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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Courses
    November 4 1856 Location Tag s Slavery During the summer before the Presidential Election of 1856 slavery was on the forefront of political discourse due to the increasingly violent battles in Kansas to determine whether the territory would be slave or free The three candidates for President Democrat James Buchanan Republican John Fremont and the Whig American Millard Fillmore were thus reticent of the fact that they would need to The Publishing of Abolitionist Literature Date s October 7 1856 Location Tag s Race Relations Slavery Harriet Beecher Stowe just published Dred A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp in 1856 In the book Stowe posits that slavery caused the corrosion of society Dred is the second book by Stowe that centered on the topic of slavery Stowe s first work Uncle Tom s Cabin which was published in 1853 also addressed the issue of slavery and highlighted the institutions inadequacies Raised in Connecticut Augusta Georgia Holds an Agricultural Convention Date s February 11 1873 to February 13 1873 Location Tag s Agriculture Economy On February 11 1873 the Agricultural Convention was held in Augusta Georgia The states of Tennessee South Carolina Georgia and New York were represented Roughly two hundred delegates attended this conference At the convention attendees discussed the economic condition of the South and they also proposed and passed resolutions to remedy this situation The main issues debated included the Republicans Run their First Presidential Candidate Date s November 4 1856 Location Tag s Slavery The Republican Party was formed as an anti slavery party and in the presidential election of 1856 John Fremont became the party s first candidate for president Ironically Fremont was the only candidate in the presidential election from the South yet he was also the only one who spoke out against slavery

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/courses/view/1/3 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Courses
    wide The island s attractive qualities namely its size Meeting of the Board of Alderman Date s October 14 1856 Location Tag s Slavery On October 14 1856 the Board of Alderman held a city council meeting to discuss the climate in the city of New Orleans In the meeting the Mayor advocated for the increase of the police force by more than one hundred men The call for an increased police force stemmed from his desire to protect the persons and property of our citizens Daily Picayune Oct 14 pg 4 In other words the Man Arrested for Spreading Abolitionist Material Date s August 15 1856 Location Tag s Slavery On August 14th 1856 a man was arrested on the charges of disseminating incendiary material The man John Duberry was caught distributing the speeches of Senators Sumner and Seward amongst slaves in Columbus Mississippi For committing a crime such as this Duberry could have received a sentence of ten years in jail Unfortunately though the newspaper did not print a follow up to this Mob Violence in Missouri Date s July 1 1856 Location Tag s Crime Violence Slavery War The fight over whether Kansas should be a slave or a free state raged throughout the summer of 1856 in Kansas Missouri and other surrounding areas The Free State militia won ground in the ongoing battle by seizing the town of Franklin a pro slavery stronghold in August but the Pro Slavery men would not capitulate and they proved victorious in many clashes as well Skirmishes continued through The Southern Commercial Convention Date s December 8 1856 to December 10 1856 Location Tag s Economy Slavery On December 8th 1856 the Southern Commercial Convention met in Savannah Over six hundred delegates were in attendance at the convention from ten

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/courses/view/1/4 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Courses
    two days to come to an accord regarding the issue of slavery in Kansas On the morning of the 11th the Committee on Territories adopted the new Kansas bill first introduced by Senator Toombs of Georgia This new bill declared Kansas a slave state and was passed by a vote of thirty three to twelve The bill only needed approval by the House of The Third Seminole War Date s August 21 1856 Location Tag s Crime Violence Race Relations War The Seminole Wars were bitter fights between the white settlers of Florida and the Seminole Indians a tribe founded in the 1700s after tribes migrated further south The First Seminole War began in 1817 when Andrew invaded Eastern Florida backed by the U S Army While the first war only lasted a year the Second Seminole War began in 1821 and did not end 1842 although no peace treaty was ever Seminole Chief Billy Bowlegs and His Tribe Refuses to Leave Florida Date s January 1853 to 1853 Location Tag s Migration Transportation Race Relations In 1832 the Seminole tribe in Florida entered into a treaty with the state agreeing to emigrate west of the Mississippi within three years or extend the period by which they were permitted to remain within the state However the Chief Billy Bowlegs and his tribe had refused to vacate the land on which they lived In response the Florida Legislature had authorized the raising of two regiments Rumors of Slave Insurrections in New Orleans Date s June 13 1853 Location Tag s African Americans Crime Violence Race Relations Rumors of an intended slave insurrection alarmed whites living in New Orleans as well as throughout the South as the news of the supposed insurrection travel through newspapers published around the country On the night

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/courses/view/1/5 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    by Turner and several other black men 1 Two weeks later certain Georgia women were compelled to write to President Woodrow Wilson regarding the slaying of Mary Turner in particular Women on behalf of the Savannah Chapter of the American Red Cross and the Colored Federated Clubs of Augusta began their letter Mr President Whereas the Negro Womanhood of Ga has been shocked by the lynching of Mary Tuner at Valdosta Sunday May 19 1918 for an alleged unwise remark in reference to the lynching of her husband and characterized themselves discouraged and crushed by a spirit of humiliation and dread They asked that Wilson utilize his power and influence to prevent similar tragedies in the future and to reprimand the members of the mob 2 Although their letters received no direct response Wilson published a statement in the Official Bulletin two months later condemning mob violence Racial violence was not uncommon in the early 20th century and many calls for help to put an end to lynching or to punish white aggressors went unanswered The women who wrote to the President during this time were living in an especially racially tense environment the first half of the 1900s was the height of Jim Crow segregation black disenfranchisement and mob rule The country was also occupied with the war in Europe and did not take much notice to the problems at home According to historian Sherrilyn A Ifill in communities where lynchings occurred fear kept blacks mostly silent and compliant 3 There were blacks however who rejected silence by contacting the President of their country These letter writers used a variety of logic to convince the President to help them they reasoned that they were loyal citizens living in fear and expected a respectable leader like Wilson to act on

