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  • Navigation for Everyone | Time and Navigation
    Pinterest YouTube Time and Navigation The untold story of getting from here to there Search form Search Navigating at Sea Navigating in the Air Navigating in Space Satellite Navigation Navigation for Everyone Timeline of Innovation Artifacts Learning Resources Multimedia Gallery Research Journal Visit the Exhibition Navigation for Everyone Global time and navigation services are revolutionizing daily life Innovators have combined precise navigation positioning and timing information with digital maps and other data to form essential utilities all over the worlds These new applications are changing the definitions of navigation and raising new questions How is navigation technology changing your life A Global View depiction of global transportation routes Aircraft tracks in yellow and ships at sea in blue Meet a Professional Navigator What Do You Think Take the Poll Personal Navigation Stories Latest Story May 2 2015 Modern Stone Age I am a Flight Instructor and university professor I love to teach people to fly and the best part is teaching them to navigate Read Full Story Navigating at Sea Challenges of Sea Navigation Navigating Without a Clock The Longitude Problem The U S Goes to Sea Navigate at Sea Activity Navigating in the Air Challenges of Air Navigation Early

    Original URL path: https://timeandnavigation.si.edu/navigation-for-everyone (2016-02-13)
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  • Time and Navigation
    the Rocks of Scilly October 22 1707 artist unknown 18th century Credit National Maritime Museum Greenwich UK 1707 Wreck of the Association While returning from Gibraltar in 1707 a squadron of British Royal Navy ships went badly astray off the coast of England with disastrous results The tragedy the worst maritime disaster in British history to that time provoked demands for safer navigation Parliament passed the Longitude Act of 1714 which created a panel of experts to oversee rewards for solving the problem of finding longitude at sea Learn More 1754 1754 French and Indian War Seven Years War 1801 1826 1851 1876 1837 1837 Line of Position Graphic representing Thomas Sumner s line of position technique Credit National Air and Space Museum Smithsonian Institution 1837 Line of Position While nearing land on his way to Scotland in 1837 Captain Thomas Sumner of Boston had an insight that ultimately changed the practice of celestial navigation With only one sighting on the Sun Sumner made three different calculations based on estimates of his latitude Plotted on a chart the results lay along a straight line He realized that any ship seeing the Sun at the same altitude in the sky must be located somewhere on that line This was confirmed by sailing along that course until a lighthouse was sighted on the coast Sumner published his method for determining what was later called a line of position in 1843 Learn More 1838 1838 VOYAGE The U S Exploring Expedition Charles Wilkes Credit National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 1838 VOYAGE The U S Exploring Expedition In 1838 six U S Navy vessels set out on a great voyage of exploration Aboard were several hundred seamen and scientists under the command of Lieutenant Charles Wilkes Authorized by Congress the U S Exploring Expedition also known as the Wilkes Expedition would explore and map the Pacific Antarctica and the northwest coast of the United States A tremendous feat of navigation the expedition broadened knowledge of uncharted areas of the world and helped expand American commerce industry and scientific knowledge Learn More 1883 1883 Standard Time Cover Travelers Official Guide December 1883 Credit National Museum of American History Smithsonian Institution 1883 Standard Time On November 18 1883 Standard Railway Time went into effect in North America Most