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    he charges conduct prejudicial to good order and military discipline At this time black soldiers made A Local Describes Gettysburg After the Battle Date s July 20 1863 Location ADAMS Pennsylvania Tag s Confederates Union Army Civil War Battle of Gettysburg The Battle of Gettysburg remains the bloodiest battle in United States history With a combined 51 112 men killed in the battle over a three day span the momentum of the Civil War took a turn in favor of Union forces With fallen soldiers decorating the landscape of the Gettysburg battlefield The Republican Compiler a Gettysburg newspaper from 1854 to 1868 published vivid details of what the battlefield The Burden of Defeat The XI Corps Breaks at Gettysburg Date s July 1 1863 to July 4 1863 Location ADAMS Pennsylvania Tag s Gettysburg Union Army European immigrants 11th Corps Political Generals The Burden of Defeat The IX Corps Breaks at Gettysburg The specter of defeat seemed to hang over the military career of German immigrant and revolutionary statesman turned Republican politician and Union General Carl Schurz and bad luck stalk his every move Poorly positioned at the extreme right flank of Hooker s army at Chancellorsville the Eleventh Corps especially Schurz s third The 16th Massachusetts Regiment Disbanded in 1864 Date s July 27 1864 Location SUFFOLK Massachusetts Tag s Infantry Immigrants Irish Americans Union Army Civil War On July 27 1864 Private Richard Monnahan was discharged from G Company of the 16th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry on the day the entire regiment was mustered out According to his discharge form from the United States Pension Office Monnahan was 22 years old five feet five inches tall of dark complexion with dark grey eyes The 16th regiment was formed in 1861 and served until July of 1864 Shiloh Col Cyprus

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    Location Tag s Battle of Wilderness Sustaining Morale Steady men forward These words spoken by the Union Colonel Russel A Alger of the Fifth Michigan Cavalry encouraged a new line of union soldiers as they reinforced the Sixth Michigan in the midst of a bitter struggle with confederate forces led by Brigadier General Thomas L Rosser during the Battle of the Wilderness Their reinforcement proved vital to the maintenance Woods Roads and Confusion Date s May 3 1864 to July 1 1864 Location Tag s Battle of Wilderness Chaos and Confusion Marching upon the Catharpin Road after trudging up the Plank Road where nothing was seen of the enemy save a small mounted force the Third Indiana Cavalry under Union Colonel George H Chapman proceeded less than a mile when their advance was attacked by the enemy and driven rapidly back on the main body Experiencing an ambush such as this was common for soldiers of both Union and Analysis of the contributions of the engineers of the Seventeenth Army Corps under Union General John Logan along Jackson Road during the Battle of Vicksburg Date s April 17 1863 to July 4 1863 Location Tag s Civil War Vicksburg engineer Jackson Road Exhibiting adaptability and skill in constructing trenches and mines to counter Confederate resistance Captain Andrew Hickenlooper chief engineer of the Seventeenth Army Corps under Union General John Logan had an integral role in shaping the Union course of events at the siege of Vicksburg in the spring and summer months of 1863 by overseeing one of three efforts in constructing An account of an engineering captain in the Graveyard Road approach during the Battle of Vicksburg of the Civil War Date s June 19 1863 to July 4 1863 Location Tag s Vicksburg Civl War Graveyard Road engineer

