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    depicted a wealthy and very happy white family enjoying a lovely Christmas dinner The family is being served dinner by a maid that also appeared to be in a good mood in the advertisement This advertisement was an illustration of the menial work black women had to do in the 1930s Domestic jobs were usually the most common The Lynching of George Armwood Date s October 18 1933 to October 30 1933 Location Baltimore City Maryland Somerset Maryland Tag s George Armwood Gov Albert Ritchie Crime Violence Progressivism Civil Rights Movement Lynching African Americans On October 18 th 1933 George Armwood was arrested and later lynched for the alleged attack of an old married white woman named Mary Denston Lynching commonly practiced throughout the United States from the 19 th century until the 1960s was a method of murder used to control African American behavior The victims were typically accused of inappropriate behavior towards white Remember Remember A Look into How Media Can Shape the Events of a Nation Date s October 16 1933 to October 18 1933 Location Somerset Maryland Tag s Lynching Crime Violence Race Relations Media Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it The body of a lynched man George Armwood of Princess Anne MD hung limp and tortured late on October 17 th 1933 An African American man Armwood had had some encounter with an elderly white woman the previous day Mary Denston had been walking down the road from the post office She claimed to have been attacked History of the Mundane Date s 1933 Location Wayne Michigan Tag s The Great Depression Urban Agriculture Detroit This is the story of something completely boring or at least it would seem that way from the outset It is the story of the

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19310427-19361223 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    challenge ahead of him as our nation s 32nd President The United States was in a period of unemployment and extreme poverty The people were losing faith and it was F D R s responsibility to fix the problem On May 7 1933 F D R entered American homes through their radios Hoping to restore hope to the public Roosevelt assured them that Congress was taking The U S Works Projects Administration Federal Writers Project and Historical Records Survey Date s 1934 to 1939 Location Tag s Federal Writers Project The New Deal Franklin D Roosevelt Katherine Kellock WPA The Great Depression Photographs abound The black and white or sepia pictures display dirty children tired mothers or men hard at work Every one was broke and tired This era known as The Great Depression lasted from 1929 through the advent of the Second World War This was a time of struggle for people from all walks of life Even people from white collar fields such as lawyers librarians and teachers were unable The Wagner Act Date s July 5 1935 Location Tag s Labor Unions labor relations Wagner Act National Labor Relations The Wagner Act had great impact on industrial relations as the first part of the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 The National Labor Relations Act was created out of the necessity and demand for new foundations of authority and new forms of participation in the political dimension and legalization of industrial life 1 This statement supports the idea that people are the key to industry and U Regulations approved for Protection of Wilderness Areas Date s September 19 1939 Location Tag s U Regulation National Forest Robert Marshall Environmental History Famous early environmentalist Robert Marshall the head of recreation for the National Forest service and founder of

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/22331 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Newsearch
    Negro Encyclopedia Rages on in Correspondence Date s April 27 1931 to December 23 1936 Location Dist Columbia District of Columbia Tag s encyclopedia African Americans Education In a 1936 letter to Dr James H Dillard the Charlottesville philanthropist affiliated with the efforts to fund and improve black education in America Dr Carter G Woodson wrote of a recent loss of staff on the Association for the Study of Negro

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/tags/view/61 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    a pronounced change occurred in the legal thinking of the NAACP s lawyers The Prince Edward County case provides helpful insight into understanding this legal change because it was filed in 1951 just as the NAACP was in the process of transitioning their legal strategy While the NAACP lawyers were busy going through huge organizational changes the African American students at Moton High School in Prince Edward County were equally busy unifying themselves to go on strike Under the student initiated leadership of Barbara Johns the students at Moton High were tired of their overcrowded and dilapidated school and the students sought legal redress from the school board The students at Moton High called upon the Richmond branch of the NAACP to help with its legal campaign However the student leaders at Moton high were completely unaware of the NAACP s change in legal strategy Instead of integration students like Barbara were merely hoping to improve their segregated educational facilities The leading attorneys Oliver Hill and Spottswood Robinson had a completely different agenda In a speech to the African American students and parents in Prince Edward County Robinson implored the necessity for challenging segregation as an institution stating The NAACP has undertaken its non segregation policy after realizing that previous experiences had proven that there can exist no equality in a segregated school system The previous experiences that Robinson mentions come directly from previous court rulings where ridiculous restrictions and exceptions were made by segregationists to maintain white supremacy Prior to 1950 most NAACP lawyers and organizers believed that public school officials would eventually realize that operating dual public school systems with equal facilities was economically infeasible However as the NAACP tried cases with graduate students it became apparent that segregationists were not rational Instead of working within the free

