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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    motives for nullification he went on to note the potentially negative consequences of this action The Virginia governor warned that should force be resorted to by the Federal Government the horror of the scenes hereafter to be witnessed cannot now be pictured even by the affrighted imagination Floyd presented both sides of the issue Floyd s desires for how Virginians should respond to nullification more clearly revealed his inclinations Historians describe the governor as a states rights advocate who originally opposed secession These two ideas seemingly conflicted with each other Floyd promoted an all encompassing stance that would preserve South Carolina s rights and also promoted the ideal of limiting Congressional powers without endorsing nullification He said that first there should be an investigation of the causes with a view to a redress of grievances However he acknowledged that South Carolina had already attempted to do this and failed Thus he said the next step was an amicable reference to the great tribunal which formed and adopted the constitution viz the PEOPLE of the States themselves Floyd went so far as to say that if the people could not settle the issue peacefully it would essentially disparage the ideas of liberty and self government Therefore he presented the state of Virginia with two choices to support South Carolina and engage in potential Civil War or to appeal to the States of the Union He warned that the former of the two choices would result in fire side altars bathed in blood and that the latter decision would enable the maintenance of harmony Floyd presented the two options as having completley different consequences Virginia had a task historian William Freehling explains that ultimately the Virginia legislature even while sending an official commissioner to stop South Carolina from nullifying the tarrifs affirmed

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3957 (2016-02-15)
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    Tag s Economy Government Politics On Saturday December 15 1832 the Virginia Herald expressed its grief over the Nullification Crisis with the words alarming as the crisis is we cling to the hope that for the sake of humanity and the honor of our country and her institutions that means of averting the impending storm may yet be devised While regretting the approaching conflict the Virginia newspaper never John C Calhoun Resigns as Vice President of the United States Date s December 28 1832 Location RICHLAND South Carolina Tag s Economy John C Calhoun led an ambitious political life He sat in James Monroe s Cabinet in the 1810s and 1820s Then in the hotly contested presidential election of 1824 Calhoun ran but resigned himself to second place where he neatly fit in as John Quincy Adams vice president In a time when political party affiliations were never stable Calhoun aligned himself with Andrew Jackson half way Runaway Slaves and Missing Steers Equality Under Southern Law Date s December 28 1832 Location NORFOLK CITY Virginia Tag s African Americans Economy Law Race Relations Slavery Slave owners and merchants reading the December 28 1832 edition of the American Beacon gazed with curiosity at the plethora of goods available for sale in the local market Advertisements present in the Norfolk based newspaper attempted to sell goods such as Christmas supplies hats and chlorine tooth wash While these impersonal objects were goods commonly traded and sold in Virginia in the Nullification Crisis of 1832 Date s December 10 1832 Location CAMPBELL Virginia Tag s Economy Government Law Politics They have gone so far that it is even more difficult to recede than go on and they had rather see the Union dissolved tomorrow than that their own proposition should be accepted proclaimed the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18321219 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    southern children Vestry Meeting in Bedford County Virginia Date s July 27 1839 Location Tag s Church Religious Activity Religion permeated every aspect of nineteenth century life for many Southerners The congregations of St Stephan s Episcopal and Trinity Churches of Bedford County Virginia were no different In the minutes of St Stephan s Episcopal and Trinity Churches vestry meeting the close bond between pastor and congregation was more than

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/13654 (2016-02-15)
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    Kerry explained the atrocities and falsehoods that the soldiers on the ground were forced to carry out while serving in the Vietnam War from 1966 1970 He made it clear that the actions of the United States government and military leaders should not vanish into thin air According to Kerry soldiers were George H W Bush Announces Post Cold War Strategies during Persian Gulf War Date s September 11 1990 Location District of Columbia District of Columb Tag s War Diplomacy International In George H W Bush s speech about Kuwait he said Recent events have surely proven that there is no substitute for American leadership By 1990 the Cold War had finally ended after forty years of conflict George H W Bush came into office just before at the end of the Cold War This had become a vital time in American foreign policy because the country no longer had to feel threatened with Congressman W S Groesbeck Supports the Seizure of William Walker Date s January 11 1858 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Law Diplomacy International Law Government Crime In the House of Representatives on January 11 1858 the Honorable W S Groesbeck of Ohio took the floor to argue in support of the recent capture of filibusterer General William Walker The speech served as a rebuttal to objections raised by Representative Keitt of South Carolina and Representative Stephens of Georgia Representatives Keitt and Stephens argued that the seizure of Walker and his company Kennedy Establishes the Peace Corps Date s March 1 1961 Location Washington D C Tag s Diplomacy International JFK Foreign Politics On March 1 1961 President John F Kennedy signed Executive Order 10924 which stated the United States Peace Corps held a mission to promote a better understanding of Americans and

