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    of Benjamin C Yancey Date s December 13 1848 to December 13 1855 Location Tag s Economy Education Government Law Politics Migration Transportation Urban Life Boosterism The bank of United States had been extremely controversial but South Carolina had chartered a state bank in 1812 for 22 years and then re charted it During debates for the December Legislative session several people including the governor presented their opinions to defend

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/11504 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    Union had been condemning the South for seeking the intervention of the white French and English In response to Lincoln s actions Davis issued a statement of his own declaring slave status for all free blacks in the South Captured black Union soldiers would also be deemed chattel as would all African Americans in any states taken by the Confederacy Slavery is a corner stone of a Western Republic Davis emphasized and the proper condition of the negro is slavery or a complete subjection to the white man The Confederate President composed his address during a bleak time for the South A few months earlier Southern troops had suffered defeats in both Kentucky and Maryland obliterating any hopes of recognition and aid from England or any other European nations Davis knew that Great Britain would not risk involvement in the conflict unless signs clearly pointed toward a Confederate victory In addition Lincoln s Emancipation Proclamation provided the North with the moral upper hand in the eyes of anti slavery England and France The South recognized its need to defend itself as the elimination of slavery became a major goal of the North which had initially put forth preservation of the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3684 (2016-02-15)
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    Race Relations Slavery War The people of the Union heard from a defiant Jefferson Davis on January 5 1863 Northern leaders had degraded you and themselves he criticized by inviting the co operation of the black race with Abraham Lincoln s proclamation freeing slaves in the Confederacy and inviting them into the North s army and navy Just before the Union had been condemning the South for seeking the intervention General Braggs Carries Out Execution of Kentucky Youth Date s December 4 1862 to December 26 1862 Location RUTHERFORD Tennessee Tag s Military Civil War Confederacy At eleven o clock on the morning following Christmas Day 1862 General Braxton Bragg of the Confederate Army forced his Company E 6 th Kentucky Infantry Regiment part of the commonly denoted Orphan Brigade to stand round their fellow soldier Asa Lewis who awaited execution Exactly one hour later the firing squad of twelve men carried out the young soldier s sentence As Southern Wartime Humor Concerning President Lincoln Date s January 7 1863 Location WAKE North Carolina Tag s Arts Leisure Government Politics Slavery War On January 7 1863 the Raleigh Register published a song by Smith Webb mocking President Lincoln and his ability to keep the Union together The song contained seven verses that used sarcastic remarks and comparisons to criticize the President s actions The song began using sarcasm after deriding the President by stating Fifty Yanks it is said won t make one good Confed would a million Jefferson Davis Speaks In Raleigh Date s January 7 1863 Location WAKE North Carolina Tag s Government Politics Jefferson Davis called This Man of the Age whose name will stand on the scroll of Fame as second only to that of the Father of his Country by The Raleigh Register had a

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18630105 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    city specifically granted the company s directors the power to place whatever vehicles they deemed necessary on the railroads The court eventually ruled in favor of Richmond deciding that the city s inherent right to guard the safety and welfare of its citizens did not violate any contract between Richmond and the F P Railroad Company In the Reconstruction era South railroads played a prominent role expanding in number mileage doubled in the years from 1865 to 1880 while functioning as a symbol for urban development and economic growth Between 1868 and 1873 white southerners touted railroad construction as the key to revitalizing their war torn region and indeed Judge Christian mentioned in his opinion that when the railroad company was founded Broad Street was a mere turnpike neither graded nor paved with scattered houses on the side By the time of the case however Broad Street had become a site of many retail businesses and served as a bustling tourist site At the same time railroad companies suffered their share of critics Many felt that the railroads exploited their lack of supervision to act like institutions beyond the reach of legislatures or courts For example railroads often charged excessively

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3681 (2016-02-15)
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    of Charlie Brewster Ross announced a wanted poster created in 1874 and handed out to people in the Philadelphia area Two young boys had been kidnapped from their wealthy family The older of the two boys was later found on the street where the kidnappers had abandoned him Unfortunately though the criminals kept Charlie the younger brother with them and used him to force Virginia Objects to a Civil Rights Bill Date s January 5 1874 Location HENRICO Virginia Tag s Race Relations On January 5 1874 both houses of Virginia s General Assembly met and decided to recognize the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution as law because they agreed with the interpretation of the amendment by the Supreme Court of the United States However the General Assembly in Virginia was in opposition to the civil rights bill that was currently being debated in Congress because they contended Civil Rights Bill Date s January 6 1874 Location JEFFERSON Mississippi Tag s African Americans Government Law Politics Race Relations In January of 1874 the United States Congress introduced a bill concerning civil rights in the South A congressman named Henry Harris opposed the bill explaining that Congress did not have a right to interfere with the internal legislation of the states He asked if anyone would agree that black people were equal to white men A colored member of Congress named John Roy Lynch from Mississippi Baltimore and Ohio Railroad compete against Pennsylvania Central Date s January 13 1874 Location BALTIMORE Maryland Tag s Economy Migration Transportation As reported in Baltimore s The Sun a fight between the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the Pennsylvania Central Railroad produced reduced ticket rates between the cities of Chicago Cincinnati and St Louis on one side and Pittsburg Philadelphia Baltimore and Washington D C

