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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    a plantation At the beginning of the Civil War he joined the Fourth Louisiana Infantry and fought for about a year before he was wounded and lost most of the use of his right arm Since he could not fight the army reassigned him to work at a couple of prisons and he eventually became emissary of Jefferson Davis to Europe After a year in Europe Wirz came back and was made commandant of the Andersonville Prison in Georgia Andersonville was known for being a particularly brutal prison Prisoners were not given enough food and many prisoners died of starvation Disease also ran rampant In addition to these problems gangs of raiders within the prison bullied and beat other prisoners for money and possessions The Union Army arrived at Andersonville in May 1865 and they as well as the public were shocked by the atrocities of the prison and wanted to punish someone for these crimes Wirz was made the scapegoat and arrested on May 6 His trial by a military commission began on August 23 and he was found guilty on October 24 He was hung at the Old Capitol Prison on November 10 1865 Prisoners and other guards

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/7 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    days the breach had expanded to be at least an acre in width The areas initially most affected by the waters were the Cyprus swamp and St John s Bayou However the waters were continuing to flow into the city and it was predicted that by the time the flood waters stopped rising the entire city would be underwater The governor of Louisiana took immediate action and hired engineers who pledged to have the breach fixed within several days Due to having an abundance of the resources need to fix the levee accessible to them the projected time to be able to fix the levee was accurate Many of the city s residents relocated for the summer out of fear of an epidemic breakout of illnesses due to the excess of mud The only way to protect the city from experiencing such devastating effects was by constantly patrolling the levee which spanned for miles above and below New Orleans Every landowner was responsible for maintenance of the levee that bordered his land often helped by slaves and free Blacks The portions of the levee that did not border personal property and ran through New Orleans were maintained by the city

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/15 (2016-02-15)
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    BALDWIN Georgia Tag s Government Law Politics On January 13 1815 the Superior Court of the state of Georgia convened in Augusta and ruled numerous acts passed by the Georgia legislature unconstitutional and void The legislature furiously answered on November 19 1815 with a condemning resolution absolutely denying the right of the courts to rule the acts of the state legislature invalid The resolution did not specifically mention which Daily National Intelligencer Advertises for Fugitive Slaves Date s April 20 1816 Location Washington City District of Columbia Tag s Slave Laws Advertisement fugitive slave On April 20 1816 the Daily National Intelligencer located in Washington D C published an article advertising fugitive slaves The article began by stating Fifty persons of color were brought into this city in the ship Lord Somers from London The Intelligencer continued On examination satisfactory evidence was produced that forty three were free George Learns to Read Date s 1815 Location CHATHAM North Carolina Tag s African Americans Arts Leisure Education Slavery Growing up as a slave child George was fond of hearing people read but as poor slave he had little or no thought or aspiration of ever being able to read or spell one word or sentence in any book His mother discovered this anxiety for books and tried to encourage it At length he took resolution to learn the alphabet at all events and encountering to be among school children he learned the 50 Negroes for Sale Date s January 23 1816 Location HENRICO Virginia Tag s African Americans Law Race Relations Slavery Epes Spain put an ad in the Richmond Enquirer advertising the sale of fifty negroes to be sold at the Price Edward court house at the end of the month of January He stated that African Americans were raised

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18160507 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    votes In 1798 Georgia banned involvement in the Atlantic Slave trade followed a decade later by a nationwide ban The Constitution had required the ban when signed and Congress put it into effect on January 1 1808 As the Hon Joshua Giddings announced in a speech to the House of Representatives the United States pronounced the African slave trade to be piracy and those who followed that vocation to be pirates worthy of death All captured Atlantic slave traders in the future would tried for their lives The strong sentiment against the Atlantic trade was not as universal as people imagined Many politicians in the South were unyielding in their attempts to reestablish the Atlantic routes Fifty years later a candidate for Mississippi office announced that the the great want of the South is more Negroes fresh from Africa and he was not alone in this idea The development of an illegal slave trade started as soon as the law was enacted and this black market continued for decades However the illicit trade was costly and dangerous and the already flourishing domestic slave trade replaced the Atlantic trade to a large extent The last known delivery of African slaves occurred

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/19 (2016-02-15)
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    Law of Negro Slavery in the United States of America after significant research on ancient slavery laws Cobb was a diehard secessionist and respected a Georgia lawyer His book is one of the only to defend slavery based on legal theory but it is still racist in the extreme br br In the Preface Cobb claims that my book Girl Chooses Death Over Shame Date s 1858 Location CHARITON Missouri Tag s African Americans Health Death Race Relations Slavery Women The majority of farms in Brunswick Missouri used slave labor up through the Civil War H C Bruce was a slave on one of these farms Many years after the Civil War Bruce reflected on his experiences as a slave and recorded them in a book According to Bruce slave owners in Brunswick believed in having their slave women live a virtuous life About nine miles from his farm lived a slaveholder named Jesse Willis Petitions to Keep Slave Families Together Date s 1858 Location MARION Florida Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Health Death Law Migration Transportation Race Relations Slavery Jesse Willis administrator of the estate of Amanda Willis asked the Marion County court for permission to sell land rather than slaves from Marion s estate to repay his debts He claimed that selling the slaves could not be done without upsetting Amanda s children Willis added the slaves are all of one family and they are mostly children which are constantly increasing in value A View of Southern Women Date s January 1 1858 to December 31 1859 Location ORANGE Virginia Tag s Race Relations Slavery Women Fannie Page Hume a woman from Orange County Virginia kept an extensive diary between the years of 1858 1859 She had an entry for each day during these two years in

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/18580101-18581231 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    409 Slaves from Africa arrive in Georgia Date s 1858 Location Tag s Crime Violence Economy Migration Transportation Slavery In 1798 Georgia banned involvement in the Atlantic Slave trade followed a decade later by a nationwide ban The Constitution had required the ban when signed and Congress put it into effect on January 1 1808 As the Hon Joshua Giddings announced in a speech to the House of Representatives the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/1838 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    single specific issues such as direct trade with Europe or railroad construction Later the conventions would address a wide range of economic concerns In 1858 Montgomery Alabama hosted the Southern Commercial Convention Over 500 citizens including committees of 3 delegates per state attended to discuss issues such as African apprentice labor European trade and most importantly the reopening of the Atlantic slave trade On the second day of the convention speeches were heard from Richard Pryor of Virginia against the reopening but William Yancey of Alabama spoke in favor Yancey gave a lengthy powerful speech during which he suggested secession as a future option for the South This particular debate is indicative of the main change which had occurred in the conventions since their inception Instead of making decisions for economic advancement the Southern Commercial Convention was used to spout political beliefs spreading ideas widely in a short period of time Recognizing the political danger within the conventions Northerners spoke out against them The New York Times even published a strongly worded piece announcing that it is high time that those conventions of the South end in the production of something better than speeches resolutions and reports Still the conventions

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/20 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    The first meetings focused on single specific issues such as direct trade with Europe or railroad construction Later the conventions would address a wide range of economic concerns In 1858 Montgomery Alabama hosted the Southern Commercial Narrative of Walter Calloway slave from Richmond VA Date s 1858 Location Tag s Slavery Civil War Crime Violence Slave Trade Imagine being purchased as a slave at ten years old forced to relocate

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/300 (2016-02-15)
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