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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    he was a Union soldier in the Massachusetts Artillery battery stationed in and around New Orleans once it came under Union control He wrote to his brother and sister about his experiences in the Deep South In correspondence with William Wardwell Jameson discussed setting up a business in New Orleans because he saw great opportunities there despite the war The letters are centered on the best way for Jameson to secure some initial capital in order to get his business off the ground He described the attitudes of the Southerners around him following the war Obviously they were disappointed about the war s outcome and very upset over the fact that their city was occupied by the Federal Government They felt as though the occupation was unnecessary and that Union officials were just orchestrating it out of spite They yearned for the pre war days but some seemed to be gradually accepting the fact that their lives would never be like that again Despite this sentiment they were slightly excited that Southern representatives were returning to Congress and viewed it as a step in the right direction Even though the representatives who were heading to Washington were not the ones

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3964 (2016-02-15)
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    Army were destroy ing the government of their fathers In an advertisement in 1862 in Winchester Virginia the government established by the the patriot statesmen and warriors of the revolution asked that the confederate soldiers throw down their arms and come rejoin the Union The ad insisted that the bad men of the confederacy Pauline Cushman Gains Trust of the Rebels An Episode from Her Life Date s 1862 Location JEFFERSON Kentucky Tag s Crime Violence Race Relations War Women Pauline Cushman was born Harriet Wood in the South on June 10 1833 Living the beginning of her life in New Orleans she eventually moved with her family to northern Michigan where she first discovered her love of the theatre By the age of eighteen she moved to New York to try her luck at being an actress and stage performer In homage to Charlotte Cushman her favorite performer Harriet legally Reverend McGill Offers His Religious Views on Slavery Date s 1862 Location PHILADELPHIA Pennsylvania Tag s Church Religious Activity Slavery War Reverend Alexander T McGill believed very strongly in the 1860s that slavery should be abolished because it degrades and destroys the children of men Slavery needed to be abolished immediately but slaves needed to be educated first because neither slavery perpetuated for its own sake nor slavery abolished before its subjects are educated for freedom will comport with the determination Vegetable Compound Cures Women s ills Date s 1862 to 1883 Location MIDDLESEX Massachusetts Tag s Health Medicine Health In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in the successful patent medicine business the most popular product was Lydia Pinkham s Vegetable Compound Pinkham claimed to treat the worst cases completely from her Vegetable Compound This claim comes from Victorian trading card of Lydia Pinkham s Vegetable Compound that is

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18620101-18651231 (2016-02-15)
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    to first understand the underlying premise of the boycott staged against the Haxall Crenshaw Company Due to racism still evident throughout the Reconstruction Era black prison populations had vastly expanded in size State governments attempted to capitalize on this situation by instituting a system of convict labor Historian Edward Ayers describes the structure of the state prison labor system stating for a small fee a railroad builder a planter or a mine owner could use the labor of state convicts with little financial risk and with no labor troubles In Richmond the Haxall Crenshaw Company used convict laborers to produce the barrels that contained company products The Knights of Labor dedicated to free labor and economic justice believed convict labor competition infringed upon the rights of the free working class In order to counteract this practice the Richmond Knights of Labor devised a boycott one that was ultimately successful The founding principle of the Knights of Labor is nowhere more evident than in the surviving papers of William H Mullen Commissioned as Organizer for the Richmond District Assembly or DA 84 on November 28 1885 he was authorized by decree from the General Master Workman T V Towderly Historian Peter J Rachleff described Mullen s immediate impact on the city of Richmond when he noted Mullen s order of a boycott of the products of the Haxall Crenshaw Company which packaged these products in convict made barrels This boycott instituted in order to protect the interests of black coopers in the Richmond area was sanctioned through Mullen s power to exercise all the authority conferred upon him by the Constitution Laws and Usages of the Order Mullen s papers documented the Richmond District Assembly s creation on January 1 1878 and the continual desire to protect rights of the working

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3971 (2016-02-15)
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    and commerce as well Palaces like the Notre Dame cathedral served as the heart and soul of the town and its people In modern times the center of commerce and congregation has shifted far away from the church and landed on the 1883 Greenville Female College Catalogue and the juxtaposition of Women s Roles within American Society during Reconstruction Date s January 1 1883 to December 31 1884 Location 300 college st greenville Tag s Female Student Greenville Gender Progressive Era Greenville Female College Student The Catalogue of the Greenville Female College of 1883 1884 shows both the exceptional opportunities as well as the limitations of its students in their education and career The courses taught at the college ranged from Music German to Physics and Mathematics In that sense the college provided women with an education that was similar to that of their masculine counterparts However the University Land Allegation Dispute in Alabama Date s December 27 1885 Location BALDWIN Alabama Tag s Economy Government Politics Migration Transportation Urban Life Boosterism Alabama s Attorney General while celebrating the Christmas season in his Gulf Coast home received notice that he would need to institute a test suit as soon as possible in order to determine the title of government grated lands In 1885 both timber businessmen and railroad executives repetitively brought cases to the Secretary of the Interior concerning the cutting of timber in certain areas Three Vessels Arrive with Railroad Iron for Wilmington and Weldon RR Co Date s January 6 1886 Location NEW HANOVER North Carolina Tag s Urban Life Boosterism Three vessels arrived in the Wilmington port with cargoes of railroad iron for the Wilmington Weldon R R Co to build the line from Wilson to Fayetteville known as the Short cut Track had already been laid