United States and Canadian railroads replaced nearly fifty local times with five zones Intercolonial Eastern Central Mountain and Pacific each of which had a uniform time within its boundaries The zones were calculated on meridians 15 degrees apart counted from Greenwich as the prime meridian 0 degrees longitude Although pockets of resistance to railroad standard time persisted into the twentieth century most large cities in North America immediately adopted it The Standard Time Act of 1918 made the system federal law 1884 1884 Prime Meridian Attendees of the International Meridian Conference in Washington D C 1884 Credit National Archives and Records Administration 1884 Prime Meridian In October 1884 diplomats and technical specialists gathered in Washington D C to consider establishing a single internationally recognized prime meridian The International Meridian Conference recommended that the nations of the world establish a prime meridian at Greenwich England count longitude east and west from the prime meridian up to 180 degrees in each direction and adopt a universal day beginning at Greenwich at midnight there The conference suggestions resulted in the gradual worldwide adoption of a time zone based system counted from Greenwich at zero degrees longitude Learn More 1861 1861 U S Civil War 1901 1911 1921 1926 1926 Radio Range A nationwide system of directional radio beams to provide guidance for commercial aircraft Credit National Archives and Records Administration 1926 Radio Range The U S National Bureau of Standards undertook the creation of a nationwide system of directional radio beams called the Radio Range to provide guidance for commercial aircraft This system remained in use in the United States until the early 1970s Learn More 1907 1907 Radio Direction Finding Stations Ettore Bellini and Alessandro Tosi in Italy developed the first practical direction finding system Credit National Archives and Records Administration 1907 Radio Direction Finding Stations Ettore Bellini and Alessandro Tosi in Italy developed the first practical direction finding system Direction finding was used operationally in World War I By the early 1920s a series of stations in Europe and North America were providing guidance to ships and aircraft 1913 1913 Radio NAA broadcast time by radio Towers for U S Navy radio station NAA Arlington Virginia Credit D C Public Library 1913 Radio NAA broadcast time by radio The U S Navy established a radio station NAA in Arlington Virginia and broadcasted time signals Longitude between the U S Naval Observatory and the Paris Observatory was established through the repeated exchange of radio siganls from the NAA towers in Arlington and the Eiffel Tower in Paris in 1913 14 1927 1927 Quartz Clock First quartz clock built Credit AT T Archives and History Center 1927 Quartz Clock Canadian born telecommunications engineer Warren Marrison and his supervisor J W Horton constructed the first quartz clock at Bell Telephone Laboratories in New York in 1927 The clock emerged from research into reliable ways to measure and control the frequencies for transmitting telephone messages Marrison and Horton devised an instrument based on the regular vibrations of a quartz crystal in an electrical circuit and a method to convert high frequency quartz vibrations 50 000 times a second to one second pulses to run a clock dial Learn More 1903 1903 Wright brothers flight 1914 1914 World War I 1931 1941 1951 1950 1950 Inertial Navigation Navigating with no reference to the outside world Credit National Air and Space Museum Smithsonian Institution 1950 Inertial Navigation Inertial navigation uses a combination of accelerometers gyroscopes a clock and a comptuer to navigate without any reference to the outside world Military systems use it because it cannot be jammed and commercial aircraft use it when out of range of ground based radar Learn More 1960 1960