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/20 (2016-02-15)
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    always plentiful or completely reliable No matter the status of the troops at the time the newspapers continued to remind the citizens that they were fighting for home property liberty life everything The papers urged Southerners to hate the Yankees and accept nothing less than success in the war The nationalism found in this newspaper was part of a movement that had begun even before the Civil War to present a strong united South As talk of secession began in the late 1850s leaders in the South began to push for citizens to identify with their state or region rather than the United States Once southern states began to leave the Union this loyalty became even more important to allow the new nation any chance of success During the Civil War itself there was little more important than presenting a united home front dedicated to the triumph of the Confederacy Newspapers such as The Camden Confederate played a key role in advocating Confederate nationalism This nationalism extremely strong at the beginning of the Civil War was not enough to hold the Confederacy together and as the war drew to a close so did the intense Southern unity This is however

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3961 (2016-02-15)
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    African Americans Migration Transportation Slavery Texas land was ideal for slaveholders There was seemingly no end to the vast land territory there were long growing seasons and they could grow multiple crops throughout the year Although slavery arrived late to Texas it soon became as powerful as an institution as elsewhere in the South One example of the desire to attain slaves to work the land is evident in the slave trade offer Confederacy Passes a Law Authorizing Wartime Property Destruction Date s March 6 1862 Location HENRICO Virginia Tag s Agriculture War On March 6 1862 in the House of Representatives of the Confederate Congress a bill was passed to prevent the capture of Confederate property by the Union Specifically the bill authorized the commanding generals of the Confederate Army to destroy cotton tobacco and other agricultural products which may be liable to fall into the hands of the United States During the hearings inquiries of The Seizure of Fort Henry Date s February 6 1862 to February 16 1862 Location STEWART Tennessee Tag s War On February 6th General Ulysses S Grant of the Union captured Fort Henry Tennessee the first victory for the United States in the Civil War Accompanied by his troops General Grant arrived on the morning of the 6th having been transported by a fleet of ironclads commanded by Commodore Foote After setting foot on land it took a mere two hours until the fort was captured officially being Slave Trader Captain Gordon Executed Date s February 21 1862 Location NEW YORK New York Tag s Crime Violence Law Slavery The most infamous of slave traders Captain Nathaniel Gordon was finally brought to justice and the significance of that event was reported and commented on at length in the March 8 1862 edition of

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18620228 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    Location KERSHAW South Carolina Reasons to Fight Southern Nationalism Date s February 28 1862 Location Tag s Politics War If you love your freedom if you love your home if you love your wife and children if you love your God strike strike quick strike hard urged The Camden Confederate on February 28 1862 This newspaper published weekly in Camden South Carolina was full of pleas for Southern unity and

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/11555 (2016-02-15)
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    grew in size meaning there were more children to send to school Finally given the hard economic times the Southern states struggled to pay teachers and upkeep school buildings unless they taxed Not everyone favored these taxes though and as McClure wrote it caused our state to disagree On the other side of the debate were white Southerners like McClure who feared blacks would infect the white students Another apprehension was that blacks were inherently immoral irresponsible and did not deserve an education There were also those who worried about what other types of freedoms blacks would seek if granted equal education McClure also mentioned the argument that the tax money was wasted on blacks He said that 9 out of 10 of them may go to school 5 years and they won t advance much beyond a spelling book and in 12 months after leaving school will forget everything Not only did he find blacks ignorant but he also claimed that they did not value an education because everything they care for is to frolic and drink whiskey Although McClure wrote this letter in 1886 the sentiments on both sides were not entirely new The issue of black and white equality versus inequality was present even before the Civil War began What was newest to the debate was the political and religious controversy it sparked In the 1870s the Republican Party promoted funding for public education claiming that it furthered the ideal of patriotism Catholics and some Democrats on the other hand argued that the Republicans platform jeopardized individualism Catholics instead sought to gain funding for private education No matter how many people wanted public education racial tensions were at a peak and many did not want to pay for schooling if it was going to be for blacks

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3956 (2016-02-15)
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