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18851230 (2016-02-15)
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    Order of the True Reformers as a temperance organization Slowly the organization s focus shifted moving towards economic betterment of blacks in the South This shift reflected a larger change in black cultural attitudes of the time a movement led by Booker T Washington Washington believed in a form of racial A Gunpowder Plot Date s July 9 1881 Location Tag s African Americans Arts Leisure Education Race Relations Slavery Teddie and Lud visited the farm of a family friend out in the country They became friends with a black boy named Bat short for Bartholomew One lazy afternoon Bat came running to the boys with exciting news I done found sumthin Tudder side de broom straw field bustin big hornicks ness big as half peck measure I didn t tetch de thing but I thought I d come and tell ye all so you The Fitzhugh Family Reunion Date s December 24 1888 Location Tag s Arts Leisure Church Religious Activity Migration Transportation Women It was a shame that Mary was away for the holidays her sister Lizzie thought Christmas was a time to spend with family both close and distant Mary Fitzhugh had moved to Richmond almost two

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/13919 (2016-02-15)
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    to unfaltering attachment to republican principles The Know Nothing Party grew out of a secret society formed in New York in early 1849 by Charles B Allen called the Order of the Star Spangled Banner Its original aim was to control nominations for elections rather than stand independently in elections but in 1852 it merged with a new party called the American Party and it became directly involved in politics The members of the American Party were nicknamed Know Nothings which referred to the response that they were meant to give when asked about the society s activities The Know Nothing Party was originally opposed to Catholic involvement in politics and the increasing numbers of foreigners in the country However there was a split between Know Nothings in the North and South as those from the South played down their hostility to foreigners or Catholics as on the whole these issues were not as important to southerners In some areas of the South such as port cities nativism was an important factor behind the growth of the Know Nothing Party but elsewhere the Know Nothing popularity was instead dependent on long standing rifts between Democrats on economic policy and the sectional conflict The party did not last a long time but in the 1850s it was believed that they would become the official opposition party to the Democrats The Know Nothing Party was originally meant to be bi partisan but increasingly became involved in partisan politics with the Democrats accusing them of being whiggery in disguise The Democrats felt threatened by the Know Nothings and so accused them of being against slavery as this would ensure that the Know Nothings would loose support in the South Nashville Union and American was resolutely Democratic and consistently criticized the Know Nothing Party

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/3977 (2016-02-15)
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    Florida Tag s Native Americans Race Relations War The ongoing Seminole Wars between the Seminole Indians and the U S army began in November 1817 According to an issue of the New York Herald the U S army and the Seminoles renewed this guerilla style conflict in May of 1856 marking the Third Seminole War Billy Bowlegs led the Seminoles in this Third War but did not enjoy much success against the U S troops In the article Agricultural Survival and Wealth Date s May 2 1856 Location AUGUSTA Virginia Tag s Agriculture Economy Politics On May 2 1856 in western Virginia Congressman John Letcher wrote a letter to his friend Alexander H H Stuart who was also a politician Letcher was born in Lexington where he owned a law firm and began his political career He later served as the governor of Virginia beginning in 1859 Stuart on the other hand was born in nearby Staunton where he was greatly involved with politics Although The Runaway Daniel Date s May 2 1856 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Law Race Relations Slavery On Friday May 2 1856 an ad was put out in the Daily National Intelligencer from a subscriber living near Upper Marlboro Prince George s county Md offered a 100 reward for the return of a run away On the 4th of April Negro boy Daniel ran away from his master to the master believed Washington City Daniel s master J Berry understood that he is hired in Washington Student Withdraws After Beating Slave Girl Date s May 3 1856 Location ALBEMARLE Virginia Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Race Relations Slavery In May 1856 students and faculty at the University of Virginia were consumed by the news that the faculty board forced a student

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18560501 (2016-02-15)
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    1854 to June 3 1854 Location Tag s Health Death Migration Transportation Urban Life Boosterism Nineteen people in Nashville and the surrounding area died of what doctors suspected to be cholera Most of the deaths occurred near the city limits The Nashville Union sought to control any possible panic by relaying information of the epidemic with this concluding sentence This is the whole truth up to this time original emphasis They reassured their readers that once the weather changed Capitalist Enslavement Date s 1854 Location Tag s Economy Race Relations Slavery George Fitzhugh a native of Brentsville Virginia published Sociology for the South or the Failure of Free Society He looked upon Africans and African Americans as children uniquely suited to slavery Just as children cannot be governed by mere law because they are so much under the influence of impulse passion and appetite the negro individual had to be treated as a grown up child The Sorghum Arrives in America Date s July 2 1853 Location Tag s Agriculture Economy Migration Transportation Sorghum a grass that grows in the tropical regions of the world made its grand entrance to the South via Georgia and South Carolina in 1853 Sorghum competed with sugar in the market for sweet tasting plants Sugar could come from a variety of plants from several different countries such as Italy China and Brazil whereas sorghum mainly came from Africa The South might have needed sugar for Temperance Movement Debated in Tennessee Date s July 1 1853 Location Tag s Arts Leisure Church Religious Activity Crime Violence The fate of alcohol was uncertain during mid nineteenth Century Alcohol had many opponents Protestants thought it was a great evil Many Southern whites were afraid of keeping alcohol legal for fear that it could cause great damage if

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/11953 (2016-02-15)
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