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4456 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Search
    problems at home as well as overseas On June 7 1918 President Wilson typed up a letter and sent it to Carrie Chapman Catt who was a leading figure in the women s suffrage movement Wilson pictured the United States as the leader of the democratic world during the early 20 th Albert Kahn s Detroit Savings Bank Branch of SW Detroit as a Symbol of Former Success Date s March 1918 to 1918 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s Detroit Savings Bank Albert Kahn southwest detroit Delray Detroit In 1918 Architecture magazine published an image of the Detroit Savings Bank branch for Southwest Detroit designed by Albert Kahn Clearly inspired by Greek and Roman architecture the rectangular structure reflects an air of prestige and durability It has two stories two massive Doric columns flanking either side of the entrance that stand twice as high as the doorway and in a square Great Migration Religion and Churches in New York City Date s January 1 1893 to December 31 1909 Location NEW YORK New York Tag s Civil War Religion Great Migration African Americans The Great Migration of African Americans to the north in the early 1900 s was the result of years of enslavement The migration introduced new eager American citizens to the north during a time when new faces were foreign faces For African Americans the lure of freedom from Jim Crow laws a higher and fairer wage for labor and a fresh start to life was reasons enough to move to the promised The Espionage Act of 1917 Date s 1917 Location Dist Columbia District of Columbia Tag s World War I J Edgar Hoover Espionage Act Eugene V Debs Emma Goldman A Mitchell Palmer In 1917 the United States Congress passed the Espionage Act while involved in World War I This act made it illegal for someone to obtain distribute or possess information relating to the national defense of the United States her dependents or those under her control or jurisdiction The act also made it illegal to aid conspire or share any information or documents relating to national defense Medical Pioneers Mercy Hospital in Detroit Date s 1917 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s african americans Medicine Black Bottom Detroit The Mercy General Hospital and Clinic was started in 1917 by Dr David C Northcross and his wife Dr D L Northcross The couple came to Detroit from Montgomery Alabama where Dr David Northcross had been conducting a hospital and drug store for eleven years Mr Northcross felt the need to service the Black community due to a lack of hospital service for many of the Southern Blacks who migrated David F Houston on U S War Preparation Date s 1917 Location Dist Columbia District of Columbia Tag s David F Houston World War 1 The Great War U S War Readiness 1917 America s War Effort The United States did its best to stay neutral during the onset of the First World War President Woodrow Wilson

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19180519 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    White House to put an end to Lynching Date s May 19 1918 Location Tag s letters Women On the night of Thursday May 16 1918 assailants killed white farmer Hampton Smith in his home and wounded his wife in Brooks County Georgia The next night a white mob lynched two black men in conjunction with Smith s murder By Sunday a mob lynched two tenants of Smith husband and

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/17737 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    on how best to deal with the situation Many of these thoughts appear to point to one thing Total War After Susan Blackford Agreed to Take Up Nursing Date s July 8 1861 Location BEDFORD Virginia Tag s Civil War letters General Lee s army nurses Susan Blackford On July 08 1861 Susan Leigh Blackford wrote to her husband a lieutenant who served in the Confederate army to inform him she was not at father s all day sewing for the Confederate soldiers her regular daily activities but writing for a special occasion Blackford agreed to open a local Ladies Hospital for injured soldiers with another woman Mrs Otey Nineteenth century women were To My Betrothed Date s August 1873 to December 1875 Location GREENVILLE South Carolina Tag s letters courtship The courtship correspondence between 37 year old Luther P Hawkins and 26 year old Mary Roe followed a new trend of a romantic America After the American Revolution courtships sought a match based on love and affection over economic gain A person s character became an essential concern in choosing a spouse Middle class women more commonly looked for kind men who were slow to anger and men looked A drummer boy writes about his experience of the war Date s March 1863 to 1863 Location HAMILTON Indiana Tag s Civil War camp life letters The letters of a drummer boy are a gathering of the letters of a sixteen years old drummer boy in the 47th Indiana Regiment during the Civil War His letters to his parents show how an adolescent would see the war from the front The 47th was active in the Western theater during the whole war aside from the Vicksburg campaign but the little everyday facts show better what war was like The drummer

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/60 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    between 1959 and 1964 as the school board shut down the public school system On his first night in town in August 1963 he opened his mailbox to find letters telling him to pack his Yankee bag and start traveling and that the Prince Edward Negroes were their Negroes and that he should leave them alone Dr Neil V Sullivan continued his efforts to start a school to ensure that all students would be guaranteed an education Even amongst receiving threatening phone calls every day and people shooting at his car Dr Sullivan made sure his schools were open for the students every day The effort to create a free school system for both white and black citizens in Prince Edward County began in 1959 with the efforts of the NAACP but it was not until President Kennedy created an initiative to open schools in 1963 that such a school system exsisted After receiving a petition signed by 695 citizens of the county demanding public education for all students he created the initiative to start the Prince Edward Free Schools Association This one year project would be headed by Superintendent Dr Sullivan 1600 black students and a handful of whites enrolled in the free schools There was minimal community backlash against these schools in fact The Farmville Herald known for its segregationalist viewpoints and conservative manner ran an ad for the Free Schools in the weeks prior to its opening On May 25th 1964 only nine months after the Free Schools project had begun the Supreme Court decided that the Prince Edward County Board of Supervisors had violated the Fourteenth Amendment by denying students of color the right to a free and public education Public schools were officially integrated and reopened in the fall of 1964 Opposition towards integration after

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4444 (2016-02-15)
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