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    to May 11 1864 Location Tag s Civil War The Wilderness William Davis did not talk of gallantry or heroics in his Wilderness Campaign report The Lieutenant Colonel was simply carrying out orders and his regiment had been involved in the Union s struggle since 1861 His 69th Pennsylvania was accustomed to the reality of war they had fought in the most famous battles Yorktown Antietam and Gettysburg However the Wilderness was not a normal battle J J Anderson s report on the battle of Shiloh Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location Tag s battle of shiloh loyalty Texts about the Civil War will often discuss in great lengths about the heroic deeds and bravery of the soldiers who fought These men were often revered for their dedication to the army and to their country Jabez J Anderson was a thirty eight year old farmer from Middleton Illinois who had to take control of his regiment during the first day of battle when two of his superiors were severely The Battle of the Wilderness Date s May 4 1864 to May 11 1864 Location Tag s Officer s Report The Wilderness There were no heroics tragedy emotion or names in Joseph Barnes report of the Wilderness Rather his report of the onerous seven day battle was like a warehouse manager s inventory report Perhaps the thirty one year old man did not want to relive one of the worst times of his life At the age of 28 Joseph Barnes joined the Union army on May 18 1861 A few months later he was promoted to Captain Robert H Sturgess s report of the Battle of Shiloh Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location Tag s battle of shiloh Battle of Pittsburg In the early hours of the morning of April 6 1862 the Eighth Regiment Illinois Volunteers heard shots fired near the Union battle lines These shots signified the beginning of a bloody two day battle known as the Battle of Shiloh The battle of Shiloh occurred on April 6th and 7th of 1862 in Shiloh Tennessee During those two days of fighting the causality count was higher than it was in the entire Adolph Engelmann s report of the Battle of Shiloh Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location Tag s The Battle of Shiloh Medicine In Adolph Engelmann s report on the battle of Shiloh he discusses the different obstacles and hardships that the forty third regiment had to endure during this bloody battle Within his regiment a report stated that seventy five enlisted were either killed or mortally wounded while one hundred and sixty one of the soldiers died either of disease or accident Although significant these statistics The Battle of the Wilderness Date s May 5 1864 to May 6 1864 Location Tag s Battle of Wilderness Civil War The Wilderness of Spotsylvania was for the 160 000 men who fought there on May 5

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    and tactics broke down as Captain Robert H Milliken and other officers struggled to see the enemy and maintain unit cohesion Consequently the Battle of the Wilderness represented a definitive moment in the course of the Civil War providing an insightful perspective to a polysemic Chaplain Lorenzo Barber The Fighting Parson Date s December 9 1864 to December 12 1864 Location Tag s Petersburg campaign Weldon Railroad Sharpshooters Civil War In his report dated December 16 1864 Chaplain Lorenzo Barber s brigade had just finished what he called the destruction of one of the most important railroads in the so called Confederacy But even with his reputation as one of the best shots in the army and the nickname of The Fighting Parson Barber revealed the inner struggle he felt as a minister and a soldier when he shared All Quiet on the Petersburg Front Or Was It Confederate Fort Harrison Lost to Union Army Date s September 28 1864 to December 9 1864 Location Tag s Civil War Petersburg campaign Fort Harrison Fort Burnham According to the official chronology of skirmishes in the ongoing Battle of Petersburg the time frame between the first major battle in June of 1864 and up to the final showdown in April of 1865 might appear relatively quiet It had been three years since a large number of these men had been recruited and their term of service was soon to end leaving many of them hoping to quietly finish out 19th Arkansas Infantry in the Battle of Vicksburg Date s May 18 1863 to July 4 1863 Location Tag s Civil War Vicksburg Colonel Thomas P Dockery 19th Arkansas Infantry The colonel paused briefly before moving his troops into line to make eye contact with his superior and friend Brig General Martin Green

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    of his actions in giving the entire army time to establish good ground outside Gettysburg leading to the eventual rout of the Confederate forces Though Doubleday is not mentioned by name in many subsequent accounts of Gettysburg the First Corps is glorified for its actions during the engagement and it was Doubleday who commanded them for much of the first day Why then is Doubleday not touted as a hero of Gettysburg or great stories written about the units he commanded Due to a false report from General Howard who assumed command of the First Corps upon his arrival at McPherson s Ridge General Hancock was under the impression and so reported to General Meade that Doubleday s command gave way and consequently Meade replaced Doubleday for the remainder of the Gettysburg battle with a junior officer Regardless of this demotion in battlefield rank on the third day of the battle Doubleday s command withstood the fury of the Confederate artillery barrage and subsequently repulsed Pickett s Charge He ordered his Vermont regiment under General Stannard to seize on a perfect opportunity and flank the oncoming Confederate forces who had successfully reached Union lines and a few of them even laid their hands on Union guns The actions by the Vermont regiment arguably saved the day for Union line however following the battle there was much debate between Hancock and Stannard as to who gave the order to execute the flanking movement Hancock and Meade are given the credit for repulsing Pickett s charge leaving Doubleday unrewarded once again and the re telling of Pickett s charge from both Union and Confederate perspectives in history books and fiction works alike give glory to the Confederates for their bravery and discipline nothing is said about the small units like Stannard s