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4460 (2016-02-15)
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    II brought industrialized nations into combat with one another on an unprecedented scale and to keep the people of a nation willing to fight it was important to keep a steady supply of food and munitions coming to its soldiers More importantly the morale and efficiency of troops was dependant on the fact that these food and munitions were particularly good For this reason Vote to Make the Lady Our Appellate Judge Date s May 4 1952 Location Lauderdale Alabama Tag s women in politics alabama judge female judge Annie Lola Price women in legal profession appellate judge On May 4th 1952 readers of The Florence Times opened the newspaper and flipped through the pages to find various political advertisements One such ad asked readers to vote in the Democratic Primary for Annie Lola Price to replace herself as a judge on the Alabama Court of Appeals The ad featured a small picture of the lady herself as well as a short description of Judge Price s accomplishments Teenage School bus Drivers Black and White Crash on South Carolina Highway Date s January 20 1953 Location Clarendon South Carolina Tag s African Americans Desegregation Transportation Segregation Supreme Court Children Public Schools Black History Black Schools South Carolina Buses W H Ridgeway the 16 year old driver of the white bus sobbed in his hospital bed and told his mother over and over how sorry he was the wreck had happened The Columbia State South Carolina s largest newspaper reported this pitiful scene on January 21st 1953 under the front page headline Clarendon School Bus Crash Kills 2 The State ran no pictures of the crash but the Bus Driver Age 18 Killed in Head On Collision At Work Date s January 20 1953 Location Clarendon South Carolina Tag s Clarendon County workplace safety highway safety Buses African Americans South Carolina The certificate kept by the Clarendon Memorial Hospital records the death of Willie Lemon an 18 year old bus driver involved in a head on collision on the highway near Jordan South Carolina on January 20 1953 Vital information is recorded on Lemon He was occupied as a school bus driver He is listed as an unmarried colored male from Manning South Carolina with no social security number His Crazy Kids Create Crazy Connie s Augustana College Pranks and Masculinity Date s November 1951 to 1951 Location Rock Island Illinois Tag s Gender Education One morning in 1951 students at Augustana College in Rock Island were met with an unusual site a set of stairs off 7th avenue that led up to the iconic academic building Old Main had a sign stretching across the top of it reading Crazy Connie s Used Cars Accompanying the sign on the grassy lawn were several cars all with for sale signs At least twelve male students at Augustana took Advancements In the Women s Rights Movement Date s October 29 1951 Location Worcester Massachusetts Tag s Women Women 39 s Rights suffrage Over

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/search/dates/19480501-19561201 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    NAACP s Litigation Strategy in Prince Edward County Date s May 1 1948 to December 1956 Location Tag s Civil Rights Prince Edward Law The NAACP s litigation strategy against school segregation went through a drastic change during the summer of 1950 Instead of working within the confines of Plessy v Ferguson which declared the constitutionality of the separate but equal doctrine the NAACP decided that the time had come

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/26640 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Episodes
    a sweatshop as well and together the family would spend long hours rolling cigars making artificial flowers or most commonly sewing clothes The industry of producing ready made clothing increased greatly at the turn of the twentieth century and coincided nicely with the influx of immigrant laborers This particular industry was organized as a contract system where cloth was purchased by the contractor from the textile manufacturer The fabric was then cut and finished by hired garment workers who completed the work in their apartments The practice of home work became a serious issue because it often meant the use of child labor exploitation of workers outside of the factory setting and the development of goods under unsanitary conditions In response to public concern about industrial homework some states including New York tried to regulate tenement homework These regulations aimed to protect the consumers from health problems associated with purchasing goods produced under unsanitary conditions This was done by prohibiting the manufacture of certain articles in dwelling places and that these tenements meet certain sanitary and health provisions It would still take several years and further efforts by Progressives to have regulations of homework put in place to benefit the lives and rights of the families performing the housework Despite these initial regulations tenement manufacture was still being done under unhealthy conditions for low wages long hours and through the continued exploitation of child labor Although several compulsory education and child labor laws were passed in New York at the end of the nineteenth century these laws were difficult to enforce The Compulsory Education Law of 1874 had tried to require all children between eight and fourteen to attend school for fourteen weeks a year but one survey of 371 home workers from 110 families found that nearly half of

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes/view/4467 (2016-02-15)
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  • History Engine: Tools for Collaborative Education and Research | Fips
    quested to experience and understand Stephen Graham a British traveller walked about New York City and stopped to converse with an American man in a club The man opened Graham s eyes to the American mentality when Graham asked if it was embarrassing to take such great risks such as death and disease Morality and Birth Control What Every Woman Should Know Date s February 1918 Location Tag s women s health Margaret Sanger birth control Morality and Birth Control by Margaret Sanger is a pamphlet written in 1918 questioning the morality of denying the knowledge of birth control to working class women She compares the lack of education given to women at that time to the shackles of slavery Sanger believes that birth control is the first step towards women s freedom She gives several examples of how not only women but Comstockery in America The Woman Rebel by Margaret Sanger Date s July 1915 to 1915 Location Tag s The Woman Rebel Anthony Comstock birth control Comstock Law Margaret Sanger In 1914 Margaret Sanger fought for women and their right to have control over their own bodies She was shocked that working class women were unable to obtain safe and effective birth control Sanger began providing them with the information and the knowledge to have a say regarding what they would do with their bodies in and out of marriage the right to decide if they would become a mother or When America was engaged in War War 1 a national creed was written in order to movtivate Amerian people to stay loyal to thier country Date s April 3 1918 Location Tag s America s Creed World War 1 In the 1910s as war raged in Europe America prided itself for remaining a neutral country For three

    Original URL path: http://historyengine.richmond.edu/fips/view/15927 (2016-02-15)
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