance and stall of the U S troops as they attacked the Confederate line He also describes firing on a small group of Confederate troops and breaking up their formation as they attempted to press their advantage in driving back the Federal assault Mink was surprised to see the Union advance stall saying that for some unaccountable reason the Union attack halted in the blown up fort Mink concluded his report by stating the number of shots he fired and his pride in the skill of his men with every shot striking the object at which it was directed One aspect of Mink s account that differs from most assumptions about the Petersburg campaign is his energy for the war has not faded in the way that many historians portray Union troops by this point in the war He was still very energetic and eager to fight the rebels believing strongly in the righteousness of his cause The failed Union assault in the crater took over 4 000 casualties mainly to a black division

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4714 (2016-02-15)
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    s Battle Damage Mine Explosion Trench Warfare Civil War The Battle of the Crater in the early stages of the Petersburg campaign resulted in a massive amount of damage to the center of the C S A breastwork In the early stages of the Petersburg campaign as the battle settled into trench warfare a Union officer named Henry Pleasants hatched a plan to dig plant explosives and explode a mine in the middle of the Confederate breastwork Woods Roads and Confusion Date s May 3 1864 to July 1 1864 Location SPOTSYLVANIA Virginia Tag s Battle of Wilderness Chaos and Confusion Marching upon the Catharpin Road after trudging up the Plank Road where nothing was seen of the enemy save a small mounted force the Third Indiana Cavalry under Union Colonel George H Chapman proceeded less than a mile when their advance was attacked by the enemy and driven rapidly back on the main body Experiencing an ambush such as this was common for soldiers of both Union and Premature Death of Mary P Bondurant Date s August 1 1864 Location BEDFORD Virginia Tag s Health Death Women Death by disease was a much more present fear then than now Mrs Mary B Bondurant of Bedford County Virginia succumbed to consumption at the startlingly young age of thirty four She died on August 1st 1864 in Lynchburg and was survived by her husband John P Bondurant Three of her sisters had already suffered equal fates at the hands of the slow wasting disease Her obituary which The 16th Massachusetts Regiment Disbanded in 1864 Date s July 27 1864 Location SUFFOLK Massachusetts Tag s Infantry Immigrants Irish Americans Union Army Civil War On July 27 1864 Private Richard Monnahan was discharged from G Company of the 16 th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18640730 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    the reverend clergy had narrow escapes This was brought upon by Ulysses S Grant who had taken control of the entire Mississippi River save the couple miles being guarded by the Confederate troops at Vicksburg Grant launched his attack on Vicksburg on May 18 1863 Trench Warfare and Artillery at the Crater Date s July 30 1864 Location DINWIDDIE Virginia Tag s Battle of the Crater Civil War Artillery One

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/308 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    was constant and the days were long and both sides continuously fought hard but neither side was going to give any ground It was this stalemate situation that gave birth to the Union mining campaign one of the most unique uses of military capability in the Civil War A Union leader Hugh Thos native to Pennsylvania was a mining specialist in his profession He proposed digging a mine under the Confederate trenches loading it full of black powder and blasting their way through the Confederate lines After Hugh s plan was passed through his superiors and on to the Union commander Gen Ulysses S Grant the plan was put in action by pulling man power from the front lines and giving life to the mining operation Unlike any other position around Petersburg the Union mining operation actually gained ground from the enemy they were even able to do so without Confederate knowledge This covert advance interestingly did not go without suffering and even casualties Hugh Thos a Union Captain and leader of the mining campaign depicts the grim lifestyle of the miners for his superiors These men are entirely without cooking utensils and none are to be had I would also call your attention to the fact that there is an insufficiency of medicine a great many of the men are sent to hospitals In a later report Thos writes to his superiors one of the engineer troops wounded at Gracies mine last night two men have been wounded at Pegrams mine No 2 Hugh Thos discloses these wounded men at the end of his letter just as he would in a traditional brief concerning the outcome of a battle As conventional attacks continued to fail the Union in their quest to capture Petersburg the mine became more and more

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4715 (2016-02-15)
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    the Petersburg railroad junction After some delay and confusion in the early hours of July 30 1864 the mine was successfully blown up but disorganization on the Union side kept the attack from commencing immediately This gave the Confederate general William Mahone long enough to mount and execute a counterattack that drove the Federal troops out of the crater inflicting heavy losses on a majority black division in the process Captain William Whitner was serving as the Assistant Adjutant and Inspector General for this part of the Confederate Army at the time and wrote to his superiors about the damage that the defensive breastwork suffered in the explosion and subsequent attack Whitner described the damage as blowing up a considerable portion of the main parapet more than half as well as Confederate guns being thrown over forty yards as a result of the explosion The mine exploded directly beneath a Confederate battery and according the Whitner s account throwing one cannon at least twenty yards and the other forty yards from the point they were in position Whitner also vouched for the counterattack made by General Mahone after the initial explosion and Federal attack Whitner s account was used by the Confederate command to assess the potential damage should the Union attempt to use the same tactic again and reinforced the need for Confederate generals to protect their defenses from all sides including underground His account is very cut and dried with little to no exaggeration but his job as inspector general required the simple facts about the events so that his superiors could correctly assess the necessary actions to take in the future The Battle of the Crater is a well known event in Civil War History its lessons reaching in the next century in terms of trench warfare

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4716 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    the Confederate Line at the Battle of the Crater Date s July 30 1864 Location DINWIDDIE Virginia Tag s Battle Damage Mine Explosion Trench Warfare Civil War The Battle of the Crater in the early stages of the Petersburg campaign resulted in a massive amount of damage to the center of the C S A breastwork In the early stages of the Petersburg campaign as the battle settled into trench

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/361 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    commanded by Lieutenant Reed often moved to various sections of the battle positioned behind the infantry The battery regiments maintained a constant fire on the city of Vicksburg during the siege keeping the Confederate soldiers and citizens trapped inside the city in a state of constant fear In addition Reed reported that the siege of Vicksburg occurred not only in the city itself but also in the surrounding areas Throughout the campaign battery divisions played a decisive role in placing the enemy under constant attack which allowed the infantry divisions to rest and recover Although Reed s division did not play a major part in the actual capitulation of Vicksburg his battery s role in the entire campaign demonstrated that the battles took place not only in one location but along several fronts This regiment lost only three men from the time they mustered in through the end of the war showing that those in battery divisions werenot in as much danger as the infantry They remained back from the front lines placed in areas with some shelter in order to protect the valuable machinery This report demonstrated that the Union Army also valued gallantry as seen through the author s gratitude to an infantry division that aided his battery After the battle on August 31 1864 Lieutenant Reed was promoted to a full captain and he mustered out on June 10 1865 Reports from Vicksburg Mississippi such as that of Lieutenant Joseph R Reed of the Second Iowa Battery Third Division of the Union Army showed that due to the destructive power and efficiency of the weaponry battery divisions were important to the Union Army gaining control of the Mississippi River Citations Lieutenant Joseph R Reed The War of the Rebellion A Compendium of the Official Records of the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4717 (2016-02-15)
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