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    Civil War the Tigers gained a reputation in the North as one of the fiercest Southern brigades The Tigers are best known for their tremendous efforts at Gettysburg Pennsylvania where Hays said they advanced through the city of Gettysburg clearing it of the enemy and taking prisoners at every turn The Jennie Wade Only Civilian Killed During the Battle of Gettysburg Date s July 3 1863 Location ADAMS Pennsylvania Tag s civilian casualties Civil War Battle of Gettysburg An estimated 50 000 soldiers died during the three day Battle of Gettysburg that lasted from July 1 to July 3 1863 Of all the many causalities inflicted only one civilian died during the battle On July 3 1863 Virginia Mary Jennie Wade was baking bread in her sister Georgia McClellan s home on Baltimore Street Tillie Pierce a resident of Gettysburg recalled hearing from a captain The Burning of the Culp Home Date s July 1 1863 to July 3 1863 Location ADAMS Pennsylvania Tag s Crime Violence Civil War In an effort to take revenge on the North the ninth regiment of Alabama volunteers burned the Culp home in Gettysburg Pennsylvania during the Gettysburg campaign The reasons for this destruction are dictated by the volunteers as after they burnt the Culp home they left a short crudely handwritten note to the owners of the property The note clearly indicates the intentions of the Confederate General Abner Doubleday at Gettysburg Why is he not remembered Date s July 1 1863 to July 3 1863 Location ADAMS Pennsylvania Tag s Civil War Gettysburg General Abner Doubleday At approximately 10 15 AM on the morning of July 1 1863 Major General Abner Doubleday was thrown into command of the forces along McPherson s Ridge when his immediate superior General John F Reynolds was

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    War Robert E Lee sent 15 000 Confederate soldiers into an open field in Gettysburg Pennsylvania hoping for the best and instead he lost entire regiments at the hands of the Army of the Potomac Their failure was made possible by Union quick thinking and Union artillery Reports from Brigadier General Henry Rachel Cormany Recounts Her Experiences of Gettysburg Campaign Date s June 15 1863 to June 18 1863 Location Tag s War Women Rachel Cormany recorded her experiences of the civil war in her diary of the time that the Gettysburg campaign was taking place She lived in a place close by called Chambersburg On June 15 1863 she wrote how she saw all sorts of wagon trains make their way through the town She experienced the panic that shot through the town due to the Rebels There had been a cry that the Rebels were in A Disillusioned South Date s August 2 1863 Location Tag s Medicine Civil War War A month after the vicious Battle of Gettysburg a Confederate surgeon wrote home to his wife explaining that the Southern soldiers had nearly won but chose to retreat instead Spencer Glasgow Welch s words encompass the view of many of the Confederate army and its supporters at the time that despite their lack of food clothing and decent shelter there was hope for a victory against the Union Song for a Gettysburg Soldier Date s April 1864 to 1864 Location Tag s Civil War Popular Music Death He became famous and celebrated through his death War stories are always full of heroes that appear larger than life and worthy of reverence and those stories revolving around the Battle of Gettysburg are no different Sergeant Amos Humiston of Company C of the 154th New York was one such

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/10806 (2016-02-15)
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    later George W Brown a civilian waited for execution for violating every section The Burden of Defeat The XI Corps Breaks at Gettysburg Date s July 1 1863 to July 4 1863 Location ADAMS Pennsylvania Tag s Gettysburg Union Army European immigrants 11th Corps Political Generals The Burden of Defeat The IX Corps Breaks at Gettysburg The specter of defeat seemed to hang over the military career of German immigrant and revolutionary statesman turned Republican politician and Union General Carl Schurz and bad luck stalk his every move Poorly positioned at the extreme right flank of Hooker s army at Chancellorsville the Eleventh Corps especially Schurz s third Chamberlain s Defense of Little Round Top Date s July 2 1863 to July 3 1863 Location ADAMS Pennsylvania Tag s War Civil War Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain Gettysburg On July 2 1863 Colonel Strong Vincent looked to Joshua Chamberlain and the 20th Maine regiment to defend Little Round Top at every hazard It was vital for the Union army to not lose this hilltop position to prevent the Confederates from breaking through their lines At Gettysburg the 20th Maine and other Union troops took both Little Round Top and Big Round Top They have become immortalized J E B Stuart and His Performance in Gettysburg or Lack of it Date s July 1 1863 to July 3 1863 Location ADAMS Pennsylvania Tag s Confederacy Calvary Stuart Gettysburg JE B Stuart rode into Gettysburg overdue by two gory days to General Lee s disappointed relief Stuart s role until then had been to serve as Lee s eyes delivering updates of the Union s movements Until Gettysburg Stuart had built a strong and very public reputation all over the South for his flamboyance skill and valor on the battle field A West Point

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