    Original URL path: https://timeandnavigation.si.edu/timeline2 (2016-02-13)
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  • Time and Navigation
    in Space Satellite Navigation Navigation for Everyone Timeline of Innovation Artifacts Learning Resources Multimedia Gallery Research Journal Visit the Exhibition Learning Resources Here are resources designed to enhance your classroom teaching of topics related to Time and Navigation Browse by grade level core standards and type New resources will be added and we invite your feedback at timenavcomments si edu View Downloadable Resources Themes World War II Advances Air Navigation To the Moon Navigation and American Exploration in the 19th Century Time and Navigation Online Conference Want to know more Join our experts to learn more about Time and Navigation Research Journal Postings February 25 2014 Twenty Years of GPS and Instrument Flight On February 16 1994 a significant milestone in American aviation occurred when the Federal Aviation Administration Read More December 13 2013 Meet Sydney Meet Sydney The newest addition to the Time and Navigation gallery is a life size bronze statue of a dog Read More October 24 2013 Finding History on eBay One question I m often asked as a curator is do you ever find anything interesting for the museum on eBay The answer Read More View All Posts Navigating at Sea Challenges of Sea Navigation

    Original URL path: https://timeandnavigation.si.edu/learning-resources (2016-02-13)
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  • Multimedia Gallery | Time and Navigation
    MEDIA Any Animation Artifact Document Film Illustration Map Newsreel Photograph Search by TOPIC Any Maps and Charts Navigating at Sea Navigating in Space Navigating in the Air Navigation for Everyone Navigation Tools Satellite Navigation Significant Voyages Timekeeping Innovations Any 621B A 12 Sextant Aerial Sextant Air Position Indicator Aircraft Astrocompass Astrodome Astrograph Astroinertial Navigation System Atomic Clock Bubble Sextant Celestial Computer Celestial Navigation Trainer Celestial Table Charts Chronometer Compass Dead Reckoning Computer Drift Indicator Drift Meter Drift Sight E 6B Float Light GEE Giovilabio GOES GPS Lindbergh Hour Angle Watch Line of Position Longitude LORAN Maps Mechanical Mike Mechanical solutions Navigational Radar Octant Pendulum Clock Periscopic Sextant Plotting Pre Comp Navigation Quartz Clock Quartz Oscillator Quartz Resonator Radio Compass Radio Range Radio Time Signals Radius of Action book Satellite Sea Chronometer Sea Clock SECOR Sextant SINS Star Altitude Curves Tables Timation Transit VOR Windscreen ZB 1 Radio Homing Adapter Navigation Methods Any Celestial Navigation Dead Reckoning Inertial Navigation Radio Navigation Satellite Navigation Navigators Inventors Any Bert Acosta John Arnold Lloyd Bertaud Ferdinand Berthoud Charles Blair William Cranch Bond Nathaniel Bowditch Emory B Bronte L C Bygrave Richard Byrd Jorge de Castilho François Coli Douglas Corrigan Dieudonné Costes Eleanor Creesy Harry H Crosby Philip Dalton William Davis Jr Charles Stark Draper Amelia Earhart Thomas Earnshaw Lincoln Ellsworth Galileo Galilei Harold Gatty Art Goebel George Haldeman Leslie Hamilton John Harrison Albert F Hegenberger Christiaan Huygens Amy Johnson Lisette Kapri Vilas Knope Curtis LeMay Charles Levine Anne Morrow Lindbergh Charles Lindbergh Ed Link Alfred Lee Loomis James A Lovell Jr James V Medcalf Henry Dick Merrill Thomas Mudge Jet Propulsion Laboratory Navigators Fred Noonan Wiley Post Carlo del Prete Max Pruss Jesse Ramsden Peter Redpath Pierre Le Roy Edward Schlee Gordon Scott Thomas Sumner Patrick Gordon Bill Taylor Thomas Thurlow Mary Tornich WAVES

    Original URL path: https://timeandnavigation.si.edu/multimedia-gallery (2016-02-13)
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  • Research Journal | Time and Navigation
    Museum staff will post newly researched materials and developments here Share your thoughts or ask questions of our researchers February 25 2014 Twenty Years of GPS and Instrument Flight On February 16 1994 a significant milestone in American aviation occurred when the Federal Aviation Administration certified the first GPS unit for use in IFR Instrument Flight Rules operations Twenty years later GPS has become the dominant form of en route navigation as well as the primary technology for guiding aircraft in low visibility approaches to landing The unit first certified twenty years ago was the Garmin GPS 155 Today the prototype unit used in the certification trials is a featured artifact of the Time and Navigationexhibition Read More December 13 2013 Meet Sydney Meet Sydney The newest addition to the Time and Navigation gallery is a life size bronze statue of a dog named Sydney Sydney now reclines amiably on the deck of the exhibition s ship and our youngest visitors are finding him appealing On a recent morning one toddler was observed patting the statue s head and squealing Puppy Another clambered onto Sydney s back and went for an imaginary ride Read More October 24 2013 Finding History on eBay One question I m often asked as a curator is do you ever find anything interesting for the museum on eBay The answer is yes This is the story of a particularly interesting find Read More Pages 1 2 3 next last Categories All Categories Maps and Charts 1 Navigating at Sea 1 Navigating in Space 0 Navigating in the Air 6 Satellite Navigation 1 Celestial Navigation 0 Dead Reckoning 1 Inertial Navigation 0 Radio Navigation 2 Timekeeping 0 Navigation Tools 3 Recent Comments 1 year 7 months ago Meet Sydney Wow lovely website Thnx 2 years 2

