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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    insight into the minds of the editors by outlining their principles and beliefs The National Era was a weekly abolitionist newspaper and the editor of the paper Mr Bailey was interested in publishing literary ideas as well as developments and changes taking place during this period of history Many of these prophecies did indeed come true as illustrated by one of Mr Bailey s arguments which essentially stated that federal legislation ought to be amended so as to place a limit on the President s time in office The ratifications of the twenty second amendment ratified on February 27 1951 provided that No person shall be elected to the office of President of the United States more than twice Therefore Bailey s prediction proved to be valid despite being a hundred years overdue In a way many of Bailey s predictions proved to be more valid than the speculations from Edward Bellamy s famous work Looking backward 2000 1887 For example Bellamy predicts cheaper costs for education in the years to come for public schools when in fact tuition rates and student debts have been gradually increasing over time Though many of the penny press so called prospectuses did shed

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3702 (2016-02-15)
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    1 1850 Location SUFFOLK Massachusetts Tag s Women Education Health Medicine Health Late in 1849 famed author Fredrika Bremer arrived in America on a visit from Sweden Her writings were well known in America and upon an invitation to visit she gladly accepted Well aware of the high regard for women in America she was intent on studying their position and value During her two year stay in America Ms Bremer visited and was entertained by some of the most prominent The Account of a Slave Trader Date s November 15 1849 Location HENRICO Virginia Tag s Race Relations Slavery As its economy flourished with rapid growth in the iron industry Richmond developed into one of the largest producers of tobacco and flour not only in the United States but the world In a time when the slave trade provided a solution to America s desire for cheap labor Richmond became a hub for exchange facilitation The extension of new railroads into surrounding areas created a sense Go West Young Man Whether You Want To Or Not Date s September 5 1844 to April 8 1848 Location ORANGE North Carolina Tag s Westward Expansion Slavery Migration slavery runaway One of the more striking aspects of the Cameron plantation letters is the account they offer of the exportation of slave life from the areas of initial settlement on the Atlantic seaboard beyond the Appalachian mountains into the old Southwest and the Mississippi Ira Berlin s Many Thousands Gone and Generations Of Captivity trace this development to the period of the American The Education of Women Mid 1800 s Date s February 1 1850 Location SUFFOLK Massachusetts Tag s Education Women Education Fredrika Bremer was a well known writer living in Sweden By invitation in late 1849 she came to America for

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18491213 (2016-02-15)
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    or administer territories It was also the opinion of the Court that the Constitution could be interpreted to say that Congress shall make no law depriving a man of his property just as it states that Congress shall make no law in a territory respecting the establishment of religion or abridging the freedom of speech or press In an article published on March 12 1857 The National Era ran an explanatory article breaking down the case and illustrating its ramifications The article pointed out that with the Dred Scott ruling an African American could never become a citizen of the United States More importantly if the African American in question was already free then that person was now extremely vulnerable If he or she were the victim of the ever increasing practice of kidnapping free blacks and selling them back into slavery as with Solomon Northup a freeborn person of color then that person would have no means to pursue any kind of defense in their name Though it was certainly not the only account of its kind Northup s story began in New York where he was lured with tales of lucrative labor opportunities to Washington D C There

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3704 (2016-02-15)
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    Location WASHINGTON Virginia Tag s African Americans Race Relations Slavery Dred Scott was a slave living in Missouri Between the years of 1833 and 1843 Scott lived in Illinois a free state and a part of the Louisiana Territory that barred slavery under the Missouri Compromise of 1820 When he returned home to Missouri Scott claimed that after living in a free state he had become a free man and was no longer a slave Scott s master Mr John F A Sanford claimed Tariff of 1857 Date s March 3 1857 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Economy Passed with some hope to elude the impending economic crisis the Tariff of 1857 was the lowest tariff enacted by Congress since 1816 The tariff was partially passed in order to rectify the conflict between the woolen manufacturers and producers both of whom were badly hit with the 1846 tariff which had raised the duties on raw wools to thirty percent and reduced that on flannels and blankets Hunter Amendment adopted in Congress Date s February 24 1857 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Economy After one day of debate on the Senate floor the Hunter Amendment named after Robert M T Hunter of Virginia was passed by a vote of 32 12 The Hunter Amendment to the Tariff of 1857 included a reduction in all tariff schedules by twenty to twenty five percent Hunter s bill which reduced the duty on iron from thirty to twenty four percent caused iron manufacturers in Pennsylvania to Widespread and Acute Forebodings of Possible Slave Rebellions Date s January 1857 to February 1857 Location ORLEANS Louisiana Tag s Crime Violence Slavery A New Orleans newspaper editor published news of slave disturbances throughout the South The Times Picayune of New Orleans