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18740101-18741231 (2016-02-15)
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    receive any but catholicks Moses Austin s original land grant from the Spanish government specified that every family that settled the Austin lands must be Catholic It has been observed that even in light of this stipulation the other generous provisions of the Austin land grant immediately furthered the Texas land rush The regulation would turn out to be of little importance because after the Mexican nation gained its independence from Spain the Catholic Church declined in influence Following Mexican independence in 1821 the Catholic Archbishop of Mexico returned to Spain along with a number of other bishops Higher ranking clergy who remained in Mexico were not replaced as they died off and by the time Texas gained independence from Mexico in 1836 only two priests served the massive land of Texas However even as the hierarchical controls of the Church deteriorated after Spain s withdrawal the deep cultural entrenchment of Catholicism helped to maintain its prominence In 1823 two years after Mexico gained independence the Imperial Colonization Law was passed which specified that all colonists must be Catholic Laws passed in 1824 and 1825 specified that colonists must be Christian and abide by the laws of the nation yet the implication was still that colonists would join the established Catholic Church Religion played an important role not only in Texas and Mexico but also throughout the entire South As the Catholic faith played an important role in Mexico evangelical religions had a great impact on many aspects of life in the South As early as the middle of the eighteenth century Methodists Presbyterians and Baptists were spreading their religions throughout the South Socially the introduction of these evangelical religions was empowering to groups such as women and blacks that had held little sway in the hierarchy of the Anglican

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3643 (2016-02-15)
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    Florida Florida Tag s Zephaniah Kingsley Argument for Slavery in Florida Zephaniah Kingsley was a plantation owner on Fort George Island now Jacksonville FL In his Treatise of Patriarchal or Co operative System of Society Kingsley spoke of the use of slaves in southern states as the only answer to agricultural production because the white people of the region were not created to work within the area He used the argument Patriarchal Slave System How it worked Date s 1829 Location RICHMOND Virginia Tag s Zephaniah Kingsley Slavery Patriarchy Patriarchy is a system where males are the head of the family and have all the rights of decision making a system that has persisted for many years in American History Patriarchy was not only used in government bodies but it was also used in determining a slave child s fate In A Treatise on the Patriarchal or Co Operative System of Society a humble servant by the name of Z Kingsley Philosophy of Education through the Lens of Catharine E Beecher Date s 1829 Location HARTFORD Connecticut Tag s Roles of Women women s education During the early nineteenth century women became the center of the family nurturing and educating their children Catharine E Beecher s essay Suggestions Respecting Improvements in Education became relevant as she characterized a woman s role as the teacher and caretaker of the household In her essay she connected a woman s domestic life with education and provided Indian Land Date s August 20 1830 Location PENOBSCOTT Maine Tag s Indian Removal Act of 1830 Andrew Jackson Native Americans On Friday August 20 1830 the editor of the Eastern Argus printed some of the Indian Removal Act s guidelines and stipulations for all citizens to read and then judge whether this law was fair to

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18300717 (2016-02-15)
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    Sheridan looking utterly ridiculous Dirty and unshaven his tattered mismatched clothes belied his purpose Much to the surprise of Sheridan this raggedy character whom Sheridan took for a vagabond tried to sell him land The man took offense at Sheridan s disbelief but continued to push the sale of his land After further questioning Sheridan learned that the land Dilue Harris s Experience in the Runaway Scrape Date s March 1836 Location Tag s Health Death Migration Transportation War The Alamo had fallen and Sam Houston decided that it was time On March 11 1836 Houston ordered Texas families to retreat across the Colorado River in order to escape the Mexican army Dilue Harris a young white girl packed up her belongings and left her home with her family They began to encounter trouble when they attempted to cross the Trinity River The water level of the river and the A Scarcity of Goods Date s 1830 Location Tag s Agriculture Economy Migration Transportation The low water level made the landing of ships near the mouth of the Brazos difficult And fortunately for William hunter the ship that was lost to the sand bar he could not remember the name of the ship was not carrying his goods However the incident was instructive to Hunter as he reported to his business associate James Perry who resided in Missouri at the time in that after the ship s Perry s Detainment Date s 1831 Location Tag s Agriculture Economy Government Politics Migration Transportation An unidentified man named Perry likely a relative of James Perry had finally arrived in Texas As he is mentioned in a letter to James Perry who had a number of business interests in Texas it is probable that he was there in a role of some relation

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/15202 (2016-02-15)
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