    Original URL path: https://timeandnavigation.si.edu/research (2016-02-13)
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  • The Untold Story of Getting from Here to There | Time and Navigation
    Google Plus Pinterest YouTube Time and Navigation The untold story of getting from here to there Search form Search Navigating at Sea Navigating in the Air Navigating in Space Satellite Navigation Navigation for Everyone Timeline of Innovation Artifacts Learning Resources Multimedia Gallery Research Journal Visit the Exhibition The Time Place Connection If you want to know where you are you need a reliable clock It might seem surprising but knowing the accurate time is essential for determining position learn more Who Can Navigate In the past people needed special training and equipment to perform precise navigation but today almost anyone can be a navigator learn more Meeting the Challenge The challenges of global navigation have spurred investments from governments to meet strategic goals learn more Inventing the Future People have developed technological solutions to solve the problems of measuring time and navigation and innovators continue to address new challenges learn more 1 2 3 4 Understanding Latitude Longitude Learn about latitude and longitude the lines we use to measure position on the globe Find out more Understanding How GPS Works Find out how GPS satellites provide your real time position on Earth Find out more What Do You Think Take the Poll It has recently been reported that United Airlines is continuing the trend of replacing pilot navigation materials with tablet computers Do you feel comfortable knowing that paper maps are being replaced with tablets on commercial airlines Vote Share Your Navigation Story Everyone has a story what s yours Have you sailed the open seas Has GPS ever let you down Share your story Navigating at Sea Challenges of Sea Navigation Navigating Without a Clock The Longitude Problem The U S Goes to Sea Navigate at Sea Activity Navigating in the Air Challenges of Air Navigation Early Air Navigators

    Original URL path: https://timeandnavigation.si.edu/ (2016-02-13)
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  • Are you a Professional Navigator? | Time and Navigation
    Time and Navigation The untold story of getting from here to there Search form Search Navigating at Sea Navigating in the Air Navigating in Space Satellite Navigation Navigation for Everyone Timeline of Innovation Artifacts Learning Resources Multimedia Gallery Research Journal Visit the Exhibition Navigation for Everyone Meet a Professional Navigator Are You A Professional Navigator What Do You Think Take the Poll Personal Navigation Stories Share Your Story Are You a Professional Navigator Tell us about your job Required Name Title Position Email Location What do you do What technologies do you use to navigate How have new navigation technologies changed the way you work What would you like to be able to do that current technologies don t support What is the best part of your job Upload Your Photo Files must be less than 10 MB Allowed file types gif jpg png jpeg Image must be at least 500 pixels in the smallest dimension By submitting this form you agree to Smithsonian privacy policy and terms of use as well as Mollom privacy policy HOW IT WORKS We invite professionals to share their story to encourage others to pursue careers in positioning navigation and timing PNT Museum staff will review each submission and select profiles to feature on this website Stories and comments will be moderated to ensure they meet Smithsonian terms of use We value your privacy so your information will be handled according to Smithsonian s privacy policy We may contact you with additional questions If you would like to contact us regarding your submission please email timenavcomments si edu Navigating at Sea Challenges of Sea Navigation Navigating Without a Clock The Longitude Problem The U S Goes to Sea Navigate at Sea Activity Navigating in the Air Challenges of Air Navigation Early Air Navigators Navigation

    Original URL path: https://timeandnavigation.si.edu/navigation-for-everyone/meet-the-navigators/submit (2016-02-13)
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  • Share Your Navigation Story | Time and Navigation
    Navigating in Space Satellite Navigation Navigation for Everyone Timeline of Innovation Artifacts Learning Resources Multimedia Gallery Research Journal Visit the Exhibition Navigation for Everyone Meet a Professional Navigator Are You A Professional Navigator What Do You Think Take the Poll Personal Navigation Stories Share Your Story Share Your Navigation Story Required Name Email Location Story Title Tag Your Story Sea Air Space Satellite GPS Other Tell us your story More information about text formats Plain text No HTML tags allowed Web page addresses and e mail addresses turn into links automatically Lines and paragraphs break automatically By submitting this form you agree to Smithsonian privacy policy and terms of use as well as Mollom privacy policy Vertical Tabs HOW IT WORKS Share your navigation story here and we may display it on this website Content should be relevant and appropriate All stories and comments will be moderated to ensure they meet Smithsonian terms of use While navigation is for all ages we can only share your story if you are 13 or older We value your privacy so your information will be handled according to Smithsonian s privacy policy Navigating at Sea Challenges of Sea Navigation Navigating Without a Clock

    Original URL path: https://timeandnavigation.si.edu/navigation-for-everyone/personal-navigation-stories/share (2016-02-13)
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