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18570312 (2016-02-15)
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    by Maj Gen John B Magruder in Yorktown Virginia Magruder put on a show and made McClellan think that he had a very large army behind him therefore encouraging McClellan to turn back to Richmond for reinforcements and more firepower While the Union troops were gone Gen Joseph P Johnston brought reinforcements for Magruder McClellan then headed back towards Yorktown and made his way through the Confederates line at Lee s Mill with little problem He then wasted two weeks trying to direct more guns to Yorktown to win the battle in the meantime letting the Confederates escape back to Williamsburg McClellan let the battle slip away from him when his army was already stronger than Magruder s This battle did not cause extensive damage nor was it a decisive battle of the war as a whole McClellan had just lost his supreme command of the Army right before this battle and was assigned to the Army of the Potomac McClellan spent a lot of time and resources on the battle which proved not to be decisive at all This battle did last for almost a month and cause the evacuation of Yorktown The people of the town expected a

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3735 (2016-02-15)
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    of combat at Shiloh were a display of a new level of brutality encountered in American warfare with no unit better exhibiting this change than the Nineteenth Louisiana Regiment A regiment of the First Brigade under Colonel Gibson in the Army of the Mississippi and led by Colonel B L Hodge the Nineteenth Louisiana entered combat on the Sunday of April 6 1862 Turning the Tide Col Samuel Beatty s experience at Shiloh Date s April 9 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s The Battle of Shiloh Civil War Reversing momentum is a crucial element that is necessary for success whether on a football field or a field of battle Often however those involved in these critical moments do not realize their own significance On April 9 1862 Colonel Samuel Beatty of the Nineteenth Ohio Infantry submitted a report which detailed the actions of his regiment during the Battle of Shiloh two days earlier The Battle of Shiloh Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location GRAINGER Tennessee Tag s War On April 6th and 7th the Battle of Shiloh took place taking the lives of more men than in all previous American wars combined Just off the banks of the Tennessee River a Confederate surprise attack left General Ulysses S Grant s troops unprepared with nightfall on the 6th having the federal troops on the verge of defeat By the end of fighting in the area after the initial attack there Sherman Praises Soldiers of the Fifth Divison Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s 32nd Indiana Regiment The Battle of Shiloh During the Battle of Shiloh General William Tecumseh Sherman gained an appreciation for the bravery of his men As seen in his after action report Confederates surprised the Fifth Division with their attack and Sherman s forces were driven far from their encampment Though the army was in a panic the retreat was ultimately halted and Sherman s men held their ground The 32nd Indiana behaved Shiloh Col Cyprus Hall 14th Illionois Infantry Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s Civil War 1862 Shiloh Pittsburgh Landing Cyprus Hall Union Army Colonel Hall s experience in the Battle of Shiloh is unique from any common and popular knowledge of what actually took place during the battle The general populations recognition of the battles in the west does not compare to their recognition of the battles in the east such as Gettysburg and Harpers Ferry The reason is that the battles in the east took place in close proximity to some of Shiloh Col Ralph P Buckland 72nd Ohio Infantry Date s April 6 1862 to April 7 1862 Location HARDIN Tennessee Tag s Ralph P Buckland Pittsburgh Landing 1862 Shiloh Civil War Colonel Buckland s experience in the battle of Shiloh is unique from any popular knowledge of the battle The general populations recognition of the battles in the west concentrating on

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18620405-18620504 (2016-02-15)
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    were left standing The town was located close to Fort Monroe an important base of operations for Union General Butler Writes Letter to Secretary of War about Fugitive Slaves Date s July 20 1861 Location Tag s African Americans Education Slavery War On July 20 1861 Union General Butler wrote a letter to Secretary of War Simon Cameron asking what to do with fugitive slaves In May 1861 three slaves had run away from their master and sought refuge within Union lines at Fort Monroe When their master Colonel Charles Mallory attempted to claim them General Butler refused Butler drew on his legal training for his answer He called the The Battle at Yorktown Date s April 5 1862 to May 4 1862 Location Tag s Government Politics War The Civil War was raging on a day in early April in 1862 when Maj Gen George B McClellan and his Union troops marched south from Fort Monroe On his way south he and his army ran into a small group of Confederate troops led by Maj Gen John B Magruder in Yorktown Virginia Magruder put on a show and made McClellan think that he had a very large army behind

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/14375 (2016-02-15)
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    two companies of Virginia Navy volunteers and militiamen of the Norfolk Greys who mustered outside the gates They hoped to persuade Commodore McAuley the man in charge to give control up to the Confederates McAuley had already planned on holding out at the yard until the Union arrived to take it over which he thought would be soon This put him in a serious predicament he could try and hold out and risk losing the yard to the confederates or he could burn the yard to the ground and sink all of its ships so the confederates couldn t use anything at the yard McAuley chose the latter he burnt the whole yard and sank all of the ships As all of this ruckus was going on the help that McAuley was waiting on arrived The USS Pawnee arrived from the Potomac River and the Union soldiers finished setting fire to the yard and blew up the dry dock to put it out of use The Pawnee then headed back north leaving the Gosport Naval Yard in ruins They also left the Confederates with many heavy guns gun powder and the sunken USS Merrimack This event contains the fight between the North and the South for the possession of seats of power In the case of Gosport it was a heavily armed naval yard Even though it was in Virginia which succeeded the Union claimed much of the weapons contained in the yard This event shows the hostility that existed between the North and South even at the beginning of the war and how people were pressured to quickly side with one or the other like in McAuley s case It shows the phenomenon of how the two sides in the war so quickly came to oppose each other when

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3709 (2016-02-15)
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